Apocynaceae

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Images of species from genera other than Allamanda, Alstonia, Caralluma, CarissaCeropegia, Hoya, Plumeria, Rauvolfia, Tabernaemontana, Wrightia (pl. click on these links to see their images)



Acokanthera oppositifolia (Lam.) Codd (Images by Renee Vyas (Id by Pradip Krishen & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. (Images by tspkumar & ...)
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Aganosma cymosa (Roxb.) G. Don var. elegans (G. Don) Hook. f. (Images by Anita Dake (Id by Vijayasankar Raman & Shrikant Ingalhalikar), Prasad Dash (Id by Vijayasankar Raman), A Shivaprakash & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Aganosma dichotoma (Roth in Roem. & Schult.) K. Schum. (Images by Malyada, Anand Kumar Bhatt, Dinesh Valke & Aarti S Khale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Anodendron paniculatum A.DC. (Images by Prasanna Gogate (Id by Giby Kuriakose), Pravin Kawale, Dinesh Valke & Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Asclepias curassavica L. (Images by tspkumar)
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Asclepias tuberosa L. (USA) (Images by Ranjini Kamath (Id by Vijayasanakr Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Beaumontia grandiflora Wall. (Images by Raju Das, Gurcharan SinghSatish Phadke (Id by Rashida Atthar) & Satish Chile (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Blyttia spiralis (Forssk.) D.V.Field & J.R.I.Wood (Images by Balkar Singh, Nidhan Singh (validated by Balkar Singh), Renee Vyas (Id by Aarti S Khale & Nidhan Singh) & Subhasis Panda (Id by Rohit Kumar & J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))  

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Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand. (Images by tspkumar)
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Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton (Images by Balkar Singh, Prasad Dash & (Mani - identified by Pankaj Kumar), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 
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Cascabela thevetia (L.) Lippold (Images by Satish Phadke, Bhagyashri Ranade (Validated by Pankaj Kumar), Surajit Koley & Alok Mahendroo (Id by Balkar Singh & Nidhan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Cascabela thevetioides (Kunth) Lippold (Cultivated- USA) (Images by Kenneth Greby (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Catharanthus pusillus (Murray) G.Don (Images by J.M.Garg (Id by Nayan Singh Dungriyal),  Prashant Awale, Raghu Ananth &  Gautam (Id by D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don (Images by Dinesh Valke, Padmini Raghavan, Surajit Koley & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Cerbera manghas L. (Images by Mahadeswara Swamy, Raman Arunachalam, Mohina Macker &  Rajendra D Shinde (Id by ) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cerbera odollam Gaertn. (Images by Shriharsa Nitsure (Id by Vijayasankar Raman), Dinesh Valke (Id by Hemson (H.S.), Prashant Awale & Raman Arunachalam (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary, Nidhan Singh (Id by Krishan Lal), Neil Soares (Id by Radha Veach) & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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(Images by B. Rathinasabapathy (Id by Vijayasankar Raman & E S Santhosh Kumar), Prashant Awale & Pravin Kawale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Images by J.M.Garg, Rashida Atthar, Dinesh Valke & Prashant Awale (Id by Dinesh Valke & Ajinkya Gadave) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)

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Cryptolepis grandiflora Wight (Images by Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cryptolepis sinensis (Lour.) Merr. (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Id by Surajit Koley & Vijayasankar Raman) & Md. Salah Uddin Sohail (Id by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cryptostegia grandiflora Roxb. ex R.Br.  (Images by Santhan P. & (Dev -identified by Hemson) & Raghu Ananth (Id by Dinesh Valke & Pankaj Joshi), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Images by Prashant Awale (Validation by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight (Images by Dinesh Valke (Id by Tabish & Umeshkumar Tiwari), Prashant Awale (Validation by Balkar Singh), Nidhan Singh (Validation by Gurcharan Singh) & Balkar Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cynanchum callialatum Buch.-Ham. ex Wight (Images by Satish Phadke (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cynanchum dalhousiae Wight (Images by Balkar Singh & Dinesh Valke (Ids by Nidhan Singh, Tabish & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cynanchum tunicatum (Retz.) Alston (Images by Dinesh Valke, Anurag Sharma (Id by P. Santhan), A. Shivaprakash & Karuna Kanta Das (Id by Satish Phadke) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Cynanchum viminale (L.) Bassi (Images by J.M.Garg, Devendra Bhardwaj, Darshan Kokate (Id by Prasad Dash) & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3a5488d685709751/Sarco%20acid3%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG0KYhcJyl3nDBweyI0J_T3yggMuZRkjaEjyYKhspalXmsXnBBiYxt0k-8dlO0AXM6IXSpg_GmsyFJi2Xwigs7On0rc3pCJvYL4XrLn5hV5M3jMc0s


Cynanchum viminale subsp. brunonianum (Wight & Arn.) Meve & Liede ? (Images by Anurag N Sharma (Id help by Surajit Koley, A Sinha, Shrikant Ingalhalikar, Mahadeswara Swamy & N P Balakrishnan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/21f2b8fe1d4697d9/DSC_0109.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEJmL8HGI9EhHwK1xHPKcRhCO4M6C6dZCUS1u7VMGSqZOimVIrBjJvocloCFsfazlPnIxazrODOVL5hFntvXSWmOJ4lyc9brM-liEdv4o_SEfH0N_k


