Balanophora indica

Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff. ( Syn: .....................); as per Catalogue of Life;

Balanophora fungosa subsp. indica (Arn.) B.Hansen, Dansk Bot. Ark. 28: 100 1972. (Syn: Balaniella pedicellaris (Schltr.) Hosok.; Balaniella sphaerica Tiegh.; Balanophora annamensis S.Moore; Balanophora bonii Tiegh.; Balanophora burmannica Griff.; Balanophora cryptocaudex S.Y.Chang & P.C.Tam; Balanophora decurrens Fawc.; Balanophora elkinsii Blatt.Balanophora fungosa var. indica (Arn.) B.Hansen; Balanophora gracilis Tiegh.; Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff.; Balanophora indica var. agastyamalayana M.B.Viswan. & Prem Kumar & N.Ramesh; Balanophora indica var. tirunelveliensis M.B.Viswan. & Prem Kumar & N.Ramesh; Balanophora latipes Tiegh.; Balanophora pedicellaris Schltr.; Balanophora pentamera Tiegh.; Balanophora picta Griff.; Balanophora picta Miq. ex Eichler; Balanophora pierrei Tiegh.; Balanophora saxicola W.F.Xing & Z.X.Li; Balanophora simaoensis S.Y.Chang & P.C.Tam; Balanophora sphaerica (Tiegh.) Lecomte; Balanophora splendida P.C.Tam & D.Fang; Balanophora thwaitesii Eichler; Balanophora typhina Wall. ex Fawc. [Illegitimate]; Bivolva gracilis Tiegh.; Langsdorffia indica Arn.) as per The Plant List Ver.1.1; 

China (SE-Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), India (Assam, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Philippines (Luzon), Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia (fairly widespread), Sumatra, Australia (N-Queensland: Cape York peninsula), Sri Lanka, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Micronesia (Truk, Moen, Tol), Southern Marianas (Guam), Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kayin, Mandalay, Taninthayi) as per Catalogue of Life;


Dioecious, parasitic herbs, 10-25 cm high. Rootstock warted with lenticels. Stem stout, short, cylindric, 1.5-2 cm diam. Leafy bracts 2.5-3.5 x 1.5-2 cm, ovate to sub orbicular, obtuse at apex, purple. Male inflorescence obovoid, dense raceme, 5-10 cm long, 3-6 cm wide. Flowers small, 0.4-0.6 cm long. Perianth lobes 2-6, white. Stamens 2-6 or more; filaments united. Female inflorescence globose heads, 2-5 cm diam., bright red in colour. Perianth 0. Ovary ellipsoid, minute. 
Flowering and fruiting: January-March 
Evergreen forests
Indo-Malesia and Australia
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi
 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/57887c7bf3e9aabd/Balanophora%20-Mizo--2.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGtSo79bBqTbRIJCzOXQYuIoPmq7dPr34sJA1Yd3u_MTiYt_rMuNIonNJoSFDFZekYJXLE0KayRhLxmKaoWWHS4l8FeeoAPABG3ZlNBHjASzEKbZTM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/57887c7bf3e9aabd/Balanophora%20-Mizo-1.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFBJ1BMYZU1LXdyTko2vDoDOf8N_a365bgLcOBguC11hu64BL2tR-N-Jt1IB8E5CH9a1pM3ncI4WQuRZAXX0R0k-QWsQRCh8lWlXg6rNbp6Uv-oDjc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a503fecaad4ba70c/DSC_2754.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrELi3IhCKemHKQbr-4gqP7tpyWEVB0eVtoovznH6QyocThR6pNrBVHXfCN8CcT98JhWCtV_XfKHiD_kRF0U5fa3j5ijhhttKBNQvsU1gp5-9SRt4II


 
Images by Sid (1,2,3- ID by Tapas Chakrabarty & Prabhu Kumar K.M.)
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/21c1750d3efad5ff/Balanano3_new.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/21c1750d3efad5ff/Balanano2_new.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/21c1750d3efad5ff/Balanano1_new.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

For ID 170320014 - SS- Is it Balanophora :
11 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (3).
Location: Kalakkad Mundanthurai WLS, Tamilnadu
Date : unknown
Is it a species of Balanophora ? Pls. validate.
Probably B. abrreviata
Please consider Balanophora indica.


This should be
Balanophora indica var. tirunelveliensis taxon described from KMTR, Thirunnelveli.

But as per Plantlists and IPNI which is synonymized under B. fungosa J. R. & G. Forst. ssp. indica (Arn.) Hansen.
It looks like Balanophora fungosa....
Balanophora fungosa J. R. Forster & G. Forster
This seems to be Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff. var. agastyamalayana Visw. et al., in Rheedea 10(2): 121, f.1. 2000, which has been discovered and described from Kalakkad - Mundandurai Tiger Reserve, in Tirunelveli dist. of Tamil Nadu.


 
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/6ca484ef8d13175/Balanophora%20Mahabaleswar3.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
Balanophora from Mahabaleswar : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4).
Seen this Balanophora plenty @ Mahabaleswar
Balanophora species so far in efi  
Please check with Balanophora fungosa
The plant should be: Balanophora fungosa J.R. & G. Forst. ssp. indica B. Hansen
this must surely qualify as a mimicker .. a plant life that looks like an animal form, at least at the first glance
I so very much reminds me of a hedge hod all rolled up
Have you found out this recently or in some other season?
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d9b3c44f8464f/female%20plant.PNG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJYDPDP3ilsP2vNrYmN1n-BshvBwXyhsPN8rCt-LA-OhaRLcZpXYc78l1qPKhzkf-yvTxvqorZUGhVHV1GjwYW2k2q3sk-gO-SuMW6V30QxtcIgVg
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Balanophora fungosa (Balanophoraceae) : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- around 1 mb each.
The parasitic plant grows on host plants grows in the undergrowth of dense canopy 
Balanophora fungosa, (Balanaphoraceae)
Karnataka Coorg 2018 December

I think more closer to images at Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff. rather than those at Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. 

 
 
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