Bidens biternata

Bidens biternata (Lour.) Merr. & Sherff, Bot. Gaz. 88: 293 (1929) 293 1929. (Syn. Actinea biternata (Lour.) Spreng.; Bidens abyssinica Sch.Bip. ...; Bidens biternata var. abyssinica (Sch.Bip.) Sherff ...; Bidens chinensis (L.) Willd. ..; Bidens cylindrica Sherff; Bidens decomposita Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Bidens kotschyi Sch.Bip.; Bidens laciniata Sch.Bip. ex Schweinf. & Asch. [Invalid]; Bidens lasiocarpus O. E. Schulz; Bidens pilosa var. abyssinica (Sch.Bip. ex Walp.) Fiori; Bidens pilosa var. chinensis L.; Bidens pilosa var. glabrata (Vatke) Engl.; Bidens pilosa var. quadriseta (Hochst. ex Oliv. & Hiern) Engl.; Bidens pilosa f. rubiflorum S. S. Ying; Bidens quadriseta Hochst. ex Oliv. & HiernBidens quadriseta var. incisifolia Hochst. ex Chiov.; Bidens robertianifolia H.Lév. & Vaniot; Coreopsis biternata Lour.);

South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Chad, Mozambique, Cameroon, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Central African Republic, Benin, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Socotra, Sudan, South Sudan, Angola, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Ivory Coast, China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Java, Myanmar [Burma], Sri Lanka, Fiji (I), Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), Ryukyu Isl., North Korea, South Korea, Tonga (I) (Tongatapu (I)), La Runion (I), Saudi Arabia (Hejaz), Yemen (SW-Yemen, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost), Madeira (I) (Madeira Isl. (I)), Cape Verde Isl. (I), India (throughout), Nepal, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Philippines (Batanes, Luzon to Mindanao), Palawan, Indonesia, New Guinea, ?Bhutan, Pakistan (Sind, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Chitral, Swat, Pakistani Punjab, Hazara, Murree), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Vietnam, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) (I), England (I), France (I) as per Catalogue of Life;

Keys as per Flora of China:
Leaflet margin entire, sometimes ciliolate; leaves 2- or 3-pinnatisect, terminal leaflet narrow. 9 B. bipinnata
Leaflet margin prominently serrate; leaves subpinnately divided, terminal leaflet broad, ovate. 10 B. biternata

Spanish Needles, yellow flowered blackjack, black jack, five leaved blackjack, beggar ticks • Hindi: चिर्चिट्टा Chirchitta;
 
Tall annual herb with subpinnately divided larger leaves with broader serrate leaf segments, terminal largest, ovate; involucre bracts with dilated tips; ray florets yellow. 
 
The species Bidens biternata is distinct from B. pilosa in much smaller number of florets, linear involucre bracts which are ciliate (nearly spathulate and glabrous in B. pilosa)

Leaflet (segment) margin is prominently toothed/serrate, so it should be B. biternata. Also leaves are less divided with large terminal segment. In B. bipinnata leaves are twice to thrice pinnatisect with entire leaflet (segment) margin. Both lack rays or may have up to 5 yellow ones, they are white and prominent in B. pilosa. 


