Blumea axillaris

Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC., Prodr. 5 434 1836. (Syn: Baccharis cochinchinensis Spreng.; Blumea arenaria var. honigbergeri (Rech.f.) Parsa: Blumea chamissoniana DC.; Blumea cunninghamii DC.; Blumea diplotricha Domin; Blumea honigbergeri Rech.f.; Blumea leschenaultiana DC.; Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr.; Blumea neilgherriensis Hook. f.; Blumea parvifolia DC.; Blumea phyllostachya DC.; Blumea solidagoides (Poir.) DC.; Blumea trichophora DC. [Illegitimate]; Blumea wightiana Hook.f. [Illegitimate]; Conyza axillaris Lam.; Conyza bifoliolata Wall. [Illegitimate]; Conyza lacera var. bifoliolata Wall. ex Miq.; Conyza bifoliolata DC.; Conyza lactucifolia Wall.; Conyza paniculata [Illegitimate]; Conyza wightiana Wall. [Illegitimate]; Erigeron glomeratus Spreng. ex DC. [Illegitimate]; Erigeron molle D.Don; Gnaphalium solidaginoides Poir.; Placus mollis (D. Don) Kuntze; Placus neilgherensis (Hook. fil.) Kuntze; Placus tomentosus Lour.); 

China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan), Iran (S-Iran), Andamans (South Andamans), India (almost throughout), Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Thailand, Nepal, Pakistan (Sind, Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Kurram, Hazara), Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro), Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Java, Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, N-Queensland, NE-New South Wales), South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal), Swaziland, Botswana, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Senegal, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mauritius (I), Madagascar, Mozambique, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Mali, Angola, Benin, Togo, Guinea as per Catalogue of Life;

Herbs, 30-70 cm high; stems strigose. Leaves to 5 x 3 cm, obovate, obtuse, glandular serrate, covered with simple and glandular hairs, nearly sessile. Heads 5 x 6 mm, in axillary and terminal thyrsiform clusters; peduncle strigose; bracts 5 mm long, linear, hairy; outer smaller. Bisexual flowers around 10, central; corolla 3 mm long, glandular. Female flowers many; corolla slender. Achenes ellipsoid, ribbed, hairy; pappus 3 mm long.
Flowering and fruiting: January-November
Degraded deciduous forests and grasslands
Indo-Malesia to Australia and Africa
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)
6 images.
Please help to identify this Asteraceae member. The location is on the the bank of river at eastern most part of Nilgiris district in TN.
The leaves are aromatic and hairy semi-succulent


10-02-2011 / 12:30 PM

Location- Place, Altitude, GP

river bank in Nilgiris RF; TN. c 350 msl

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-

Plant Habit-

pubescent herb


c. 30 cm

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

c. 15 X 8 cm

Inflorescence Type/ Size-

panicles up to 10cm long;

