Caesalpinia



Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb.
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Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston     
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Caesalpinia mimosoides Lam
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Caesalpinia sappan L.    
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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. Shrub Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Kazhar chikaai, Gajjakkaai
Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.  Small tree Cultivated, Native of Tropical America Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Inkimaram
Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore,  Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri,  Salem  
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram      
Caesalpinia mimosoides Lam. Shrub Plains to High Altitude Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts  
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. Shrub Plains, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Mayil Kondrai
Caesalpinia sappan L. Tree Western Ghats, often Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Tirunelveli, Kanniyakumari Sappongu

 

 
 
Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Caesalpinia bonduc Caesalpinia bonducella, Guilandina bonduc Caesalpiniaceae Fever Nut
Caesalpinia coriaria
Caesalpiniaceae Divi Divi
Caesalpinia crista Caesalpinia nuga, Guilandina nuga Caesalpiniaceae Crested Fever Nut
Caesalpinia cucullata Mezoneuron cucullatum Caesalpiniaceae Ragi
Caesalpinia decapetala
Caesalpiniaceae Mysore Thorn
Caesalpinia ferrea
Caesalpiniaceae Brazilian Ironwood
Caesalpinia mimosoides
Caesalpiniaceae Mimosa Thorn
Caesalpinia pulcherrima forma flava
Caesalpiniaceae Peacock Flower yellow
Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Caesalpiniaceae Peacock Flower
Caesalpinia sappan Biancaea sappan Caesalpiniaceae Sappan Wood

 
Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. (W. Pakistan (Punjab, Sind, escape?); widely distributed in the Tropics of the old and the New World)
Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd. (Native of West Indies and Central America, cultivated in gardens)
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston in Trimen (W. Pakistan, Punjab; India, widely distributed; Ceylon; Malay isles; China; Japan; widely cultivated and naturalized in Africa also)
Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. (A native of Tropical America, cultivated in gardens at Karachi and possibly elsewhere)
Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook.) Dietr. (Native of South America; introduced widely in tropical and sub-tropical regions; in W. Pakistan cultivated in Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Quetta)
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Linn.) Swartz (Native country uncertain, probably South America; introduced in Tropics, cultivated extensively in W. Pakistan)
 
Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. (Pantropics, native area unknown)
Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, Burma, S.E. Asia, W. China, Malaysia)
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston (Himalaya, India, Ceylon, S.E. Asia, Malaysia, China, Japan(var. japonica); cultivated in Africa, America)
Caesalpinia digyna Rottler (E. Himalaya, India, Ceylon, S.E. Asia, Malaysia)
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. (Widely cultivated in tropics, probably of South American origin)
 
Caesalpinia crista Linnaeus  [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Malaysia, Myan­mar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Polynesia]
Caesalpinia cucullata Roxburgh [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston in Trimen [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].
Caesalpinia digyna Rottler [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].
Caesalpinia enneaphylla Roxburgh [Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet­nam].
Caesalpinia hymenocarpa (Wight & Arnott ex Prain) Hat­tink [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India (Andaman Islands), Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].
Caesalpinia mimosoides Lamarck [Bangladesh, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].
Caesalpinia minax Hance [India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Linnaeus) Swartz [native to South America; cultivated throughout the tropics].
Caesalpinia sappan Linnaeus [native origin unknown; Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Africa, America].
Caesalpinia tortuosa Roxburgh [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myan­mar].

 
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- with description & keys-  
 
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (2000)- Details with keys

 
 
 
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- with description & keys-  

 
Dyes and tannins By P. C. M. Jansen (2005)- Details-
 
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
 
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-
 
Taxonomy of Angiosperms By Sambamurty (2005)- Brief Details-
 
 
A Text Book Ofbotany: Plant Anatomy and Economic Botany, Volume 3 By Pandey S N, S. N. Pandey, Ajanta Chadha (1993)- Details-

Antidiabetic Plants in India and Herbal Based Antidiabetic Research By T. Pullaiah, K. Chandrasekhar Naidu 920030- Details-
 
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1983)- Details-
 
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-
 
Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach By Kumudranjan Naskar (1993)- Details with keys-
 
Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details with keys-
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-
Caesalpinia cinclidocarpa Miq. is a synonym of Caesalpinia tortuosa Roxb.

 

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Caesalpinia (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
  
Fwd: Caesalpinia genera page2 posts by 1 author.
..., please see the Caesalpinia genera page. I have re-inserted the pictures and they are now opening in the big size. I have used firefox browser. Both in chrome and firefox one can't just copy paste the pictures but have to do the long way beginning with pasting the image link. But still it is not difficult. 
Thanks a lot, ... Well done.
I have done some minor changes for removing space & inserting subpage listing again.
Pl. see if it's OK. 
Thanks ... for all help. I have also added pictures of C.pulcherimma & C.pulcherimma f. flava to the genera page.