Decalepis arayalpathra (J.Joseph & V.Chandras.) Venter (Images by Anurag N. Sharma & Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by Anurag N. Sharma & J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/746561c0ab7babd3/IMG_4557.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGRFpfqZpSAELo9xAzensujRBcC-QyFR-ONBDBUroC0FjtYgwSDhWIIpdZOlvI7N1S2CYJ2nvWPbYOSqbjAsIVE-Rdkcy1LwoDZzgNlz5B64ShOv1U
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1d6566cc40ad2ebb/DSC_0523.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGRQVM1yuxhhWnUdNVNj6Q5wF2QLqpnHbvhmC4bzMyI5QfOzH2cuCm7C4MCVrYPDpM9ta05vq5sqd224DP6a3ngIxKe1-GPnWlv5WjQoViIfAxPIZA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/746561c0ab7babd3/IMG_4560.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEQXQLYfydRGNbQqkHAuBQ_AdOsr3tQuPSCOTPxUoHZqVviwwJJhWhfBji3w-OcXsyWNCv5o3_NNE6Bgh7AhLDKbU3FUnXvk72rWqewt4PBU8CEVKk



 

Decalepis nervosa (Wight & Arn.) Venter (Images by Franklin Charles Jose (Id by K M Prabhu Kumar & P S Udayan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6568fcc3c32f6a3e/Decalepis.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHFz8msJfU9e-hXnO6HLqMMlgyPV3x4K-ZglT_Kl7aJFP83bJyRf1qTafTML5HlMULE61bLP0QdlpkkwwmK-Frd48kyJ1HdZTzcyZVbR7LHyTk5gm8


Decalepis salicifolia (Bedd. ex Hook.f.) Venter (Images by Anurag N Sharma (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3589ffcddfc9bab9/IMG_4540.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHyZijco6sNlvS3QaQomZwt_7Ua-j6cVqIhEP30qVyRJTE5zE-2pJJEV98ks_SKue91pGADHhH1ABfQJK9IoVyaJWKlJVDDiSWrhcl-n0bnU-6m8SE
 



Dipladenia × amabilis Backh. (Images by Aarti S Khale (Validation by Ajinkya Gadave) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dcf529bd727a5ff1/Mandevilla,Nasik-P1190729.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFfVyERu-czkGafRHfn0_phVfng8RCvEO2RCByh_sBMQ8ei3dWCCZos2WyMaroeDy4zogsJkkC_vq98PpWk1eju-PEJDKWEr_v8Ipf_9DXdGiOiBOs

 

Dischidia nummularia R.Br. (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f3f540e240497134/Habit.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEEZHNiJfSfQ_apdU09wGFv-cgs6CbpTdOewloQoASDxTCn1JD9kDLpLshk5vzl3Zx5DB4KiIYgANrZsLE-a6WBBbH1Fms1KCoZRKf0H6h6HCaHVOU


Dischidia vidalii Becc. (Cultivated)

(Images by Rashida Atthar (Id by Satish Chile) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e1176363790b5cd2/Dischidia.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9eGJ0QN1GgosJ4F_nK2YQgpasrxSBTJ0o5FuDzUrli37ET_X81Br4E3j4HfuLYXAeVpmPsC98I1lPcXp_iD8-K8FhFtTTXz1Otqsu95XlAcfz-PA



Dregea volubilis (L.f.) Benth. ex Hook.f. (Images by Raghu Ananth (Validated by Vijayasankar Raman), Balkar Singh, Surajit Koley (id by Neil Soares) & Dinesh Valke (id by Anil Rajbhar) (inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c65e2167623d8e44/DSC_9453%20WoodyClimber.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEs6d6HEbfgfHndTzC244ruwk-DmDpn6eJNwSqb6dqEBziHRqQjN0ZFxf8bYHtjOFbsq5U2Tc2VKET7lxTl7Z6Ml2UvSiS0zQkha05aTlaUcyoHj2c


Edithcolea grandis N.E.Br. (Cultivated)  (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Prashant Awale) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/390d8a6ea32bf663/DSCN6850.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE24g6WCBesHUUtJu0P_QKYWeMvUDkSPlToWsDyNFrVvQfXqGmIYm9JiT6FZEq5ZTf8vWMf5vmT77pHHDLgb7Gyc2Oy4DPWxCEWMW-KQxKi6yDuBgg




Frerea indica Dalzell (Images by Neha Singh, Ritesh Kumar Choudhary & Arvind Kadus (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dca85f7e302a8c06/DSC_0218.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE7R3aSejBtycaTqyzKPYpaalbmiqfPQ9v4XKvia4INR8fvbnIaY2iuqvU-Rg5Zdwjw0-EeC0LYaEd5X02sB_SLtLGaPrLrmpx5Dw-nDBQgZcSzkFY


Genianthus laurifolius (Roxb.) Hook.f. (Images by Pravin Kawale (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar & Anurag N Sharma) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6b31c92cf15883bf/DSC09757.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHD8tU_nEoD6q9471GiF4wOCIz_N-bqYyxhoG08qa2dXF5J2F4yNLAhnVu7KbhcPs8JRkxdkjRLjb6L8bfqJo1hCbjeqL0gClQ4N25BtnC-ALgcFU8


Gomphocarpus physocarpus E.Mey. (Images by Prashant Awale, Ritesh Kumar Choudhary, S. Selvalakshmi (Id by Mahadeswara Swamy) & Balkar Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2e16161558259c6f/Asclepias%20physocarpa-ballon%20plant-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGIOGUKZExeOHhGaPx6tGDyy1UkS0DYHAziQd85b_0ilsdtPicTFxW0PTCCXsazlTA0A_l-yoE2qklkYri_yFRrAt7hhmCU9EBF74rnfG76feQ3l0I


Gymnema cuspidatum (Thunb.) Kuntze (Images by Anurag N Sharma (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d4e8e531ea96f8b0/DSC_0657.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHHIcuFMcUWvc8MUF2C7c-HD-g62gtVw8C2qykHVHnLo1d2ud9b97cx7olY_vEusHcmPm5io-OHqin5uEUVfONrSRCmnyygS1P-p9x70IDuMESnQtA