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-

pink head; c 0.5cm across

Seems to be Blumea sp.
I think it represents Blumea lacera
It is Blumea sp
In view of the comments by ... by providing the key for Id of Blumea species, ... may decide by observing the prominent characters
Reply from Another thread:
Please take a relook to the post.
  • "Similar to B. lacera but easily distinguished by the small heads, purplish flowers....." (F. B.I.)
  • "Heads numerous, pappus white, heads more or less clustered..... corolla purplish... leaves obovate, irregularly toothed or serrate...." (Bengal Plants)
I think the above post is of Blumea wightiana DC.
Hooghly : Blumea or Blumea like : white : 14 images. 3 posts by 1 author.
Two of my Blumea species have been identified as B. lacera DC and B. laciniata DC.
Sometimes, i myself suggested the ID(s).
But, after finding two or three more Blumea or Blumea like plants, i am getting very confused. 
Points to be noted are :-
This plant in this thread is -
  • two ft. wild herb; in rural roadside area; not very common
  • leaves are somewhat velvety (silky-villous?)
  • central florets are white; except in one plant which bears faintly purplish florets
All pictures are recorded at the same place, on different dates during this month.
Attaching more photographs (3 images) of this plant, recorded today. It is to be noted that the heads bearing the achenes are smaller than those of Vernonia cinerea and the achenes are very slim and small.
Received ID - Blumea mollis
Asteraceae herb for identification :: 110414MK :: April004 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6).  
Please help me in identification of this Asteraceae herb in a fallow land.
Height: 1.5 feet
Place: Pondicherry suburb
Date: 05 April 2014
It is Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC, (= B. wightiana DC, B. mollis (D.Don) Merr.), Asteraceae
Amboli Ghat ... Maharashtra
Date: 23 DEC 2014 ... Altitude: from 400 m to 700 m asl
This aster plant must be most possibly a species of Blumea; hopefully the pictures will help to ID.
Standing about 60 - 80 cm, the herb was seen growing along the ghat road at various places.
The flower-head measured about 4 - 5 mm across, and as can be seen in the pics, the entire plant was hairy. 
¿ Blumea ? ... (family: Asteraceae) 
It is Blumea axillaris syn. Blumea mollis
Beautiful photographs ..., as always.
Please ID this plant captured at Rajgad near Pune in Dec 2014.
Blumea again possibly wightiana
This plant also resembles the plant posted by ... here which was identified by ... as B. mollis.
Is B. wightiana same as B.mollis? In the efi database, both of these are synonyms of B. axillaris.
You are right,
17042011GS​1 a composite from Morni hills for ID: The plant is very common on hill slopes, road sides and along banks of Tikkar Tal Lake in Morni hills, Haryana, alt 700-1200 m. The plant up to 50 cm tall, has numerous side branches, densely covered with long villous hairs; leaves oblanceolate, up to 6 cm long, up to 1 cm broad with crenate margns; heads several in clusters, on elongated axis later on, about 6-8 mm across, greenish-yellow in colour.
I think its Blumea mollis
If this is Blumea mollis, then the other plant I uploaded as 17042011GS1 onploaded on 18-4-2011 should be something else
Blumea mollis, I think has much larger ovate-oblong leaves 5-12 cm long and up to 6 cm broad, where as this plant has not longer than 4 cm leaves; also here leaves are sessile, whereas they are petiolate in B. mollis. More so florests are tinged purple in mollis, not here.
I have collected lot of specimens of B. mollis for essential oil extraction and the major difference I found in B. mollis that whole plant is aromatic while the other closely allied species B. lacera only the heads are aromatic. One other thing in the photograph the heads definitely are not in full bloom and ofcourse not yellow (by seeing the photograph) to me they appear slightly white with tinge of purple so I will go with B. mollis
The leaves of B. mollis look much different from my plant
I seem to be still undecided about this plant
I have confirmed it from Botanical Survey of India (Dehradun) herbarium and all the specimen lying there were similar to the photos attached by you and the plants i have collected.
Perhaps we should wait in light of link of FOI and my other link sent earlier for B. mollis,
Finally convinced as Blumea, my other plant is Conyza japonica.
Yes Blumea mollis
This herb with small heads, perhaps a species of Blumea photographed from Morni, Haryana. Please help in ID.
Blumea mollis
Thanks again ... Now my another Blumea has to be resolved.

Photographed on my property at Shahapur last Sunday. Is this a species of Blumea ?
may be Blumea neilgherrensis
Blumea neilgherrensis Hook. f. is a syn. of Blumea solidaginoides (Poir.) DC., as per efi e-group link ¿ Lamprachaenium microcephalum ?,-.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEWFyMBSvJPONbYfhb7S6CNVNsXfjuo9V3ikoDDROOcc1dUcV3AVMgMvDnlvyTGTuQtEq27R6M0ewovOPY4Ah_jX1uD8Vz3rIeiLKysotvFWtx0yD8,.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEqQDMNmKd712sSd_qr1XK4y8eZXgkQfyZAEIQhoZJg2AdIKvUTmaxFxlO0EvFuGVH1vVLpUja_XX6YKo1WrDPWa7dUQKUdulBV53d9VZQEWyEb9n0,,.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHIE1NXguMvX7KREzZd5tfhzudTiga3WInY4D1EPnd9ItwT42vGHhTACPnAPCtdiHGfuqRJMMUvR7C_7-Xe86PNWNQP0ZLMzWo0NCBFSEKnWsUFq7w
Id-23022012-PR-1, : Attachments (7).  4 posts by 2 authors.
Plants from North Gujarat
Habitat-Wild near cultivated field or also in forest
Height-30 cm
flower purple white
Blumea. Species I am not sure
Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per ID-02022013 PR-3:

ID-02022013 PR-3: 7 images.
Plants from gujarat
Closer to Blumea sinuata!
Please check with Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. of Asteraceae.
earlier name: Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr.

