Millettia pinnata

Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi, Fl. Bilaspur Distr. 1:210. 1989 (syn. (≡) Cytisus pinnatus L. (basionym); (=) Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet; (=) Galedupa indica Lam.; (≡) Galedupa pinnata (L.) Taub.; (≡) Pongamia glabra Vent.;  (=) Pongamia mitis Kurz; (≡) Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre);

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pon-GAY-mee-uh -- Latinized form of Malabar name പൊങ്ങം pongam for Pongamia pinnata
pin-NAY-tuh -- feather-shaped

commonly known as: Indian beech tree, karum tree, oil tree, pongam tree, poonga-oil tree, seashore mempari • Assamese: karchaw • Bengali: করঞ্জ karanja • Gujarati: કરંજ karanja • Hindi: करंज karanj, पापड़ papar, सुखचैन sukhchain, व्याघ्रनखी vyaghranakhi • Kannada: ಹೊಮ್ಗೆ homge • Konkani: करंजी karamji • Malayalam: പൊങ്ങം pongam, ഉങ്ങ് ung • Marathi: करज karaja, करंज karanja • Oriya: koranjo • Prakrit: करंज karamja • Sanskrit: करञ्ज karañja, नक्तमाला naktamala • Tamil: புன்கு punku, புன்னை punnai, நத்தம் nattam, நீர்ப்புன்கு nir-p-punku, தட்டைப்புன்கு tattai-p-punku • Telugu: కానుగు kanugu, కరంజము karañjamu, కోవి kovi, వ్యాఘ్రనఖము vyaghra-nakhamu

Native to: s China, e & s-e Asia, Indian subcontinent, n Australia, w Pacific; naturalized / cultivated elsewhere 

Tree with pinnate leaves having 5-7 ovate leaflets, glabrous, up to 10 cm long; flowers white, tinged with pink or violet, 1.5 cm long; pod up to 5 cm long, obliquely oblong, woody, usually 1-seeded.

Two types of galls are commonly seen in Pongamia pinnata: one with elongated swellings on leaf-surface, caused by Eriophyes cheriani; and the other with globose, hard, 5-8 mm dia., spherical structures that are often mistaken for normal fruits, caused by Asphondylia pongamiae (Source: Mani, M.S. 1965. Key to plant galls from India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 7: 89-127). 
 
Leaves are often used as insecticides...; 
No wonder it is non-browsable. darling of Forest dept for use as avenue tree; 
seed oil were used for many purposes in earlier days. Some tribals used the twig for brushing teeth (as Datoon)... ;
Ticks (Piswa पिसवा ) was the big problem there. People used to apply the Karanj oil on the skin before sleeping to prevent the attack of these insects;
Very nice shade providing tree, fixes nitrogen and supposed to protect against soil erosion due its lateral root system;
The leaves are used in garlands and also used as green manure. The oil from the seeds are used in Sunscreen lotions. Useful as an Avenue tree as give good shade during summer;
 
Millettia pinnata with short thick pods and white flowers and Millettia peguensis Ali (syn: Millettia ovalifolia sensu Kurz pp) with purplish flowers and long flattened hairy pods.      
 
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In full bloom at many places in Pune- April first fortnight; in Kolkata over past 15 days- 8/4/08; Profusely flowering in Juhu Scheme (Mumbai, Maharashtra)-10/4/08;. Some of the trees show few flowers in Delhi- 11/4/08; In full bloom in Chinnai & S. India- 11/4/08; at Delhi on 24.4.08; in Pune too- 26/4/08; Ambedkar Udyan, Powai, Mumbai- 27th April 2009; IB College Panipat- 17-4-10; Kolkata;
Trees of Delhi- Flowers from 3rd week of April to late May; often a second flush in the rains.

 

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Pongamia pinnata?: I found some of these Pongamia pinnata trees fruiting in Panhala during Dec 2010 trip
Apart from the conventional shape of the fruits some round fruits were also observed. Is it normal or unusual? Is the tree ID correct? I have never seen this earlier.
-For me it looks like Millettia pinnata ( syn. Pongamia pinnata) only. I verified the leaves and fruits of the tree in front of my house. They match. On this tree the galls are usually formed especially on leaves.  Most
of the time one can see deformed leaves with galls. 
Perhaps the spherical formations in the photograph may be initiation of such galls at the end of the fallen fruits base. But, I am not sure.
- Two types of galls are commonly seen in Pongamia pinnata: one with elongated swellings on leaf-surface, caused by Eriophyes cheriani; and the other with globose, hard, 5-8 mm dia., spherical structures that are often mistaken for normal fruits, caused by Asphondylia pongamiae (Source: Mani, M.S. 1965. Key to plant galls from India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 7: 89-127).
- Images of Pongamia pods and seeds.


