Flemingia macrophylla

Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr. (syn. Crotalaria macrophylla Willd.; Flemingia angustifolia Roxb.; Flemingia bhottea Buch.-Ham.; Flemingia capitata Buch.-Ham.; Flemingia congesta W.T.Aiton ....; Flemingia cumingiana Benth.; Flemingia ferruginea Graham; Flemingia lamontii Hance; Flemingia latifolia Benth.Flemingia macrophylla var. viridis (Prain) H.B.Naithani; Flemingia nana Roxb.; Flemingia philippinensis Merr. & Rolfe; .; Flemingia semialata var. viridis Kurz; Flemingia teysmanniana Miq.; Flemingia trinerva Desf.; Flemingia wallichii Wight & Arn.; Flemingia wightiana Graham; Flemingia yunnanensis Franch.; Maughania wallichii (Wight & Arn.) Kuntze; Maughania yunnanensis (Franch.) H.L. Li; Maughania philippinensis (Merr. & Rolfe) H.L. Li; Moghania cumingiana (Benth.) Kuntze; Moghania latifolia (Benth.) MukerjeeMoghania macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze; Moghania philippinensis (Merr. & Rolfe) H.L.Li; ..; Moghania sericans (Kurz) Mukerjee; Moghania teysmanniana (Miq.) H.L.Li; Moghania wallichii (Wight & Arn.) Kuntze; Rhynchosia crotalarioides DC.);

India (N) ; Andhra Pradesh ; Arunachal Pradesh ; Assam; Bihar; Delhi ; Goa; Gujarat; Haryana ; Himachal Pradesh; Jammu-Kashmir; Karnataka; Kerala; Madhaya Pradesh; Maharashtra ; Manipur ; Meghalaya; Mizoram; Nagaland ; Orissa ; Pondicherry; Punjab; Rajasthan; Sikkim ; Tamil Nadu; Tripura; Uttar Pradesh; West Bengal and other countries as per ILDIS;  

Andaman Is; Australia; Bangladesh; Bhutan; Brazil; Cambodia; China; Fiji; Ghana; Hainan; India; Indonesia; Ivory Coast; Jamaica; Jawa; Laos; Madagascar; Malaysia; Mauritius; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Peninsular Malaysia; Philippines; Reunion; Sabah; Sarawak; Sri Lanka; Sumatera; Taiwan; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Vietnam; Zaire; Zimbabwe as per Catalogue of Life;
F. semialata calyx is eglandular and in F. macrophylla, it is glandular.

Common name: Large-Leaf Flemingia • Nepali: भतबासी Bhatabaasee, भटमासे Bhatamaase

Malayalam Kamatteri, Korkattachedi
Others Korkattachedi, Kamatteri

Erect shrubs; branchlets trigonous, adpressed tomentose. Leaflets subequal, 5-14 x 2-5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, base cuneate to rounded, apex acute to acuminate, tomentose along the nerves on both surfaces or glabrescent above, basally 3-nerved; petiole to 7 cm long, narrowly winged. Racemes axillary, clustered or single, 2.5-5.5 cm long, villous. Flowers 7-10 mm long; pedicels c. 2 mm long; bracts 4-7 mm long, lanceolate. Calyx lobes linear-lanceolate, the lower longest, much exceeding the tube, pubescent. Petals reddish; standard 7-8 mm long, oblong-obovate; wings and keels long-clawed. Pods 0.8-1.2 x 0.4-0.6 cm, oblong, turgid, covered with powdery red coating.  
Flowering and fruiting: November-January 
Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains 

SK1557 11 Nov 2018 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)- around 600 kb each. 
Location: Chobhar, Nepal
Altitude:  4500 ft.
Date: 21 September 2018
Habit : Wild
Which Fabaceae ??

A Flemingia sp. (Fabaceae).

Inflated pod indicates it as Crotalaria

Tends to match more with F. macrophylla since sepals and seed pod cover are hairy compared to F. semialata as well as leaves seems to be very rough in this case.
On the other hand F. semialata is not listed in Nepal.
I guess it is not matching with any Crotalaria.
Pl. also check keys and images at 

Yes ... I already did that and guessed so but could not confirm 100% by myself. May be someone could ID with the help of keys?

I will like to go with Flemingia semialata for the time being.

You seem to be correct … but I could not find it its listing in the ACFPoN and 
latest book from DPR.  All aspects looks closer to Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze ex Merr.
but this plant is very small compared to it and lot of hairs on buds and leaf also thick  and deep veins.
I am still confused between these two.
I further considered your plant.
Checklist of Nepal gives Flemingia semialata Roxb. as a syn. of Flemingia macrophylla as did Catalogue of Life.
However, Flora of Pakistan  GRIN  Tropicos  The Plant List Ver. 1.1  do not think so, as also Floras/ Books of South India.
I finally got online keys in the book at Flora of peninsular India, as per which F. semialata calyx has to be eglandular, which is not the case in your post.
So I take it as F. macrophylla.
I think confusion is arising as there are two different Flemingia semialata as per details below from listings in IPNI:
Flemingia semialata Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 5746 G, nom. inval.
Flora of Pakistan talks about Flemingia semialata Roxb. ex Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2(4): 349. 1812. Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 3rd, ed. 165. 1956, which is an accepted name.
Checklist of Nepal talks about Flemingia semialata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3: t. 249 (1815), which is stated to be a syn. of Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr., ; Philip. J. Sci. 5: 130 (1910).  

