Apiaceae

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APIACEAE (=Umbelliferae): (Reported in India: 81 genera, 280 species; represented in eFI: 50 genera, 86 species, including 3 genera and 10 cultivated species from outside India) (Compiled by Dr. D S Rawat on 6.8.20):
  1. Acronema: evolutum, graminifolium, handelii, hookeri, johrianum, muscicola, nervosum, paniculatum, pseudotenera, sichuanense, tenerum
  2. Actinotus: minor (Australia)
  3. Adenosciadium: arabicum (Oman)
  4. Aegopodium: alpestre, henryi, kashmiricum, podagraria (Germany)
  5. Ammi: majus
  6. Anethum: graveolens
  7. Angelica: archangelica subsp. archangelica, subsp. himalaica, cyclocarpa, gigas (Cultivated-USA), glauca, indica, nubigena, oreada,pachycarpa (Cultivated-USA),  sinensis, ternata
  8. Anthriscus: caucalis, nemorosus, sylvestris subsp. sylvestris
  9. Apium: graveolens
  10. Arcuatopterus: harae, ramosissimum, sikkimensis
  11. Astrantia: major (Cultivated-USA)
  12. Aulacospermum: stylosum
  13. Berula: erecta
  14. Bunium: nothum
  15. Bupleurum: aitkisonii, andhricum, atroviolaceum, canaliculatum, candollei, clarkeanum, constancei, dalhousieanum, distichophyllum, falcatum, var. biharensis, gilesii, gracillimum, hamiltonii, hoffmeisteri, jucundum, kailashiensis, khasianum, kurzii, lanceolatum, longicaule, var. ramosum, maddenii, marginatum, var. stenophyllum, microcephalum, plantaginifolium, ramosissimum, var. wightii, rotundifolium, scorzonarifolium, sikkimensis, stewartianum, subuniflorum, swatianum, thomsonii, wightii
  16. Carum: carvi, diversifolium
  17. Centella: asiatica
  18. Chaerophyllum: reflexum, var. acuminatum, var. dissectum, villosum
  19. Chamaesium: mallaeanum, novem-jugum, shrestaeanum, viridiflorum
  20. Cicuta: virosa
  21. Cnidium: monnieri
  22. Conioselinum: tataricum
  23. Conium: maculatum
  24. Coriandrum: sativum
  25. Cortia: candollei, depressa
  26. Cortiella: caespitosa, cortioides, hookeri
  27. Cuminum: cyminum
  28. Cyclospermum: leptophyllum
  29. Daucus: carota subsp. carota, subsp. sativus
  30. Ducrosia: anethifolia
  31. Elaeosticta: hirtula
  32. Elwendia: persica, stewartiiana
  33. Eryngium: billardieri ssp. nigromontanum, caeruleum, foetidum, giganteum (Cultivated-USA), paniculatum (USA), planum, yuccifolium (Cultivated-USA)
  34. Ferula: jaeschkeana, kokanica, narthex, ovina, stewartiana, thomsonii
  35. Foeniculum: vulgare
  36. Haplosphaera: himalayensis
  37. Heracleum: biternatum, candicans, var. obtusifolium, canescens, dalgadianum,  grande, jacquemontii, maximum (USA), nepalense, pinnatum, woodii
  38. Hymenidium: album, amabile, apiolens, benthamii, brunonis, chloroleucum, corydalifolium, densiflorum, davidii, dentatum, hookeri, lindleyanaum, pilosum, sikkimense, stellatum, wilsonii
  39. Hymenolaena: candollei
  40. Karnataka: benthamii
  41. Kedarnatha: garhwalica, hameliana, sanctuarii
  42. Keraymonia: cortiformis, nipaulensis, triradiata
  43. Lalldhwojia: acronemifolia, cooperi
  44. Ligusticum: afghanicum, elatum, marginatum, striatum
  45. Ligusticopsisconiifolia, daucoides, wallichiana
  46. Lisaea: heterocarpa
  47. Meeboldia: achilleifolia
  48. Neoconopodium: capnoides
  49. Oenanthe: hookeri, javanica, linearis, thomsoni
  50. Oreocome: involucellata
  51. Oreocomopsis: stelliphora
  52. Osmorhiza: aristata, claytoni
  53. Pastinaca: sativa
  54. Petroselinum: crispum (Cultivated)
  55. Peucedanum: anamallayense, dehradunense, dhana, var. dalzellii, nagpurense, nepalense, pradeepianum
  56. Physospermopsis: obtusiuscula
  57. Pimpinella: acuminata, adscendens, anisum, atropurpurea, bracteata, candolleana, diversifolia, flaccida, hastata, heyneana, inundata, leschenaultii, nervosa, pimpinellisimulacrum, pruatjan (Indonesia), puberula, rollae, sikkimensis (=Chaerophyllum orientalis), stracheyi, tibetanica, tirupatiensis, tomentosa, tongloensis, urceolata, wallichiana, wallichii
  58. Pinda: concanensis, shrirangii
  59. Pleurospermum: angelicoides, austriacum, rotundatum
  60. Prangos: pabularia
  61. Psammogeton: canescens
  62. Pternopetalum: arunachalense, latipinulatum, nudicaule, molle, senii, subalpinum, tanakae, vulgare
  63. Pycnocycla: glauca
  64. Sanicula: elata, hacquetioides, orthacantha
  65. Scandix: pecten-veneris
  66. Schulzia: dissecta
  67. Selinum: vaginatum, var. garhwalensis
  68. Semenovia: malcolmii, thomsonii, tragioides
  69. Seseli: alboalatum, buchtormense, diffusum, libanotis, mucronatum, nudum, petrosciadium, roylei, thomsonii 
  70. Sinocarum:  acronemifolium, bellum, coloratum, longii, normanianum, pulchellum, sikkimense, wolfianum, woodii
  71. Sium: latijugum
  72. Sivadasania: josephiana
  73. Tetrataeniumaquilegifolium (=Heracleum aquilegifolium), burmanicum, canescens, ceylanicum, grande, hookerianum, lallii , nepalense, rigens, sprengelianum, sublineare, wallichii 
  74. Tongoloa: elata, gracilis, loloensis, stewardii
  75. Tordyliopsis: brunonis
  76. Torilis: arvensis, japonica, leptophylla, nodosa, stocksiana
  77. Trachydium: roylei, subnudum, rubrinerve
  78. Trachyspermum: ammi, anethifolium, baluchistanicum, falconeri, khasianum, roxburghianum, stewartiivillosum
  79. Tricholaser: cachemiricum
  80. Turgenia: latifolia
  81. Vanasushava: pedata
  82. Vicatia: atrosanguinea, coniifolia, nepalensis, thibetica
  83. Visnaga: daucoides (introduced)
  84. Zosima: absinthifolia



