Euphorbia trigona (Cultivated)

Euphorbia trigona Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 3 1768. (syn: Euphorbia hermentiana Lem.);
 
Differs from E. antiquorum in more greener stems, straighter wings and smaller leaves, 5-6 mm long, which persist for longer time and more uniformally distributed on wings;
 
Native of western Africa; cultivated elsewhere as ornamental. 

As per efi thread :
Euphorbia trigona Differs from E. antiquorum in more greener stems, straighter wings and smaller leaves, 5-6 mm long, which persist for longer time and more uniformly distributed on wings


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b5dbabba4a40e774/Euphorbia%20trigona%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE10fHrK-wArnjmFlHL_ZOTdCLTSOfifJPdyIDBqU14KAZ1_FduI31CoeEeCOxf1Jga9zFqWyYfF8vr6wKYDBm38awCpi1xBJb26uCmrfrwkhbt968
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/b5dbabba4a40e774/Euphorbia%20trigona%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Flora of Panipat: Euphorbia trigona from Arya PG College campus Panipat Haryana:   Euphorbia trigona
Family Euphorbiaceae
A Garden/Cultivated Herb/UnderShrub with thick triangular fleshy stem with leaves in 3 rows from Arya P G College Panipat Haryana (220mts)

Yes ... this is Euphorbia trigona var. rubra
 
Euphorbia trigona Mill.
Native of western Africa; cultivated elsewhere as ornamental.
in garden of Mumbai on 28 FEB 07 
Pl. continue to enrich the Indian Flora.  You are an asset for us.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3c4c2a7f52bae17/Euphorbia-antiquorum-Delhi-3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGtowLSx-XgC3EjZe1iICgbH6zTy6erp28yCpdv2PvPaVY81KK73t3MiPArL9ytmBjfKy38dWo_ERS_NIlTW52x5qwmLkmFyoWo5DskHi1dHQvJy1Y
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Euphorbia trigona from Delhi-GS-19 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbia trigona Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 3 1768.
Differs from E. antiquorum in more greener stems, straighter wings and smaller leaves, 5-6 mm long, which persist for longer time and more uniformally distributed on wings; Photographed from Vikas Puri, New Delhi.
Yes Sir.


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3c4c2a7f52bae17/Euphorbia-antiquorum-Delhi-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEmaDPXQjJ3IFjzZW8Mdg9I-QMhPFTlv6H-ydLE9VXadULifg-0wXwnNU6e8N4tRYhHQisRNXwArxsrTTZRRQs61wydEAk6ELayTbUCb7FUzP06w4s
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3c4c2a7f52bae17/Euphorbia-antiquorum-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGl4__sB9LdBmF7EnntN7p0NruhOUjunlL6RI7ZUO0wXB0AqAV0BDiC249I9XEgmlBkTvU_Nm_yG70jXeEYV6-35ASka1SMw9_TKLf3-sYdHbXxHg0
Euphorbiaceae Week: Euphorbia antiquorum from Delhi: 2 correct images. 
Euphorbia antiquorum L., Sp. pl. 1:450. 1753
Succulent shrub, often planted in gardens and rockeries.
The woody spiny species of Euphorbia can be separated as under:
Stem rounded, not angled or winged:....................................................................................   E. nivulia
Stem angled or winged
           Angles not produced into wing, spirally arranged:.......................................................... E. neriifolia
           Angles produced into wings
                      Wings 3-4
                                  wings running straight, sinuate, regularly dentate,..........................:..........E. antiquorum
                                  wings running spirally, ...........................................................................E. tortilis
                       Wings 5-6, undulate..........................................................................................
E. royleana 
   

Euphorbia trigona from Delhi: Euphorbia trigona Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 3 1768.
Differs from E. antiquorum in more greener stems, straighter wings and smaller leaves, 5-6 mm long, which persist for longer time and more uniformally distributed on wings;
Photographed from Vikas Puri, New Delhi.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/25a45e37ca7b505/Euphorbia%20trigona-P1140036.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHtjxeyx8-Lr48naS9TWDptxCbOp9MGPZQ6vg-yw429OBC4pxN4bdez0ZYJfLIPS4s4iiLOsNvlhz_CB3cdTdyUVQYtZvkqLfji3mrLc1eZqIBhphk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/25a45e37ca7b505/Euphorbia%20trigona,African%20Milk%20Tree-P1010217.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHsqoUCRYVosgU9_P_bOu_BfOD0ZtfNSkxzqQxtzo2F0PelywWJkVuYdToqxvc0180yE74-8dPOubZivGHYPeM5-vdOx04q2Q6bXm4OKdwmP0rEDzU
Euphorbia trigona from Muscat commonly known as African Milk Tree.
Yes, it is Euphorbia trigona Miller, commonly called 'African Milk Tree', usually seen cultivated in gardens in India.