ID-03062012-PR-1:  Plants from gujarat
Habitat wild
Habit Herb
family asteraceae
Height 50 cm app.

IT is Blumea genus. Species need to be seen.
May be Blumea laciniata
I think close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC.  as per images, details and references herein.
ID of the plant. : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Please ID the plant.

Looks like some member of Asteraceae ... Blumea could be one of the candidates.

Yes Asteraceae.
Could be Blumea or Pluchea. Just a guess

Thanks ... I will check up.

Pl. check at Blumea

Pl. check Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC.
Identification request : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
I have collected this plant long back, but I have lost close up images and notes in a clean up drive, hence unable to provide full details, if any one can identify it please help me 

At first glimpse, makes me think of Blumea axillaris ... but I may be far from the ID :) 

Thanks, ... I also think closer to images at Blumea axillaris
SK368 06FEB-2017:ID : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)- 1 MB each. 
Location: Dhulikhel, Nepal
Altitude: 5500 ft.
Date: 6 February  2017

Blumea mollis (D. Don) Merr.  ???
Did not see any other match .
Thanks, ..., for the id.
I think appears close to images at Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. (syn. Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr.)
SK787 10 OCT-2017:ID : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location :  Tatopani, Pokhara, Nepal 
Date : 12 April  2017
Elavation : 5000 ft.
Blumea ...???

To me appears close to images at Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC.

Thank you ... but not listed in Nepal.

Not any synonyms matching according to the Plant List !

Reference of Nepal Checklist is available at Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. efi page at the bottom. Pl. see. 

Thank you ... Syn: Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr.,+03-Dec-2019+10:23:29+GMT
Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7) - 1 Mb each.
Location: Taudaha, Nepal
Altitude: 4500 ft.
Date: 15 December 2017
Syn: Blumea mollis (D. Don) Merr.

Yes, to me also appear close to images at Blumea axillaris 

Location: Chautara , Nepal
Altitude: 4700 ft.
Date: 31 March 2013

Blumea dregeanoides Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich. (provisionally accepted name)  ??
Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr. (synonym)

Conyza sp??
Pl. check with images at Blumea belangeriana DC.
yes it is Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr.

Images by Alka Khare, Id suggestion by Gurumurthi Hegde (Inserted by J.M.Garg)
Requesting to please ID this plant captured in Sagar Upvan, Mumbai in December 2013.
Please check with Blumea malcolmii (Clarke) Hook.f.
I think close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC.  as per images, details and references herein.

There are lot of variations in Blumea species with lot changes with the aging of the plants.
These are also reflected by a number of species which were initially named as new species but later on combined with this one.
Pl. see all these variations at Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. 
These variations are also reflected in GBIF (High resolution specimens)

Thank you ... for the correct ID
Wild Plant For ID : Bangalore : 25JAN17 : AK-2 : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Another wild plant seen on 7th Jan,17.
Kindly help in id.
Thanks, ...   Blumea species? 
Blumea came to my mind too.
Pl. check comparative images at Blumea & Inuleae
Could this plant be Blumea mollis?
Just a guess.
Could be as per images at Blumea axillaris (syn: Blumea mollis)
This was my earlier post from the same area. 
Yes, it's Blumea Ma'am, check with B. axillaris

17-04-2010 /08:25 AM- CBD Belapur Hill (Navi Mumbai);Asteraceae for ID??18042010-PKA1 - efloraofindia | Google Groups
MS/2017/Jan/ 01 - Identification of a plant : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
I have received photographs of a plant (weed) by some person (X) to known the name of the plant. However, the photographs are not at all clear. Please help identify the plant.
... some Asteraceae herb. Not able to guess genus.
It is Blumea species
Pl. check with images at Blumea oxyodonta DC.
It is not Blumea oxydonta, its leaves have spiny margin infl. yelow
but it is Blumea only
I think appears close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.   

