Synadenium grantii (Cultivated)

Synadenium grantii Hook.f. in Bot. Mag. 83: t. 5633. 1867; Binojk. & N.P. Balakr. in Rheedea 3: 136, f. 1. 1993 as per Flora of India Vol 23 (2012);


 
African milk bush • Marathi: शेंड shend • Sanskrit: बहुक्षीरा bahukshira, वज्रद्रुम vajradrooma;   
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e7680672ddfc60e9/d%20049.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEN7Nl0hROYwsHxMM5fjR7ieVB-2152-5LiQ9v74Ii_X5umjSBCUuXlWewtWA6fiBaOuESwGPjiGQGabD4PVjhRgekaoNFRSJmS6Gvf9tM4oHCKXow
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1f6095b74d578fc8/100_0967.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEtKnNG-hXbkRfonWt7p7aXeIq5ugxbB_aAeqpiGurRrP3o-gRCndgiCh1Roa-DMqXq9lhvex1gYUuOk2pgAmbJQ9KYjfnjDzISbq6p0bDeCWqcD_s
 
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Request for identification - 03012011PC2: Please identify this euphorbiaceae member. Cultivated, photographed on side of Lodi road, New Delhi.
- this could be Synadenium grantii of the same family (Euphorbiaceae). If this is correct, then i would like to know why it is cultivated. It is not an ornamental plant i feel. I used to think this is an obnoxious, fast spreading weed. It is also said to be 'very poisonous' ( http://www.plantoftheweek.org/week344.shtml).
- It is part of the effort to green Delhi during the common wealth games. The entire stretch bordering Lodi road is covered with these plants.
- For me also this looks more like Synadenium grantii Hook.f. of Euphorbiaceae. This shrub is extensively utilized for Fencing garden and households.
- Yes it is Synadenium grantii, also grown in our College botanical garden. Incidently I saw it lot growing wild while travelling from Bangalore to Ooty, growing along road sides, much taller than we find it in Delhi.
- I fear sooner or later this poisonous plant will become another obnoxious weed in our country. It spreads quite fast. Dr. ... may have some interesting observation on this plant, i hope.

- It seems to be a hardy plant that does not require much water; may be that is why it is being grown so extensively. Does it also show allelopathy? I see no weeds growing any where near it?


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/29f6f51652a8061c/Synadenium%20grantii%20Khalsa-Delhi-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEPvGKH8zHu95xH830zlwAjKADWNhTNg9SnXfA_Oo-TKCoNyZyzxVqfB3aZfv4IjwfenyLQ4-X-mKafA7bHacJexEY5xQLKnjitjdbSmbTnNhg5dSU
Euphorbiaceae Week: Euphorbia pseudograntii from Delhi: Euphorbia pseudograntii Bruyns,  Taxon 55:414. 2006 
 syn: Synadenium grantii Hook. f.
    A glabrous shrub cultivated in pots or beds in Delhi, evidently growing several feet tall along roadsides in South India.
   Common Name: African milk bush
 - Now according to my analysis the Correct name should be Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns, because the author himself had made this correction in 2007, the name Euphorbia pseudograntii being already occupied by a totally different species E. pseudograntii Pax.
   The Name for our plant should accordingly be: Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns, Euphorbia World 3: 5 2007.
syn: Euphorbia pseudograntii Bruyns (non Pax)  [Illegitimate] 
       Synadenium grantii Hook.f. 
       Synadenium umbellatum Pax

 
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efloraindia: 261111 BRS 208: Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request. Euphorbia sp.?
Location: Anaikatti- Thuvaipathy road side.
Date: 25.11.2011
Habitat: Rural (Roadside)
Habit: shrub/tree?
Planted as a hedge plant along the road side.
Could this be Synadenium grantii
... my belief too: Synadenium grantii Hook.f. (synonym of Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns) ...
native of w-c and e tropical Africa; cultivated elsewhere ...
commonly known as: African milk bush • Marathi: शेंड shend • Sanskrit: बहुक्षीरा bahukshira, वज्रद्रुम vajradrooma
Yes, I think very common along roadsides when one travels from Bangalore towards Mysore and Ooty.
 
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Euphorbia for ID : 080120013 : RV 1:  Please help to ID this Euphorbia..... taken picture today at Sagar Upvan, Mumbai...... It has latex and its fruiting.
Please check for Synadenium grantii, African Milk Bush.
Yes, I know this plant. It is Synadenium grantii of Euphorbiaceae.
Euphorbia umbellata syn Synadenium grantii.
 