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a937e022b6e48917/Cacti-P1010217.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGEE3Ba5XQcxh20Rvph9NG-oyQWgZ-if_kbmD8OYNu2Um3QyVNLNvjez-ndtrFhR-wYoc5qfT3UJlgZYuyqUZEkDi09jSk6jJSgP2OS5mvmDmcs8g8
Euphorbia for ID : 260611 : AK-2:  Taken at Muscat,Oman on the 12th of March, 2007.
Cultivated.

Looks like Euphorbia trigona
Look like Euphorbia antiquorum
Can you kindly validate this post of mine? This is an old post.  Picture taken in Muscat, a cultivated plant.
Euphorbia trigona suggested by ...
Euphorbia antiquorum  suggested by …
Problem is because your mostly click and post incomplete set of images, in which id can not be certain.
Pl. try to post complete set of images for proper id in future. 

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9349887758584fec/DSCN0924.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGIQe2MMHaacx9mt5lpMjeRVmIpL7c1ydY50i59gbTBSu3HzWFINzNBmz-Ud0LtjtnkX3tok5b6ITr2HQtBaM52tI0xfixMB9AlUcdeU107AadXcBc
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : For ID : Sri Lanka : 071113 : AK-27 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbia seen at Dambulla during visit to Sri Lanka.
Id please.
This seems to be Euphorbia trigona Miller. But without leaves and inflorescence it is difficult to confirm its identity.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/abf8877545e5d0fb/4._Euphorbia_trigona_Mill._IMG_4643.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHdyPeuIsu-0UeNFR0cuYSxU0ngLNyZjNiKI-U5yqBb4W981rPmbukX8fyy56Yf9JawmZP9dmJiF_6s-W4g_g7kNnnB4vjJranvvwMvVcT-_qnmk9M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/abf8877545e5d0fb/5._Euphorbia_trigona_Mill._IMG_4642.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHeYpJbQ667Aab4mJr_paWoTpqoMAyIGpAfQrZt7t-LWBdlizGjX5Ho4xAj8n1L2R2JTZ3TzOg9iXbR5pE7khmO9Cwmbl-qzBdQLQiYx5onJVW4Hc4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/abf8877545e5d0fb/6._Euphorbia_trigona_Mill._IMG_4640.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJHBQHX4EnWEE9_pFf1jd9LF_s8XyJn8dghQy-uLHd1CUf1oykdryRGM8bPlAjAkLQ9cSyNYJXDj2vD1Epy7HJ2aQE9zUg-hSiJCMnd_icFA8L6DM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/abf8877545e5d0fb/7._Euphorbia_trigona_Mill._IMG_4635.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrECFoL8tzKIo9HpmM1ozat07DUiwNsOx2xk6wcTw_BdhkihjmRMyQNc_UTMjLW4f9-25B71YcRaG5lEWeZgUpxk64K1DAD6ngtLjvDsNEGhFFo6lww
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/abf8877545e5d0fb/3._Euphorbia_trigona_Mill._IMG_4637.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHG3Llz_hOqM3gx7bc770w97Xwmb0kpfun3LOdAaKkPk0FD6rwzg7bzgfbXm7vEfFWWWi-3tLNkdTo3arMh8l5Y9fIW7NVH96moWi6t35D10wpp7LI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/abf8877545e5d0fb/1._Euphorbia_trigona_IMG_4631.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEYrxR9rtjJHRRlO0Tf9UCjkrgg0FOsIHcmgbsXflJ25CnBx1gew2AHxBrqqQKtmjiu1lCbwsXDjbXKdrCr8Wy2oQYr18aDWpAtl0u6vrLh7Fm8m-0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/abf8877545e5d0fb/2._Euphorbia_trigona_Mill._IMG_4633.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGHG-PQ9tlJrRpkj6fYmGu6yQjAkHCj4ePwTnWkfYJRZAr8w6FUtRfbpnbD32OGlIS-LmaEfabvXYDycCNHUAX3FTEHKKgPDWe6VTccErWfZDgAvtI
Euphorbia trigona Mill (?) from Assam : Attachments (7). 2 posts by 2 authors. 
Attached images may be Euphorbia trigona Mill. grown as a ornamental plant. Please validate.
Date :15.11.2013
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family :Euphorbiaceae
Genus & species : Euphorbia trigona Mill 
Yes, this is Euphorbia trigona Mill.

A cultivated, potted Euphorbia seen in Mumbai.
If I remember, ... had posted it long ago.
But I am unable to recollect the name.
Kindly help in id
Could this be Euphorbia trigona?
Yes, this is Euphorbia trigona Miller (not E. trigona Roxb.),
seen only under cultivation in India. Native country is still controversial. 


