Anaphalis (Asteroideae- Gnaphalieae)



Anaphalis aristata DC. ? (Images by A. Shivaprakash (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a24b9e51aafbaa53/Anaphalis%20aristata%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEgwD0Ap_0CAtAJ3NgQ8egQ0Sw2PTO1PZyb7ytX_ywLn_8tYKrH0KVY_z78pQpO0kElxLrNKiXpkVjqnZGluGuzyAO5G807_6bFxTg03ybyz_nO6dg


 

Anaphalis brevifolia DC. (Images by N Muthu Karthick (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2099379840854d0e/Asteraceae%20(2).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9k_Nl-4d6zytEGFhRpfIo1SjVpOgq0jHRmBKeDvIAcuX6j2dWYiRp81kPlAFomyHE6QKCQfGThI6tsIdOsuBTFeIuBp13JkzGhcDkW3lXKWHQydg




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(Images by Ashwini Bhatia (Id by Vaneet Jishtu) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/e20d011c8fbe1/_MG_2348_25Aug2016.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0

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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/54f00a9c4028d418/Anaphalis-sp2-Chakrata%20Budher%20caves%20road-P1130461-Chakrata-4.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFUhwKXoRq_7VyYLbG71I8e094mOWe-V5gRWmsEIemD6-j3JMP6nwvIZc5J2b9OXs37nZV4T3fxH9NJFQVHS2VgkPc4rzO2u0SnjZQkvYOKWzbofnI
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/aca8c01611536/_MG_8084_21Aug2016.jpg?part=0.1.1&authuser=0

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Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. & Hook.f. (Images by Dinesh Valke & Dalia Set (Both Ids by Gurcharan Singh) & Prashant Awale (Validation by Nidhan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/G8OaUKSHWuek8q47x41h5SQ-C92q5cZ6LUeMs9Z3Cf3RdAPn3Mr428ZByBCdBtHBVmBVS7s93tsDtcfK3fKn49-O4deivovPS5UXnhDchdsX=w5000-h5000


Anaphalis neelgerryana (DC.) DC. (Images by E. Thiruvengadam (Id by Selvalakshmi S.) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4d54e733c471748d/IMG_0794.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH3-q7ZHV1CjcmPB0LubweFibSYYUSXjfgeCzI5Ufkqo4rtEOp_ewu5K7sE2ioqttTyNcoKrwdtq4YDC8cLirpHMnBj1jrgn-0V-jM07GUW1VWPolU



Anaphalis nepalensis (Spreng.) Hand.-Mazz. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, D S Rawat (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b1dcddd8fb2dd94c/A.nepalensis_DSR_1.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE1B8QUFtx50CyBjK3PyItMj_r1IZyIaiAI0WjKlCgVO4Te7C2_X5xU5MWl_rptLf_EyjbvjXiRwSa6FVhpDh8hYxXoDXe4FRVKhZNwlSxZbuSqTjY
 


 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a1e0c48632404a98/Anaphalis%20royleana%20var.%20concolor%20(4).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEBU8V-uguHyfZ6Jn-Cd_PAP2pXQJxuiKc04EfWnevw45eZypT-c_Kzn13YcJy5ZwSMVT6jQ3tPr_336RuCSp_7OQbM8rFOubCAJCU-vMHPFMXan2M
 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2468f2224e63a6f1/Anaphalis%20royleana%20var%20concolor%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEkmkCvA6IO2TEgEKjCUwx9pSXsHYTSW7vcKfDRFi7JEBjor-BFP6a8uZ-Zqv0jcYxJuw_8zmnsUFxQb6lNwlJjmeS_egeu0ziUV91xTSl7owo135A 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2468f2224e63a6f1/Anaphalis%20royleana%20var%20concolor%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFXVk3mXfzC3DbWYz2u1jtL49aVca4SACZoOY405VOVjQvtSGvWulx9O-diUQ5iUts81aM55yNKZ1kw7N7XvRx03_GXiTiP9E03q8guRG6z3Ka1NQU
 


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Anaphalis subdecurrens (DC.) Gamble (Images by N Muthu Karthick (Id assistance by Manudev Madhavan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/cbbfb54d68db512/Anaphalis%20(1).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFQoVfMZmxYVIIgGrPz1oDpZq3IHC-vHcccFM-3puojU5LEkbquncLgcKGf18y8ybynUFXzlj0fEv5gXpq_ID_K3czr_CpO-WQq7hWP0J_Fx_UWxO0


 

