Calamus vattayila

Calamus vattayila Renuka, Curr. Sci. 56: 1012 1987. ;

Images by E S Santhosh Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)

Solitary, climbing canes; stem to 30 m long, with sheaths to 2.5 cm in diam; sheath dark green, sparingly spiny; knee conspicuous. Leaf to 1 m long, leaflets alternate, elliptic, ciliate at apex, 6-veined; petiole to 25 cm long; spines erect, to 1 cm long; flagellum to 4 m long, with grouped recurved spines. Female inflorescence in heavy branches, to 1 m long. Fruit ca. 2.5 x 0.8 cm, oblong, scales in 25-30 rows, longer than broad, chest nut brown.
Flowering and fruiting: May-August
Evergreen forests
Southern Western Ghats (Endemic)
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi