Terminalia travancorensis

Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 314 1834. ;

Image by Santhan P 
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Vernacular names : Tamil:  Morgatchie, Pei kadukkai Malayalam:  Chula maruthu, Katta kadukkai, Kattu kadukka, Kotta kadukka, Pakadukai, Pekatukka, Sulamarutu
 

Habit- Large trees, buttressed, up to 35 m tall.
Trunk & Bark- Trunk with clear bole; bark grey, smooth; blaze brown.
Branches and Branchlets- Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves- Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite and alternate; petiole 1.3-1.9 cm long, slightly canaliculate above; lamina 5-11 x 2.2-5 cm narrow elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, apex acute to gradually acuminate, base asymmetricaly attenuate or rounded, margin entire, coriaceous, pubescent when young and later glabrous, midrib nearly flat; secondary nerves 12-15, gradually curved; tertiary nerves minutely reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower- Inflorescence axillary, panicled spikes, inflorescence axis and pedicel rusty puberulous; flowers white.
Fruit and Seed- Drupe, 3.8 x 1.3 cm, ovoid, covered with greyish round spots, 1-seeded. 
Canopy trees in wet evergreen forests between to 100 to 1000 m.
Endemic to the Western Ghats- occasional in South Sahyadri and rare in southern part of Central Sahyadri.
(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry from  India Biodiversity Portal

 
 
Attachments (1) 
Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn., cultivated tree from KFRI near Thrissur Kerala
 
 
 
 
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