Gymnema khandalense Santapau ? (Images by Mangala Borkar (Id help by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/eee1d81b703890f6/Asclepiadaceae%20member.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFLgKt-_hsW_zi5MuGHlq_iWQtEmcmsgxgHs9ERosMWUNkkVIa8905s5v12ltZIb5GbkKSYn0qqo6DXC5QnebLEcbVe060kZ-ctbQvte9IalZTkbPA
 



Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. ex Schult. (Images by Sandhya S, Adittya Dharap (Id by Dinesh Valke & Arvind Kadus), Neil Soares & Satish Phadke (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/356d4743f0431419/127%20Hemidesmus%20indicus%2025%20Nov%202012.JPG?part=0.10&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHjxY_Ij59VJTBBJADDw8OL1mPb6UhD5PuW_ocRKgpgYqVAr4fGQDF4Oedc8A9hauCjirE_C4lOlrdOB78yR2_uhpDjRTzvERbg-Q7E62Q5MIMQmhA




Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R.Br. var. pubescens (Wight & Arn.) Hook.f. (Images by Prashant Awale (Id by Avinash & Vijayasankar Raman), A. Lalithamba  (Inserted by J.M.Garg) & Anurag N Sharma (Id by Balkar Singh & Vijayasankar Raman) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3c080cb2d7adf696/hemidesmus%20pubescens%20maroon%20variety.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHutqNo9UDkEmQlD7ruXwzU44rTc9URJSPlkp2jeeU29gkd6Z9zkP9yaArgPXllMW7g1lkZGV3n9DZlePgdCuf92JGN1Ns74Qd6VnTzA75rQRYkdfE


Heterostemma dalzellii Hook.f. (Images by Muthu Karthick (Id by Navendu page & Shrikant Ingalhalikar), Dinesh Valke (Id by Satish Pardeshi & Pankaj Kumar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4b96cde8b3daf7cd/IMG_2750.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFYRSAJhnv_FBpR4d8h0kTUtFnfBe5_hwyo_YtrgdVPG6r2ToOGHFuo-j99_8M12fcFtqeY6sAqg-KA5UwiKk2HTiWJXdMo4ZXyiF9BSAq7sTRBUP8


Heterostemma decanense (Talbot) Swarupan. & Mangaly (Image By Sushant More) 



Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G. Don (Images by Aarti S Khale (Validated by Neil Soares), Karuna Kanta Das, Anurag N Sharma (Id by Aarti S Khale) & Mohina Macker (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/511a479dfcb2b455/DSCN0993a.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG21N1n5fFosqNvB1i4377hxJPV7QE4Wn_QJxTNRoW-VBPWAYn9OWPjgT5lRW_o4vxVXnaRa3sttdZttMGOgihxA4hQ9Oh5p4XfBEEaHJRD-4NHeg0


Holostemma ada-kodien Schult. (Images by Neil Soares, E.Thiruvengadam (Id by Vijayasankar Raman), Pravin Kawale & Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/858540490962de72/IMG_1515.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGnhp2ALCDAk0qls_fOxM72dLPWq4Rh38YdFHAyZ_Od28ax9ji8UYgJhmpCi1GJ1Iujs6tSKZ2SV8BaSbkzIgjSAxU5M_vU1X3NZq0JBTKcPCpQUFw

Huernia insigniflora C.A. Maass (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/60aa8107dc9a08b8/Huernia-insigniflora-Plantae%20Paradise-Datyar-IMG_1245-Datyar-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrECKihTizwYHP1bxm4pMebfwMaGDmQX_gvBBE6PACjh1RDEgQopq5kGs-frF0yaW5z_KMWwvWKCiSpGAcoQWGg--zlFBt_uf5MgUm-Xg_hWBo10Poc


Huernia keniensis R.E.Fr. (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Dan Rhoads & J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e1986edba5d88956/DSCN0037.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH4Ayb-7JK27P-G41wTQx3ZksMqsJJjK9caGq2yO30qgXhEBaSBQ04UH__CYdMAAMDSc1gSwvpQd4-Eg7GklJaH1NByzZTr-0VOMrrVR7w5yrX1hlY


Huernia zebrina N.E.Br. (Images by Preeti (Id by Katarina Stenman) & Shrikant Ingalhalikar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3bafe44f37c153c4/DSC05666.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEXOPW1mrGyBuAgQbbhrOqo0k7w53lFCJ9DLRfHKE5KtsRHXtQX6emP0naHYZrUufviBoahOj_tlo_LHaKdLz7KMeVnTVycHPABTOl4o7crdICLwU8


Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton (Images by Balkar Singh (Validated by Vijayasankar Raman), Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg), Anurag N Sharma (Id by Amit Chauhan & E S Santhosh Kumar) & Aarti S Khale (Id by N Arun) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/677f4d9644335a84/Ichnocarpus%20frutescens%20(6).JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFkWGDaytf3sEbAV7vUWfvW8rEZYz4akpZJhdCASbCvLJjpCJOoDQ-m5VmJBrXib7CesytvtwjLipiBhEzrpxSu3GdKPbvnKsMjRSG8fwVtOA7C5eo



https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6ad5da416b2f0/P_20171128_150148%20-%20Copy.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH7y1sIeZuU6q9N_UTlGhlGX_799jHf5eAr4yLYx7gWYCerY66cT4ylWBJeWY4_bUtQ2JhD8uk4DF4Urd8PBsIWv5MRzRc8bY9pR54J_gYVAdFlgQE
 


Kopsia arborea Blume (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Vijayasankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5b6a46fea78aba4e/P1100936.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGOfri5K19idBL2UJzd4GAoBpACYpyGPc4D2jRIny7_T05ZiTGWtnrjIrx0itVkMQJSAc6AgrXcYSGqENXlLrCzu_O_O6Rpkc5S9Wv6lEl1y9AqlQI


