Cyperus mindorensis


Cyperus mindorensis (Steud.) Huygh (syn: Cyperus curvispiculosus T.Koyama; Cyperus kyllingia f. humilis (Boeckeler) Kük.; Cyperus kyllingia var. latifolius (Boeckeler) Kük.; Cyperus kyllingia f. subtriceps (Kunth) Kük.; Cyperus kyllingia f. tenuis (Boeckeler) Kük.; Cyperus leucocephalus Hassk., nom. illeg.; Cyperus sesquiflorus f. latifolius (Boeckeler) Kük.; Kyllinga cephalotes Druce; Kyllinga curvispiculosa (T.Koyama) P.H.Hô; Kyllinga gracilis Zoll., nom. illeg.; Kyllinga intermedia Seem., nom. illeg.; Kyllinga mindorensis Steud.; Kyllinga monocephala Stokes, nom. illeg.; Kyllinga monocephala var. humilis Boeckeler; Kyllinga monocephala var. latifolia Boeckeler; Kyllinga monocephala var. subtriceps Kunth; Kyllinga monocephala var. tenuis Boeckeler; Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel; Kyllinga nemoralis var. subnemoralis Wad.Khan & Sardesai; Kyllinga planiculmis C.B.Clarke ex Cherm.; Kyllinga planiculmis var. mucronata Cherm.; Scirpus cephalotes Jacq., nom. illeg.; Thryocephalon nemorale J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.);

Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; Benin; Bismarck Archipelago; Borneo; Brazil Northeast; Cambodia; Cameroon; Caroline Is.; Central African Repu; Chagos Archipelago; China South-Central; China Southeast; Christmas I.; Comoros; Congo; Cook Is.; East Himalaya; Fiji; Gabon; Ghana; Gilbert Is.; Guinea; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Hainan; Hawaii; India; Ivory Coast; Jamaica; Jawa; Kazan-retto; Kermadec Is.; KwaZulu-Natal; Laccadive Is.; Laos; Leeward Is.; Lesser Sunda Is.; Liberia; Line Is.; Madagascar; Malaya; Maluku; Marianas; Marshall Is.; Mauritius; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nansei-shoto; Nepal; New Caledonia; New Guinea; Nicobar Is.; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Is.; Ogasawara-shoto; Pakistan; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Runion; Samoa; Seychelles; Society Is.; Socotra; Solomon Is.; Sri Lanka; St.Helena; Sulawesi; Sumatera; Suriname; Taiwan; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Tokelau-Manihiki; Tonga; Transcaucasus; Trinidad-Tobago; Tuamotu; Uganda; Vanuatu; Vietnam; Wallis-Futuna Is.; West Himalaya; Windward Is.; Zare as per Catalogue of Life;

kil-LING-a -- named for Peter Kylling, Danish botanist ... Dave's Botanary
nem-or-RAY-lis -- of woods or groves ... Dave's Botanary 

commonly known asnut grasswhite-flowered kyllingawhite water sedgewhitehead spikesedge • Assameseকেঁঞাবন keya bon • Hindiनिर्बिसी nirbisi • Kannadaಅನಂತ ಕೊಂದೆ ಹುಲ್ಲು anantha konde hulluನೀರವಿಷ ಮುಸ್ತೆ neervisha musthe • Malayalamമുത്തങ്ങ muttannaവെലുത്ത നിര്വസീ velutta nirvasi • Manipuriকৌথুম kouthum • Marathiनिर्विषी nirvishi • Sanskritनिर्विषा nirvisha • Tamilவெலுத்த நிர்பஸீ velutta nirbasi • Teluguగండల gandala • Tuluಬೊಳ್ದು ನಿರ್ವಿಷ boldu nirvisho 

... more names in Sanskritअपविषा apavishaअविषा avishaमुस्ता mustaश्वेतनिर्विष svetanirvisaविषाभावा vishabhavaविषहा vishahaविषहन्त्री vishahantriविषापहा vishapahaविषवैरिणी vishavairiniविविषा vivisha 
 
Key to the species from efloraofindia thread:
  • Inflorescence of 1–3 sessile, white or greenish white globose spikes, the central spike larger than others; nut bearing glumes winged; glumes white, winged towards the distal end, wings ciliate ……......................K. nemoralis
  • Inflorescence a single globose spike, green to yellowish green; nut bearing glumes not winged; glumes green, acutely keeled, keel ciliate or glabrous……………..........K. brevifolia

There are two infraspecific taxa for Kyllinga brevifolia. A key to the subspecies is given below..