Comparative images of this family are given below other than Bupleurum (pl. click on this link to see its images): 

Actinotus minor (Sm.) DC. (Australia) (Images by Ushaprabha Page (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/108960c08870028e/Flannel%20Flower,%20Actinotus%20helianthi2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGKQzh9KA4rb96ITI_c0029-GDtfna47wBYagcTQO9wGRE6DEKuzkLO9XGIBO6ifpBsXWjgxPot58uCU9rwPqWmFDH2Il6r5tbi-O-o6oroKZ6W0NE

 

Adenosciadium arabicum H.Wolff (Oman) (Images by Aarti S Khale (Identified by Jens Eriksen) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d6dee31213d3fb16/P1100580.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFZg47DN6VLmzPRPnczvVs3s3O5XAG1QYQKvuR9flp1fPdQtz0cS5zZ6jMLC3E_ZjhIeWxz9k3Kp2UAJYKHIBiX-t4PPlL-llxn7ELgwqpBwFZkcFA


Aegopodium podagraria L. (Germany) (Images by Nalini (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/17e8785fae3edccc/Giersch-100_0831.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGhC8RfZEVmf5Oq7xhbqUVmXDJYhrVcWTrMxBXCArvkvJTdZ2XlSPsga4rMw0YdK7nzZYk7c-QPnVDylFkVGKDgs5u9L-pdB1YylrOWMbBkTcdDjsg


Ammi majus L. (Images by Nidhan Singh, Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/85568e438965e73b/Ammi-majus-Nauni%20campus-IMG_0624-Nauni-3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFymvT2IvItM0nujl5Lcw4tjwdViAp_ITWtqHNnDUovY6bEoZ9eRBWnRXQ0dG7ziNUq7Rp0_kMl6nnByyhT0FggYd4fMehj_wVLytbCDLJ72OEGJJ0


