Emilia alstonii Fosberg (Images by Subhanjan Kayet - Id by Prabhu Kumar KM & J.M.Garg) 

Emilia ramulosa Gamble (Images by Alka Khare - Id by Muthu Karhick)

Emilia scabra DC. ex Wight (India (Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)


Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. ex DC. (Images by tspkumar)

Emilia species- Meghalaya (Images by Karuna Kanta Das (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links)) 


Emilia species in India:
  1. Emilia alstonii Fosberg
  2. E. coccinea (Sims.) G.Don
  3. E. exserta Fosberg
  4. E. javanica (Burm.f.) C.B.Rob [= Emilia sonchifolia var. javanica (Burm. f.) Mattf.]
  5. E. prenanthoidea DC.
  6. E. ramulosa Gamble
  7. E. scabra DC.
  8. E. sonchifolia (L.) DC. ex DC. [var. sonchifolia; var. mucronata C.B.Clarke;]
  9. E. zeylanica C.B.Clarke [var. paludosa, var. walkeri (Hook.f.) Trimen & var. zeylanica ]


  1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 2227-228.
  2. eFI page 

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Emilia coccinea (Sims) SweetHerbWestern Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Tropical AfricaMatthew, 1999Dindigul
Emilia javanica (Burm.f.) C. Robinson = Emilia sonchifolia var. javanica (Burm. f.) Mattf.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Open  LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Theni
Emilia ramulosa GambleHerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Tirunelveli
Emilia scabra DC.HerbWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, LithophyteFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli
Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC.Straggling HerbPlains to Low Altitude, Moist LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districts
Emilia zeylanica Clarke var. paludosa Gamble is a synonym of Emilia zeylanica C.B.ClarkeHerbWestern Ghats, Marsh LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul
Emilia zeylanica Clarke var. zeylanicaHerb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Tirunelveli

Botanical name Family Common name
Emilia sonchifolia Asteraceae Purple Sow Thistle

Emilia coccinea (Sims) G. Don in Sweet [native to Africa; cultivated worldwide]
Emilia prenanthoidea Candolle [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam]
Emilia ramulosa Gamble- Western Ghats
Emilia sonchifolia var. mucronata- Western Ghats
Emilia zeylanica var. paludosa (synonym of Emilia zeylanica C.B.Clarke)- Western Ghats (Swamps) ..................
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1983)- Details-
Emilia flammea Cass. is a synonym of Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-
Emilia (Asteraceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Emilia (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
Emilia was updated
... updated the page
What Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009 say about Emilia zeylanica Clarke var. zeylanica & Emilia zeylanica var. paludosa ? 
Thanks, ... The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa.
I feel it is always better to incorporate var. & subspecies if mentioned in our Flora.
I further feel that accepted varieties & subspecies can be mark with bold & others as normal.

1 species was already done by ...

Pl. go through Emilia page (Asteraceae (Compositae)) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by Bhagyashri ji & TSP Kumar ji).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.