Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don (Images by Anurag N Sharma (Id by D S Rawat), N Muthu Karthick (Id by Manudev Madhavan & Giby Kuriakose), Nidhan Singh (Id by Manoj Chandran), Balkar Singh & Ashwini Bhatia (Validation by Krishan Lal)  (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 



Ophiopogon species in India:
  1. Ophiopogon clarkei Hook.f.
  2. O. dracaenoides (Baker) Hook.f.
  3. O. griffithii (Baker) Hook.f. [synonym of O. intermedius D.Don]
  4. O. intermedius D.Don [vars. intermedius; gracillipes Hook.f.; macrantha Hook.f.; occidentalis Hook.f.; pauciflora Hook.f.]
  5. O. jaburan (Seibold) Lodd. {cultivated}
  6. O. japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.
  7. O. leptophyllus Griff.
  8. O. malcolmsonii Royle
  9. O. micranthus Hook.f.
  10. O. minor Royle ex Hook.f. [synonym of Theropogon pallidus (Wall. ex Kunth) Maxim.]
  11. O. mollis Royle ex Hook.f. [synonym of Theropogon pallidus (Wall. ex Kunth) Maxim.]
  12. O. parviflorus (Hook.f.) Hara [synonym of O. intermedius D.Don]
  13. O. planiscapus Nakai
  14. O. reptans Hook.f.
  15. O. sar-garhwalensis R.D.Gaur & D.S.Rawat
  16. O. wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f. [vars. wallichianus; pauciflora Hook.f.] [synonym of O. intermedius D.Don]


  1. Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. and Sanjappa, M. 1989. Florae Indicae Enumeratio Monocotyledonae. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Pp. 98-99.
  2. The Plant List 2013. Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 26 June 2014).
  3. eFI page

Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don var. gracilipes Hook.f. is a synonym of Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989Nilgiri
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don var. intermedius HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don var. pauciflorus Hook. f. is a synonym of Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don HerbWestern Ghats & Western Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Namakkal, Tirunelveli

Botanical nameFamilyCommon name
Ophiopogon intermedius
Liliaceae Himalayan Lily Turf
Ophiopogon jaburan 'Variegata' (Cultivated as per GRIN)
Liliaceae Giant Lily Turf

Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don (Himalayas to Assam, Thailand and W. China)
Ophiopogon planiscapum Nakai (Himalayas. Not a very common species) (? Ophiopogon planiscapus Nakai)

Ophiopogon clarkei Hook. f. (Himalaya (Nepal to Assam))
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don (Himalaya (Kashmir to NEFA), Assam, Thailand, W. China)
Ophiopogon parviflorus (Hook. f.) H. Hara (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Assam (Khasia)) is a synonym of Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don

Ophiopogon clarkei J. D. Hooker [Bhutan, NE India, Nepal, Sikkim].
Ophiopogon dracaenoides (Baker) J. D. Hooker [NE India, Laos, Sikkim, N Thailand, Vietnam].
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam]. 
Ophiopogon japonicus (Linnaeus f.) Ker Gawler ([Japan, Korea]. Widely cultivated in China for its tuberous roots, which are used medicinally)
Ophiopogon reptans J. D. Hooker [India, Thailand, Vietnam].

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-

Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar- Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 - Science - 252 pages-
Ophiopogon griffithii (Baker) Hook.f. is a synonym of Ophiopogon intermedius
Ophiopogon micranthus Hook.f. : N. E. India.

Ophiopogon wallichianus (Kunth) Hook.f. is a synonym of Ophiopogon intermedius

Ophiopogon (Asparagaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Ophiopogon (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added the list of species based on eFI page, TPL 2013 and Karthikeyan et al. 1989.

Pl. go through Ophiopogon page (‎‎‎‎‎‎Asparagaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.