Cyanthillium (Cichorioideae- Vernonieae)

Images by Karuna Kanta Das

FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Asteraceae (=Compositae) species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Cyanthillium occur in India:
1- Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob. (var. cinereum; var. glabriusculum; var. linifolium; var. ludens; var montanum; var. parviflorum)
2- C. hookerianum (Arn.) H. Rob.
3- C. patulum (Dryand.) H. Rob.

No Cyanthillium species is mentioned in Red Data Book of Indian Plants by Nayar & Sastry (1987-90)

Vernonia albicans Dc. is a synonym of Cyanthillium albicans (DC.) H.Rob.UndershrubPlains , Dry LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram
Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less.= Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob. HerbPlains to Low Altitude, Dry LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districts
Vernonia conyzoides DC. is a synonym of Cyanthillium conyzoides (DC.) H.Rob. UndershrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Theni,  Tirunelveli

Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Cyanthillium cinereum Vernonia cinerea, Conyza cinerea, Senecioides cinerea Asteraceae Little Ironweed

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
Vernonia cinerea = Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob.

Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details & keys-
Vernonia cinerea = Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob.

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys-
Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar - Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 - Science - 252 pages
Vernonia albicans DC. in Wight (is a synonym of Cyanthillium albicans (DC.) H.Rob.), undershrub; throughout W. Ghats.

Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-
Vernonia cinerea = Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Vernonia, Acilepis, Baccharoides, Cyanthillium, Gymnanthemum, Monosis, Orbivestus, Strobocalyx & Tarlmounia. Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links. Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details. If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful. Any comments/ corrections are welcome
I have added list of Indian species of Cyanthillium based on Karthikeyan et al. (2009)

Pl. go through Cyanthillium page (Asteraceae (Compositae)) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by Bhagyashri ji).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.