Albizia



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Images by Satsih Phadke & J.M.Garg
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Albizia lucidior (Steud.) I.C.Nielsen
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Albizia odoratissima (L.f.) Benth. (Images by Dinesh Valke, Satish Phadke (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar), Raman Arunachalam (Id by Vijayasankar Raman & Prasad Dash) (Inserted by Surajit Koley & J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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(images by Dr. Satish Phadke)
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images by  Aarti S. Khale

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An important document on all legume species growing in India is: 
Sanjappa, M. 1992. Legumes of India, Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.
As per this document following species of Albizia occur in India-
1- Albizia amara,
2- A.arunachalensis,
3- A.chinensis (var. chinensis and var. smithiana),
4- A.garrettii,
5- A.julibrissin (var. julibrisin, var. mollis),
6- A.kalkora,
7- A.lathamii,
8- A.lebbeck,
9- A.lucidior,
10- A.myriophylla,
11- A.odoratissima,
12- A.orissensis,
13- A.procera,
14- A.retusa,
15- A.sherriffii,
16- A.sikharamensis,
17- A.thompsonii (var. thompsonii, var. galbana),
18- A.richardiana (cultivated).

Albizia thompsonii Brandis is mentioned as “Rare” in Indian Red Data Book (Nayar & Sastry,1990, page-129).



 
The common species which are found in India,
1. A. amara- have yellow fragrant flowers, a common avenue tree in S. India
2. A. labbek- the desi siris, with spreading crown, beautiful pinkish flowers, the colour is due to the coloured stamens. in most of the Albizia sp. the petals are either absent or inconspicuous. Women folk often use the flowers (cluster of flowers on a head, again each flower has a cluster of coloured and long stamens, giving a silky appearance- often also known as silk plant.) to adore hair style and as ear ornament.
3. A. stipulata- a common shade tree in Tea and Coffee plantation
4. A. procera- almost like labbek, known as safed siris- for whitish bark
5. A. odoratissima- the black siris, often known as Fragrant Albizia, a common host of lac insects.
6. A. julibrissia- has two vars. A. julibrissis var. julibrissia- the persian silk tree and A. julibrissia var. mollis or A. mollis- the red
or pink Albizia, the young stem is densely hairy , flowers light pink, not so attractive as A. labbek.
7. A. saman or Samanea saman or Pithocelbium saman - the rain tree, mostly with golden brown flowers, sometime pinkish. An Avenue tree and shade tree, perhaps the most common of the species. All Albizia flowers attract a number of birds with pointed beaks, as flower peckers, humming birds.



Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin Moderate sized tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Usilai, Thurinji, Arappu
Albizia chinensis (Osbeck.) Merr. Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Nilgiri, Salem, Tirunelveli Pila vagei
Albizia lathamii Hole Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Theni, Tirunelveli,  Virudhunagar  
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Willd. Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Vaagai
Albizia odoratissima (L.f.) Benth var. mollis Benth ex Baker Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore,  Tiruvannamalai, Vellore,  
Albizia odoratissima (L.f.) Benth. var. odoratissima  Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Karuvaagai
Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore Kondai vaagai, Nalla vaagai
Albizia saman (Jacq.) F.v. Muell.= Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. Tree Plains to Low Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Thoongu moonji
Albizia thompsonii Brandis  Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore  


 



 
 
Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Albizia amara subsp. amara Mimosa amara Mimosaceae Krishna Siris
Albizia chinensis Mimosaceae Chinese Albizia
Albizia julibrissin Acacia julibrissin, Acacia mollis, Mimosa arborea Mimosaceae Silktree Mimosa
Albizia lebbeck Mimosaceae Siris Tree
Albizia lucidior Albizia lucida, Inga lucidior, Mimosa lucida Mimosaceae Potka Siris
Albizia odoratissima Acacia odoratissima, Albizia micrantha, Mimosa odoratissima Mimosaceae Black Siris
Albizia procera Mimosaceae White Siris
Albizia saman .= Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. Samanea saman, Acacia propinqua, Mimosa saman Mimosaceae Rain Tree



1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
Albizia thompsonii Brandis- R- Orissa, Andhra Pradesh & Tamilnadu

Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: (Except ... edited by Peter Hanelt, R. Büttner (2001)- Details-
Albizia lucida BENTH. = Albizia lucidior (Steud.) I. C. Nielsen ex H. Hara


Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details with keys-

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
Albizia falcataria (L.) Fosberg = Falcataria moluccana (Miq.) Barneby & J. W. Grimes
  
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details with keys-

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys-

Albizia : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Albizia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


I have added the list of Albizia species known in India as per the reference (Sanjappa, 1992). Red Data Book status of one species mentioned in Red Data Book of Indian Plants (Nayar & Sastry, 1990) is also mentioned.