Sarcandra chloranthoides

Sarcandra chloranthoides Gardn., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 348 1845. (syn: Chloranthus ceylanicus Miq.; Chloranthus grandifolius Miq.; Sarcandra grandifolia (Miq.) Subramanyam & A. N. Henry; Sarcandra irvingbaileyi Swamy);

S-India, Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of life;


Shrubs, branchlets glabrous, terete. Leaves opposite, 13-17 x 4-6.5 cm, elliptic, acute at both ends, serrate, glabrous, nerves 7 or 8 pairs. Flowers in terminal, trichotomous, to 10 cm long spike, unisexual, clustered; bracts yellow, petalloid, 6 mm long, perianth absent; stamen 1, filaments and connectives broad, thick; ovary 1-ovuled; stigma sessile, truncate. Berry 8 x 4 mm, ovoid, purplish-black, smooth.
Flowering and fruiting: December-May
Evergreen and moist deciduous forests
India and Sri Lanka
(From India Biodiversity Portal on 27.12.13

 
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Sarcandra chloranthoides:  attaching the images of Sarcandra chloranthoides Gard.
The flowers of this plant is characterized by a single carpel and a single stamen. A short description of the plant is given below.
Sarcandra chloranthoides Gard. Chloranthus brachystachya sensu Hook. f. Chloranthaceae
Collected from Vythiri, Wyanad District, Kerala Date of Collection: 29.04.2012
Shrubs, branchlets glabrous, terete. Leaves opposite, 13-17 x 4-6.5 cm, elliptic, acute at both ends, serrate, glabrous, nerves 7 or 8 pairs. Flowers in terminal, trichotomous, to 10 cm long spike, unisexual, clustered; bracts yellow, petalloid, 6 mm long, perianth absent; stamen 1, filaments and connectives broad, thick; ovary 1-ovuled; stigma sessile, truncate. Berry 8 x 4 mm, ovoid, purplish-black, smooth.
I remember Sarcandra glabra is commonly used in Shillong during the new year celebration.
... this species is not endemic to India, also found in Sri Lanka.
 
 
 
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