Anethum sowa Roxb. ex Fleming (Images by Ankush Prakash (Id by Balkar Singh), Aarti S Khale (id by Gurchran Singh), Gurcharan Singh & Alka Khare (id by Gurchran Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9bc8d08b6b1c12b7/DSC09502.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE6LAad5xWh1ufLzaKtxBunXuby0DygR2Gk0NAIyTBt6F4Af2Y5p6u1JSkH1uMpY_lAQlkwwSmI1Qe0D0fo9fsKSWDxUuUqWzgs-Tb3FwunCKacHd8


(Images by Dinesh Valke (Validated by Umesh Tiwari, Gurcharan Singh & Tabish), Balkar Singh, Prashant Awale (Id by Dinesh Valke) & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links))  

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/dJJWQFh3mL_LpV10MQVBpyZVxJVMUIH__02CFfexQyPeM4B1l-lHY9eYvkFzuk6MxEZTRODJTHRDmsrfVSSRT4UddvVcrFGCS_0w5BvO4DSr=w5000-h5000



Angelica glauca Edgew. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/35fe88b88e3a0f25/Angelica-glauca-Herbal-garden-DSC06762-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGx8lVysFbOzGokqD7UBG4sbOcfyfbfHmwHtuk0xRvkF8lXHbS7lmbDsgkxI0JQvkyPRf8OZuSTWlI40fCpnSYg4zEhYs557oH0KV5FRrWk7jiz1sY

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c7c2b3912f03/Anthriscus%20nemorosa-Dachhigam-IMG_3472-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 


Apium graveolens L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Balkar Singh & Nidhan Singh (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links))  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1b66620917f822ef/Apiaceae%20Panipat%20May%2011.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG21FgirQecHRPJcU0jfDTO1EFOhXGvz1Xgbs57809TUEAkRWfejCb1zbzubHD9aUfL5Iu6RHgw9TJsaoNQ13G5RPOLv708Zv1Tnvp4Xg3SzScsjqk

 

Carum carvi L. (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Amit Kumar & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/504e8f47a5c6c589/080311_807.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQlMOrbBL_E13Ue-tDyU6GKajXgayL_pXyZeHlMmi9XnQoHOhpfQFwBbZYwd05kSaqywuJXep9GoXJ113nXsc-b9gzJ3h0C2mVlUyaENYcKGItH7Y


Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Nidhan Singh & Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dce61ebde974df92/Centella-asiatica-Mussoorie-Chakrata%20road%20near%20Baratkhai-DSC00514.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrECR_P7raIK6eSnY2OTBGfnSAXCw0iKgE5gWj2YnRFubMowbRlWcn8co3JN7qWBk0KW6VyoN7d1PXt_NjARpCFghEeKVjssF_fNTQwGKhBT6-Btu8k


Chaerophyllum reflexum Lindl. (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh (Id by G S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/967f1fb9f0ba133b/Chaerophyllum%20sp%20(6).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHPhJyJWptnykBUJz1FF4GrtwfW-fv0_vvKpaHrhdQHVufpWICBXKGqWctPLn3aEt39gLYJetumjySdICKOKDN_M26vcgjwXsR_3G5Z_Pbw-vLeeyg


Chaerophyllum reflexum var. acuminatum (Lindl.) Hedge & Lamond (Images by Dinesh Valke (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Balkar Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/Xr0FaahRs_TQAw7idCMcGxK3FVrJSY2H7qqQdfN2-KTegP78XwzEhFX3vQ5JrzHGt1XAvW-frbp5JUBp0UpB05QofMtTsi-YLNBEME8mqRRK=w5000-h5000


Chaerophyllum villosum Wall. ex DC. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d9488a5e4256279a/Chaerophyllum-villosum-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHVhfwoQsqzgUV1T0Fam77bV8Ir43HwI8Pdb-h3wZsChN2rfUOcCpJ_Ej47V61a60s6ztXhMGlprqPrMwqvZwUG6FwufDo7ZOFoAj835wfl6Mw7rhg


Conium maculatum L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bd48a57212d2e1c3/Conium-maculatum-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEdagbQwnG59ar_jGdkXV3fTSDiVHqIIgZA4iv5dRC89p7qHLgt36M1UfPFknZyX0oJwUGerk0h2cqnOt9PJgVdo9MZ3-XUco_M8MyBjgRq313x4Ks


