Terminalia





Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. (Images by tspkumar)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/441594b2d77e2/3-Lingadahalli_Tarikere_20150306_133927%20(18).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGD6W3uDtzmu0hgLN2OFKiNrX4Miioq7l56Ed9Yn8SeMfKtBxkQyFcHDgF17oIQIVp-Jc4unkllNxYy4Lu2PFMRAV--QzRg5NkQqT9JVN6bgbIigP8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/441594b2d77e2/7-ckm_eswarahalli_20140621_130416%20(38).jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF6X5qJ3ARU7JjBixPjVNQN00WJxgAPumIVdOAPAvf88LhJmAkSPxW661-8N8YuosKZk3YL9FNiRlbcVQcGTU7nrVithlf5lzNssNDIdheYRqwIDWI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/441594b2d77e2/6-Lingadahalli_Tarikere_20150306_133927%20(24).jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFAu4JmRsmWvfp6BykLhGfyTPWXsTLpERltsU_A4Nf02xLHEa2eS6HJ2pKES_Zz6PL3ksUUNArbPtlK7SzlIK9v0s-nZFjcJFuJoXgA-SGb11b6CGo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/441594b2d77e2/4-Lingadahalli_Tarikere_20150306_133927%20(23).jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHs-LQ0dcGr-n5qkVxTB5t2O9EG3ZCjisQfUVOFqHJ28eHlstt_8kifyXnWEdSbLbtCA-FsE3SjkobgITaSYYrBinjD2RDwH2IH3SKlVrFmnLYvvq4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/441594b2d77e2/5-Lingadahalli_Tarikere_20150306_133927%20(22).jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFVvc3czv3BnwCjQS7ZaROcUNGXqbhTcqIB0soRZTKwpHGfczTH2WLpH4a3Cvp7MmreFz8sLuRbH6ZL4bZQhK-dg2HthK7xg5vpIK0S84i6zdXG1dQ

 


 
Terminalia catappa L. (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade, Ranjini Kamrath and tspkumar) 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/b38fb21ec9db16bd/290920112158.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/68d3cf68c307baa6/191020112616.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/68d3cf68c307baa6/191020112620.jpg?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/68d3cf68c307baa6/191020112618.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/449a9fd9a88f4/3-laaba-tmk_20141214_221431%20(18).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHZcngKe7s3ddEX0uFn7Hehvj0l9dQLOY86WNKDRsB4RPRhtCMdtBF5JXLGQ4O-V6kfdiNuIV-ChW8T6I9pIhN98uiLdPb2JDWvzhSi4PdluvNQoIU
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c660a353ed60fed1/IMG_0614-ph.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c660a353ed60fed1/IMG_0616-ph.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFMwreh7-w-13gUE5mpFcdphPaesNRlX7tM-BDvevrqFha2MvDY9NOghQ04Ou3DIYVFLZ8VI7ygi7NR2Dnfw23KB31wyAIDDxC5imFGVMGg8uiZqmY


Terminalia chebula Retz. (Images by tspkumar)