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Morni%20hill%20tract-1.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEkWhiwh18CsihyuHVjho3gsPgfunQNAsHZwFhYLnixLGbslv95JgFfMyK2h1EWz5Dr_HMBbZUH8ijgddSe8L2i7vxp8qQOJY0IPbadpcKu6EEgVH8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Dachhigam-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGKyKgN0YXPqFIGEm-GEYm4c0cs32PpsquQf1LL6IYLmxro49VQCfkr08KiGOgb0v4QElcG1RXRri_ZTVYdSlrifpsDAWdiqBizzLIo7A4zr8ZH6ag
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-near%20chakauri-IMG_1686-Chakauri-2.jpg?part=0.12&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHkPVNfECcJnyhRqEcFtS11ls5VzZnaFZWiLBRvlrWyaaiwnLasHt8M6SzK9Txqwed52it_4BhdmBegjyKGetiSjxKJkmI7wShdm5tuApFoR1AdgLs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Dachhigam-Kashmir-4.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFg8oPq0jRwqIo8sdFD841NoZOJTMArqj_VZzHrPQA9bANOV8_31UH8kF7FugxkI5ZuBd3Jvi20Qy87LHBovARlhUBHtLK7LehbSPASMTL8sWjv_-I
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Chakrata%20Tiger%20fall%20area-DSC01358-Chakrata-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHo9xXSXtqUQnCd2FZPkALlhgNsFuHfFud4ZL0Lmt9VQ57Tj3pVb5ABaRC-ujr66hTiBHj8asLKkF3MxdTQDF72GpD3gPuX4garWxKy-CNXvt1uX6E
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Dachhigam-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFq_BmTvLE5EDUoHSn5GB1Kv79P-lOsm1DmjDJ2IXan98xMApBiFTOh3bEvN_sQiU-A17Ak4FYj-ltWC2i6HMaHZ2o5Qept5ZALJp3XGEcqVzooJwc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Chakrata%20Tiger%20fall%20area-DSC01365-Chakrata-3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHCvVgblb98k-SDNPKI-JI_zYgMPk-g5SbWcBxjlOF0yUvbgR9zACxLDMlHMgSyepJEWfTQadEPRBd033i7W84dEh9zB80lkfP3uDAjGuCDUKmdnd8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-near%20chakauri-IMG_1683-Chakauri-1.jpg?part=0.11&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEIXDNvJ_vdzqMdFzQz_mw_81uKztsuXLDoRwvRqRZEDk1MMZq9hwrPtsWX2Di917OHZ_EZaVs7d7k2_3k0FlWS9iA-EiI7eN-ER3TtwBr_prBYFTY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Chakrata%20Tiger%20fall%20area-DSC01361-Chakrata-1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2Al6rXHe1EqbX9I0mrsNZZYcBe3aIJXcQFW9Hzw8hG7Hb2wrbP0-OcL5CA80w1QKWpYmvT__lMb-Kj1AMQBm7NDu4TlI3G2QxUfImp6EbO-RX7OY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff11efcac668f69/Bidens-biternata-Dachhigam-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGuBB_vPDVZtGEgqk_NN3q7ioTSzgf8YueTdMWFmRHKtPEpsIFap2KfXYBZZJCKHxtcp-MpRBFaB8kKZx0RfaP4CRCMTwOMot8LdRQQC3uAOzunqSU
Bidens biternata (Lour.) Merrill & Sherff, Bot. Gaz. 88: 293. 1929.
Tall annual herb with subpinnately divided larger leaves with broader serrate leaf segments, terminal largest, ovate; involucre bracts with dilated tips; ray florets yellow.
Very common in Himalayas. Photographed from Kashmir, Chakrata, Morni and Chakauri in Uttaranchal.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/aa8779838ae4fb74/murraya.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFzKJpge2M9oMbOrrUtEynN1pksO685qqjWADqE_vbrfesdItJUEQMUJrK2CZgGrqib5o7W0-kQQZMoBdjjKRfdBQ_Ce5pUNlH6INJflp5sNrTp3Hk
 
efloraofindia | Google Groups : 1 correct image.

  
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8eec807a3ff29856/Bidens-biternata-Morni%20hill%20tract-3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGFNFU6a1DSj9Oz0QjYxYco-d490HF3T1K_KqWPd9sTpiu7vHdoHFtfvHuNHhNxDd6HXUQ5fOpdnq7hZZk2JZZhp4Jf8WSUyIv2VuWnUqmtExvhjQM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8eec807a3ff29856/Bidens-biternata-Morni%20hill%20tract-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrETrhqBL0Zp7gogAUDUsirP9WA5O8Z6WQZri5HowqvrHyTijm-VR_rtY51VIpKTapWxkjB5HaqR81fbcYNyRApHNQjDzsIi2hLvOtUK6aYfe1TylNs
Bidens biternata from Morni Hills, Haryana: Bidens biternata (Lour.) Merr. & Sherff, Bot. Gaz. 88:293. 1929
Common weed of waste places easily distinguished by its yellow ray florets.
Photographed from Morni hills on April 9, 2011 

- Yes ..  Bidens biternata. I found this herb in Chhindwara (M.P.) 