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two weeks when most trees were shedding leaves, karanj or pongamia pinnata
was a bright spring green
now it is flowering all over the city
these were taken at my place in zirad, alibaug

They are blooming here in Pune too......
leaves are often used as insecticides...
No wonder it is non-browsable. darling of Forest dept for use as avenue tree.


 
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260411RV1 - tree for ID from Secunderabad: Please help in identification of this tree.  I am not a botanist and
therefore cannot describe it in detail using botanical terms.  It was a tall tree with many of the flowers at different branches.  Found in Secunderabad.
Millettia pinnata Refer: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pongamia_pinnata
- Milletia pinnata and Pongamia pinnata refer to the same plant. They are synonyms. The differences you are mentioning are between Pongamia pinnata (syn: Millettia pinnata) with short thick pods and white flowers and
Millettia peguensis Ali  (syn: Millettia ovalifolia sensu Kurz pp) with purplish flowers and long flattened hairy pods.   
    The above plant is Pongamia pinnata (syn: Milletia pinnata). Some authors consider Millettia pinnata as accepted name.
 - Genus Pongamia Vent is Conserved name. monotypic....
- the tree seems to be Pongamia pinnata... right now these trees have new leaves and all old seedpods are dropping on the ground... in west bengal, india ....


 
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Pongamia pinnata flowering: Pongamia pinnata [Pongam] was flowering profusely at my farm at Shahapur today. Sending a few photographs.
 Dr. Almeida now calls this Derris indica
 
 
 
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Request for ID : 080611 : AK-1: Taken at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai on the 6th of April, 2011.
A medium tree.

This is Karanj {Pongamia pinnata].
I thought it was Karanj but flowers are generally violet not cream. So wanted to confirm.  


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Flowering Tree for ID : Oman : 120711 : AK-1: Flowering tree taken at Muscat, Oman.
Taken in a garden on 3/9/2010.
Cultivated.
Pongamia?
Is the new name Millettia pinnata?
Not .... , if we follow 2010 Kew Plant List, eFlora of China and eFlora of Pakistan and Tropicos.
Pongamia pinnata is the lone species of monotypic genus


 
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VALMIKI : OBSERVER OF NATURE -36:  Attaching the 36 th member of this series. Valmiki mentioned KARANJ in his Ramayan. Scientifically this tree is known as Pongamia pinnata. It is known as Karanj in many Indian languages. There are two images, one with flower and the other with fruits. 
 
 pink & white flowers on Karanj [2 Attachments]: While going through my cell photographs, I came across two types of flowers on Karanj- Pogamia- 
One snapped at Bhiwandi Wada road at my Native place Kavad, this was taken on 12 April 2009 shows pink flowers of Karanj.
second snap taken on road to Bandavgadh MP, this was taken on 4 June 2009,
This Karanj flowers show white flowers.
Is there any subspecies in variety of Karanj?
Is there any Botanist's forum where I can put this question ?

The pictures are not too clear as also I am not an expert botanist.
But I think the first picture is Millettia peguensis and the other one Pongamia or Karanj.
Just a guess.


 
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Tree identification:  Date:01/04/2012
Location: Frazer Town, Bangalore
This is a common tree, which I have generally not bothered to look at. Spotting small white/ pinkish flowers, I stopped to take a closer look and was surprised to find such intricate flowers when I looked closely- what tree is this?
I thought of Milletia pinnata, earlier known as Pongamia pinnata or Derris indica.
Yes Pongamia pinnata
Karanj


 
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Would appreciate your help to Id this road side tree at Pune about 80-100 ft tall blooming with purple buds. no open flowers were seen. leaves green; it was full with brown pods. There was a mild pleasant fragrance under the tree. There were almost 8 similar trees along the road
 
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efloraofindia:''For Id 07052012MR2’’ is this tree 'Karanj' in Marathi at Pune;  05/05/2012
Would appreciate your help to Id this roadside tree at Pune about 30-40 feet tall.
tree is blooming with white flowers; leaves green
is this tree 'Karanj' in Marathi?
I think Yes.
Small pink/white flowers.
Compound imparripinnate leaves.
Pongamia pinnata. "Karanj" करंज 

Yes, Pongamia pinnata, in flowering now a days...