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/43e8648336ea7/1-Kalasapura-Sindigere_ckm_20150325_175933%20(26).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEcOktTwKf1yNu3_zQlvXcK58A22Lm5iNKqFsAY35-iTSkD2KzEA5mEw3WkuokHe0gfy6o1QWVtYAqDFFLAioyjsQWricRcsYJsT3bG9u4vjnpR10Y
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/43e8648336ea7/5-DD_tmk_20140707_141517%20(173).jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHHRdA8dqHEjNjVhUrklp0rQpCmZJjkBzIXK2bgqv7c0Z0S8ivXj8e45-nvE2xlpCLBE9ulzOpdQv43PJxOqpITKXz7h6dmRYdXdxxygsE1eKUV5aA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/43e8648336ea7/4-Kalasapura-Sindigere_ckm_20150325_175933%20(27).jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH_DU5vBE1gGQ-P0s-PryORWgSKwj6I1jz8Yp5RILfFl8HDAvw9StSBqxLgD2ZDFQXol--B_7h10UnNaz0mt98tMNvzRUH6JZgBQcVk32VJtk2Qw0U
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/43e8648336ea7/3-Kalasapura-Sindigere_ckm_20150325_175933%20(29).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEWJGMzTRZ6gl6RxCjfH6FRSD59rXi8ICBJ3lcZAUOAY2Ppzpc_FieXlQ-BDqpTnGwR2Q5a3pcWuUOiiR697UPh1SAcC6E37vc_9e_h20wIpN-YMhs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/43e8648336ea7/2-25032015.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF7ydWhj8lGt0sm5b257FQHmOa-2ojM7a1uGpGBxq38RsdjFt_gyhrP2NagQyLIobKLrflHdeNnrB7UKNJwg4rZcSAJgSXeyrw-sJHuQKAIEbnK9n4


Terminalia citrina Roxb. ex Fleming (Images by Raju Das, (Sourav Mahmud - Id by Surajit Koley) & (Sourav Mahmud - Id by Vijayasankar Raman), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/941fae7b7910ded2/Terminalia%20citrina-1.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/941fae7b7910ded2/Terminalia%20citrina-2.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/10b7e6a9f8496af3/26_resize.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/6db57f1c1094902d/Bashkhaly%C2%A9Sourav%20Mahmud_July_2014%20%20(14).JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Terminalia corticosa Pierre ex Laness. (Cultivated- Lalbagh, Banglore) (Images by (Raman Arunachalam - Id by Navendu Page) , (For more photos & complete details, click on the link))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/e11d42e92480706c/ZZ%20Unknown%20077%20Tree%20-%20Branch.jpg?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/e11d42e92480706c/ZZ%20Unknown%20077%20Tree%20-%20Leaf.jpg?part=0.8&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/e11d42e92480706c/ZZ%20Unknown%20077%20Tree%20-%20Canopy.jpg?part=0.6&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/e11d42e92480706c/ZZ%20Unknown%20077%20Tree%20-%200000.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Terminalia elliptica Willd. (Images by tspkumar)
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/48acdaa2ec68d/2-Bhadra%20Tiger%20Reserve20140626_133033%20(100).jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH_KO9EsFkX8jLje3XcNUZFaXxhGOB5LwnFAneESKMiI5pohmn7qMFrbPPPQTzvaQonUrAOxi-fFIdpH0kXYHR0r67ppTUESm7YNGpGbf0OWstRkA4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/48acdaa2ec68d/3-Hiregouja_ckm_20140812_105631%20(52).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF87Q8URG95dyd82vjNJeCz2gma50WAitzjRC2cEHStZSY0ZpXBIdMV-JLzQ7TTANTQXrbuG5tbuJULu2ObE4QnsEYLwTZsPrZNPQGfro5vo224Vqg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/48acdaa2ec68d/4-Hiregouja_ckm_20140812_105631%20(54).jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFNQ54VCznLXXVazh0Fk7UsYQzA0OqxbC5dx6WQALYrar5kkmV28sSPZhtmzY9Ilpz90yQ5Z78sv0IiHHEX3lxBkeuX-z0AbwmolZZwMVYTWK6peW8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/48acdaa2ec68d/5-20140527_154200.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFhSzDC8-tuTP9YbPZxNow_eCAOEk4Mje_9V3t_EUEyG7UItzvdI8uC-ycJ_gcnYp2D2wJZyGVMksM8FSubU_axfkGnO-NaDFcRz088u4aUf2CIu0o
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/48acdaa2ec68d/6-Hiregouja_ckm_20140812_105631%20(27).jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF9QVqYFG1qRTrKAFvn7FpO_x22vTm9gFKOBzJiARGpsXUMrhJNj7IigPdqomeJdSjDWBhKg7iUM1U3JxZ0JL-fDq0PWcm3QLVIYBvrM3WGKElZcuA

