Sphaeranthus senegalensis


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Given below are the relevant key characters from Flora of India:
a. Stems not winged ---> Sphaeranthus amaranthoides
b. Stems winged:
b-i) wings entire; flower-heads <1 cm across ---> S. africanus
b-ii) wings toothed; heads up to 2.5 cm across; leaves single-dentate ---> S. senegalensis
In S. indicus, the leaves are double-dentate.
 
Keys
1a. Stems not winged or rarely narrowly winged; glomeruli conical, subsessile, brownish;
outer florets not more than 4 ---------------------------2. Sphaeranthus amaranthoides
b. Stems winged; glomeruli spherical or ovoid, pedunculate, glabrous, white, purple or violet; outer florets more than 4 ------------2
2a. Wings entire, glomeruli not more than 1 cm across; peduncles glabrous; involucral bracts not ciliate at apex----1. Sphaeranthus africanus
b. Wings toothed; glomeruli up to 2.5 cm across, peduncles pubescent; involucral bracts ciliate at apex------------------3
3a. Leaves double-dentate and with stalked glands ----------Sphaeranthus indicus
b. Leaves single dentate and with sessile glands -------------Sphaeranthus senegalensis
(Ref. Flora of India Vol.13-Asteraceae (Inuleae-Vernonieae) By R.K. Hajra et al.1995. BSI, India)
 
 
 

Flora of Haryana: Sphaeranthus indicus from Amin Village kurukshetra: Sphaeranthus indicus
From Village Amin Kurukshetra (260 mts)
Small Herb with aroma
pls validate
did the leaves have a strong smell?
The flowers have pharmacological activity: reduces anxiety at least in mice in the maze tests...

Yes ... They were having strong smell
It may be Sphaeranthus senegalensis. leaves single dentate. (Ref. Flora of India Vol.13, by BSI, Calcutta). 
Keys

 1a. Stems not winged or rarely narrowly winged; glomeruli conical, subsessile, brownish;
   outer florets not more than 4  ---------------------------2. Sphaeranthus amaranthoides
  b. Stems winged; glomeruli spherical or ovoid, pedunculate, glabrous,  white, purple or violet; outer florets more than 4 -----------------------------------2

 2a. Wings entire, glomeruli not more than 1 cm across; peduncles  glabrous; involucral bracts not ciliate at apex  -------------------------------------1. Sphaeranthus africanus
  b. Wings toothed; glomeruli up to 2.5 cm across, peduncles pubescent; involucral bracts ciliate at apex
      --------------------------------3

 3a. Leaves double-dentate and with stalked glands  ----------Sphaeranthus indicus
   b. Leaves single dentate and with sessile glands -------------Sphaeranthus senegalensis

 (Ref. Flora of India Vol.13-Asteraceae (Inuleae-Vernonieae) By R.K. Hajra et al.1995. BSI, India)

As per the suggestion and key provided by dr ... I also think this plant should be Sphaeranthus senegalensis Attaching closeup of leaves for validation


 
 
 
References:
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