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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7aa15e89dc0219b6/Pongamia2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEPDOV0WEifaCIFh56a-clk5WfWgyqqqWn2LViUu6ceE_76C6gHdQX_GonNjwAMJfPdwAvkOs5JXeRulyIZk9HfBSq5zXm-auzTjdTGnafgNLKNi_o
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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Trees : Pongamia pinnata:  Pongamia pinnata
Karanj करंज
A fairly common tree in Pune city.
Adding my pictures.
Nice one Sir, in our area it is also called as Papri
An medium size tree, remain green throughout the year, flowers in monsoon or just after monsoon, seed oil were used for many purposes in earlier days. Some tribals used the twig for brushing teeth (as Datoon)...
Pongamia pinnata (An monotypic genus and conserved name)
Syn. Derris indica
Slide show on Indian Biodiesel Tree Pongamia.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NyXuRT-SASg
... I doubt abut your sentence which says flowering after monsoon. In fact I have seen it flowering in May or April every year i.e. much before monsoon.
Thanks for the info about monotypic nature and the conserved name. I was under the impression that the name is changed to something Derris but the plant List surprisingly says Pongamia pinnata as acceped name
... Thanks for adding your information not only to this but to many other Faboideae members.
I remember during my childhood I used to visit my mothers native village place. Ticks (Piswa पिसवा ) was the big problem there. People used to apply the Karanj oil on the skin before sleeping to prevent the attack of these insects.
 
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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: (mixed thread): Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre
syn: Cytisus pinnatus L; Pongamia glabra Vent.; Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet; Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi

Common names: Indian-beech, karanja, karumtree, pongam, poonga-oil-tree

Tree with pinnate leaves having 5-7 ovate leaflets, glabrous, up to 10 cm long; flowers white, tinged with pink or violet, 1.5 cm long; pod up to 5 cm long, obliquely oblong, woody, usually 1-seeded.
Commonly planted in Delhi as avenue tree, Photographed from Vikas puri in May
Beautiful flowers. In Mumbai, the leaves are used in garlands and the leaves are also good for composting. The oil is used in sun screen lotions.


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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: -Tree - Pongamia pinnata: Flowers of pongamia pinnata (Karanj in Marathi)
Thanks for sharing. Watch this video of Pongamia flowering.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8A0UbaMNqQ
Few more images from bangalore
What are these in Pictures 1 and 2 Buds. Somewhat different?
Leaf infections called "galls" are bumps or growths caused as a result of the feeding and other activity of insects or mites.
I am not sure about the other round ones.

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TSPNOV2015-38:Images of Milletia pinnata (Fabaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Milletia pinnata (Fabaceae)
Habit: Medium sized tree
Habitat: Cultivated.
Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl
Date: 26-05-2014, 15-12-2014 and  22-03-2015
 
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Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 22APR16 : AK-23 : 23/23 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Tree seen with tiny white flowers.
This looks a bit different from the common Pongamia.
Unfortunately, I have only this picture.
To me it appears to be Millettia pinnata (syn: Pongamia pinnata) only
I also think it is the common M. pinnata.
Thanks, ..., for all the assistance in solving the Ids with your expertise.


 
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Tree for ID : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Please Identify the tree in the picture. The shot was taken at Fatepur Seekari on 15th of this month from the Seekari Complex.
I feel it as Pongamia pinnata
I also think this is Pongamia pinnata now known as Millettia pinnata
Yes. Milletia pinnata.
In Delhi it is neither a tall tree nor it is leafless. But here in Seekari the whole of the parking complex was full of them and mos of them were leafless. There trunk was also light. I can not send any picture because my phone is in a funny mood.


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Help needed with Tree ID : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
This is one of the most numerous avenue trees here in Mayur Vihar in New Delhi. 
Leaves come in spring and almost all specimens that I have seen have the characteristic mottling as seen in the photographs.
Each specimen is quite a spectacle,with trunks that seems to grow without any plan.
I think I remember them flowering around August September. Very small white flowers, numerous and somewhat fragrant. The barks are silver, rough with small grains and the trunks have large bumps too. What I found intersting was one secondary branch which was actually growing with a negative gradient. Most of the specimens are twisted in odd shapes. I don't know if that is a characteristic of the tree or the efforts of local arborists who trim the trees every winter or two.
Hoping for a positive ID on this tree that I see so many times everyday.