 
Terminalia muelleri Benth. (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Viplav Gangar, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/5782e51d9b4a4f79/Terminalia-muelleri-DU-11-11-DSC08093-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3da10a17b4f3e199/01_Terminalia%20muelleri.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3da10a17b4f3e199/03_Terminalia%20muelleri_ripe%20fruits.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3da10a17b4f3e199/05_Terminalia%20muelleri_ciliate%20margin.jpg?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1


Terminalia myriocarpa Van Heurck & Müll. Arg. (Images by Tapas Chakrabarty, (Shantanu - Id by Usha GLachungpa & Vijayasankar Raman) & Bimal Sarkar
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/31237c5591e5e795/Terminalia%20myriocarpa.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d9d0a8da99cd2b0d/tree4.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/28e43c8a9432ffd4/Terminalia%20Myriocarpa%202.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/28e43c8a9432ffd4/Terminalia%20Myriocarpa%201.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

 
Terminalia neotaliala Capuron (Cultivated) (Images by (Aarti Khale - Id by Ajinkya Gadave ) & Aarti Khale, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a22fec748886f4f3/DSCN5219.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a22fec748886f4f3/DSCN5227.JPG?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/dcdabc226dc01732/Terminalia%20mantaly,Lalbagh,Bangalore-P1310909.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/dcdabc226dc01732/Terminalia%20mantaly,Lalbagh,Bangalore-P1310906.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


(Images by J.M.Garg - Id by Vijayasankar Raman) 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/280b61d763bf06ef/trunk%20in%20Talakona,%20AP%20I%20IMG_8294.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/280b61d763bf06ef/leaves%20in%20Talakona,%20AP%20I%20IMG_8296.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c1e0dbb3de20/Terminalia%20pallida%20%20(1).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEZ7YXUlw-d6OtvkIJL04a7sqnuywJ2OhWMoUi_Qv1nm5ozs2-My4-SnpD_Kt4x8ilSb6UmF2tFwWf3on3xzWD_RVbnqRxQaFKldktYT6gXEacwjSc


(Images by tspkumar)
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4481190635f26/1-Balehonnur_20151126_105708%20(11).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEPwACkohz_FeVt3lqy-fBFJuJqQI_36VFu_N3EtbAJnyy86fEJtoXW0Fctmt-AxxfkRwVcD_5G7FeEft1RNkngKZastIcVt4JP_-f_KT1spW0ZHlU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4481190635f26/2-Nallurgudda-ckm_20141008_180822%20(374).jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFaFkYtYZQ6c9ZhoYlKDPyOOCEOlKKkd-r9jSkEIuczd4O8RY7YicfNxBUBVnP1gFatyt-XRbcRoilmr2mYfovKp7oiVRW8RlvqBpexLBCq0T-9FvY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4481190635f26/3-Balehonnur_20151126_105708%20(16).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF8VjDn3dPb0en6T_CCHaJPYrvmAtWW19lzJLrhbWrjk2uNkMgLGOL0It0xv9L_9kl_gTyuUbR83NM1DPpcazLtaUJKNVG3luKU2zh877WHCBMWDUM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4481190635f26/6-Nallurgudda-ckm_20141008_180822%20(366).jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrExuN8Cmk2WmFBOcopNf1QVmqRiOUp3AyUVCMIl0_lgpuLru8oZeSMt93l_f5PK6lm1H_S6s6V_wCwM3P-jBC4l8goPbta1BndgaVUVaBny84gMNIk


 
https://c5.staticflickr.com/9/8660/15961359180_a78463bf78_k.jpg
https://c4.staticflickr.com/9/8635/15962887467_797329034a_k.jpg


