Stereospermum tetragonum


India to S. China and Sumatera as per WCSP;

China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Vietnam, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Darjeeling, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl.), Singapore, ?Sumatra, Fiji (introduced) as per Catalogue of Life;

Images B. Rathinasabapathy, Prashant Awale, Aarti Khale, Sarath Kumar, Surajit Koley, Alka Khare, Anurag Sharma (ID Neil Soares) and Pravin (ID Neil Soares), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images)
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ster-ee-oh-SPER-mum -- from the Greek stere (solid, firm) and spermos (seed) ... Dave's Botanary
tet-ra-GON-um or tet-ra-GO-num -- four-angled ... Dave's Botanary
¿ co-LAH-ees ? -- ¿ meaning ?

commonly known as: yellow snake tree • Assamese: dhapatita, পৰ্ৰোলী parroli • Bengali: পারুল parul • Gujarati: પાડેલી padeli • Hindi: पारल paral, पारोली paroli, पाटल patal • Kannada: ಕಲಾದ್ರಿ kalaadri, ಪಾದರಿ paadari • Konkani: पाडल paadal • Malayalam: കരിങ്ങഴ karingazha, പാതിരി paathiri, പൂപ്പാതിരി puuppaathiri • Manipuri: মিস্সী missi • Marathi: पाडळ padal, पाडळी padali • Mizoram: zinghal • Oriya: pamphunia • Sanskrit: पाटल patal, पाटला patala, पाटलि patali • Tamil: அம்பு ampu, அம்புவாகினி ampuvakini, பாடலம் patalam, பாதிரி patiri, புன்காலி punkali • Telugu: అంబువాసిని ambuvasini, కలిగొట్టు kaligottu, పాదిరి padiri, పాటల patala • Urdu: پارل paral, پاٿل patal

Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia 

India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris as per Biotik ;

100-1100 m; Tropical Himalaya, India, Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Malaysia as per Checklist of Nepal
 
Stereospermum personatum [syn. S.colias] locally called Padree is with a yellow corolla tinged with reddish-purple. In S.chelenoides [syn. S.suaveolens] locally called Padal the flowers are dull purple.     


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Stereospermum colais
: 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Seeds collected from Jawadhu hills this summer near: Pudurnadu
Tamil Nadu 635655

Thanks, ..., for additional aspects.  


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Bignoniaceae Week ::Stereospermum colais from CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai :: PKA8:: Bot. name: Stereospermum colais var angustfolia
Family:
Bignoniaceae
Date/Time: 12-06-2010/ 09:10AM
Location: CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai.


 
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Bignoniaceae Week :: Stereospermum tetragonum : Padal : Mumbai : 100113 : AK: Adding pictures of Padal, taken at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai.
Flowers were high up, so couldn't take a close up.
 
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Requesting to please ID this tree with whitish flowers captured on the Shilonda trail, SGNP in Mumbai in June 2013.
I think it is Stereospermum colais,
Agree with ... This is Padal [Stereospermum personatum, previously S.colias]. A few of my photographs of this are available at this link


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/15bf87699e58697/leaves_.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGTC1ap4go7a1hdwejMk5j6-YwtPfOI-DESThiHdpKBUUxItjjEuAxx65HjCgpjsm88U5P6LA-RVllZyOgJbmK_vgouuAhXXZvDL-kjlwO43ju9-BM
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Tree Id : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
This was a sapling standing in our backyard, now grown upto 5 feet.
Few elders said it is 'pathiri' in malayalam.
Plz help me identify it.
Location : North Paravur , Ernakulam , Kerala.
Type : Wild, naturally grown.
Stereospermum tetragonum DC (= S.personatum Hassk., S.coalis Buch -Ham), Fam: Bignoniaceae


Fwd: [efloraofindia:178390] Tree Id 311213 SK3 Attachments (4).  2 posts by 1 author.
This was a sapling standing in our backyard, now grown upto 5 feet. Few elders said it is 'pathiri' in malayalam.
Plz help me identify it.
Location : North Paravur , Ernakulam , Kerala.
Type : Wild, naturally grown.
Stereospermum tetragonum DC (= S.personatum Hassk., S.coalis Buch -Ham), Fam: Bignoniaceae
 
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Requesting to please ID this tree captured on the Shilonda trail, SGNP, Mumbai in July 2014.
I was told this is Stereospermum angustifolium? How does one differentiate it from Stereospermum chelonoides?
Wrightia tinctoria (Apocynaceae)
Now called Stereospermum personatum [S.colias]. It differs from S.chelonoides by having leaves that are often serrulate and dull-purple flowers, whereas in the latter the flowers are yellow tinged with reddish purple.
Stereospermum colais. पाडळ
Thank you ... As per the efi database, the new name for this is S. tetragonum..