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/205c5f0148de86c1/DSCN3974.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHbskUfjSHNyEbyGPhHsW_UPb04NtJDPTdTCPcvVKGUc21RRQoF5MIv7GfoRofZZT2YrekUCMa62qo-AhabCyMzGJp_dee6W8exx89uumBnRPtEZ8s
Euphorbia For ID : Nasik : 210414 : AK-13 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Euphorbia seen at a Cactus Nursery in Nasik on 27/2/14.
Cultivated plant.
Id please.
Perhaps Euphorbia trigona
Euphorbia trigona 'Rubra'
Thanks ... I was not able to make up my mind between Euphorbia lactea & Euphorbia trigona.
 
 
Euphorbia For ID : Nasik : 210414 : AK-14 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).  
Another cultivated Euphorbia, similar to my earlier picture but with tiny leaves.
At the same Cactus nursery in nasik on 27/2/14.
Euphorbia trigona I hope
Thanks for the id.
These similar looking Euphorbias are confusing
Another cultivated Euphorbia from Nasik. Seen at a Cactus Nursery. 
Euphorbia trigona suggested by ...  

Appears to be in line with other images at Euphorbia trigona (Cultivated)  

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b5ffc27411f17/DSC_0144.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEHJIXEfQHyHpUfn6_u1bs_IlIEM5nK-t1bereIp_dGs0ljuWSfTSY1p9BlyRfxEE115xec1XeA97boYu7UdWRXiN6Owv81wW9x451rjdUsRYPSM88
SK 2218 12 October 2019 : 15 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1) - 6 mb.
Location: Ranibari, Kathmandu
Date: 10 September  2019
Elevation: 1370 m.

Habitat : Cultivated ??

Attachments (1) - 6 mb.
Attachments (1) - 6 mb.
seems to be Euphorbia trigona.
cant explain the small objects in the 0147 pic. are the they shriveling up leaves?
Euphorbia trigona Mill.
you are welcome. I have grown these in various continents. always in tubs and after a while thy must go into the garden soil. they don't like to be in pots for ever.
one died when I trusted my plants to a gardener, who killed it with kindness. overwatering kills it
Ok ...!
This is a cultivated species, not indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.  I am not able to name it.
Can it be Euphorbia trigona as suggested by ... and as identified by you at Euphorbia trigona Mill (?) from Assam ?
Yes. It appears to be Euphorbia trigona
Yes, you have pointed to the possibly correct identity. The only difference from E. trigona Miller is that the space between the wings is not marked by white patches. When the plants are in flower, it can be confirmed.
This species is of African origin and is called African Milk Tree, and is found in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
and original was from Ceylon. apparently no more in "wild " in India. all seem to be in pots /// cultivation. see my next post
and a group I like in California
I quote from their moderator,
OK kids, fasten your seatbelts, this quick and dirty summary is coming to you courtesy of Daryl Koutnik's article in the Euphorbia journal Volume 7 (published in 1991). All the mistakes are mine. Smiling Go find yourself a copy of the original to see all the gory details.
E. trigona was originally described in 1768 by Miller, who said the plant was from Sri Lanka (then Ceylon?). It has never been found there except in cultivation. It was also described later in 1812 by Haworth (who properly credited Miller, but has received credit mistakenly by various publications). Also, there was for some time another species called E. barnhartii, which was named by Lemaire 90 years after trigona, then subsumed into trigona, then moved elsewhere. 
The thrust of the article (other than telling an interesting historical story) is whether trigona can be distinguished from hermentiana, and honestly I don't even want to go there. So we'll skip that angle. Suffice to say the CoL has placed that plant under trigona, and barnhartii under lacei, so that's their state of the art, such as it is today.
After the original description of E. trigona, subsequent authors (like Haworth) described it as from India, and you will see other references to that as well, but apparently there is no actual wild trigona growing there, just cultivated plants gone feral and similar-looking plants being misidentified. So that geotag has been formally debunked as well. The earliest description of E. trigona (in the 17th century) came before it had a proper name, and that reference mentions material from West Africa, so we now have a third potential site of origin which has not been well confirmed (at least not in 1991).

To quote the author regarding identification of Euphorbia trigona in its various forms: "the key similarity in all of the descriptions is that the branches are not spreading but erect (appressed)".
And regarding the flowers, the plant only flowers in tropical climates and has only been recorded to flower twice in history (though Haworth does mention flowers, he does not describe them). Again, this info is from 1991, but from a source I respect. 
I think it's pretty clear this plant has a history like Aloe vera, in being selected and cultivated far and wide long after the wild plants disappeared from habitat. As Daisy says, some plants cannot produce seed after being grown by humans from cuttings for so long (Aloe vera), even though they flower. Apparently Euphorbia trigona doesn't even get that far except by freak random chance.
[Last edited by Baja_Costero - Jun 13, 2018 5:26 PM (+)]
Waiting
end copy paste 

 

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