Images by Gurcharan Singh, Nidhan Singh (Validated by D S Rawat), Ashwini Bhatia (Id by N S Chauhan), Prashant Awale (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh) & Karuna Kanta Das (Validation by Balkar Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f756126019f42d6a/2._Anaphalis_triplinervis-_Habit__IMG_3459.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH7ZaH8ziExGvmx5WCfNcoAVVWJPSRQ7LNeAwz50G2AiC8y-RTqBt11k-aI8RQ_98M3c0dtogFl8m06qjGOhlkmTp5m2N76bWWGZeUgGsgPOlHnHRQ



Anaphalis triplinervis var. monocephala (DC.) Airy Shaw (Images by D S Rawat & Narendra Joshi (Id by D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b857ea9fde226ae8/A.triplinervis_monocephala_DSR.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGxt6xe3yYXUOmlHs6e9ee1vFXyNckOyS0DEv-616SQTDyzQZlB1lujv1T40knB6A4pmm45rBPivsxFZ8V_Nd5S0OX_JbEyo_G8q4O_SYgjAugN65Q



FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Asteraceae species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Anaphalis occur in India: 
  1. Anaphalis adnata
  2. A. alata [synonym of A. sinica var. remota]
  3. A. aristata
  4. A. barnesii
  5. A. beddomei
  6. A. bournei [synonym of A. brevifolia]
  7. A. brevifolia
  8. A. busua
  9. A. cavei
  10. A. contorta [var. contorta; var. flavescens; var. roseo-alba]
  11. A. corymbosa [synonym of A. nepalensis var. corymbosa]
  12. A. desertii
  13. A. elliptica [synonym of A. subdecurrens]
  14. A. griffithii
  15. A. himachalensis
  16. A. hookeri
  17. A. kashmiriana
  18. A. lawii
  19. A. leptophylla
  20. A. marcescens
  21. A. margaritacea
  22. A. meeboldii
  23. A. neelgerriana
  24. A. nepalensis
  25. A. notoniana
  26. A. royleana [var. royleana; var. concolor; var. cana]
  27. A. saxatilis
  28. A. staintonii
  29. A. subdecurrens
  30. A. subumbellata
  31. A. tenella [synonym of A. contorta]
  32. A. travencorica
  33. A. triplinervis
  34. A. virgata
  35. A. wightiana
  36. A. xylorhiza
  37. A. yunnanensis [var. yunnanensis; var. muliensis] 
Scrutiny of these names in The Plant List indicate that few are synonyms as mentioned against the names.

 
Anaphalis are indeed difficult to identify. Providing a key for identification of common species.
Keys for common Anaphalis species in West Himalaya, based on Naithani (1984):

1a. Involucral bracts acute, spreading in flowers

  2a. Head diameter 1.2-2.5cm

    3a. Leaves 1.2-5 cm long; involucral bracts ovate-lanceolate

      4a. Lower leaves spathulate half amplexicaule....A.cuneifolia

      4b. Lower leaves obovate-spathulate, contracted at base.. A.nepalensis

    3b. Leaves 5-10cm long; involucral bracts ovate-lanceolate acute...A.triplinervis

  2b. Head diameter 0.6-0.8 cm

          5a. Stout roots, plants woody based, twisted, with many short branches having linear    spathulate leaves, involucral bracts with a broad brown claw....A.xylorhiza

          5b. Root woody but stem not twisted, many, involucral bracts white ....A.royleana

1b. Involucral bracts, obtuse, erect in head

        6a. Lanceolate leaves

          7a. Leaves thin, lower surface cinnamon red or grey...A.margaritacea

          7b. Leaves thick, lower surface white ...A.adnata

        6b. Linear leaves

            8a. Leaves 3.8-5 cm long

               9a. Basal lobe long, decurrent, involucral bracts elliptic oblong, 2-2.5 mmlong...A.busua

               9b. Basal lobes narrow, apiculate, involucral bracts linear oblong, 4mm long ...A.virgata

           8b. Leaves 1.2-2.5 cm long, basal lobes short ...A.contorta

HOWEVER, to follow keys plant specimens, rather than pics, are more desirable in addition to basic ground in Plant Taxonomy.