Kopsia fruticosa (Roxb.) A.DC. (Images by Pravin Kawale, Sushmita Jha & Ranjini Kamath (Ids by Dinesh Valke) & Surajit Koley (Id by E S Santhosh Kumar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c28959b2d267f91e/DSC02127.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGLypmUcNUBi5_mcOkW5zhqqoG-BdsffWULe3vEUuLehsm7_B1lWBetpmYOMm_uFMP8ANk4xiwNJvmRpWVsRw8B2TDJuKAdQSpDElia5t3q7Nq9vOY


Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Forssk.) Decne. (Images by Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Id by Anil kumar), Renee Vyas (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Kanti Patel (Id by Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3a33903fe5f7ebc4/L%20pyrotechnica.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFSp2fS8tyUgErDkwcL7xx46XGgjSSYP9Y5x_sLslnYIzK8jwYXZw6xzv-r7c7qj8ZJTT22JfnquNQYXURItsPbK11AseAy3c2AemXFQD11e0bYztU


Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight & Arn. (Images by A. Shivaprakash, B. Rathinasabapathy (Id by V S Ramachandran), K. Bhaskar (Id by Viplav Ganger & Prashant Awale) & K M Prabhu Kumar (Id by Vijaya Sankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8176bf0235d7198/DSCN7165.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFOxnsPo4JLQdoGVL-4-BJrCjG8ES3Y48fsLXnm0zOYIAMVmOfknE-jyMnCD93V_4ZVQUNHc7SN1Pc6p4VcY8DX4OZz9V9eTun_0asTjVDeH7nwPgs


Mandevilla sanderi (Hemsl.) Woodson (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Ajinkya Gadave) & A. Sivapalan (id by Aarti S Khale) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f23e1db5aba59321/DSC_0894.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGGpU1WsfZRFF_R1U4niEkHWEIBGJC3SltfbdMBEr_6gmFMS4kAxYKMjWox8pbX1ldIOsVwjHUQnXsQIcukXxBHFGVfc3YP2oH451kE1S9zA8a2CPg


Marsdenia roylei Wight (Images by Anil Thakur (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8f91786543f5/1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGeSn45OzjTBq7PXEQ0iGiUQMTrNyrT4L_TA_37DbzF_lysWUHZIMsNyTBM5zw6aJ_Eva11uxyruH2d116E6oqJ2kfNu7kktJmxnKB2XddRiMPi43s


Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon (Images by R Gnanavel (Id by Vijayasankar Raman & C. Kunhikannan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10c7fd7a382719/20150808_081500.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG-PMPXHYPGkyTK1iv8w23TBM8w2NDXZ2ghW1kTN29OmzhkBCbQmqGqv6k2O-KkirkGcSo9JwDar0tU-6BhLtcanqy8zE3SQPNTDLMqw1R1jbh0vEY

Metaplexis japonica (Thunb.) Makino (Korea) (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a8cc16a97cbcae03/Metaplexis%20japonica_efi.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHv9wyVn3GLsM7Ucczf9RDEzcsdYpCHQAlII8eLP3U2scNKEQ0vsnfCwvNxxQ-kurqL2Ekzl4BZRxAIst0svfAxOn-hm5pVvgWp050XBOCSQ-5uZ90


Myriopteron extensum (Wight & Arn.) K. Schum. (Images by Karuna Kanti Das & M Sawmliana (Id by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b1d824624346c28f/Dregea%20sp..JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGzqGjSLifCqQLMICpV3aS1eYe-jYhEISE3X5B1XS0Jc52yy_1R-eQlcfbIF5rT0WOgA5ajthKefaG1q2vAtqhKkB5aer3v3-lIC-K_VLt-qETnq3A


Nerium oleander L. (Images by (E.Thiruvengadam – identified by Dinesh Valke), (Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Neha Singh) & Surajit Koley, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ca989afe55ca65d0/260920111992.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ca989afe55ca65d0/260920111993.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/8dc4315abecea0d3/Nerium_odorum_VSCN9043.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ff749339b75364c3/IMG_0050.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHt4rFhbo4r4IR_BI6e4ILpVuOeNN3oAjzGqw9vNRTNpfe3qczBhvxUTWHbbJmhxtUw1WWbq_Z8m7TkCcvp4btnbXY0Jgx29qAfGaoSx5I0ijcWSeg


 

Orbea schweinfurthii (A. Berger) Bruyns (Cultivated) (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Ajinkya Gadave) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b7d70c98fd6101b0/Flower%20Show,Mumbai-DSCN2976.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGbIoEiQEfnJfOY6IKFrN0yzyhVVd0NP24swqXZTAZ1B_QvVfg6fw4sSJUC24kYqW_iV8J4V8ZI5nEiMQHOiusj2swo3hj0B1v2Z07reAw18yLm1Fw


Orbea semota (N.E. Br.) L.C. Leach (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ea233c0c9b5c1d01/Orbea-semota-Plantae%20Paradise-Datyar%20Vill-IMG_1196-Datyar-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEOVB0Nwm7ftGL2oNJ0Lwx31xOeQ0H5Fysz-aD0vqpZo2f8yzEhz-hS3fhMzOO0qb4c5A0kx4hSYyE3YjCtE5LTyXY8jVwkad1JnG1-ao3LojceqHQ


Orbea variegata (L.) Haw. ? (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id help by Dan Rhoads) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/81974374da50e751/DSCN0040.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE3Z4yinv64OMaavPq6o_mPNlXtL9DTA1WcNY8kuA8AQDsqOd-JozT-6Z_tWG5e4VlMaD_uDjjnISJ4FeA0QSdvRoggSXXTfdu6g9InAT417hItlcQ


Oxystelma esculentum (L. f.) Sm. (Images by J.M.Garg (Id by Adittya Dharap & A Stephen), Balka Singh, Prasad Dash & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/fcf181d9eeee3198/For%20ID%20climber%20I%20IMG_6802.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGvE1WZbUkOmR7YltSgQpVL8wuyBmVq1cnJKe-_Qa_hxo8T7qezd0QNVQEwwpEwUqS8-h8IfKJYOQB74UePuBvqbk0gi-MFZ_wOK50S7vAYVH3ne98