Looks like Pongamia pinnata.
yes this is Pongamia pinnata

Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre from Panipat: Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre
From Panipat Cultivated Tree

syn: Cytisus pinnatus L; Pongamia glabra Vent.; Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet; Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi

Common names: Indian-beech, karanja, karumtree, pongam, poonga-oil-tree

Tree with pinnate leaves having 5-7 ovate leaflets, glabrous, up to 10 cm long; flowers white, tinged with pink or violet, 1.5 cm long; pod up to 5 cm long, obliquely oblong, woody, usually 1-seeded.
Commonly planted in Delhi as avenue tree, Photographed from Vikas puri in May
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/fc42f3427886dc03/2445122155_8b1a5c9c4c.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHqu4OKJkKE6U20rq44ePyAfm6sCfRHUot0hJ-jcFNHve6O1uOk8gjDzmiQGqtHOuyr2nxgOEk9oIevUURkNXkTVTjzdVMhdJlOx2W2M51TIHSkmhY
 
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pon-GAY-mee-uh -- Latinized form of Malabar name പൊങ്ങം pongam for Pongamia pinnata
pin-NAY-tuh -- feather-shaped
Apr 7, 2007 ... along NH4 near Lonavala, Maharashtra
commonly known as: Indian beech tree, karum tree, oil tree, pongam tree, poonga-oil tree, seashore mempari • Assamese: karchaw • Bengali: করঞ্জ karanja • Gujarati: કરંજ karanja • Hindi: करंज karanj, पापड़ papar, सुखचैन sukhchain, व्याघ्रनखी vyaghranakhi • Kannada: ಹೊಮ್ಗೆ homge • Konkani: करंजी karamji • Malayalam: പൊങ്ങം pongam, ഉങ്ങ് ung • Marathi: करज karaja, करंज karanja • Oriya: koranjo • Prakrit: करंज karamja • Sanskrit: करञ्ज karañja, नक्तमाला naktamala • Tamil: புன்கு punku, புன்னை punnai, நத்தம் nattam, நீர்ப்புன்கு nir-p-punku, தட்டைப்புன்கு tattai-p-punku • Telugu: కానుగు kanugu, కరంజము karañjamu, కోవి kovi, వ్యాఘ్రనఖము vyaghra-nakhamu
Native to: s China, e & s-e Asia, Indian subcontinent, n Australia, w Pacific; naturalized / cultivated elsewhere
some views: Jun 27, 2009 ... at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
Apr 27, 2008 ... at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
The pinkish tinge and the green color in the flowers looks awesome.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6ed73ad5e4f2399f/Karanj_0399.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG6zBgBC8rgZD_r0E11GTrRf1aJRsVzsk-kRfVzvTQaJfJKbJrE48H--1C48nBXZdtdFx9zX3Da1_Thl1e1I3YKYkpdQ3lRMX6DVAGVc9wf8kmi2FU
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6ed73ad5e4f2399f/Pongamia%20pinnata_0390.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGK4R1uE283jK_EyP_P1vvw9LH4wjMFH7CvT18e5QoDE0F5zLJb06qJflJdae_nSV_UsNoknVjb3SIXWEbw5nS0iTKfuRJTTNqSuCk9SF3FJz6i_e8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6ed73ad5e4f2399f/Pongamia%20pinnata_0386.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF35Jn6CoUlhydYKAiuXKY7x5Z4g1C_m4g0-0Bpb4Y-udXa0_BCHKPowv7Pkr2OsRBdozEIYei6l4AlL2wdcE1AJLo4NnURP0EXgMAkuCcEtfsVoVQ

Pongamia pinnata: Seen this tree of Pongamia pinnata at Achara creek along with other mangrove trees. Flowers were looking too beautiful.
What surprised me was that the tree had spherical fruits (dried ones) hanging like grapes. Kindly have a look at enclosed photographs. Could this be due to some disease??