Impossible to identify it correctly with this type of images
Weed for id from Hyderabad 12032014CS 1 : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
can you help me identify this weed of compositae family
Habit: herb/weed
Habitat: rice field bunds
Place: Hyderabad
Blumea sp.
Appears close to images at Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC.
Andipatti hills 130313 TBN 1 ? Asteraceae for id : Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date : 17.06.12                                                          
Location :Malattar dam, Andipatti hills; N 10* 02.487; E 77* 46.234
Altitude :1050 ft
Habitat :wild thorny scrub
Habit :herb abt one foot
Height :
Leaves :as depicted
Flowers :as seen
Fruits :,? thistle
Local name :do not know
This was identified by ... as Vernonia cinerea
I think this represents Blumea sp., perhaps B. lacera. It will not be Vernonia cinerea.
Blumea species
I think appears close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.    
Yes it is,+03-Dec-2019+10:28:51+GMT
Id-160212-PD-3: Id-160212-PD-3
Location- Gujarat
Habitat- wild
Plant Habit- herb
Height/Length- 50 cm
Some blumea species?
I think appears close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.   
Kindly help Id this wild herb growing at the base of a coconut tree at Pune
Date/Time- Dec 2011
Height/Length- 15 cms very soft hariy plant
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 3.5 cms by 2 cms extremely soft like felt cloth
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- green sepals prominent
2-3 mm flower heads white on sides but light purple top
exerted purple anthers and shining stamens which last just for a day
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not yet developed
Today I checked if the plant is aromatic. The whole plant including flower heads are aromatic smells like pudina. Also leaves have a petiole. Can it be Blumea mollis?
Attaching picture of the flower as it looks today 14 days after my initial post. Is this what is called pappus?
Yes, Blumea mollis, to me too.
Many thanks for confirming the Id of this plant

Sharing pixs of young plant of Blumea mollis Id courtsey ...
Posted earlier on our group for Id at
The cottony structure took almost 15 days to appear and I never saw a fully open flower
Date/Time- Sep ,Oct 2011
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Height/Length- about 4-5 cms
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- light purple buds
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- ?cottony fruit
It may be a Blumea species, not sure though.
Many thanks ... for a possible Id.
I have searched a lot on the net for the Id but found nothing.
I have come across a similar plant and I am posting it for Id in a different thread. This time I could get a better view of the flower . The fruit has not yet developed.  
It looks like (a young plant of) Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.  

Pictures taken Sep & Oct 2011
Wild herb
Posted on our group earlier for Id.
Some earlier relevant feedback: (efloraofindia:''28102011MR3’’ wild plant with light purple buds ?cottony fruit Pune: )
... “It may be a Blumea species, not sure though.
For confirmation of id please.
It looks like (a young plant of) Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.
May be Ageratum - ID-12062013-PR-1 : Attachments (11).  2 posts by 1 author.
Plants from gujarat
Asteraceae family
May be Ageratum another sp
It is not ageratum. It is a species of Blumea.
I think appears close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.
Hooghly : Blumea or Blumea like : yellow : Attachments (10). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This one is also 2 ft. as in my other post (!topic/indiantreepix/4QIBEiuWmIY).
Features are -
  • wild 2 ft. herb beside railway-station
  • branched
  • bearing yellow heads
  • the size of the heads are similar to those other Blumea
The pictures were shot yesterday and today (17.3.13), at the same place.
I think appears close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.  
Asteraceae Fortnight Part 2- Discoid Heads: Blumea 01 : Hooghly :sk02 :  Attachments (4). 4 posts by 2 authors. 
This is the same plant and same set of photographs as in my earlier pending post - (Hooghly : Blumea or Blumea like : yellow). About a month ago i tried to retrieve data from the net. But, Blumea is a big headache to me. Bengal Plants has 13 species, sure some are not supposed to be found in our area. F. B. I. lists 36 species + var. + a few doubtful. 
According to the Bengal Plants Blumea hieracifolia DC. is in Chittagong (in Bangladesh now, i think). It is a robust or slender, simple herb, with often scape like stems - (who in our group has this plant?).
But, Flora of British India; vol.3; p363; gives more varieties. One illustration -
Any possibility of this plant in this thread, or earlier? 
efi page on Blumea with keys of South India species 

Blumea hieracifolia DC should not be found in our area.
But, it is the same place (a railway stn,) where i found Claoxylon mercurialis Thwaites (which should be confined in Behar of then Bengal province).
B. hieracifolia is as variable species as many other Blumea, it can be branched too - (source -
Yet, it doesn't confirm the ID.
I think appears close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.
Blumea sp.(?) from Kamrup district : Attachments (4).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Attaching images of what looks like Blumea sp. (?). Please ID the plant.