Flemingia congesta Roxb.
new name is Flemingia microphylla
Photograph taken at Gaibi Ghat near Radhanagari
Its an a new Reported to the Kolhapur District.
Flemingia congesta
Flower showing Brownish glands on their Calyx Lobes
Attachments (1)

Links for Flemingia macrophylla (syn. F. congesta):
http://www.winrock.org/fnrm/factnet/factpub/FACTSH/F_macrophylla.html (details- A Valuable Species in Soil Conservation).

Does not appear to match either with Flemingia semialata or Flemingia macrophylla 

Or may be Flemingia semialata as per images and details herein.

I finally got online keys in the book at Flora of peninsular India, as per which F. semialata calyx has to be eglandular, which is not the case in your post.
So I take it as F. macrophylla.

Any id hints for this tri-foliate herb, recorded from Gori Valley area will be appreciated..!!
Could it be some species of Flemingia ?
Flemingia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

To me appears close to ... post at SK1557 11 Nov 2018

Yes ...! It looks like !

I will like to go with Flemingia semialata for the time being

I finally got online keys in the book at Flora of peninsular India, as per which F. semialata calyx has to be eglandular, which is not the case in your post.
So I take it as F. macrophylla.

Identification (mixed thread): 2 correct images.
Place of collection: Mayurbhanj, Orissa
Habit: Small herb (Up to 5 cm)
Habitat: Dead stumps of Sal forest

Altitude: 300 m above msl
Please find the attachment
GUESSING it as : "Flemingia nana Roxb."
Considerable name changes and merging has occurred leaving it now as:
Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) O. Ktze. ex Merr.
Crotalaria macrophylla Willd.
Flemingia congesta Roxb. ex Ait. f.
F. nana Roxb.
F. congesta var. latifolia (Bth.)  Baker
F. congesta var. nana (Roxb.) Baker
Moghania nana (Roxb.) Mukerjee
M. macrophylla (Willd.) O. Ktze.
The Flora of Bombay by T. Cooke (which separates the species) mentions calyx covered with ferruginous glands and : Pods turgid with greenish-grey tomentum and covered with viscid reddish glands. 
Melghat has this plant and it normally has only a few leaves (3-foliolate) or a short woody stem above ground.
BUT please check the recent literature and recent key for Fabaceae.  

ID for plant 290709 JameenPalash : Attachments (3). 7 posts by 3 authors.
Please Identify this plant which i collected from Melghat in January this year.
the plant is locally called Jameen PALASH.
the plant is stemless with 3-5  leaves which are 3-foliate (Just like Butea sps). the petioles being very long and channelled. the inflorescence arises very closely to ground (sometime even when the plant is leafless). flowers are arranged in dense erect raceme. the fruits are inflated with only a single seed. the outer surface of fruit has powdery orange-coloured grains which stick to the finger when touched.
i hope this information would be sufficient for the identification
This may be Spatholobus parviflorus...?
thanx for the prompt reply.
i searched it with Spatholobus parviflorus but my plant does not match with the above plant as the fruit in my case are only 1 cm long and inflated where as Spatholobus parviflorus shows butes-like fruits. please see the attachment.
Well... then please check with genus-Glycine
..., first glimpse of inflorescence in the thumbnail reminded me of Mucuna species but the flowers seem different, they resemble Crotalaria verrucosa; again the fruits reminds me of Crotalaria ...
but these are vague thoughts ... I too am keen on knowing the ID.
This a species of Flemingia. It may be F. nana. Please check it, Generally found in teak forests of central india. You may check the flora of Melghat(1968) by R.I.Patel and another Flora of melghat tiger Reserve (1988) by Dhore, M.A and P.A.Joshi. 
i checked the plant in Cooke's Flora and yes it is Flemingia nana.
the winged petiole and glandular calyx confirms it. also the turgid pods with viscid reddish glands identifies it.
Thank you ... for the interaction.

Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze ex Merr. : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- around 1 mb or more. 
Location: Chobhar, Kathmandu
Date: 14 September 2019
Elevation: 1401 m.
Habit : Wild


please help to id this Fabaceae plant found on dry deciduous forests.


24-02-2010 / 04:00 PM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- 

Satyamangalam; 950 msl; TN

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- 

Dry deciduous forest

Plant Habit-



Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 

Leaflets elliptic & 3-foliolate; up to 7cm long

Inflorescence Type/ Size- 


Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- 

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 

pods 0.5cm across and 1.5 - 2.5cm long

It seems to be Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr

I also think and support ... This plant is Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr.

Flemingia macrophylla in FOI : 2 posts by 1 author.
Images of Flemingia macrophylla in FOI should be of Flemingia semialata Roxb. - (Keys as per book in Flora of peninsular India: F. semialata calyx is eglandular and in F. macrophylla, it is glandular.)
Images of Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr. are different as per images and details herein.
Also see discussions at SK1557 11 Nov 2018
Pl. correct. 

Corrected now.