 
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ANAUG06 Tree. for ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).  
No flowers or fruits on the tree but I was hoping ID would be possible without them.
Bangalore
July 2014
I doubt about the identification because no phyllanthus species has the leaves origin from the same point while your plants uploaded show that two leaves originate at the same point needs further identification
To me this looks like Padal [Stereospermum personatum syn. S.colias]. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.
 
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Stereospermum chelenoides : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Stereospermum chelenoides
Marathi name : padal
At Tansa WLS, Maharashtra
25March, 2015

Nice photographs, but this could be Stereospermum personatum [S.colais now possibly called S.tetragonum]. Stereospermun chelonoides [S.suaveolens] generally has dull purple flowers.
Stereospermum colais
Any leaf pictures to show the apex? Acute or acuminate?


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7f77359bf051efdf/E%20Parul%202.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFXuo3H7BlO5Cwt5FYHr3xolG81hegNSnr0bEwiuF2AjAOjQsPpfDMmJXTb-YBQ5LwxOrJyXgZdXqVcGczEkjkdrJPr3RIsxtjnCLs6nfbgSX4M7zk
Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore in which PARUL (Sterospermum suaveolens) has been mentioned.
Photo appears to be of Stereospermum tetragonum DC.  rather than those of Stereospermum chelonoides (L.f.) DC. (syn: Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC.) 


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Pune- April'09; in SGNP, Silonda Trail- April'09?; at Sagargad , Alibag- April'09?; south end of the national park at Mumbai- May'09?; at CEC - BNHS  on 25th May 2009; at Anashi WLS, Karnataka last week of April '10; 12-06-2010/ 09:10AM- CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai; national park in Mumbai on 11 June, '10; Mumbai on 11 June, '10; V.J.B. Udyan (Rani Bagh), Mumbai; ... whose fruits ? - indiantreepix | Google Groups
 
Stereospermum colais (Padal;Paral) - indiantreepix | Google GroupsTree from SGNP - indiantreepix | Google GroupsFor ID-090608RK2 - indiantreepix | Google GroupsStereospermum colais - indiantreepix | Google GroupsHeterophragma ? - indiantreepix | Google GroupsParul - indiantreepix | Google Groups????? - indiantreepix | Google Groups
Stereospermum chelonoides (Linn.f.) DC. - Padal Capsules - indiantreepix | Google GroupsStereospermum personatum(HAssk.) Chatterjee - efloraofindia | Google GroupsStereospermum colais from CBD Belapur hills - efloraofindia | Google GroupsStereospermum personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee - efloraofindia | Google GroupsStereospermum personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee - efloraofindia | Google GroupsStereospermum personatum fruiting in V.J.B. Udyan (Rani Bagh), Mumbai - efloraofindia | Google Groups
Request for ID : 070511 : AK-2: Taken at Maharashtra Nature Park on the 6th of April, 2011.
A medium sized tree showing some dried pods as well.

- This is Padal [Stereospermum personatum, syn. S.colias].
 
 
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Stereospermum chelonoides:  Stereospermum chelonoides
Marathi name:Padal
At Sagargad,Alibag
On 03Jul,2011
yes Stereospermum chelonoides, Padal (Plant has medicinal importance)
The current name should be S. colais (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillwyn) Mabb. var. colais.
Agree with ... This is Stereospermum personatum [syn. S.colias] locally called Padree with a yellow corolla tinged with reddish-purple. In S.chelenoides [syn. S.suaveolens] locally called Padal the flowers are dull purple.
I think its difficult to differentiate two species with these photos, because the corolla from outside is purple, it will be great if pod photo is available, i think that would help in proper identification, but still i guess S. chenoloides (its very common in Alibaug)
Even though these two species are distinct, the nomenclature of the group is very confusing.
The posted plant, however, is S. colais, as suggested by ...
The current name (!?) is S. tetragonum as per TPL
http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-318150 