I also observed the same at Barvi, Badlapur - which is deciduous forest. Wonder, I couldn`t report or give significance importance to it.
Nice photographs ... Very common in Delhi.
I really doubt if they have globular fruits coz this being pushed as a biodiesal tree a lot of work jas been done on genetic variability. May be its drying of flower buds. I seem to see scale encrustations on the twigs which could have caused the drying
..., those spherical structures are not fruits.
The following note from my book:
"Note: Two types of galls are commonly observed: one with elongated swellings on leaf-surface, said to be caused by Eriophyes cheriani Massee; and the other with globose, hard, 5-8 mm dia., spherical structures that are often mistaken for normal fruits, reported to be caused by Asphondylia pongamiae Felt. (Mani, 1965)."

please bear with me, and explain... how come an infection has proper branching pattern and looks like they are replacing some normal structure like a flower bud and bunches of them are hanging?? ..
I know these round things are not pongamia fruits they look like this see attached file...
I was merely responding to the description that it was globose fruits
"What surprised me was that the tree had spherical fruits (dried ones) hanging like grapes. Kindly have a look at enclosed photographs. Could this be due to some disease??" by ...
If you refer to [efloraofindia:27751] Pongamia pinnata the conversion of reproductive parts into galls is a little more clearer though not as clear as for Id. here we can see half the flower cluster has set pods. In the present case unless I can feel it it could be dried flower buds too for which ... may have a better idea. Leaf galls by the eriophid mite are very distinct and are more prevalent than the woody galls.

I understand that the shape/structure of galls is determined by factors such as the plant part in question, stimuli from the gall-making organism and the response from the host plant.
This one is a leaf gall formed probably by Aceria pongamiae mite:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PongamiaPinnataGall.jpg
The globose structures are probably of floral-galls as they are seen in panicles. I couldn't find much detail on net for this. ... may have a better explanation.
Here are some useful readings:
Book link
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00222933308673760
http://journal-phytology.com/index.php/phyto/article/viewFile/10220/5194
...:
My previous mail was a response to .... I addressed to you by mistake, sorry for the inconvenience. You had clearly said that you "...really doubt if they have globular fruits...".

 
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Fabaceae- Week: Sahring the images of Milletia pinnata from Coimbatore.
Interestingly
The plant List : Pongamia pinnata is accepted name and Millettia pinnata is a synonym
GRIN : Millettia pinnata is accepted name and Pongamia pinnata is a synonym

 
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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Week_Pongamia pinnata_ 081111PD05 Flora of Orissa: sending the photograph of Pongamia pinnata taken from Ranpur
Name of the species: Pongamia pinnata
Local name: Karanj
Family: Fabaceae
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild, dry deciduous and moist deciduous forests
Alltitude: 100 to 700 m above msl
Nice shades of the flower through your lense.
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Request for Id 151111 NS1: I photographed this tree in wild, at Jaipur on 06.11.11. No Fruits or flowers were seen.
It looks like the कंजी " tree which are very common in central India. And I just know this local name of the tree. Kanji has
various medicinal properties, specially it's twigs r used as " दातुन " to treat teeth problems.
Yes Pongamia pinnata "karanj" in Marathi करंज
 
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Tree for ID : Bangalore : 210612 : AK-1: A roadside tree photographed in Bangalore on 14/4/12.
Pongamia?
It is pongamia
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/700fc9fe6fd0658/pongamia-fruit.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHoK7kK3Dp7g3jyQ_33jCBmvQikYxUiD2LVewr4mb9jDeEnvffe2u8jkwDgGpmYfQG3uR7Ox_kstwBZBX93qqwS4MaRIxyEgiA0YKwCYUg5XQB-XyE
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/700fc9fe6fd0658/pongamia4.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHyjhgFVlBHzFgTPVZH4xFlELKLZCqyNSAkvl0UC22wyq2vsSoDTH2n8VYTFhVwmcsb72Nx0LoifeA50lhWVGLE4smpVrA1WIHOi9ayuTYRUBIufPM
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/700fc9fe6fd0658/pongamia2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG4zT766eh2wxCNvSJlPfHxK2X5BA9CJiBiEGN-TISX1bEmThE_xu8lSw9vGdGn49aA84dZx4K0Jy-O6MFHF-c5Yo9-rvtobjefRGZmVlo8yeMoSVk