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Synadenium grantii, I think.
Thanks ..., It does look likes it. In NPGS-GRIN its name is given as Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/93a65a6a258008b2/African%20Milk%20Bush%20Tree%20-%20Leaf.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFnll46VLudiKhY5O88w2dXKCquKdk0BO8dgE8fX-aqsFFhdnw2cWhZH3bQ07qBMnb1NW3ik2sLPapXFGh5dSrzCbxILQm2AnGi1foFsmstjjDSAbY
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Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Euphorbia umbellata, (Pax) Bruyns <=> African Milk Bush Tree - Bangalore - RA : Attachments (7). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Euphorbia grantii is a species of succulent plant in the Euphorbiaceae family. The specific epithet is in honor of explorer James Augustus Grant. It was originally described by Daniel Oliver in 1875.
The plant has the common name of African milk bush.
In 1952 during the Mau Mau Uprising, the poisonous latex of the plant was used to kill cattle in incidents of biological warfare.  
Correct name is Synadenium grantii
I have chosen the authority from grin, if not from plant list for my whole collection.
As per grin this is correct.
 
Sharing the images of Synadenium grantii from Anaikatti, Coimbatore.
Okay.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2846479f53769ab5/Synadenium%20grantii_Sagar%20Upvan3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEFg6vO-8WRul7e-7qtxa7FgX1f6s69fKRk5P9x4KQ4LS4B2G25Nu6HyeZieViBaZ6sdvykSg0axcNlSrPYyuzUwsMBNazBvpex9UdVIEH2CGDfjcE
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2846479f53769ab5/Synadenium%20grantii_Sagar%20Upvan1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGUgKYhIqWsd9ZquxX6s-rWhDHxjZUNxPvpoJN4i5QmCe0yww-N1uCbhuc8FyFaJnQ2_KW2LvFWUNp8Yrmu64AaQlrPhyEC8h_S-ttF7Yu6C__BnYg
Attached are pictures of Synadenium grantii from Sagar Upvan, Mumbai in February 2013.
A cultivated species.
Now correctly known as Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns 
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ba3fc87543b11e68/African%20Milk%20Bush,Synadenium%20grantii,Euphorbiaceae,Nasik%20garden-DSCN4680.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHk1ZDmaPKCivQQtfnnCu7Ej4_h-RhID-EMAyZRJbAcRnYBCFI0HR5_vt-XL-ojejYEJiw_NlzWx8Hk-HIPsjBsljifDobbMgCp28n5XACTHHa-vVI
Synadenium grantii from our home garden in Nasik.
Commonly known as African Milk Bush.
Right.
 
 
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Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns 
Euphorbia pseudograntii Bruyns,  Taxon 55:414. 2006
 syn: Synadenium umbellatum Pax; Euphorbia pseudograntii Bruyns; Synadenium grantii Hook. f.;
A glabrous shrub cultivated in pots or beds in Delhi, evidently growing several feet tall along roadsides in South India.
Common Name: African milk bush
The accepted name of this plant is Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns (Synonyms: Synadenium umbellatum Pax; S. grantii Hook.f.;  Euphorbia pseudograntii Bruyns, an illegitimate name)
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/fdb5c676a6be8e53/Synadenium%20grantii%20nov.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGFrJ1kHH0LRj8XPYLhZiYX-M9ZlyHsDAwOSAc8wOzY2G3-jxhYQ5q8ukS2efVEngwi5pwazICRtUuonBVcPLWM7dxK0ZHC_YKAfMtG0YLFxQ1ggkg
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Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Synadenium grantii from Coimbatore BRS 033 : Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing the images of Synadenium grantii from Coimbatore.
Correct identification.

