Capparis baducca

KAP-ar-iss -- from the Greek kápparis, originating in the Near or Middle East
REED-ee-eye -- named for Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede, Dutch naturalist, governor of Cochin in India

commonly known as: Rheed's wild caper

Endemic to: Western Ghats (India)


Shrubs, branchlets brown tomentose. Leaves 10-14 x 5-6 cm, ovate or elliptic-oblong, apex acuminate or acute, base acute, lateral nerves 3 or 4 pairs; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Flowers to 8 cm across; petals pale blue changing to white, with yellow blotches at the base of upper pair; stamens 80-100. Berry ovoid, to 4 cm long.       
Flowering and fruiting: February-June     
Semi-evegreen forests      
Western Ghats
 

 
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inside the forest of Velliangiri- March'09?; 

  
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Capparis rheedei, wild plant of western ghats:  Sorry, I could not attach in the earlier 'Capparis in Jijamata Udyan' thread. This is C. rheedei DC. syn. C. heyneana Wall. that is found along streams in thick shady evergreen forests of western ghats.
The branches are spinous, leaves are 10-15 cm long and flowers are 10-12 cm and pale blue.
Plant in Mumbai garden differs greatly from this plant of W. ghats.
- The other species, C.brevispina, is quite different and should not be confused by the yellow band in petals, i
learnt. Thanks also to .. for distinguishing these two species.
Gamble quotes the distribution of C. brevispina as "...usually near the coast" which matches with my observation of this in sacred groves of Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest type (also inhabiting Capparis rotundifolia and C. zeylanica) near Villupuram in TN. So its presence in MH (evergreen forests?) needs to be verified i think. This sp is not dealt by Cooke.
.., according to Gamble there are 4 species dealt in FPM having white flowers with yellow tinge, that confused us. (pl note .. observation is 'pale blue' in C. rheedii, a form of cultivated one?) I would
like to know from where you photographed those pictures. Like us, Wallich and Hooker were also confused this but to C. zeylanica
... they are all from the wild:
Sanjay Gandhi National Park,
Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary,
Karnala Bird Sanctuary,
Vaghbil,
Kharghar hills ...
Every photopage has a list of photoset(s) that the photo belongs to ... one of the photoset for sure would be the place where the plant was sighted.

Thanks ... Noted!
So now i understand that Capparis brevispina occurs in both W.Ghats and E.Ghats, whereas, C. rheedii occurs only in W.Ghats. 

 

Wildflower for identification: Here I attached the image of a wildflower I taken from Shendurnty wildlife sanctuary druing my recent trip. The flower was seen in the secondary growth of evergreen forest. This flower is an endemic flower to Western Ghats (personal communication of my friend). Please identify the flower


- This one appears to be Capparis rheedii
- Now my friend told me this plant is Caparis rheedi an endemic and threatened plant to Western Ghats. Nowadays this plant commonly seen in Vazhachal Reserve forests. I observed this plant at Palaruvi forests and Shendurney Wildlife sanctuary too.
- One more thing the Local malayalam name of this plant is "Kareeram"
- Location - Jeeja Mata Udhyan
Is this the same species?!

- Plant posted here grows near streams in evergreen forests in western ghats, it possibly can not grow in a garden in Mumbai. There are several differences in the 2 plants besides just one similarity in a colour patch on petals. This was discussed at length only recently.
As per my concern if the plant with axillary, solitary or rarely 2 to three flowers then it's...........  Capparis heyneana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Prodromus Florae Peninsulae Indiae Orientalis 25. 1834.
Or Flowers strictly solitary then it might be........................... Capparis zeylanica L.
Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda 1: 720. 1762.