Req. for ID of Pongamia: Req. for ID of Pongamia ...?
Photographed on 12.6.2012 at Kurnool, AP
In Telugu it is called as Kanuga / Ganuga ( కానుగ / గానుగ ). When compared with other images of Pongamia posted in this forum I didn't find similarities in flower.
Yes, it is Pongamia pinnata. First two pictures show the leaf-galls.
Yes it is Pongamia pinnata. What is seen in your first two pictures are leaf galls ..an infestation and not flowers as rightly told by ...
The fruits seen in last photographs are characteristic as also the normal leaves.
In Chennai almost all the trees are affected by leaf-galls. Only during spring one can see pungam trees free from galls.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/17e93b6d0f7ee54d/DSCN9349t.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE4o-3Wo84R-Mvsznltu-F0usfcq-8RQceLEBLk7Z8rPLWtl_s-eUDySxbERPaYVvUfx9DSBGMYr60jDw5FWJTBkTEE5AOlIBs4rP1jqtok8dCPABk
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Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre: Attaching images of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre, KARANJA in Bengali, a wild tree recorded at Garalgahca (Hooghly) on 23-Aug.-2012.
Sorry friends, my new experimental draft doesn't work :(
The images are at -

 
 
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KAS Week::(Pongamia pinnata 10/10/2012 NJ):  Pongamia pinnata (Karanj Tree - Marathi)
Flowering period March - April
 
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Tree for ID : Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai : 051112 : AK-3: A tree seen with white flowers at Maharashtra Nature Park in Mumbai on 6/4/2012.
Is it Pongamia or Karanj ?
Never seen white flowers before, always with purple flowers so wanted to confirm.
Affirmative. This is Pongamia pinnata [Karanj / Pongam]. Please check my photographs of this at this link

Yes. this is Pongamia pinnata. Very nice shade providing tree, fixes nitrogen and supposed to protect against soil erosion due its lateral root system. I see lot of weird growth on their leaves. Can anyone share what these might be and what causes this? Does not seem to bother the trees though, as they seem to be healthy. This is one of the popular road-side planting trees in Bangalore.
the leaves are used in garlands and also used as green manure. The oil from the seeds are used in Sunscreen lotions. Useful as an Avenue tree as give good shade during summer.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a33e68fc567915c8/rk_for-id_073_4.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHh7VrMp_6s5kZhqAsvzFAM9gyh3mPE-kI9ySzsxOwmuCo6X4K6sJZw6A8XQn3jDh4UHJj3KK46dYfsrGmRRrl8qOni4ZjXjcxhxgHyewRYF_Lf9yU
 
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Tree ID request - RK73 - 28-Dec-2012:  Requesting identification of this tree from Tungareshwer. The leaves are compound with 2 or 3 pairs and one terminal leaflet. Somebody there told me it is karanj but somehow it looks different from the karanj trees i've seen in the city ... also the bark of this tree is patchy. Flowers and fruits not seen.
It is Pongamia pinnata (Karanj)..
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/34716942803959f7/P1020401.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFHER645MXZCGbMneATTJ47RZywyxwDAXxHBZLbK3fROuVeeP2V6eTX5bjFq1nTr6FHqtmXS7n3CYw-TfWoz-4loh3mX61s60r_D_GJ7xgLncT_2gE
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/34716942803959f7/P1020399.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEn2JaVdRz_FoGJ3x9Gcl8IjJHt1HOiRhoUi-ciaAyaKZnvFTm0wpn9ZegT6uzny_jNnwJBW3Z0PUu6gEVXkpmi9V624GWQ99DMEuDcCBwfjfPxmMQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/34716942803959f7/P1020398.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHUWLE1Hmu-DoCGYUO1fwciAHT8ZL00s6skJDbMIM98NryKahFqf7hBPO8QPvJjS7aZbtr2nl1Er5beVxTG8eM62ybuUUtaGJY_pL2By3pSV2xIMl0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/34716942803959f7/P1020397.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH32L0A-HPdXQ_TFmMDC5mKrvDFmVsasnFMWcu_wm45L4ixRNxNxVoThozeW3chTnihetDKrjbaH8ZKTnxj_VIT2MTEfFySe9BnXUoXIQzR51Axcpk

Hooghly Today : Pongamia glabra Vent. = Galedupa indica Lam. : Attachments (4).  1 post by 1 author.
I have an earlier post of this tree - https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups=#!topic/indiantreepix/b9qSV8aK8jU. This time it is flowers.
 