 

Pachycymbium keithii (R.A. Dyer) L.C. Leach (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d9b41ecb6f8e25/Pachycymbium-keithii-Plantae%20Paradise-%20Datyar%20vill.IMG_1257-Datyar-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHIExWleKs6kdrEolgJSS6EnB4Xqd6BoIlHktGKcjII28f0WdQ7hoC-QgZx6hgDIjh0si0suLFpXKV2ehSLqrxu2EUjM6klikFPgscLoedny1LWOp8

Pachypodium geayi Costantin & Bois (Images by Balkar Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ffb6c92e7cd1238f/tn_IMG_2478.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEGiiiiaTYaucZTW5-GMFuyMiFBONltUXx2gVbrFlfrnt20OsJLg4t1jPO7wQUSB3IETc-Z5w7X0776oX7Vl_HofAjIAs1V8RCHQCXXdHGOfgV7TCc


Pachypodium lamerei Drake (Images by Vishwanath Bhide (Id by Ajinkya Gadave) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f6a32bb8e00981d6/Palm%20Cactus%2003.jpg?part=0.20&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF_5cQlINpZt4FR_CEFvDLYylWaX_b1zJBvfE24LYmsqDCtqzQcFi1-433ZUuXmTpPT64BNlSFaVoig75K76PfxSOsmwRfDZOHXzBL7ioMu4nUK0aE

 

Pachypodium saundersii N.E.Br. (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Kenneth & Dan Rhoads) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5ce9c5dc84418bc7/DSCN6931.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGbtApgEoKb9ROnx1k_lZ80-X7hbFGld6SE1S0GkjWUOEGbSlWTC_tzrg3c1-Xd4EwIY28GTb0pXGkVb-ZDL4VLu8s9WWysLrAsjl6y_M1i05Earis


Parsonsia alboflavescens (Dennst.) Mabb. (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Id by Tapas Chakrabarty & Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) & Dinesh Valke (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/717356b83f9b297e/Bhola_jun_2013%C2%A9_Sourav%20Mahmud%20(87).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHGrvVWc9ZSOOaOaCLaQASVd1qrxJDDce1tCjHb9fcnxxXYrPjE4aiHSwBmBLhhTy1uofL5YpVehFDuW47ZoQGwRHHte9U-X6jzvydEFURFbWuWzP8


Pentalinon luteum (L.) B.F.Hansen & Wunderlin (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade, Balkar Singh & (Siva Siva - identified by Anurag Sharma), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/e56b8e23879203b/IMG_2001.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d76f27128d296ae6/Urechites%20lutea%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/2be43dbd2bd2a53c/PRD%202.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

 

Pentasachme species- West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Id help by Navendu Page, Pravir Deshmukh, Gurcharan Singh & M K Patrhak & D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 


  

Pentasachme wallichii Wight (Images by D S Rawat & Nidhan Singh (Id by D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5775f4427bc3ac1a/Pentasachme%20wallichii_DSR.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEtgpNXEfSkmeEtAt9wP93_lRTXkAt8gdGHba-Mv4f3nJEw1eywruL58UJXmJ3NURFSQrUvVbOZvni4qh3MwwBG__vT4rwO9aXSKuvFvSDDlEH1Iq0


Pentatropis capensis (L. f.) Bullock (Images by N. Muthu Karthick (Id by Vijayasankar Raman), Prashant Awale (Id by Dinesh Valke) & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/da72e796f296c98a/penta%20micro.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHNoKTH_ikxefpCy7ErmMk8Mina1Xnb2CXqvQeUzzGR3h6S4c5h9mHfq8t-6NDSVEK8YHiyuecjifFdHXa7GT_FN0r0feKXiKyzpv4JE_Z8gvnOu_0

 

Pentatropis nivalis (J.F. Gmel.) D.V. Field & J.R.I. Wood (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Shahina Ghazanfar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/448f572fc0f6/Pentatropis-DSCN3515.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG7uh0Ar-tqq2Iw8WxLI8PLQa75DSBcDedzLlc8yMQ8zldVSXphbEo-B6dYENT2PIn0VxzTZRjTf56-RCsAM_NNNHU-YI8qCiFc9QkO6GEcwz1wIu8



 

Pergularia exilis (Colebr.) Spreng. (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dc40609017e33009/DSC_0950.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHCXSuIYojBU7pO0olnHkmEnKRDfmEclxI7PKjRKq3a-GlechnQh29U9AwdQObPUfO-PlodUy1K1qVIeaEZ1oRw_v96w7uaTNkfnIrksk63EGtGwXM


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/374bdbe245bf6/IMG_4261.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWhR6vkzocMk7tUcfEaVRRVu50zp5VHxJPFebbezLc5_GD0XCoN2UyQdHglrqU2qb1JGCHk9Em173O5EDx_w5Dr2rjZB23zURuHy8EEpPU3bULMS0
 


Sarcolobus species ?- Bangladesh (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Id suggestion by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1490622eb657bf/Bon%20Sasha.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEMrIGmIVIemrn8YOXOwVRhgfxKBlkuhcJA1BkpXD-llSDJt4UJqpFY3cHlOAiWXCB38mL8SuAbbKmzjWZr8AgfWBCiTgCCRKFAB1isG7RfBalMrXU


Secamone emetica (Retz.) R. Br. ex Schult. (Images by P. Santhan & Anurag N Sharma (Id by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2f41b8461728c585/IMG_1296.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHfHcOu1sw0yNKPtrG8eJ-DL_IKc1kghl47_Ykia0LW7nrfr_oNrfDe_H_F-WSfWQfUuDzOexUlWXlcqMmXaFj2phBYypXQ2dW2RLRsl6gPSokqkQY