Key to the subspecies

  • Glume 2.5- 3mm long with ciliate keel……………….………...….var. brevifolia
  • Glume 2.0 mm long with glabrous keel……………..…………..…var. stellulata
  
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5f4f5c5750717dfd/P1220157.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFCeO9O7VBzPg2RdMELHmyaHE6XdhMk19pekmbC59TAcWyUxDszI_IVx_XJz4L0P9GdGZzXecS4-Lpz_cDTJEe_VIytg22LNj_4UnKr3tpG0Qq-YIo
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5f4f5c5750717dfd/P1220157_cropped.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEmJfHxvEuG98G-tMjuk6higcttUZQldaQt8WZn-AOwAlPKplEjPcvDVZco6P28tOhvHT_P62Lfc_6HVK2ILJnJTciKNiUKRVvDwzHgYw9Tvwwkdv8

August 1, 2010: Veermata Jijabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai;  DV - 01AUG10 - 1237 :: grass similar to Rhynchospora wightiana - efloraofindia | Google Groups

  
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/edcd5c1d657d5d85/DSCN4970.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHcMYx-pQ7yEgESBxzlMfGGLYkMvqWjHwQ9gNFpEEBsrO2ON9cu96rQsGB3jYSQD62J10pCLF7yjD1_PjRBYS8UKTG8I-5pcbgHORVLISBIuNCnhEs

Images by Surajit Koley (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg)
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/edcd5c1d657d5d85/DSCN4969.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/edcd5c1d657d5d85/DSCN4974.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
Kyllinga sp. ID from Hooghly 10-6-12 SK1:
Attaching images of a species which i think is Kyllinga sp.
Species : Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. ???
Habit & Habitat : common herb, about 1 foot, leaves are longer than culm, village pasture
Date : 2/6/12, 9.36 a.m.
Place : Hooghly, WB
Attaching more pictures of the same species that i recorded on 11-06-2012.
I think this is Kyllinga monocephala
Thank you for the ID of this plant. Would you please tell me how Kyllinga monocephala differs from K. brevifolia? The net gives confusing data -

The correct name for this species is Kyllinga nemoralis (Forst.) Dandy ex. Hutch. & Dalz. (Fl. W. Trop. Africa 2:486. 1936).
Kyllinga monocephala Rottb. is an illegitimate name since Rottboel referred Schoenus coloratus L. (now Rhyncospora colorata (L.) H. Pfeiff.) as a synonym in his protologue (Descr. lcon. Rar. Nov. Pl.: 13. t.4. 1773). The next validly published name is Thryocephalan nemoralis J. R. & G. Forst (Char. Gen. Pl.: 130. 1776) which became the basionym for K. nemoralis.
Thank you Sir, for the correct nameand the ID of this grass. Can yo please tell me how does it differ form Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.?
You may please use the following key to distinguish both the taxa
Key to the species
  • Inflorescence of 1–3 sessile, white or greenish white globose spikes, the central spike larger than others; nut bearing glumes winged; glumes white, winged towards the distal end, wings ciliate ……......................K. nemoralis
  • Inflorescence a single globose spike, green to yellowish green; nut bearing glumes not winged; glumes green, acutely keeled, keel ciliate or glabrous……………..........K. brevifolia

There are two infraspecific taxa for Kyllinga brevifolia. A key to the subspecies is given below..

Key to the subspecies

  • Glume 2.5- 3mm long with ciliate keel……………….………...….var. brevifolia
  • Glume 2.0 mm long with glabrous keel……………..…………..…var. stellulata

Thank you very much for providing me the ID keys to K. nemoralis & K. brevifolia. But, i fail to understand the terms used in the keys. These terms are new to me. I tried and failed to learn about them using google search. I need more help on these.
Except for glume colour, i fail to sort out which of the attached pic shows the, "central spike larger than others; nut bearing glumes winged; (glumes white); winged towards distal end, wings ciliate" .... (the key to K. nemoralis).
According to eflora China -
Glume color -
Culms -
Am i going completely wrong way?
I have now by my side, a book, "BANGLAR GHAS O BANSH" (Grasses and Bamboos of Bengal) by Dr Dulal Chandra Paul.
This book, written for enthusiasts, also features some Cyperaceae members, since they are also grasses to us, the commoners.
According to above mentioned book the Kyllinga species found in West Bengal is Kyllinga monocephala Rottb., the accepted name being Kyllinga nemoralis as have been confirmed by ... and ... in earlier mails.
 
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5768e4ba3bd97578/IMG_0037.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFloplphzz8OrnNw0R9wtUwhTVjUaY5B5euIC5TdWb2mj7Iees0ePngeijNxbFldndYrirwIlo-7kq3_fFzt8PDFtWO5WxR5p2WLcs3_bMQdajBPuM
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request.
Date/Time-Location- 03.11.2011 NBNP Garden
Place, Altitude, GPS-Anaikatti (640 MSL) Coimbatore Dist.,
Habitat- Wild
Habit- Grass
Looks like Kyllinga triceps to me
Kyllinga nemoralis and Kyllinga triceps me kya fark hai... are both one and the same?
This could be Kyllinga nemoralis.
Check the rhizome, its long, slender and horizontally creeping in Kyllinga nemoralis, but erect and thickened in Kyllinga triceps ( Now K. odorata subsp. odorata).
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6d21f4baa175d61b/P1020456.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHlOHZfTeFeoFtVNXMIwNiTHk2qYXSJ3oPvICBUtSOlIOXT4MsgbDjlS2vKFKgmZBBBqrdGC-CwUwK1z0r1svoxSYFcihUWNMuTifATPzqacZwchP8