What will be the current accepted name remains a puzzle -
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/69d9d2ac30c8b395/IMG_5195_3.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHSjcKlP6x-d7cPt37GtkBZV_7AUXl9h5LbDb4BV7D7GbdAxM1PVO_3Xg2jrwa2OU81KGUiMM-v-Lms278pZ8eC2gyyU92phLl_wf52nNcaxCzxU-U
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/69d9d2ac30c8b395/IMG_5195_!.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEf9Cma0zkJu6i_-GKrj70KQlCh6GbBzxX9UBgX7PXeynOBJRCAt6ksyZGQw8EHcWtmrrU4WQMVjQY3tEWWZYtUf7dxWiLP7DHzs7KOGtagZJAiT6U
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/69d9d2ac30c8b395/IMG_5194_!.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHIh10tLe1zfT4V7aIf_Am_e-jjXuGHnD9YGa2DAVad3fq3cSOc7L-v0Delkt4dftsrsC1nqrNcJikyr9gwKDWTxYJl7SRjEPropESiH1vsKW6Rj3w
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6 posts by 4 authors.
April 2013
requesting identification of a medium ht road side tree along empress garden road at Pune. whitish buds could be seen but could not make out flowers. Many flat pods green-yellow in color were seen.
Can be Milletia sp...
Thank you ... for a possible Id. After I received your reply while reading about Milletia sp I came across Gliricidia sepium tree . Can this be Gliricidia sepium as the flower buds looked whitish and it was a small tree. Id help efi thread 1 & efi thread 2       

There are 2 trees seen here - the flowering one is Pongam [Pongam pinnata / Millettia pinnata] and the fruiting one is Gliricidia.
 
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14/06/2013 ASP 55 :  Attachments (1).  5 posts by 3 authors. Can you please ID this medicinal shrub. Unfortunately the leaves are eaten away. Photo was taken in a herbal garden in Sri Lanka in Dec 2012      
This is a small tree, Pongamia pinnata...
...  do you know what's affecting the leaves of pongamia for the last thirty years or so... be it virus or insects... here it seems insects ate them?
... , never enquired technically, but my observation is, this plant is susceptible to both insects as well as bacteria.. the bacterial galls are very common on this plant, both bacteria and insects attack the leaves.. the insects forming cream-coloured patches...
...: I thank you.
But I am sure plant pathology folks must have looked and reported these problems
I just dont know where to look for them?

Attention Please : 1 post by 1 author.
Please visit the following website.
and read carefully, you can see some wrong info about Pongamia pinnata
New threat: some people trying to spread wrong information about Indian tree Pongamia pinnata (In marathi it is called "Karanja'') and its cultivation for biodiesel. Please read info about on website http://www.millettiaplantations.com/. I have doubt about their object s. If this wrong info might get read by our farmers or cultivators their might think to buy this species and which might be harmful to our ecosystem and economy too. As we know that our Pongamia pinnata is the best species to make biodiesel in the world having near about 60-70% oil content in seeds.
 
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Tree ID : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).  
Tree ID please.
Large Tree at IIM Kozhikode (Kerala).
Looks like Pongamia pinnata (Fabaceae) to me.
Yes Pongamia pinnata, 'ungu' in malayalam
Pongamia pinnata from the boundary wall of S. Enclave , New Delhi. Attachments (3)
Sorry for the wrong third snap. Attachments (1)
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/56dd780d18202cf7/Banerghatta%20National%20Park,Bangalore-P1160044.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGtdgf9XXB8F2BrMxuT5KkbzAYK4W9G9K4vjhSL0QCXf1l7IypH4eX5D4GvwYulI0N3S64vP9Tt1westHRj0GXgRxLlZ2ZaSOv-NnvmdbR7-D2uMfM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/56dd780d18202cf7/Banerghatta%20National%20Park,Bangalore-P1160043.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGzwRDA5Xih9jL6ji71d66TBEVmhBcb6IUCOO06tl_kp00QgJYLx7F0jLsXwRo-UK_WIFi3vMuPAnnnMB1F07vvVG9jPhOobkt9_NFZcIIgEMvziU4

Millettia pinnata : For Validation : Banerghatta National Park,Bangalore : 02APR15 : AK-24 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
kindly confirm id.
Millettia pinnata, Syn Pongamia pinnata
Yes ..., Millettia pinnata to me.
 