 

From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :

 

BinomialHabitNotesReferencesDistribution
Anaphalis aristata DC.HerbWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli
Anaphalis beddomei Hook.f.UndershrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul
Anaphalis bournei Fyson is a synonym of Anaphalis brevifolia DC.ShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Anaphalis brevifolia DC.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Balasubramanian 1972Coimbatore, Dindigul
Anaphalis busua (Buch.-Ham.ex D.Don) DC.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921Coimbatore
Anaphalis elliptica DC. is a synonym of Anaphalis subdecurrens (DC.) GambleHerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Balasubramanian 1972Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri
Anaphalis lawii (Hook.f.) GambleHerbWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957, Matthew 1983Coimbatore, Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar
Anaphalis leptophylla (DC.) DC.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Kanniyakumari, Dindigul,  Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli
Anaphalis marcescens (Wight) ClarkeHerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Balasubramanian 1972Dindigul, Nilgiri
Anaphalis meeboldii W.W. SmithShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Nilgiri
Anaphalis neelgerryana (Sch. - Bip. ex DC.) DC.ShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Nilgiri
Anaphalis notoniana (DC.) DC.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Nilgiri
Anaphalis subdecurrens (DC.) GambleHerbWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, Theni, Tirunelveli 
Anaphalis travancorica W.W.SmithHerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul
Anaphalis wightiana (DC.) DC.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli

 

FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. :




Anaphalis nubigena DC. (synonym of A. nepalensis (Spreng.) Hand.-Mazz. as per efi thread)



 

Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 13.3.14 :

 

Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Anaphalis busua Anaphalis arenosa, Anaphalis surculosa, Gnaphalium busua Asteraceae Tall Pearly Everlasting
Anaphalis contorta Anaphalis tenella Asteraceae Eared-Leaf Pearly Everlasting
Anaphalis margaritacea Asteraceae Western Pearly Everlasting
Anaphalis nepalensis Asteraceae Nepal Pearly Everlasting
Anaphalis nepalensis var. monocephala   Asteraceae One-Flowered Pearly Everlasting
Anaphalis triplinervis Antennaria triplinervis Asteraceae Woolly Pearly Everlasting

 

 
Anaphalis himachalensis (Asteraceae): A new species from NW India by B. S. Aswal, A. K. Goel- Nordic Journal of Botany Volume 8, Issue 4, pages 337–338, September 1988 Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008 
Abstract- A new species, Anaphalis himachalensis (Asteraceae) is described from the Lahaul-Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh in North-West Himalayas.
 
 

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with Keys-

Anaphalis adnata Wall. ex DC.
Anaphalis lawii (Hook.f.) Gamble
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with Keys-
Anaphalis adnata Wall. ex DC.
Anaphalis lawii (Hook.f.) Gamble
 
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Anaphalis barnesii C.E.C.Fisch.- Endangered - Kerala
Anaphalis beddomei Hook.f.- Indeterminate- Tamilnadu
 
Uses and Abuses of Plant-Derived Smoke: Its Ethnobotany as Hallucinogen ... By Marcello Pennacchio, Lara Jefferson, Kayri Havens - Details-
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-
Anaphalis araneosa DC. (synonym of A. busua (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) DC. as per efi thread)
Anaphalis nubigena DC. (synonym of A. nepalensis (Spreng.) Hand.-Mazz. as per efi thread)
Plant diversity hotspots in India: an overview by V. Mudgal, Ministry of Environment & Forests, 1997 - Nature - 179 pages-
Anaphalis cavei Chatterjee,
Anaphalis hookeri C.B.Clarke,
Anaphalis subumbellata C.B.Clarke  .........

Anaphalis : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Anaphalis

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


I have added list of Anaphalis species known in India based on Karthikeyan et al. 2009.
Thanks a lot, ...
Matches well with species given in other litratures/ floras etc. except for a few varieties here & there.
However, Anaphalis araneosa DC. & Anaphalis nubigena DC. from Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993) & FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. are not there in Karthikeyan et al. 2009, as both sources seems to be quite old.
As far as A. Alata is concerned, FOC calls Anaphalis alata Maximowicz as Anaphalis sinica var. alata (The valid publication of Anaphalis alata Maximowicz var. viridis Handel-Mazzetti (Acta Horti Gothob. 12: 245. 1938) simultaneously created the autonym A. alata var. alata, which has priority at varietal rank over A. sinica var. remota Y. Ling (Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11: 103. 1966), hence the need for this new combination.),
while as per The Plant List Anaphalis alata Maxim. is a synonym of Anaphalis sinica var. remota Ling.
We may decide on what to keep here.
A. araneosa DC. is synonym of A. busua (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) DC. and A. nubigena DC. is synonym of A. nepalensis (Spreng.) Hand.-Mazz. in Karthikeyan et al. 2009.
We may keep the name A. sinica var. remota as also suggested in the link which is a reliable source

Pl. go through Anaphalis (‎‎‎‎‎Asteraceae (Compositae)‎) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.