Synadenium grantii Hook.f.
Native of tropical Africa; cultivated elsewhere. 
NPGS / GRIN and The Plant List (2010). Version 1 treat Synadenium grantii Hook.f. as synonym of Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns
at Sajjangad on 19 OCT 07 
Must consider about this plant's latest name ... 
NPGS / GRIN and The Plant List (2010). Version 1 treat Synadenium grantii Hook.f. as synonym of Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns.
Perhaps one thing needs to be resolved, whether above plant is to be called Euphorbia grantii Oliv., 1875 or Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns, 2007
The Plant list lists both as distinct
Under E. grantii only one synonym is listed E. mulemae Rendle
Under E. umbellata following are listed as synonyms
Euphorbia pseudograntii Bruyns [Illegitimate]
Synadenium grantii Hook.f.
Synadenium umbellatum Pax
Synadenium umbellatum var. puberulum N.E.Br.
I thought of checking Wikipedia, which in recent years is turning to be reliable under E. grantii it shows image of Synadenium grantii
Under E. umbellata web shows images similar to above and Wikipedia although not having any image but lists synonyms similat to the Plant List.
Frankly images on the internet are no help although description in Hortus Third may help in calling our plant as E. umbellata (syn: Synadenium grantii)
Euphorbia grantii Oliver: Robust shrub, 5-10 ft; leaves somewhat leathery , strap-shaped or linear-lanceolate, up to 1 ft long, 1 inch wide, sessile; cyathia in umbels to 15 inch across, glands 4.
Synadenium grantii Hook.f.: Shrub, 8-12 ft; leaves somewhat fleshy, oblanceolate to obovate, 3-7 inch long, tapering to petiole 7-8 mm long; margin entire, wavy to slightly toothed, cyathia in axillary much-branched cymes. Leaves are red in cultivar 'Rubra'. 
This plant is Synadenium grantii Hook.f.  S. umbellatum Pax is usually treated as one of its synonym.
However some recent authors treat this genus as synonym of Euphorbia and then the correct name should be Euphorbia pubescens (Pax) Bruyns This African species was introduced into India and is now found as fence in many areas, particularly in S.India, It is often found naturalised in some areas.
Please refer to EGGLI, U. 2002. Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Dicotyledons. Susan Carter of Kew has done the genera Euphorbia and Synadenium.
I think you mean to say Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns instead of Euphorbia pubescens (Pax) Bruyns, here. 
If you treat Synadenium as a synonym of Euphorbia, then the correct name should be: Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns [synonyms: Synadenium umbellatum Pax (1894) ; Synadenium grantii Hook.f.]
If you treat Synadenium as an independent genus, then the correct name should be: Synadenium grantii Hook.f. (1867)
You cannot use Euphorbia grantii for this species, because there is already an earlier E. grantii Oliv. (1875) for a different species.
Euphorbia pubescens (Pax) Bruyns is an illegitimate name, as it is preoccupied by E. pubescens Vahl (1791)


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Requesting Id of this plant from Spain at my friends home.
pics are sent via mail by my friend.
Height about 4-4.5 feet. leaves thick, green with red spots. has not flowered as yet
Somehow looks like Euphorbiaceae to me.
It looks like Euphorbia to me too....have it in our Nasik garden.
A very common plant.
Euphorbia umbellata, common name African Milk Bush.
Thank you ... for the Id.
As my friend has specifically mentioned about the red spots on the leaves and reddish leaves photo 1,photo 1_1,photo_3,photo 3_1 can it be the following
Euphorbia umbellata cv. Rubra hort. has purple to rich bronze red leaves
Euphorbia umbellata (syn.: Synadenium grantii)
Daves garden mentions the following name for the same: Euphorbia bicompacta var. 'rubra' 

 
 
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ARJUL72 Tree for ID : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Bangalore
July 2014
Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns 
Synadenium grantii?
Thank you ... Synadenium grantii is a synonym of Euphorbia umbellata
As per ... in another thread:
"If you treat Synadenium as a synonym of Euphorbia, then the correct name should be: Euphorbia umbellata (Pax) Bruyns [synonyms: Synadenium umbellatum Pax (1894) ; Synadenium grantii Hook.f.]
If you treat Synadenium as an independent genus, then the correct name should be: Synadenium grantii Hook.f. (1867)
You cannot use Euphorbia grantii for this species, because there is already an earlier E. grantii Oliv. (1875) for a different species."

 
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It is my pleasure to share few images of Synadenium grantii  (Euphorbiaceae) 

Habit: Herb 

Habitat: Road side hedge 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 08-10-2014, 28-10-2014 and 19-01-2015 


Images of a common garden plant but so nicely photographed.
Very good captures.
Yes very commonly seen along highways especially near Kolhapur etc.
Thanks ... for the complements
Thanks and regards ... In the South it is an excellent hedge material suitable for bio-fencing. Acts as a Psychological fencing as well.
 
 
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Fwd: For Id 230117SS- 1 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
ID please?
Any Jatropha or similar species ?
Check Synadenium grantii.
Thanks, ... I also think matches with images at  Synadenium grantii (Cultivated)  


References:
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