I copy the key given by ..., in my earlier post - https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups=#!topic/indiantreepix/0IlSLdVmEyg
  • Inflorescence of 1–3 sessile, white or greenish white globose spikes, the central spike larger than others; nut bearing glumes winged; glumes white, winged towards the distal end, wings ciliate ……......................K. nemoralis
  • Inflorescence a single globose spike, green to yellowish green; nut bearing glumes not winged; glumes green, acutely keeled, keel ciliate or glabrous……………..........K. brevifolia
I took three snaps of the same single culm with single spike, gradually reducing the white-balance
 
 
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Grass ID from Bangladesh SM084 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Park

Location: Dhaka City
Flowering: May

Kylinga, Cyperaceae
Thanks !!  Kyllinga nemoralis?
It looks like Kyllinga nemoralis (Forst.) Dandy ex Hutchins. & Dalziel 
Another view. Attachments (1).
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5e37e4813e469707/IMG_2158_1.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFwHqhHEZmnsILQePU9pAQYAo3h3eNYyKnFH4uIrwexVHirQogTsxZHd8dEcwp-7dQaIL4xHOwvABB5QVI0uYCeb2RPko2CMAgwbenCMES7M9pkfsI

Images by Bhagyashri Ranade

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/5e37e4813e469707/IMG_2158_2.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1

 

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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5e37e4813e469707/IMG_2154_1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEi31YgnwNx2jAKl6rcQF_mtX6sEJvDXBeqZWll2GzncJE_6TfUljC9ES9dTw10i216m9PZF_pt94wEHHDXyXuihTYBFmnCZy1x9oqHCqZMViF94Jg
07/09/2012
Kindly help Id this plant growing through the tiles along the wall at Pune with long slender leaf blades.
Looks like Cyperus bravifolius (Rottb.) Hassk
This should be Kyllinga nemoralis (Forst.) Dandy ex. Hutch. & Dalz. (Fl. W. Trop. Africa 2:486. 1936) as per keys given by ..., in my post - https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups=#!topic/indiantreepix/0IlSLdVmEyg.
It is interesting to note that the descriptive key provided by ..., i think, matches with the Cyperus monocephalus Roxb.; Flora Indica i. 188.
But, as per The Plant List the above is synonym of Cyperus cephalotes Vahl - http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-237589 
At the same time, the site - http://www.natureloveyou.sg/Plants-K.html informs that the plant in this thread is Kyllinga nemoralis !!!
With its more than one greenish white globose heads, again i think, it is Kyllinga nemoralis (Forst.) Dandy ex. Hutch. & Dalz.
 
 
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Ornamental Grass seen at Jijamata Udyan, in Mumbai on 4/2/2011.
A small, cultivated, potted plant with white flowers.
this white flower is wild grass Cyperus and in the pot with dark green leaves called monkey grass or mondo grass. formally known as Ophiopogon
The white head-like inflorescence looks like Kyllinga nemoralis of family Cyperaceae, may be a weed in the flower pot. I need a specimen to confirm the identity. The plant in the central part of the pot in vegetative condition seems to be the actual ornamental (not a Cyperaceae member).

via Species‎ > ‎K‎ > Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel ... family: Cyperaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
kil-LING-a -- named for Peter Kylling, Danish botanist ... Dave's Botanary
nem-or-RAY-lis -- of woods or groves ... Dave's Botanary 
commonly known asnut grasswhite-flowered kyllingawhite water sedgewhitehead spikesedge • Assameseকেঁঞাবন keya bon • Hindiनिर्बिसी nirbisi • Kannadaಅನಂತ ಕೊಂದೆ ಹುಲ್ಲು anantha konde hulluನೀರವಿಷ ಮುಸ್ತೆ neervisha musthe • Malayalamമുത്തങ്ങ muttannaവെലുത്ത നിര്വസീ velutta nirvasi • Manipuriকৌথুম kouthum • Marathiनिर्विषी nirvishi • Sanskritनिर्विषा nirvisha • Tamilவெலுத்த நிர்பஸீ velutta nirbasi • Teluguగండల gandala • Tuluಬೊಳ್ದು ನಿರ್ವಿಷ boldu nirvisho 
... more names in Sanskritअपविषा apavishaअविषा avishaमुस्ता mustaश्वेतनिर्विष svetanirvisaविषाभावा vishabhavaविषहा vishahaविषहन्त्री vishahantriविषापहा vishapahaविषवैरिणी vishavairiniविविषा vivisha 
botanical namesKyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel ... synonymsCyperus leucocephalus Hassk. • Kyllinga cephalotes Druce • Kyllinga mindorensis Steud. • Kyllinga monocephala Stokes [Illegitimate] • Thryocephalon nemorale J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. ... status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
August 1, 2009 ... Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary   

 

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