Excoecaria agallocha

 
eks-see-KAIR-ee-a -- from the Latin ex-caeco (to blind, make blind) ... Dave's Botanary
a-GAL-o-ka -- Latinized from the ancient word for a resinous, aromatic tree ... Dave's Botanary 

commonly known as: blind-your-eye mangrove, blinding tree, cametty eagle wood, milky mangrove, river poison tree, salt swamp tiger's milkBengali: গেওয়া geoyaGujarati: ગેવા geva, હુરા huraKannada: ಹಾರೋಗಿಡ harogida, ತಿಲ್ಲ tillaKonkani: खारो उरो kharo uro, उरो uroMalayalam: കടപ്പാല katappala, കോമട്ടി koomattiMarathi: गेवा geva, फुंगळी phungali, सुरुंड surundOriya: ଗୁଣା gunaTamil: அகதி akati, ஆக்கொல்லி akkolli, அம்பலவிருட்சம் ampala-virutcam, அம்பலத்தி ampalatti, ஆடியகூத்தன் atiya-kuttan, கொக்குமேனி kokkumeni, பருவி paruvi, தில்லை tillai, வரிவனம் vari-vanamTelugu: తిల్ల tillaTulu: ನೀರಕಣಪಟ್ಟೆ neerakanapatte

It is a resilient mangrove species, does not have salt glands and aerial roots, and so technically it is a non-mangrove or mangrove associate species. It has adapted to its saline environment by a salt excretory mechanism known as gall formation. The network of perforated snake-like roots help to grip the less consolidated and eroding soils. The species has both male and female trees, female flowers produce pink berry-like fruits from a March to October. The above is male flowering with several catkin-like spikes.
 
This is a poisonous plant and may cause blindness if the sap enters the eyes. However, the sap also has medicinal properties and is indigenously used in the treatment of rheumatism.    
 


  
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/50ffd2a15a130fc1/Excoecaria%20agallocha.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFKlW_FoNiuShswfKWasrBfRu8P8isZ7oihhrMjhiOGHhwqytD5QaMi_toF5Hanrjanc53PuYNTwTePdJxPrRRR1gbFxm8Feyahw8jk_VBAu6dSrI8
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/50ffd2a15a130fc1/Excoecaria%20agallocha%20mangrove.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF_7EyP1ukQMZkJr4gLFCYQ5CaLBDA_h23nHwgF0OMAse-vT35dVOH9-XIkaprl_XpOQ-kjuUSqr-p_uH1OVovo_6C_sIkJBYfu4gwNnLZjdUptqAg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/191514cd1b7c0d45/pics%20007.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE6BeVXG6FTz76uNRhq3lWWy2JjYPVlw6RUaA-W0mvZXPjr3B5P8pyeNvh81U0jX3H0zGB_iwwh7uHERzhO_9LJxokYczOkM9O78bpGP6EJAD8T4JI
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/50ffd2a15a130fc1/Excoecaria%20agallocha%20leaves%20flowers.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG7qttwtkhiIdQwkoqKdmtqPQ4n96o94tSofgHxuBOyj6GKtCjSh65SZN7X9UqXXB83xKhAkmlWzN6OAy1v3mycRGGTO_CziHV_r58T3PR9zKMpNLc
Euphorbiaceae week- Excoecaria agallocha L. Mangrove species.: Excoecaria agallocha -Milky mangrove. I have taken these pictures at the Salim Ali Bird sanctuary, Goa, mangroves section, in Sep.2010. This is the only member of the Euphorbiaceae family associated with mangroves ( Ref: Godrej A symbiosis of Industry and nature, 2000, pg:91).
   It is a resilient mangrove species, does not have salt glands and aerial roots, and so  technically  it is a non-mangrove or mangrove associate species. It has adapted to its saline environment by a salt excretory mechanism known as gall formation. The network of perforated snake-like roots help to grip the less consolidated and eroding soils. The species has both male and female trees, female flowers produce pink berry-like fruits from a March to October. The above is male flowering  with several catkin-like spikes.
   This is a poisonous plant and may cause blindness if the sap enters the eyes. However, the sap also has medicinal properties and is indigenously used in the treatment of rheumatism.
- Please find attached pic of the roots of milky mangrove. Roots run along the ground surface and often knotted and covered with lenticels.
- Two interesting links to the research articles  on the Phytochemical investigations of the bark of Excoecaria and another one on anti-ulcer activity.


