Euphorbia helioscopia


 
English: Sun Spurge; Hindi: Hirruseeah, mahabi; Punjab: Chatriwal, gandabuti, dudal; 
 
The plant is supposed to be highly poisonous. Seeds are used in cholera, juice used in rheumatism and to remove warts.  



 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/71cc15cc43888d37/Euphorbia-helioscopia-Delhi-1a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHWzHs7ch3oqIpKQE1TyEh1dQ2ZyCdXOjbbI4EUZSsUHhRh1iwrBrqP7m8X0m7i8AbcF0UIv1TvZ2DnPtv6FRJpB7u80SJMr7W6i8xhWob5qp20O64
Euphorbia helioscopia L., Sp. pl. 1:459. 1753
   A common weed in temperate climates and one of the very common species in Kashmir, this was found having naturalised in Delhi along Wheat and Mustard fields at Wazirabad in Delhi.
   The plant is supposed to be highly poisonous. Seeds are used in cholera, juice used in rheumatism and to remove warts.
   Common names:
English: Sun spurge, umbrella milkweed and madwoman's milk
Hindi: Hirruseeah, mahabi
Punjab: Chatriwal, gandabuti, dudal

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3ace006db37dc1bf/Euphorbia-helioscopia-Kashmir-b.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9jep-2NX0mKtZUq4HdqbhDxFNa0hY63UUFmrVM4d4XLlB3GiS3g1Z9h_9Tuka1dggCF2rReW-NOBOpeEBniKVOXmKkimuOOkvokhkg46UXzUXO2w
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3ace006db37dc1bf/Euphorbia-helioscopia-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFiXzQBfHTSBI8jK16Rea83CwcGEQXKgTyAH2L69_gUds5YeHVhWhnECCFy-JBLhsQkJQv7K4EIvJ1DNX1zOxgnhtcbDcXON5ZrPOKhF1JCLgusbWU
Euphorbiaceae Week: Euphorbia helioscopia from KashmirEuphorbia helioscopia a very common weed in Kashmir along road sides, wastelands and borders of fields
Details have been provided in the mail about Delhi plant
- Thought these scanned attachments of the floral morphology will interest many. I was quite fascinated with the detailed descriptions when I was going through it. Your pictures are also just right to understand and compare these diagrams with. Ref: 'Common Families of Flowering Plant' by Hickey and King.
- The photograph I have uploaded shows yellow rust infection along tips of leaves.
This generally turns severe in autumn.
- Probably the fungi is Melampsora euphorbiae, this rust fungi is know to have a considerable host range. As the name suggests, it is a pathogen for Euphorbia sp only.
For more information kindly go though the link below ..
http://www.eppo.org/QUARANTINE/Alert_List/fungi/Melampsora_euphorbiae...
- Exactly there are several pathogens which are known to cause disease in Euphorbiaceae 
- how about Uromyces tuberculatus<
http://www.cybertruffle.org.uk/cgi-bin/robi.pl?location=UN&assorg=279...>, it is reported from Euphorbia helioscopia. I remember the name of Uromyces associated with Euphorbia helioscopia when I was in Kashmir. This weed is abundant Kashmir University campus, and turns wholly yellow with yellow rust in autumn.
- Possibility is there Sir Ji but I have only speculated the name without microscopic investigation
I cant confirm on any names

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e15bc08b3a7694c9/srinagar_31b.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFKUn1IzfVGyJmHHqByeByn2IOPtczIgzrlBOm_tvqCFoHq1M78Yx7HITj9af22co7ImBVsp3VknhPD745WrmGKrGE487O6qXQSQ0-Ny0wbJyuLSIY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e15bc08b3a7694c9/srinagar_31a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE72Us6fk7YpcsY5mQVtzl459668nWM-fDRJCCd5WBvmmMDSHXUFuTcT_mkX1DeiQwirlDaKI-9pwJ3jB2d7VlG-2QIj87_2WTsYGV6e37EY0ilHxo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e15bc08b3a7694c9/srinagar_31c.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrETBQkNnywQny96u5CH3OfDdPCL-N1v3yTaNF5bXnfUoJVGxUpk2s7PItkwtcBT2FFTHLK5ZV5Kh3W48DlhQBt7vDOLq_FLzkwBaxTBH2OaVRTzPn4
Flora from Srinagar 24072013 CS 6 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.
A very curious herbaceous weed with clustered leaves
location : Srinagar
Some Euphorbia species.
Euphorbia helioscopia
Commonest annual weed in Kashmir, often gets infected by yellow rust towards the end of season.
Thank you Sir and ... for the ID. Yes it was quite prevalent there. 
 