 
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Stereospermum colais:  Stereospermum colais of Bignoniaceae family, 15th June`12 at Matheran
Very nice find ... Excellent set showing flowers fruit and Leaf pattern with its acuminate apex.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a47d602448f99b35/Padal12.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEFGsISinBhBWu_H364ZW80H-IVLDUOYNaJLAsY-f6MZS6E0jNQP_1jznm0_YIVouW5YqrIOvA_ggtGRlRlpFI1IlmTZC5kszHLRLLv9_Rwi7sdLDY
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a47d602448f99b35/Padal1.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHD6vLoy0SVEtyTzOcsvur_G-DEvEgSlXGR5577KZLTDzCbZrIlHHE5FYRHeYwHNKu__ojES1WgY9us8Jwn3-6UxxFYckgcWKWIPqs4KcAM5cudgIg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a47d602448f99b35/Padal3.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH7i9uckAn18ND0HMCThC47mg-rtrdQ80UWko71X6jJ57Be0i0bUjoG-933Q4CnyJa_vlxRptZJJvglNlGzZPrWY8L1aI3rmXeCEXcfCEP5F6QbIwQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a47d602448f99b35/Padal5.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF3f_rvHOYrR6RXi_RW4NVojVbl-nS-qvG0KkqWAbzWt5X3uxqcMGJe2DcCc9LIfO04pFTFZPkHpPrDSAqYpSeICYGu_UzmfKxf6wFauXKPXiAxHTo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a47d602448f99b35/Padal6.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEBd8WuzS8V4zxGiBa3Q9eOk6k9SyqW3_CbqV4FBJZeKXQ0A5ZhmFS3nsYoEiWlDy4UXerc3UZRsl0ahyfJMXBN95TH6WJMD0AkjlDBXtiSilPkCB8
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Bignoniaceae week :: SMP : Stereospermum colais. Var. colais :Native to India: Pune: Stereospermum colais. var. colais Pune city. Maharashtra
Native to India.
"पाडळ


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Popular synonym: Stereospermum colais (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillwyn) Mabb.
ster-ee-oh-SPER-mum -- from the Greek stere (solid, firm) and spermos (seed) ... Dave's Botanary
tet-ra-GON-um or tet-ra-GO-num -- four-angled ... Dave's Botanary
¿ co-LAH-ees ? -- ¿ meaning ?
commonly known as: yellow snake tree • Assamese: dhapatita, পৰ্ৰোলী parroli • Bengali: পারুল parul • Gujarati: પાડેલી padeli • Hindi: पारल paral, पारोली paroli, पाटल patal • Kannada: ಕಲಾದ್ರಿ kalaadri, ಪಾದರಿ paadari • Konkani: पाडल paadal • Malayalam: കരിങ്ങഴ karingazha, പാതിരി paathiri, പൂപ്പാതിരി puuppaathiri • Manipuri: মিস্সী missi • Marathi: पाडळ padal, पाडळी padali • Mizoram: zinghal • Oriya: pamphunia • Sanskrit: पाटल patal, पाटला patala, पाटलि patali • Tamil: அம்பு ampu, அம்புவாகினி ampuvakini, பாடலம் patalam, பாதிரி patiri, புன்காலி punkali • Telugu: అంబువాసిని ambuvasini, కలిగొట్టు kaligottu, పాదిరి padiri, పాటల patala • Urdu: پارل paral, پاٿل patal
Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia
References: Flowers of IndiaWikipediaeFloraSahyadri DatabaseFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant
at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Thane on 20 MAY 12 
at Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka on 24 APR 11
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra on 01 MAY 09


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c687876a14d2279b/pombadri%20leaf.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHsWlNVxtPOlwiZ8EAviRkhT-EyIRsJefKHLeAHGcwujhkLFFVSzbLpYMB8zcow7bEzvZx-AuNgmWN8NZQIazMdPMKFft620HO_Lf4cUAdXslHCqeA
 
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Bignoniaceae week: Yellow Snake Tree (Stereospermum tetragonum) from Coimbatore BRS 7:  Sharing the images of (Stereospermum tetragonum) from Coimbatore.
 
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Stereospermum colais : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 mb each. 
Found in temple in Thiruvadisoolam, Chengleput.
 
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Stereospermum colais : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Found in temple in Thiruvadisoolam, Chengleput.
 

 
References:

The Plant List Ver.1.1  Catalogue of Life (Stereospermum colais (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillw.) D. L. Mabberley) GRIN  Biotik  Flora of Pakistan &  Flora of China  (Accepted name different from The Plant List)  Checklist of Nepal  Flowers of India  Wikipedia  eFlora  Sahyadri Database  Wikimedia Commons  Flickr: Search  Indian medicinal plants: a ... - Google Books

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