 
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Names of Plants in India :: Excoecaria agallocha: via Species‎ > ‎E‎ > Excoecaria agallocha
Flowers of IndiaDiscussions at efloraofindiamore views in flickrmore views on Google Earth
eks-see-KAIR-ee-a -- from the Latin ex-caeco (to blind, make blind)
a-GAL-o-ka -- Latinized from the ancient word for a resinous, aromatic tree

commonly known as: blind-your-eye mangrove, blinding tree, cametty eagle wood, milky mangrove, river poison tree,salt swamp tiger's milkBengali: gewaKonkani: उसो usoMalayalam: കോമട്ടി koomattiMarathi: गेवा geva Oriya: guanTamil: தில்லை tillaiTelugu: తెల్ల tella
and more names in Tamil: அகதி akati, ஆக்கொல்லி akkolli, அம்பலவிருட்சம் ampala-virutcam, அம்பலத்தி ampalatti, ஆடியகூத்தன் atiya-kuttan, கொக்குமேனி kokkumeni, பருவி paruvi, வரிவனம் vari-vanam
botanical names: Excoecaria agallocha L. ... synonyms: Commia cochinchinensis Lour. • Excoecaria affinis Endl. •Excoecaria camettia Willd. • Excoecaria ovalis Endl. • Excoecaria sphaerosperma F.Muell. ex Pax [Illegitimate] •Stillingia agallocha (L.) Baill. ... The Plants List
Dear friends,
Those familiar with names in their languages may point out any error / provide any better known name(s).
Would like to get the Bengali name gewa in Bangla script.
Would also like to get valid name(s) of this plant in Kannada script ... at ENVIS / FRLHT, they are: haaro (OR hara / haro) gida, kamate, kammatta, thilla, tilla

Names update:
 • Bengaliগেওয়া geoya
ID request - RD3 - Mumbai - 29th March '13 : 1 image. 3 posts by 2 authors.
I had taken this picture with my blackberry phone last year. This tree was seen in Mahim creek (Mumbai). I have only one photo but hope to be able to identify it. Sorry I don't have photos from more angles as
stipulated in the guidelines.

These are the male flowers of Excoecaria agallocha. The dark green leaves in the photograph belong to this tree.

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/bkqUo4D227Hre_KPjTN3k1AoPyZTfUR_SwFg63vLGibTZD6IgFg06hvqm8jkjFkez8z8A6XZOu5VLzCUHfKICH7ENCkBM2HHKmK-twqM8y54=w5000-h5000
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https://c4.staticflickr.com/7/6024/5928804147_33678830db_b.jpg
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Excoecaria agallocha in Malvan :: DV34 : 7 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Excoecaria agallocha L. in Malvan on 10 JUL 11 

Your postings are the best.
During the Euphorbiaceae week ... had given some information about this species which I am adding below
This is the only member of the Euphorbiaceae family associated with mangroves
It is a resilient mangrove species, does not have salt glands and aerial roots, and so technically it is a non-mangrove or mangrove associate species. It has adapted to its saline environment by a salt excretory mechanism known as gall formation. The network of perforated snake-like roots help to grip the less consolidated and eroding soils.The species has both male and female trees, female flowers produce pink berry-like fruits from a March to October. The above is male flowering with several catkin-like spikes.
This is a poisonous plant and may cause blindness if the sap enters the eyes.However,the sap also has medicinal properties and is indigenously used in the treatment of rheumatism.  