Euphorbia helioscopia L., Sp. pl. 1:459. 1753
A common weed in temperate climates and one of the very common species in Kashmir, this was found having naturalised in Delhi along Wheat and Mustard fields at Wazirabad in Delhi.  
The plant is supposed to be highly poisonous. Seeds are used in cholera, juice used in rheumatism and to remove warts.
Common names:
English: Sun spurge, umbrella milkweed and madwoman's milk
Hindi: Hirruseeah, mahabi
Punjab: Chatriwal, gandabuti, dudal
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/291c7ceb4ebd2802/E.helioscopia_DSR_2.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG4yKgIcdaY1njluPi02xfJUveLSgucQT6z8Fn1eYblqKETbP9QvEHAjWh8zCrWlOdlAZgt4ZPLVO1SC3cpXNl_nx7tkp6P8TENfUwn611Gtxu3KRI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/291c7ceb4ebd2802/E.helioscopia_DSR_1.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrExAmxEugoeT_JobV9ec0rkE5NZhkHVZX9HwjD669T_2v9IpKFz1R__q_fsOvTf24RWgk8F37oG6BTmWexmGjbSNqyohNC2oe2AfEYa2rM5mpOiAwA
Euphorbia helioscopia L. is common a garden weed here in Pantnagar.
Yes, this is Euphorbia helioscopia L.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3849deb14c901a7e/Euphorbia%20helioscopia.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG33hP9P6PMtHHcaAnem4iDFdpKXxKXSp8XoQkE8kLgMmibdhrIfywRpId70rDJi4g6LBEPqU_xFVVl9cdP24_5R5zEr-DTOb4KqnwJPCBkso17M3A
Yes E. helioscopia
Yes, this looks like Euphorbia helioscopia L. But since the cyathia and glands are nor discernible, I cannot confirm it.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5982dd957e9e7a29/Euphorbia%20helioscopea%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH-Ld3dJAG5neOii93hAskrssDxlgZ9QRBPZwc4pMrkzpHY0Y_3hhwBskK8q0EnL29c_STUlIJs9hdL85K5alBOdFQ53TfMlEWX4Ew9DXyeqDfkjJ0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5982dd957e9e7a29/Euphorbia%20helioscopea%20(1).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHz03kHX_X3THMKe4I-GjQDZn4SW-kX48JuCm2uBmyyFj51r0Y3R1SlC5Rf3T6V3YPfB8FY2dSpv6GVYMg_aCMH6lvsDjsjsZdKaekYhyNfefbZNUA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5982dd957e9e7a29/Euphorbia%20helioscopea%20%20(2).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGXRblmc7Rqpzz5oY-pCx0gw5YQGk3fG0oNVH57DX48n1btDx8FkoYkHVbGpbckDQDQ3_ia-5ZgDr-KP5UxWRGmS646_kaj-B5AO3m2Zc8ileeQHrY
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Euphorbia helioscoepa from Panipat NS-37 : Attachments (3 + 2). 7 posts by 4 authors.
Perhaps this one is Euphorbia helioscopea....
I could find his at many places.. present pics belong to Yamuna River border in Panipat...
Adding two more pics.. from Panipat
Very common in Kashmir valley but often seen along fields in Delhi in winter.
I am not sure whether this is E. helioscopia or some other species. For correct identification, the whole plant with stems and leaves on stems are necessary.
Thanks for the inputs ... I will look for this again to post complete pics..


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a0f6922ba770d3aa/Unknown%201.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGy8jjdn19nkZ70F4hLhvsA1eXa-uJ1EZyfzhLw-84s2P9Wa-vNZmY0qS-Hdrd_d3TVppsORYqZdqitMVh7QqRbM_oimgPbCY4RzsNkQfKJaY5Mpjo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a0f6922ba770d3aa/Unknown%203.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEMv__kvQJs82XSOpA6RWHkSuBx32p0ZzRGq36H8InXLwoHfH7sMGpvR3lP9L6SxRZj_P0xHuvipYjlMfUSS6YETupm0CtmNziW6SlAM12pjRdv0T0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a0f6922ba770d3aa/unknown%202.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHK8d1rP_-6FbmDfeLsGrun6nLHR5Ns116tTqOVlzA5T7P6eEOCaLCChV4-AJf9V2yUwPe2xJhT35KvHpmM1X1V80n_S2EpFfLuXJooSdqG2zR4fkU
Id please : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Please identify this herb from Indo-Pak border, Punjab.
To me this is Euphorbia helioscopia ..
Yes, I agree with your identification. This is E. helioscopia L.
It is common in NW. Himalaya, Haryana and Punjab. It is also found in Nilgiri hills of Tamil Nadu.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9211fd7180d1d/DSC00115(1).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGnVF8l-zwd9dGKy-QtI7JU1JEzX04vSwKEx_Xw8Ma9AllZbhGq4z9WbR2gYZny2SksgKkqr1vquj5tqc1eU2L95tVw2Qv_1pRg9qM47JaEhuMmOdw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9211fd7180d1d/DSC00112(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEXtHj0P7YXEMpKEmFnKMO_O50p4Dbj1FddLMDr7fuBhVjRiKJY25oj429kI1E3nFw44TC4bV9StBzYmm5QH5f27Siasj5iXAKJ9biCYgdLyrrilIw
Euphorbia herb SN 16March 11 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Euphorbia herb from Jwalamukhi area near wheat field Himachal
Euphorbia helioscopia

This appears to be Euphorbia helioscopia L. However, to definitely confirm its identity, the shape of the cyathial glands and leaves on main stem are needed. These are not visible in the photograph. However the shape of the pseudoumbel leaves and number of branching of rays and absence of rays below pseudoumbel, indicate it to be possibly E. helioscopia, which is also found in Western Himalayas and Nilgiri hills.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/38beb0f41b30/IMG_1050.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEOen_iQzdfZo-5E9JR8sZqtvtm2wQWu-BwnETbKhTWawYWg6J5G3HgTCmI25f2VJqaZLFCb4UFMLDDHmO6DNtyKBGkp0CG4TIgrlEHiM58SPYcJFY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/38beb0f41b30/IMG_1051.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFhBAaGhPhZ92vea-hMzWr935Tkf7etUTU_Ea2JqChLpRp52BkejHC1RfIKWa5kXimbsSS8SokhF-R-DW_2vSWyl8XAbj98gc5QtXqhIsPgMayKD0M
Requested to please ID these fruits (?) seen on the way from Govindghat to Ghangria in August 2018.

Euphorbia sp.

This appears to be Euphorbia helioscopia L. Anyway to confirm check the descriptions and illustrations in "The genus Euphorbia L. in India"
 
 

References:
Comments