Terminalia procera Roxb. (Images uploaded by Dr. Tapas Chakraborty (photo courtesy : Mr. Joju Alappat)) 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/df5a703441c21/Leaves.JPG?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/df5a703441c21/Branch%20with%20fruits.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/df5a703441c21/Mature%20fruits.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGNgfCXByYwa_AbwUt_3F3yYL41-osUHZlGWZ9ojsaVpBPqiuUE8OIS1lyhnh2ga_lIgwqmR3VKUm-dMqOQo7ezwOESXhcfImue-PHSPxFPchaQx2k


  
Three new species of the genus Terminalia L. [Combretaceae] : Attachments (1)- 019 Three new species of Terminalia, Combretaceae (1).pdf- 3 MB.- Pleione 12(2): 322 - 331. 2018- A. S. Dhabe
(Abstract- Three new species of the genus Terminalia L. (Combretaceae) are reported from Meghalaya and Gujarat states of India. These are Terminalia kanchii Dhabe (Saputara, Gujarat State), T. maoi Dhabe (Shillong, Meghalaya state) and T. shankarraoi Dhabe (Saputara, Gujarat State).


Gangopadhyay, M.; Chakrabarty, T., 1997: The family Combretaceae of Indian subcontinent. Journal Of Economic & Taxonomic Botany. 21(2): 281-365,. 1
Abstract- A taxonomic revision of the family Combretaceae of India and adjoining countries is presented, based on the study of herbarium specimens and observations in the field. Altogether 41 indigenous species representing 6 genera are recognized, keyed out and described with many illustrations. Anogeissus bentii R.T. Baker, Terminalia burmanica King ex Prain and T. manii King are reduced to synonymy. The name Combretum albidum G. Don is adopted replacing C. ovalifolium Roxb. Lumnitzera racemosa var. lutea (Gaud.) Exell is recorded for South India. 

 
  
Gangopadhyay, M.; Chakrabarty, T., 1992: On the status of Terminalia cuneata Roth. Journal Of Economic & Taxonomic Botany. 16(3): 556
Abstract- The name Terminalia cuneata Roth is adopted replacing T. arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight and Arn.
 
Flora of Maharashtra by BSI differentiating key says
TERMINALIA
1.Drupes winged; spikes panicled:
2. Drupes equally 3- winged, rusty puberulous .....
T. paniculata
2.Drupes equally 5- winged, glabrous:
3. Wings of fruits hard, lines on wings curved upwards ...
T.cuneata (=Terminalia arjuna)
3. Wings of fruits papery, lines on wings straight ... T. elliptica (? T. elliptica Willd.= Terminalia alata B. Heyne ex Roth)

1. Drupes not winged; spikes simple or sparsely branched:
4. Leaves clustered at apices of branches, eglandular ... T. bellerica
4. Leaves not clustered at apices, frequently glandular on petiole or at base of midrib ... T. chebula

 
 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Tree Plains to Mid Altitude,  often Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Thani, Thandri
Terminalia catappa L. Tree Plains, Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Natvadumai, Naattu Badaam
Terminalia chebula Retz. Tree Plains to Mid Altitude,  often Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhunagar Kadukaai
Terminalia cuneata Roxb. (= Terminalia arjuna)
Tree Plains to Mid Altitude, Riparian, often Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Vellai marudhu, Neer Marudhu
Terminalia elliptica Willd. (= Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn.) Tree Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Madurai, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Tiruchchirappalli,  Tiruvannamalai,  Kanniyakumari, Salem, Viluppuram Karru marudhu
Terminalia gella Dalz. Tree Western Ghats, Dry Deciduous  to Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957 Coimbatore, Madurai, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli  
Terminalia pallida Brandis  Tree Mid elevation, Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Tiruvannamalai, Vellore Vellaikkadukkaai
Terminalia paniculata Roth Tree Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhunagar Peikadukkaai, Venmarudhu
Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn. Tree Western Ghats, Moist Deciduous to  Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Clarke, 1878 Nilgiri, Tirunelveli Peikadukkaai, Murukanji