 
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Capparaceae and Cleomaceae fortnight :: Capparis rheedei DC. at Castlerock :: DV01 : 5 images. 8 posts by 5 authors. Capparis rheedei DC. 
KAP-ar-iss -- Greek: kápparis, originating in the Near or Middle East ... Dave's Botanary
REED-ee-eye -- named for Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede, Dutch naturalist, governor of Cochin in India 
commonly known as: Rheed's wild caper • Marathi: चेरूका cheruka 
Endemic to: s & c Western Ghats (India) 
ReferencesFlowers of India • Further Flowers of Sahyadri by S Ingalhalikar • Natural History Museum  at Castlerock on 23 APR 11 


Very beautiful plant, well captured too..


 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/db70927ef1165d60/Capparis%20rheediiDSCN9845.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/db70927ef1165d60/Picture1.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0

Capparaceae and Cleomaceae Fortnight:: Capparis rheedii Chorla ghat Belgaum. SMP 9 : 2 images. 5 posts by 4 authors. Sharing picture of Capparis rheedii.



 
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Capparaceae and Cleomaceae Fortnight: Capparis rheedei from Castle Rock ::: PKA11:: : Attachments (2). 4 posts by 4 authors. Capparis rheedei.
Location: Castle Rock.
Identified by ...
...Its More than excellent....
 
While attending to an enquiry from a colleague regarding confusion created in most of the websites on the accepted name of a species of Western Ghats, India, most of which are showing Capparis baducca is a synonym of C. rheedei.
I find that unlike all the websites, efi has correctly given C. baducca L. as an accepted name with interesting discussion about C. rheedei but not at all misleading us.
I wish to clarify that there was a proposal to reject the Linnaean name Capparis baducca as being described from two continents. However, a special committee rejected the proposal and as a result, the Shenzhen Code (2018), Appendix - V gives: Capparis baducca L. is an accepted name with a conserved type based on an illustration, "Badukka" of Rheede, Hortus Malabaricus. 
Experts on Capparaceae can clarify whether C. rheedei DC. is same or distinct.

Jarvis, C. (2007). Order out of Chaos:
Capparis baducca Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 504. 1753.

"Habitat in India."

Lectotype (Jacobs in Blumea 12: 435. 1965): [icon] "Badukka" in Rheede, Hort. Malab. 6: 105. t. 57. 1686.

Note: As discussed by Prado (in Taxon 42: 655-660. 1993), uncertainty about the typification of this name (which included both New and Old World elements) has caused some difficulty. In 1965, Jacobs treated the cited Rheede plate (from India) as the type but Prado rejected this choice, based on conflict with Linnaeus' diagnosis, in favour of a Clifford collection (BM) of the New World species otherwise known as C. frondosa Jacq. However, as discussed by Rankin & Greuter (in Willdenowia 34: 261. 2004), there are no grounds for rejecting Jacobs' typification (as a cited illustration, Rheede's plate is part of the protologue), and C. baducca is the correct, if now ambiguous, name for the Indian species. Rankin & Greuter suggest that it may be desirable for it now to be proposed for rejection, allowing C. rheedei DC. to replace it.    
Shenzhen Code (2018), Appendix V:
Proposals and Disposals   
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Here are the results of your query:
Proposal No.:  2133
:  
Rej.:  Capparis baducca
Group:  E. Spermatophytes
Action:  Rsp/Csp
Author:  Prado, Oakley, Prado
Place:  Taxon 62: 406-407. 2013
Synopsis:  
Group Comm.:  +Taxon 63: 1362-1363. 2014
Gen. Comm.:  +Taxon 65: 1150. 2016
Congr. Proc.:  +Taxon 66: 1238. 2017
Comm. & Rev.:  converted by Special Committee from conservation of Capparis baducca with a conserved type to outright rejection of Capparis baducca
Code:  2018:
    
Code Entries:  
Appendix V 
Capparis baducca L., Sp. Pl.: 504. 1 Mai 1753 [Angiosp.: Cappar. / Cappar.].
Lectotypus (vide Jacobs in Blumea 12: 435. 1965): [icon] “Badukka” in Rheede, Hort. Malab. 6: t. 57. 1686.



References:

The Plant List  IPNI  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post   Natural History Museum  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal (Capparis rheedei DC.)

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