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/3oXJCodrS1Y9_W0kluATh-6jON9JK0_maBvlYuEG__4OQj_GzBJLkbJktlSwhbvNOhlYWhqBb4H7q3qPR5SjW2hn0HIq_qH6X0xPzfOUlho=w5000-h5000
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https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/proxy/bS85dw2yi2gS8fVXewWXXXWeomI6g5z6YVFFt339rAfOFg94wjvk-_1zRgR-BMl5fz80EL8I6kIJqlPKb_wd1wzVwXOGyvEP0oSUM4HWWn4=w5000-h5000
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Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre
at Sindhudurg on May 13, 2012
at Kanakeshwar Forest on April 6, 2013
at Vaghbil on June 27, 2009
at Vaghbil on January 19, 2008
at Pirojshanagar on September 23, 2007
along Ghodbunder Road on April 21, 2007 
at Vaghbil on April 27, 2008
Thanks ... for these wonderful images.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bc427956d9d97/Pongamia%20pinnata%20(11).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH_0EMWyyaTyIWF7qDttOiIC1TkJdpCk7pFRcbdeGPb760mADS2OXP0UBZd6paEGZWL5UsR-NSGEhDGp4lkwwVNxVu3L2UYTngpqygWwCx5G1XRfic
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bc427956d9d97/Pongamia%20pinnata%20(8).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrENW8EQTgleDzuq_2PQptajjYPGZ6XV0WQF6Zmq9A5bzJFsgI_BcAq9vd_QiRYU_5nzQ9TAyZHPYCsyNG6xdcdNOOj6QmLT1-G4v3sv1idg2kRKP4U
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bc427956d9d97/Pongamia%20pinnata%20(6).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHrJgHLJnq0lGS7ODNL700cpGfQY17BbZ5cPLHqF_fQnw-jR29jXnsLfHiWVkMX23q4BWN315SLe_ZoWxjDt-T1W6pd0efKRMba659z86C_e-DyXPY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bc427956d9d97/Pongamia%20pinnata%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGEvX1aENMaKFe3MY1bjCOwx7zUIppXSr_G2w7-T3-T-hqjrJpJCKRKpwcLTts_k3zaz5GiYOIzzvYx9J8sGSXXerm9s34zP2HTepK2smgeZO0pyAw

This is a commonly planted avenue tree, pics are from Panipat..
Pongamia pinnata ..
yes, beautiful tree overall. do these in north india get those round spots disfiguring the leaves? i have seen those spots on leaves in gangetic plains here in southern bengal and surprise...in jamnagar? so what are those spots?
Thanks ... This tree is heavily "infected" in our area too, do not know exactly, but the white spots may be due to insects which inhabit the leaves, many times the leaves are disfigured into droplet like formations, which can be bacterial...
I am not informed on this topic and would like to know more !!

Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Pongamia pinnata from Delhi-GSOCT56/61 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre
syn: Cytisus pinnatus L; Pongamia glabra Vent.; Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet; Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi

Common names: Indian-beechkaranjakarumtreepongampoonga-oil-tree
Tree with pinnate leaves having 5-7 ovate leaflets, glabrous, up to 10 cm long; flowers white, tinged with pink or violet, 1.5 cm long; pod up to 5 cm long, obliquely oblong, woody, usually 1-seeded.
Commonly planted in Delhi as avenue tree, Photographed from Vikas puri in May
 
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Plant scientific name idetification_Mohanpur 1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 Mb 
I have collected some plant species for my study in Mohanpur, West Bengal. I am not able to identify these 4 plant species. Could you please help me out in the same?
The leaf in the image labelled 'T7.jpg' appears to be that of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre [Leguminosae]. Hard to comment in the absence of any context.

 
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SK1538 26 Oct 2018 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5) - around 500 kb each.
Location: Hong Kong Park  
Date: 15 August 2018
Elevation: 200 ft.
Habit : Cultivated

Some Fabaceae member? 

It is a tree about 50 ft.

Looks similar to our Millettia pinnata, but leaves are different.

This came as a shock, Pongamia pinnata.

Thank you ...!
Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi
Syn : Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre
I am wondering why shock ...!

I have seen Pongamia so many times, but I was not thinking about it. Thats why I was shocked.

Oh! Ok ... !

Yes. Although fruit look familiar, but leaves looked so different. 



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