Excoecaria acerifolia


Bangladesh; China South-Central; East Himalaya; Nepal; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of Life;
 

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https://c1.staticflickr.com/9/8288/7787522704_0c5b6a18f5_k.jpg
https://c1.staticflickr.com/9/8307/7787333648_33f11c83cb_k.jpg
Habitat: mountain slope
Habit: herb, about 30 - 40 cm high; with slant long branch, male flower and fruit seen

Beautiful find ... we skipped this....a Euphorbiacean..
This is Excoecaria acerifolia it is common near Pulna village


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8f70b43a2ccf24de/Excoecaria%20acerifolia%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEUrwJP8xmDhB6p3m1S6oSbeVyQMINHK2vzFbvw7fNj1Uf_sJ0wAdOHk1B12zHM6Pbvi8Ugo2z0PgsGQ1ALMU1T9yI3cwhC7OiNu2seF5n6zz0J1U4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8f70b43a2ccf24de/Excoecaria%20acerifolia%20(8).JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGAcqdRHrngGrsYqSBwuaO7Yrn_iMcVVDR4VvPII7HQ5NRJjxZQHTfkeYWGYd1105377yeFpmZAKFDXpK-SGxx0azl1FkPNgdBFh_yNmgd-pF5NNaY
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VoF Week: Excoecaria acerifolia from the way to Ghanghriya: Excoecaria acerifolia from the way to Ghanghriya

 
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EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Shrub for id from Gori Valley NS-35 : Attachments (3). 9 posts by 4 authors.
Please help to identify this shrub shot from Gori valley area.. I could only see the fruits and not the male flowers.. hope this is recognizable...
I am puzzled. Let me think. I am marking this mail.
Seems Exoecaria acerifolia.
I thought of Cleistanthus and Excoecaria. Cleistanthus has entire leaves. And Excoecaria acerifolia has much narrower leaves with slightly different fruits. It could be a new species of Excoecaria. Here also I have some doubt as from the picture the fruit appear to be leaf-opposed. A perplexing species.
It is never Excoecaria acerifolia which I know very well. Could be a new species.
I am giving it benefit of doubt as Excoecaria acerifolia. But I am not satisfied. The photographer should study it in detail and prepare a detailed description. 
Key to the species of Excoecaria in India is as follows:
1a. Plants dioecious, of mangrove or littoral areas; leaves alternate, with basally two glands in the margin at either side of the petiole; male flowers in very dense catkins 2. E. agallocha
b. Plants monoecious, of interior forest areas; leaves alternate or opposite, without basal glands in the margin; male flowers in open racemes or in heads 2
2a. Leaves opposite or at least partly opposite 3
b. Leaves entirely alternate 5
3a. Leaves all opposite, green beneath; inflorescences with one type of flowers only, male inflorescences 3.5 - 22 cm long; fruits slightly depressed and shallowly lobed, usually larger, 1 - 6 cm in diam. 4
b. Leaves alternate or opposite, wine-red beneath; inflorescences with basally a few female flowers and apically many male ones; male inflorescences 1 - 3 cm long; fruits much depressed and deeply lobed, smaller, up to 1 cm in diam. (cult.) E. cochinchinensis
4a. Branchlets mostly flattened or tetragonous; male inflorescences 3.5 – 8 cm long; fruits 1 – 3 cm in diam. 3. E. crenulata
b. Branchlets mostly terete; male inflorescences 5 – 22 cm long; fruits 4 – 6 cm in diam. 5. E. oppositifolia
5a. Leaves larger, 25 - 32 x 8 - 11 cm; petioles 3 - 4 cm long 6. E. rectinervis
b. Leaves smaller, 2.5 - 16 x 1 - 5 cm; petioles 0.2 - 3 cm long 6
6a. Leaves closely and regularly serrulate along margins; lateral nerves close, parallel, conspicuously raised on the upper surface; tertiary nerves closely parallel and running predominantly at right angles to the midrib; fruits 1.5 - 1.8 cm in diam. 1. E. acerifolia
b. Leaves distantly repand-serrulate along margins; lateral nerves distant and arcuate, obscure or faint on the upper surface; tertiary nerves laxly reticulate; fruits up to 1 cm in diam. 4. E. cuspidata 

 
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Euphorbiaceae shrub SN1017 : 6 posts by 3 authors.
Euphorbiaceae shrub from Bageshwar area of Uthrakand

This could be a Buxaceae member. May be some Buxus species.   


Does not matches any species as per comparative images at https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/a---l/b/buxaceae

Not Buxaceae? Okay then at that altitude this should be Excoecaria.  The leaves  are crowded towards apices of branchlets but othewise alternate. Hence this should be Excoecaria acerifolia Didr.
 
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SK1372 20 AUG 2018 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)- AROUND 600 KB EACH. 
Location: Godavari, Nepal
Altitude : 5000 ft.
Date: 24 July 2018
Habit :  Wild 
Small shrub of about  4/6 ft.

Excellent depiction of Excoecaria acerifolia Didr. of the family Euphorbiaceae.

May I know the size of the fruits?

Thank you ...! 
Nepali Names :  गोदासिलो Godaasilo /  उत्तुस Uttus / रजेली Rajelee
Attachments (1) - 2 Mb.

Thank you ..., This raises the question whether Excoecaria cuspidata of Meghalaya, differing from E. acerifolia in the leaves being distantly repand-serrulate along margins rather than closely serrate (see the images here) and much smaller fruits (up to 10 mm in diam.), should be treated as a variety of E. acerifolia as done by Muller or maintained as a distinct species. It may be noted that the species E. crenulata of South India and Sri Lanka (fruits 1-3 cm in diam.) and E. oppositifolia of North-East India to South-East Asia (fruits 4-6 cm in diam.) differ from each other mainly in the size of their fruits and showing disjunct distribution.


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