Date :.15.02.2013

Location: Kamrup district

Family : Asteraceae

Genus & species : Blumea sp. (?).

Habitat: Grows wild on bank of the Brahamaputra river

Habit : Herb

Flower : Purple

Fruits : Not seen

I think appears close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.
Herb for id Feb RV2 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).
this herb was seen yesterday (23.2.14) in a fallow field near Karjat. There was a single group amongst lots of Blumea plants. Height, about 1 -  1.5ft. Leaves whitish hairy, margins spinous tipped.
I'm not able to identify it. The closest I can get is Dichrocephala sp. but I'm not sure.
Please give your valuable suggestions.

Dichrocephala species so far in efi. 
This is likely to be a species of Blumea...
thank you for the suggestion. I initially thought the same and went through all the Blumea species for the area but I couldn't manage to match it with anything! 
Are you able to find out which Blumea it could be?
Blumea - some species in India & eFI with some keys
May be Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.
These look like floral galls due to infestation.
Pl. see earlier discussions in this matter at Asteraceae for ID??18042010-PKA1 - efloraofindia | Google Groups  

Blumea hieracifolia images in Flickr : 8 posts by 2 authors.
Your Blumea hieracifolia images in Flickr as below, seems to be of Blumea oxyodonta and not of Blumea hieracifolia (as per images, details and references at these links):
Pl. correct.

May I request you to pl. correct your images on Flickr.

Garg Ji how do you say it is Blumea oxydonta; B.oxydonta has spiny leaf margin, it doesn't have any such, because I physically verified; its achenes are ribbed when observed under lense, all the anthers are fertile; (oxydonta has some anthers) hence by looking at the appearance of some plants it is difficult to judge correctly;

Thanks, … Sorry, I goofed up.
I think these are close Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per images, details and references herein.

No sorry among us, identification of some plants are very intriguing, some are highly variable, then we must go for the decisive characters; some needs lens help without that we may go wrong. even there are differences between floras; your efforts are highly appreciable; but identifying without observing actual specimens some times is a challenge, that's why many taxonomists ask for specimens. Hence so many revisions, so many synonyms etc., I learnt a lot after joining the group. you are a guide like person. never use the word sorry, I have also gone wrong several times. thank you for the care and attention

Thanks, … What are your views about Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. ?

What are your views about your flickr postings being Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. ?

Thanks ..., I will again observe the specimen and come back to you
130819 EPT6 : 17 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)
Presenting for ID please
Location : Chennai outskirts
Date :13/08/19
Elevation : 23 mts.
Habitat :Urban garden
Habit : Weed

Blumea sp. 

I think close to Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per comparative images at Blumea,+13-Mar-2020+12:39:53+GMT,+13-Mar-2020+12:42:47+GMT,+13-Mar-2020+12:42:45+GMT
MS/2/2020/5 ID of the plant : 4 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.
Please ID the plant sent by a friend from Chennai.
Date/Time-  Feb 2020
Location-Place, Bangalore . Chennai
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild  : Wild
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb : Herb
Leaves : Radical
Height/Length- 1 ft
Flowers : Not yet
Looks like Brassicaceae member ?

It is Blumea axillaris, young plant; very common here
While thanking you & ... for the ID I am posting other 2 pictures showing flowers (received from Chennai) which confirms the ID.
3 images
Id Plz : Attachments (1).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Can anyone id this Asteraceae plant plz
Pic taken at Sindhudurg MH on Feb 2013
Blumea axillaris DC. ??
Yes, appears close to images at Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC. as per comparative images at Blumea
I agree with you

Wild Plant for ID : Bangalore : 05SEP20 : AK-05 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
A small wild plant seen today (5.9.20)
With tiny buds.
Very close to Blumea axillaris,
Thanks … After you suggested Blumea, I recollect to have posted a similar plant from the area.
That could be the same too.

Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver. 1.1  GCC  IPNI  GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flora of China (Blumea mollis (D.Don) Merr. as syn.) Annonated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (Blumea wightiana DC. as syn. of Blumea mollis (D. Don) Merr.- accepted name- no mention of Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC.)  India Biodiversity Portal  Flora of Karnataka (Blumea neilgherrensis Hook. f.) iNaturalist  Wikimedia Commons  Kerala Plants  tsammalex  FPCN