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Botanical name
Synonyms
Family
Common name
Terminalia arjuna
 
 
Combretaceae
 
 
Terminalia bellirica
Myrobalanus bellirica
Combretaceae
Terminalia calamansanai
Gimbernatea calamansanai, Terminalia pyrifolia, Terminalia bialata
Combretaceae
Terminalia catappa
 
Combretaceae
Terminalia chebula
 
Combretaceae
Terminalia elliptica
Terminalia alata
Combretaceae
Terminalia muelleri
Myrobalanus muelleri
Combretaceae
Terminalia paniculata
Pentaptera paniculata
Combretaceae

 
  • Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. - COMBRETACEAE
  • Terminalia paniculata Roth - COMBRETACEAE
  • Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn. - COMBRETACEAE

  •  
    Terminalia chebula var. tomentella (No distribution in India)
    Terminalia franchetii (No distribution in India)
    Terminalia myriocarpa var. hirsuta (No distribution in India)
    Terminalia nigrovenulosa (No distribution in India)
     
    An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys
     
    Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys-

     
    Touching Trees: A Field Guide to Common Forest Trees in India By Prisentjit Das Gupta (2011)- Details-
     
    Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Brief details-
     


    Terminalia : 4 posts by 1 author.

    I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Terminalia

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

    If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

    Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


    Kindly refer to the following publications:
    1. The family Combretaceae of Indian subcontinent - M. Gangopadhyay & T. Chakrabarty - J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21(2): 281 - 364. 1997.
    2. On the status of Terminalia cuneata Roth (Combretaceae) - M. Gangopadhyay & T. Chakrabarty - J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 16(1): 59-60. 1992.
    3. A new species of Combretum Loefl. (Combretaceae) from North Andaman Island - T. Chakrabarty & G. S. Lakra - J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26(2): 502-504. 2002.
    In the above literature, there are two mistakes.
    1. calycopteris floribunda is now Getonia floribunda.
    2. Terminalia sharmae is identified as a species of Elaeocarpus (Unpublished, came to know from a friend who made fresh collection).
    I have no reprints left out. I hope you will have an easy access to the above publications in Combretaceae.
    Thanks a lot, ...,
    I hope accepted species are properly enumerated at eFI (efloraofindia) page on Terminalia.
    Can you provide a complete list of Terminalia species in word/ excel etc. as per any of these references so that it can be included at Terminalia page ?
    As per one of your papers, the name Terminalia cuneata Roth is adopted replacing T. arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight and Arn. but it's not getting reflected in any of the international databases. Can you pl. elaborate more on this ?

     

    Pl. go through Terminalia (‎‎‎Combretaceae) page with images of species (mainly done by ...) in efloraofindia.

    If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

    Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.
    I would like to mention that  the name Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. ex DC., i.e. the basionym of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn. has been recommended to be conserved against Terminalia cuneata Roth and T. elliptica Willd.  However, proposal to conserve the name Terminalia coriacea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. as a replacement name for Terminalia ellliptica sensu Gangopadhyay & Chalrabarty (J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21(2): 355. 1997), non Willd. 1806 has been rejected.  Thus a later name has to be fixed for it such as T. alata Roth and T. crenulata Roth (both published in 1921 and again, like that of T. cuneata Roth, here also the type materials are not extant).  I will come back to this thread as soon as this name is fixed.
    I am attaching herewith a sheet in which the correct names to be adopted for two species of Terminalia in India are elucidated for ready reference and correction of the efi page, if any. 
    Nomenclature of two species of Terminalia:

    The name Terminalia arjuna is valid (Pentaptera arjuna recommended to be conserved and will be done so next year in China) and  T. elliptica Willd. as well as T. cuneata Roth, both being earlier names of the same plant have been recommended for rejection.

    The name Terminalia cuneata sensu M.Gangop. & Chakrab., non Willd. 1806 will henceforth be called as Terminalia alata B.Heyne ex Roth, unless found otherwise.

