Lactuca



(Images by J.M.Garg (Id by Prashant Awale & Gurcharan Singh), Nidhan Singh (Validation by Krishan Lal), Balkar Singh & Prashant Awale (Id by Tabish & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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(Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Balkar Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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(Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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(Images by Balkar Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

 


(Images by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh (Validation by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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(Images by Balkar Singh (Validation by J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))) 

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Lactuca dissecta D.Don (Images by Gurcharan SinghD S Rawat and Nidhan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click on the links to see details and more images))
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Lactuca dolichophylla Kitam. (Images by Prashant Awale (ID Gurcharan Singh), Balkar SinghPrashant AwaleGurcharan SinghPrashant Awale and Alka Khare, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click on the links to see details and more images))
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Lactuca lessertiana (Wall. ex DC.) Wall. ex C.B.Clarke (Images by Prashant Awale (ID D S Rawat), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click on link to see details))
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Lactuca macrorhiza (Royle) Hook.f. (Images by Balkar Singh (Validated by Gurcharan Singh), Nidhan SinghGurcharan Singh & Prashant Awale (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) (validated by Krishan Lal) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Lactuca sativa L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh: var. crispa, var. capitata, var. longifolia, var. crispa (Red Oak Leaf), var. capitata (Little Gems) and var. cripa, and P. Santhan,  Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click on the links to see details and more images))
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Lactuca serriola L. (Images by Gurcharan SinghD S Rawat and Gurcharan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click on links to see details and more images))

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Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A.Mey. (Images by Prashant Awale (Id suggestion by Amit Chauhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links) 

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Lactuca pygmaea (Asteraceae, Cichorieae) - a new species from India by B. L. Bhellum Current Life Sciences 2015; 1 (1): 1-5-
ABSTRACT Lactuca pygmaea Bhellum (Asteraceae, section scariola F. W. Schmit) - a new species from India is
described and illustrated. It grows gregariously on open and dry places. The field survey was made in the surroundings of Jammu in 2014 and specimens were studied with the help floristic literature. The area of the entire State of Jammu and Kashmir of India lies between 32° 17´ - 36° 58´ N and 73° 26´ - 80° 30´. The new species differs from its closely relative related Lactuca dissecta L. in its height being short, leaves entire or remotely lobed, size of phyllaries capitula, pappus, and achenes. Therefore, it represents distinct species of Lactuca L. genus.
 

 
 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Lactuca hastata DC. = Melanoseris cyanea (D. Don) Edgew.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Nilgiri
Lactuca sativa L. Herb Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Dindigul, Nilgiri 

 

 
 
Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Lactuca brunonianaPrenanthes brunonianaPrenanthes brunoniana, Cicerbita brunonianaAsteraceae Himalayan Blue Sow-Thistle
Lactuca dissecta Lactuca auriculataAsteraceae Split-Leaf Lettuce
Lactuca dolichophylla Lactuca longifoliaAsteraceae Long Leaved Lettuce
Lactuca sativa Asteraceae Lettuce
Lactuca serriola Lactuca scariola, Lactuca sylvestrisAsteraceae Prickly Lettuce

 

Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants ofNepal (Distribution):

Lactuca bracteata Hook. f. & Thomson ex C. B. Clarke (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Tibet, Assam) = Melanoseris bracteata (Hook. f. & Thomson ex C. B. Clarke) N. Kilian

Lactuca dissecta D. Don (C. Asia, Afghanistan, Chitral, W. Pakistan, Himalaya, Tibet)

Lactuca dolichophylla Kitam. (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Himalaya, W. China)

Lactuca graciliflora DC. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Tibet, Assam, Burma, W. China) = Melanoseris graciliflora (DC.) N. Kilian

Lactuca lessertiana (DC.) C. B. Clarke (Pakistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Tibet)

Lactuca sativa L. (A cosmopolitan cultivated plant)


 
Lactuca dissecta D. Don [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India (Sikkim), Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan; SW Asia].
Lactuca dolichophylla Kitamura in H. Hara  [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan].
Lactuca indica Linnaeus [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Philippines, E Russia, Thailand, Vietnam; introduced elsewhere].
Lactuca orientalis (Boissier) Boissier [Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan; SW Asia].
Lactuca sativa Linnaeus [Cultivated throughout China [probably originating from E Mediterranean to SW Asia]]
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus [Afghanistan, N India, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, W Russia, Tajikistan; N and NE Africa, SW Asia, Europe]
Lactuca tatarica (Linnaeus) C. A. Meyer [Afghanistan, NW India, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, C and W Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia, Europe, North America].
Lactuca undulata Ledebour [Afghanistan, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, SC Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia].
 
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants By Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett, World Conservation Monitoring Centre:
Lactuca benthamii C.B.Clarke - Endangered- J & K (Kashmir)
Lactuca filicina Duthie ex Stebbins - Endangered- Uttarakhand (Kumaon)
Lactuca undulata Ledebour - Endangered- J & K (Kashmir)
 
 
............................
 
Biodiversity and Its Conservation in India By Sharad Singh Negi (1993)- Details-
Lactuca benthamii C.B.Clarke - Endangered- J & K (Kashmir)
Lactuca filicina Duthie ex Stebbins - Endangered- Uttarakhand (Kumaon)
Lactuca undulata Ledebour - Endangered- J & K (Kashmir)
 
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-
 
Practical Gardening In India By R. Barton West (1999)- Details-
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Details-
Lactuca bracteata Hook. f. & Thomson ex C. B. Clarke = Melanoseris bracteata (Hook. f. & Thomson ex C. B. Clarke) N. Kilian
Lactuca dubyaea C.B.Clarke is a synonym of Dubyaea hispida (D.Don) DC.
Lactuca macrantha C.B.Clarke = Melanoseris macrantha (C. B. Clarke) N. Kilian & J. W. Zhang
Lactuca polycephala (Cass.) Benth.is a synonym of Ixeris polycephala Cass.
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
 
 
Lactuca (Asteraceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Lactuca (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
 
Fwd: Lactuca images : 1 post by 1 author.
Lactuca images are inserted both on species and genus page
 

Pl. go through Lactuca (‎‎‎‎‎Asteraceae (Compositae)‎) page with images of species (done by ...) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

Flora Simlensis and Flora of Muscsoorie describe only two species as per following Key
1. leaves ovate or triangular, not variable, heads few, solitary or subsolitary, on long stalks: P. violaefolia
2. leaves variable, heads many in terminal panicles: P brunoniana
from Flora Simlensis
Stems 1-6 ft heads numerous, panicled leaves of various shape: P brunoniana
stems 12-18 inch heads few solitary long stalked leaves always triangular: P violaefolia

Pl. go through Prenanthes page (Asteraceae (Compositae)) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.