Tabernaemontana alternifolia L. (Images by Dr. Tapas Chakraborty and Anurag N. Sharma)

Tabernaemontana cerifera Pancher & Sebert ? (Images by Prashant Awale - identified by Mayur Nandikar, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

Tabernaemontana dichotoma Roxb. ex Wall. (Image by Siva Siva - identified by Michael van der Poorten & Vijayasankar Raman (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. (Images by Surajit Koley, (Surajit Koley - identified by Aarti Khale), (Bhagyashri Ranade - identified by Giby Kuriakose & Ajinkya Gadve), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

Tabernaemontana species in India:
  1. Tabernaemontana alternifolia L.
  2. Tabernaemontana cerifera Pancher & Sebert [cultivated]
  3. T. citrifolia L. [cultivated]
  4. T. dichotoma Roxb. ex Wall.
  5. T. divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
  6. T. gamblei Subr. & A.N.Henry
  7. T. heyneana Wall. (synonym of T. alternifolia L.)
  8. T. ophiorhizoides Kurz (synonym of Rauvolfia verticillata (Lour.) Baill.)
  9. T. recurva Roxb. (synonym of T. divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. ex Schult.)
  10. T. rostrata Wall.
  11. T. sphaerocarpa Blume (cultivated) 


  1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp.1138-139.
  2. eFI page

Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br.ShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, also Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districts
Tabernaemontana gamblei Subram. & HenryShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Tirunelveli
Tabernaemontana heyneana Wall.= Tabernaemontana alternifolia TreeWestern Ghats, Moist Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli

Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Tabernaemontana alternifolia Ervatamia heyneana, Tabernaemontana heyneana Apocynaceae Nag Kuda
Tabernaemontana divaricata 'Flore Pleno'
Apocynaceae Crape Jasmine Flore Pleno
Tabernaemontana divaricata Tabernaemontana coronaria, Nerium coronarium Apocynaceae Crape Jasmine
Tabernaemontana rostrata Tabernaemontana crispa Apocynaceae Orange Dutchman's Shoes

Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linnaeus) R. Brown ex Roemer & Schultes [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand; cultivated in tropical and subtropical Asia].

Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-

Medicinal Plants in Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2003)- Details-

Ornamental Plants By Sabina George (2009)- Details-
Tabernaemontana indica Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. is a synonym of Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.

Tabernaemontana gamblei Subr. & Henry in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 12:5. 1970 (1972). Ervatamia caudata Gamble, in Bull. Mise. Inform. Kew 310. 1921 & Fl. Pres. Madr. 813. 1923, Repr. ed. 571. 1957 non Tabernaemontana caudata Merr. ....................

Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details-

Sacred Plants of India By Nanditha Krishna (2014)- Details-

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Ervatamia heyneana (Wall.) T.Cooke is a synonym of Tabernaemontana alternifolia

Tabernaemontana : 4 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Tabernaemontana (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added the list of species.

Pl. go through Tabernaemontana (Apocynaceae) page with images of species (mainly done by Bhagyashri ji) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.