    Nomenclature for the two species and their synonyms will be as follows:

    Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 314. 1834.

    Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. [Hort. Bengal. 34. 1814, nom. nud.] ex DC.,  Prodr. 3: 15. 1828, nom. cons. prop.

    Terminalia elliptica Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4(2):  969. 1806, nom. rej. prop.

    T. cuneata Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 380. 1821, nom. rej. prop.


    Terminalia alata B. Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 379. 1821.

    T. crenulata Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 380. 1821.

    Pentaptera tomentosa Roxb. [Hort. Bengal. 34. 1814, nom. nud.] ex DC., Prodr. 3: 14. 1828, nom. illeg.

    P. crenulata (Roth) DC., Prodr. 3: 15. 1828.

    P. crenulata Roxb. [Hort. Bengal. 34. 1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 2: 438. 1832, nom. illeg.

    P. coriacea Roxb. [Hort. Bengal. 34. 1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 2: 439. 1832.

    Terminalia coriacea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 315. 1834, non Spreng. 1807.

    T. tomentosa (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 314. 1834, nom. illeg.

    T. elliptica sensu M.Gangop. & Chakrab. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21(2): 351. 1997, non Willd. 1821.

    Reference:

    Wendy L. Applequist 2016. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 67. Taxon 65(1): 169-182.


    Thanks, ... Pl. see if it's all right now: Terminalia
    Terminalia alata is unresolved name as per The Plant List.
    What should we take then?
    Even it is not mentioned in BSI Mah flora
    It should be Terminalia alata as below:
    Terminalia alata B. Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 379. 1821. (Syn: T. crenulata Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 380. 1821.; Pentaptera tomentosa Roxb. [Hort. Bengal. 34. 1814, nom. nud.] ex DC., Prodr. 3: 14. 1828, nom. illeg.; P. crenulata (Roth) DC., Prodr. 3: 15. 1828.; P. crenulata Roxb. [Hort. Bengal. 34. 1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 2: 438. 1832, nom. illeg.; P. coriacea Roxb. [Hort. Bengal. 34. 1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 2: 439. 1832.; Terminalia coriacea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 315. 1834, non Spreng. 1807.; T. tomentosa (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 314. 1834, nom. illeg.; T. elliptica sensu M.Gangop. & Chakrab. in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21(2): 351. 1997, non Willd. 1821. (Reference: Wendy L. Applequist 2016. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 67. Taxon 65(1): 169-182.)
    Which book or flora are we referring to??
    Wendy L. Applequist 2016. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 67. Taxon 65(1): 169-182
    Please see the attachment and you will understand the problem.
    The proposal to conserve the name Terminalia coriacea which is typified well was rejected recently by the Nomenclature Committee. This necessitates the adoption of the name T. alata Roth though its  type is not extant. Attachments (1)- Terminalia nomenclature.docx
    You have to refer to:
    Wendy L. Applequist 2016. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 67. Taxon 65(1): 169-182.).
    Thanks. Seems something very very recent development

    Species, genera & family pages of‎‎‎ Combretaceae are now with images. I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future.
    I am highly impressed with the Combretaceae page, though full representation will take time.
    .................
    Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn. is a poorly known doubtful species in need of clarification.
    Terminalia alata B. Heyne ex Roth (Sect. Pentaptera) - some nomenclatural problem still exists particularly this name is going without an extant type.  I hope we will be able to solve the nomenclatural problems here in near future!
    Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn. will be a conserved name next year as conservation of its basionym, i.e. Pentaptera arjuna  Roxb. ex DC. (1828) against Terminalia cuneata Roth (1821 - type in Berlin herbarium  destroyed during World War II) has been recommended by the Nomenclature Committee on Vascular Plants in 2016.  The Committee has also recommended the conservation of Pentaptera arjuna against Terminalia ellliptica Willd. (1806).
    ...........................