Seshagiria sahyadrica Ansari & Hemadri (Images by Shrikant Ingalhalikar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/35b52ad82dae4c41/Seshagiria.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHBZcmIPecE71CVGL5cDKYCHfevMN83YuVaDvl8lY6T8bKIqymNGmXST3_UUC5j097b3Had9JyslTriOx_KEUNJyUwcQsaUe4StrcAN1Zzm1Egq_OU


Stapelia gigantea N.E. Br. (Cultivated) (Images by Pankaj Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/27e3c571814b6efc/2%20copy.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEXORwh0pa8hodmPmTVsJ6IoX-T_E3lDlt__gab-GwReHbWblNpwDbtzTmmXoduJrZd6cT4OWBYpEVxZFt18m-qkyh-RdONmdTjMWosrgq24Zl3C3o



Strophanthus divaricatus (Lour.) Hook. & Arn. (Images by Ranjit Singh Ahluwalia (Id by Tabish) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c038357075a958f1/DSC06628.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFZtSX4r56NY77mExPDs6Tysu3Z7OZHI6w3Ly7KC0kDVE1Ini19H_WNG9meKS5HRZK4ZpvovinpbUvW0Qqf5OYGCHCqCyhH5scgimZM8VBwfbXKA_E


Strophanthus gratus (Wall. & Hook.) Baill. (Images by Satish Phadke (Identified by Ushadi & Shrikant Ingalhalikar), Mala Bajaj (Identified by Dinesh Valke) & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ae74b208f97a985/AllamandaIMG_5703.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH6ZPBhEZ4IHSjNREeNWl63KV__G9KCgOSgFem8oNI3aLIDvZ9030cd3b3UY6UU508aRmPkctThxERCOw0opaiIdpQ79yGX_A1fofN9OBf2mnmgO7Q


Strophanthus kombe Oliv. (Images by Shiasta Ahmad (Id by Ken Greby, Tabish & J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) & Ranjini Kamath (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9fd961a9fafc/IMG_9820.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFZPKz4jVRDWHxk6hIbGO0QZncQg_12SptoTIoqZ444nKMRWdG_SVGGU0qKvT-8oioG3srYuImWa3ZgGWEEfSeCLZJGIs652Ck885RsZrnqq10F3GQ


Telosma pallida (Roxb.) Craib (Images by Balkar Singh, Surajit Koley, Karuna Kanta Das & Nidhan Singh (Validated by Viplav Gangar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/38dfc71c00606df9/Telosma%20cordata%20(4).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGpg02ThQ30EqhQxpePDtLQDkOq4OZNig76A1xzru4QCckt7sXu-Bqz2ALuwjW3fiHyS1A6X5C5JOL0PL8nlyB-7VAzwSTqsn-Oc70FV9LMRHkXKWI


Toxocarpus kleinii Wight & Arn. (Images by Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/1wjHRWYHHJENbhPJ2MH8Hfxnh0uMJKKj49hluEO-DrloQEEYDIQQKTSitPK-Ymuxb1XEx1NDTMYLrIL-WFCoOG4kz40ONOd00vmHjTrDrfoUSwA=w5000-h5000


Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem. (Images by Ranjini Kamath (Id by R.Thilakan & Tabish), N Muthu Karthick (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar), Dalia Set (Validation by Ushadi) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))



Trachelospermum lucidum (D.Don) K.Schum. (Images by Nidhan Singh (Id by Gurinder Goraya & D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8c60a6420771f8b3/Trachelospermum%20sp%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGH1CRhcloM4y0B3XnH4rK7vDZ4ze0PDNNnp-seLDGZoZ9hRmH0uZ_ajMr4F_LmdxwPbax0LOlAKZBj91IHZYnnLRu7JNUrAFiWAQ43ahlLuTUvY5Y


Tylophora dalzellii Hook.f. (Images by Pravin Kawale, Neil Soares, Satish Phadke (Id by Sushant More & Neil Soares) & Alka Khare (Id by Santhosh Kumar & Neil Soares) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9dd90c68d5378606/DSC06259.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGKfKCrsUWpNj0Haocc3gw_f2ji498A2k4VJYc768ZJSTm19-6FTQUd2QQu22bjmtIUtRhFs9dsXy7o_30B0f_vbtP2XSoPvqgHbqJJQptjpAcSzws


Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merr. (Images by J.M.Garg, Surajit Koley & Prashant Awale (Identified by Sid & Ajay Nalawade) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7bbe89c3748be4a3/Indian%2520ipecac%2520or%2520Anntmool%2520(Tylophora%2520indica)%2520in%2520Talakona%2520forest,%2520AP%2520I%2520IMG_8310.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFstvBhDvQV1oGm75LIgvrrIdOkyA3Wbz9pz22el8nnrEcRF0E-luK6RDDmv_PTpP41A_5M4IR61MVrC5cgn7tVivkh1dZmQaw3p_wFq_TyfOdhfdQ


Tylophora pauciflora Wight & Arn. (Images by Anurag N Sharma & Dinesh Valke (Ids by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))  



Tylophora rotundifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Wight (Images by Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4e06461f4a451208/Tylophora%20rotundifolia1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHCg0CYJnaLkCZQu7gV21aOut5pY5ZK6p_0BOa6LwlH7lwvSt_CUwKsGb7f6HKBOo8IK7-oiPOcRSEByzFXeIG5fKEslTvuTSAR4wfMgkWBPiWfG6w

Vallaris solanacea (Roth) Kuntze (Images by J.M.Garg, Raju Das (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Balkar Singh & Pravin Kawale (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/63ce676e2e536d9/Vallaris%20solanica%20(Vish%20Vallari)%20in%20Hyderabad%20I2%20IMG_8236.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHgx25rzLoU1xwexo3a8hBDRCi1B4KStoAojp1ArnVBBVl64wa_MYnNEX0Znqgk-H5C1Iit0SJ98jqWhvvsVLSSM5NxTbBLAUXAt-KzIf40s_mznCQ