 
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Euphorbiaceae Fortnight:Excoecaria agallocha from Chennai BRS 004 :   Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors. 
Sharing the images of Excoecaria agallocha from Adyar, Chennai.
Excoecaria agallocha
The only Mangrove tree from Euphorbiaceae with poisonous latex.
White mangrove or milky mangrove.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6d257f83beccc5b9/Excoecaria%20agallocha_9489-Male.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHSn3qn7X4_Ov8J27WwFO_FgwEV7ZxASajcrXaAJovVjMJ_YQDorG7WMVTLTHNubR0pAr5R6jm5W0rvXwo1g43E7FyyzSs-4cCuWudm9GnkKvAGCkc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6d257f83beccc5b9/Excoecaria%20agallocha_9480-Female.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE5nC1szX3u8NRvJniNPBadtJastupRq779WzT3V34ocUSbWwlqbxrNXdTyj7NZQ_OwxIIzaYnN9DiNbkDv7V3jBiNzBsuTY3H7h7n3p8BCzRu9kI0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6d257f83beccc5b9/Excoecaria%20agallocha_9399-Fruit.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF_wDjmH6SpF-2HKZBWk8zj2Xt8tnfkP4p68Bg95pTSFa6ktM8YaW3mEhcmYndNEbv_qprZOlZUbq2FeZieB_2JDN7ikAJv3zcXC1Om85ep757I9tA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6d257f83beccc5b9/Excoecaria%20agallocha_9401-Fruit.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHQeZl7SQmlGfDY7L0pifrLxtHiAyeLi5z8YRyCGKgjHqGclg0ZRAUa6hueccgR0GXmUIWn055PLmNAQ3Yb4yPjZbe68w-UcQ29fHnFjOnz3IV2S1o
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fortnight :: Excoecaria agallocha at Malvan:: PKA19: : :
:  Attachments (6). 4 posts by 3 authors. 
Mangrove Tree at Malvan, Sindhudurg coast. It is also called as Blinding tree
Bot. name: Excoecaria agallocha
Family: Euphorbiaceae 
Excellent photos.
The only Mangrove tree from Euphorbiaceae with poisonous latex.
White mangrove or milky mangrove.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/97fd8b30f86815b7/M1-IMG_4130%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHeXSd6XgixdgBe5siOFC54o8T4o5cehoiaE9hqvO9CBvXf-Go7j0q3_m14YESsAZzgF9-UziOeqobMDi1-4KWw2k0JJG5JH8dvBJTGRsHzVmTpqTg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/97fd8b30f86815b7/M1-IMG_4129%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrECu4EAdhD5GEHp6Ti4AKUt97ydOXLcUlhNkL9ZZ5pVoVbpEmWwCIwNeFPWxePaFbQbyqfvkFCKGCpUkA7YdB4dev_JzAmYmnSTZHkSAwEVVtZV6fw
 
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I had recently been to a small village near the Konkan coast, Devgad, Maharashtra.
Noticed around 7-8 species of mangroves on a stretch of around 500 metres.
Requesting to please ID this mangrove captured in May 2014.
Are these the bud stage of Excoecaria agallocha?
Will post the remaining species for validation soon.
Excoecaria agallocha.
 
 
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Goa, May 2014 :: Excoecaria agallocha :: 19JUN14 :: ARK-37 :  4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8).
Requesting to please validate the ID (Excoecaria agallocha) of this mangrove captured in Salim Ali WLS, Goa in May 2014.
Of course, it is E. agallocha, the commonest coastal plant in India.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2c9bc94b7870807f/Excoecaria%20agallocha_Salim%20Ali5.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEqOjsHfWKgEXxGFMlBGvbwOzS1iaG_KC1FjRb-Ad02DUOshpmLiui9w7x1Hpg3C6oDi-UlsAU9v3crDVw8Ppp7scuzhEAhZzjRKLHchBW-354I8VQ
 
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Goa, May 2014 :: Excoecaria agallocha :: 19JUN14 :: ARK-37 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8).
Requesting to please validate the ID (Excoecaria agallocha) of this mangrove captured in Salim Ali WLS, Goa in May 2014.
Of course, it is E. agallocha, the commonest coastal plant in India.
LOOKS LIKE MALE PLANT of Excoecaria agallocha
good pictures.. inflorescence is of male flowers
 
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Tree for ID :: Devgad, Konkan, May 2017 :: ARKMAY14 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Saw this medium sized tree right next to salt water creek near Devgad, MH in May 2017.
Requested to please ID.
Re attaching with correct orientation. Attachments (5)

This appears to be Excoecaria agallocha L. [Euphorbiaceae]. Zooming into your last photograph [Type14_IMG_9943.JPG], a pair of basal glands at the petiole junction is just about visible in certain leaves on careful observation. Have marked out this characteristic feature in your image.

Your sharp eyes detected the plant even in absence of flowers and fruits.

Ahh! Thank you ... for the ID.
I recollect seeing flowers on these trees at the same location at this time of the year, a couple of years ago (posted here). This year no flowers.

Well Observed... ... It is the Same...


  
  
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