 
Images by J.M.Garg (validation by Gurcharan Singh)
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a491ba0da8c35a/For%20Id%20Herb%20I%20IMG_2940.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a491ba0da8c35a/For%20Id%20Herb%20I%20IMG_2941.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a491ba0da8c35a/For%20Id%20Herb%20I%20IMG_2942.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a491ba0da8c35a/For%20Id%20Herb%20I%20IMG_2943.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1

Herb for Id- 041109Jm1: On 11/10/09 along roadside in Ananthagiri HIll forest in Rangareddy district of Andhra Pradesh.
This is Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae). Pl. also check it for B. biternata.
Thanks, ...
I think it's Bidens biternata as per FOI link & indiantreepix thread:
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Spanish%20Needles.html (Closely related to B. pilosa, but can be distinguished by the leaves, which are usually 5-7 foliolate, with the lowermost pair redivided into two to three segments)

It is B biternata. The species is distinct from B. pilosa in much smaller number of florets, linear involucre bracts which are ciliate (nearly spathulate and glabrous in B. pilosa)
Am uploading pictures of Bidens pilosa.
In my search for wild plants, weeds that are also edible, I found that Bidens Pilosa is a pot herb.
I would like to know if anybody has actually used it and more details on its usage.

Bidens biternata from Ajinkyatara Satara.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ed21e3bbe1f3e064/flower-3.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEhu5dbVIaldLDf5DCR3ivfpS1usmCZVu_49w1SRyIp4RD8ayvLHoiGHNOJtyFXBBSYVN89mQddPNEy-fnp9dgnlPIW8ei30T7v2lgqw9mVMIpM9ho
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ed21e3bbe1f3e064/branch.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&google_abuse=GOOGLE_ABUSE_EXEMPTION%3DID%3D064ea74274644be2:TM%3D1554190373:C%3Dr:IP%3D103.252.164.94-:S%3DAPGng0u_1Vh2FxTo5ivqJXeeqIE0bUebjw;+path%3D/;+domain%3Dgoogle.com;+expires%3DTue,+02-Apr-2019+10:32:53+GMT&vt=ANaJVrFK812p1ayakJd0wwwgUd4DhZC15P2dLFPPThpmG2ErwNKH3UWafG4w6Jzs1fRxAGc4370uIlar9tn-P2HupQZ0XXYhtqV81zM-_Gu4wzyikisK0lc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ed21e3bbe1f3e064/stem-branch.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE49YUALXuinKLrhv5EyrBWkbO1IfGxCXJb7kjhGlPD1sX-aKi9bob9hZPEfTeRCvgFGmuhDX2L8n1bWhJkeAXrvgy0DcRdr4lPn07CvLzhdb_dEpU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ed21e3bbe1f3e064/flower.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEi6yMIYNBqBUEEq1wzisiY1dnT6HiS8YrzPQTZ-KsnXYK9B9PKTI5--mymSYJceueKZtBYbXTydd2-1LK0arX5Kk_G0XWB_4E5rfhsECAtcuoFW_0
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ed21e3bbe1f3e064/flower-2.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQp2qdDlED3m1FImi7AwfyoMxcosAG1L_pL0nr5mn0MHrplqCoapJjxLQx0FSZUXFLYYBzutDIC5RrnNGY4JVif6QALGIHUkDP3owLzSzw5CtpoxM
ID request 230515SG : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Requesting ID of this plant-2-3’ ht. Photo taken on 23May at Solapur, Maharashtra.
Can be Bidens biternata ..
... it is, your are right on the spot

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1a7785bae63db300/dried%20seeds.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEzvh4tMEMmNiITnKpG7e-UPz_AGbKBygIG44CJAkNhye31u0kJBxsf_Xct_fASAuMEcjdgcC0kVGma2UOMt2sYGZ8R5YuBY_FEU_vAm3Fbva1Onvk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1a7785bae63db300/flower.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF4tuORed-BNGI3ZECRsB0mCbS4El6WMdFVDUnfSC-x0Y7k9ZiZ-3-90XssDGlMG76SSRbXvJXUAAaHyDLUEmWwYT_kJtEWqAcWWJvt1txd_Der2DM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1a7785bae63db300/Leaves.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEQ6_iWsuk6mxDyPX1Sy3s4t-M1XuShKQUcRSkrRsV9PGl_WvMOsLIsbeR9K8e7x2CuhWnngjrbMKW2try4nVLIKIr-pjxfL5U1y8qehn1-lvakerY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1a7785bae63db300/plant.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEfxQSBF8ROHj4GJPsY9mUco34qiwQBle88KCkZYJNJIAyTRwXAwIOBGmduP-rHsb_xyIvh5xmqA-1QBDNovkESvO5jslRFKY2FgatZ6xuEO914RNM
ID Request 030913SG-B : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Help ID of following herb, 2-3ft ht, photographed on 01Sep13 at Dhavlas
Must be a Bidens species (Asteraceae).
Bidens bipinnata - Spannish needles

   

References:
Comments