Vinca major L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b03e9ccf585c7e67/Vinca-major-Manali-1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEVt4WZYz6qXL67P_CnU-odc5TYBWchjjga3cEyEBgS1LPprVNRM2uvg-PBSOFZOAJhV7SnKgPS-a4xazx0evVQnlBB9Utq46IanFWveSpQevdpaWQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b03e9ccf585c7e67/Vinca-major-Manali-2.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGcilzI9e-9nuNq0PbxoAH2YCC3rnFsszGbPKqy7x-OOGcWxTBjjXNk8xNvZHMa9sGcZnFK7V4RnzWZjikBc_aCETH-hPg_INVk8CyFls71dMy_I4A
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b03e9ccf585c7e67/Vinca-major-Manali-3.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGtY3IDtzE-CP-dHpWFgBMrWYMRgjmK4a1ohnLRPcGwDoDMRfgSvtovAyfovmsdxwqramssbrGS7MUqPgsNi5BxitUQaTkLrWpNLLVnixGI6hl7PWY


Vinca minor L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b03e9ccf585c7e67/Vinca-minor-California-1.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEB35RMUiui1kBP9JhZx0ImJotgPT90D4RUORugrtpGTrxyD0jpRChpgJrIHyWz19pKVsAroQ2R4squrkVE87tmWh1wBx3yBlt0uWMD2plZtXJXUM4


Voacanga africana Stapf ex Scott-Elliot (Images by Ranjini Kamath, Raman Arunachalam & Aarti Khale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/accc35f9210c32e6/Lalbagh-Aug%20'09%20038-ph.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE7y_7lMXDMSiPHTKfEHe3PUGQHBsvyzQ9u7Zh9aoahW8XwMUiB0xFpEWpqFea_EgXEWBRQupX4hli_40cF6MtKjhbGiFYbxw0vBaCXhDdmK0ihBzM

 

Voacanga grandifolia (Miq.) Rolfe (Images by Shobha Halwe-Chavda (Id by Satish Pardeshi) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5ec0b4877aee39c8/x.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH2yx2H3xFE2zWmdHy6h2erVsRc8_TJS4gfTLmPSVTSx3_htcbK1w5omoz9IFFWG6hEB8gNjMm39rtt0IrxtfjnZvbYlkFgBOd3tbCQE2LeDEQ6AzQ


 

Family of the week:Apocynaceae : 2 posts by 2 authors.
Apocynaceae : Oleander family or dogbane family.
Around 60 species in India.

Vegetative characters:
Herbs : e.g.Lochnera
Shrubs :e.g. Nerium
Trees : Alstonia
Climbers : Vallaris
or even
Lianas :Landolphia
Sometimes stems are armed with sharp spines as in
Carissa.
Latex is present in unsegmented tubes and the vascular bundles are bicollateral.
Leaves are usually opposite decussate ;sometimes whorled or scattered (Plumeria).They are simple entire without stipules.
Flowers arranged in axillary or terminal cymose or panicled inflorescences ;rarely solitary.
They are bracteate, bisexual, perfect, actinomorphic, pentamerous and hypogynous.
Calyx is gamosepalous- 5 lobed. Corolla isgamopetalous 5 lobed salver shaped but sometimes campanulate/ bell or funnel shaped. Stamens are distinct and as many as corolla lobes and alternate with them and adnate to the corolla tube. Filaments are short. Anthers introrse and adherent to the stigma. Gynoecium-usually bicarpellary with superior ovary ar rarely partly inferior ovary (Plumeria). When distinct each ovary is unilocular with ventral placenta. Stigma is massive variable in shape and often bilobed.
A hypogynous nectariferous disc is present which is annular, cup shaped, lobed or of distinct glands. Fruit is of two follicles dehiscing by ventral suture, sometimes berry or capsule.
Seeds are flat often winged or with a tuft of hairs at one end.
Pollination and seed dispersal: Flower is adapted for insect pollination
Apocynum :for insect pollination.
Nerium :adapted for long tongued lepidoptera.
Vinca : When insect enters its proboscis into the corolla tube it is smeared with adhesive matter and when withdrawn, it is cemented with pollens.
Winged seeds and hairs favour distribution by wind.

Economic importance and uses:
Members of the family provide a large number of ornamentals and some useful drugs.
Vinca rosea (Catharanthus roseus: Periwinkle, Sadafuli) An ever blooming perennial herb with rosy purple flowers. Some anticancer drugs are extracted from it.
Thevetia peruviana: Yellow oleander, Peeli Kaner. Leafy evergreen shrub with yellow to orange flowers widely planted in gardens. Uses in rheumatism and dropsy.
Nerium indicum (Kanher) Ornamental shrub with white to pink red flowers again widely planted in gardens.
Plumeria (Frangipani, white champa, Chapha):A common garden plant with Fragrant flowers in different colours.
Tabernaemontana divaricate (Crape jasmine,Chandani:Syn.Ervatamia coromaria) white waxy flowers: common garden plant.
Carissa congesta : (Syn. C.carandas, Karaunda, Karawand.)Sweet edible fruits, widely found shrub of Sahyadris.
Rauvolfia serpentine (Sarpagandha) Found in tropical Himalayas also widely cultivated. Digitalis a common medicine for heart is procured from it.
Holarrhena antidysenterca: (Kutaj or Kuda) As the name suggests: Extract from root and bark is used in dysentery.
Wrightia tinctoria: Leaves are the source of a blue dye Indigo.
Alstonia scholaris: An evergreen tree with dense crown, often planted in gardens and as avenue tree. Wood is used in packing and the bark has medicinal value.

 
as per the decision of the Group we are celebrating November as a Month of Apocynaceae. In this regard I have to coordinate the matter. We will be posting identified or unidentified members of the family as per posting guidelines in the First Week of November. As most of you are aware, According to APG classification, the Asclepiadaceae is now a former plant family, presently treated as a subfamily (subfamily Asclepiadoideae) in the family Apocynaceae. Please see the link given for more info.
For our purpose on the efloraindia, we will be dealing with the family Apocynaceae as a whole.
However I am giving details of both the families separately in two mails with links and other info. This will enable us to understand both these groups of plants in a precise way. In our group (Efloraindia) all members are not from the Botany background, so here only little info is being given on the latest classification from the paper cited above. You can download this paper fully from springer website
Abstract of the above paper
The Asclepiadaceae, as traditionally defined, have repeatedly been shown to be an apomorphic derivative of the Apocynaceae. It has often been recommended that the Asclepiadaceae be subsumed within the Apocynaceae in order to make the latter monophyletic. To date, however, no comprehensive, unified classification has been established. Here we provide a unified classification for the Apocynaceae, which consists of 424 genera distributed among five subfamilies: Rauvolfioideae, Apocynoideae, Periplocoideae, Secamonoideae, and Asclepiadoideae. Keys to the subfamilies and tribes are provided, with lists of genera that (as far as we have been able to ascertain) are recognized in each tribe.
For more details about APG Classification and Characters of Families pls see the link
Here is the info about Asclepiadaceae (as it is described traditionally). Now subfamily of Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae
Aclepiadaceae (The Milk Weed Family)
These are erect or twining shrubs or perennial herbs, very rarely trees. Sometime fleshy and with reduced non-functional or obsolescent leaves. Leaves opposite or whorled, entire or very rarely lobed or irregularly dentate, exstipulate.
Inflorescence cymose, often umbelliform. Sometimes more or les racemosely fascicles along a simple or branched rachis.
Flowers generally pentamerous.
Calyx 5 free, 5-partite and slightly fused at base.
Corolla 5 fused, pentafid, short tube
Androecium united in a ring and adnate to style apex. The short filaments ornamented with a nectariferous CORONA of varied forms, the whole forming a pentangular stigmatic disc (GYNOSTEGIUM). Pollen in tetrads united in waxy masses (POLLINIA) attached by caudicles of varied forms to sutured corpuscles derived from style apex
Gynoecium formed of 2 free carples united by their style apices and enclosed by the staminal tube. Stigmas connate to form a pentangular disc with which the anthers coherent to form the GYNOSTEGIUM.
Fruit an etaerio of two often widely divergent follicles of which sometime one is occasionally abortive
Seeds many small usually having a tuft of long hairs which help in dispersal. 
Some links on the pics and other information on the family (asclepiadaceae) from net

Regarding the posts already appeared on Efloraindia some 30 different threads/mails are there. I will be posting them tomorrow for the information and reference of the members. Today, ... has posted som member of the Apocynaceae. These threads have not been included as these are very much recent.
Tomorrow i will also try to provide info about the rest part of Apocynaceae (traditionally described or old Apocynaceae)

Till then please prepare your pics to post on Efloraindia keeping in mind posting guidelines. Particularly size of the images.


links to the earlier discussed species in Efloraindia ....................................
 
 
Here is the Information on Apocynaceae  
Apocynaceae (The Oleander Family or Periwinkle Family or Dogbane family)
Usually twining shrubs, lianas, rarely erect small trees, rarely subshrubs or herbs. Plant with latex.
Bicollateral vascular bundles in stem
Leaves simple, opposite, rarely whorled or alternate, exstipulate
Inflorescences cymose, terminal or axillary, sometimes corymbose. Bract and bracteoles present
Flowers regular bisexual, generally pentamerous rarely tetramerous, sometime with corona
Calyx 5, rarely 4, with basal glands, fused but divided almost to the base
Corolla 5, rarely 4, lobed, salverform or funnel shaped twisted or rarely valvate aestivation. The throat or interior of the tube often hairy or other scaly outgrowths (Corona)
Stamens 5 or rarely 4, epipetalous, free or filaments rarely united, short; anthers mostly arrow shaped, usually connate around the stigma and apparently adnate to it, ring-like often glandular disc present
Gynoecium 2 Carpels, free below and united by styles only or completely fused. When Apocarpous each ovary is one celled with marginal placentation. In Syncarpous condition ovary may be one celled with parietal placentation or 2 celled with axile placentation.. Anatropous ovules. Style simple, thickned above into a dumb-bell shaped stigmatic head, ring of hairs below it
Fruit a dry or fleshy drupe, berry, follicle or capsules or two indehiscent mericarps.. Seeds often hairy or winged.
Plant parts of Some members of this Plant Family are POISONOUS 
Full key of the family can be downloaded from the link  
Some Internet Links on the family
Link
Reference of the members of family appeared on Efloraindia earlier will appear in this thread soon possibly by the today evening.
 
Species & genera pages of Apocynaceae in efloraofindia are now with images.
It involves inserting images on around 180 species pages (say around 600 images) & 72 genera pages. Some of which was already done by others. It also involved a lot of cleansing work like deletion of duplicate / wrong pages, correctly identify some of the threads either directly or through resurfacing, putting them at their proper place, proper formatting of the species pages etc. 
I request our members to pl. take up one family each & try to make efloraofindia more constructive. We will be rendering what ever assistance is required by the members, in this matter.
Congrats ...! A big family is completed.
And a big THANK YOU for making eFI pages beautiful and easy to identify species.
Thanks, ... You are an inspiration & had made our job so easy with your time & energy.
Congratulations ...
Thanks, ..., You have doing such a wonderful job, which is going to help a lot of people in future.
 
 
 
 
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