Images by Ritu Sharma (Id by Saroj Kumar Kasaju) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/54d2de8a444fc/_D32_13291%20copy.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWWoA3AmF8Sp-AMWWYhsTkhXrNxde4rvWPkXh5-iFlpbLntenhA_vGV1QlwiSzHjK6vNc9w16pQHwNyPni4EHZrGRDM-WR86C-a1rCfa-Tokdqngc



Daucus carota L. subsp. carota (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce177a8ec624d9b9/Daucus-carota-Cheshmashahi-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHLFogThrjLglC6gHlktVPAqoYz1LDd1u392OsNbaMWptq98FOAVynbO9UDE4Oey9A3-6tb5KW1GZGHnDtwGBr4EjtvezFy5FxV_jN1cWI_05z6fno

 

Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. (Images by Surajit Koley, Gurcharan Singh, Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/897e191a99fc1d4/P1140855.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFaDbkntatotMROeLQXbaXb3UN62IE0XB5t7ygC3zCMOvProIlSMgUh8cZ0BZuGkZwD_b1sSdXspT8nKK3HF5Z0gNTASZnX-g4bHm4MSNfrzyR_wEA


Coriandrum sativum L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Dinesh Valke, Surajit Koley & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/HNdhqIJRB41mlrNi5gIEPPgsPBjwa4rRi4E0avVIZfqByan3Cqw5r2bHwLggbbvqmaIIivg-73umLj9z1tyON2DvFfPE8HEhx_bxBlVvsiw8pWixnLo


Eryngium billardieri Delile (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/69d7c86f1432c3fc/Eryngium-billardieri-Kashmir-b.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH4SLNjwp3ucJ1he_wsO3IkVwApuWWuOrQmzaCq2R3iC0JBX9RDqkn0nBCbYeCRD4ULVO2kqFN8Oh7ZYgsdSno_L_PGb6LMIisqJkWMgxQezAGn7io


Eryngium foetidum L. (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary, Surajit Koley, Anurag N Sharma (Id by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary & Surajit Koley) & Karuna Kanta Das (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7b2a4f03e2afde68/IMG_0102.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGsLv2gasGmu0_Wsjk8NbcxUnv4mTUFyW1oAnNyhzTHD1bF3jGPIk03wXeIKKE0jTkbLHHL8uE3FtNZHSa7vsRfiNiwsX1-GNzDy5p8J-VfQZVF4YU

 

Ferula jaeschkeana Vatke (Images by Satish Phadke (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Suresh Rana (Validated by Gurcharan Singh) & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d15b28774bda7a96/Ferula-jaeschkeana-Dachhigam-IMG_7294-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFSd7AMDcJthk2kaLYI8jYsuKP23rKOJssexzyVB_Ej6zYy1cfO7ccju_mb100UQNquTuxe4EcJvhfAnArDC3gAMNjgCRkVpyr9iQDPQ4VD46aFgjs


Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Surajit Koley, Ankush Prakash (Id by Tanay Bose & Radha Veach) & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/564e14ad76e41a06/Foeniculum-vulgare-fruit.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFBOfjoLow-maGhTKFm8ShLl-eaKLehTV3Ta9h5ohNn2VYroNGX-7FCbFMANT-Na4uijwSPc6YH3DDwlYXOfic2EZMIq-f7Vi4Dw9LYeAtWMAL7FbA

Heracleum candicans Wall. ex DC. (Images by Amit Chauhan (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg), Alok Mahendroo & Prashant Awale (Id by Nidhan Singh & Balkar Singh) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b2c8dd155942be92/IMG_3649.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG8Lc_g9grhq7VfIhnpUh7d0Nr_k_s64NpEZ88F1I0oDpLH_JPjP-x00G73LMK4SmBJM-xm8XeSM4z_BfamRQmNXMCI6uDjZIrKfhOY29ukJ33Qh9Y


Heracleum canescens Lindl. (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


 

Heracleum grande (Dalzell & A. Gibson) Mukhop. (Images by Radha Veach (Id by Dinesh Valke & Neil Soares) & Alka Khare (Id by Neil Soares) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a2fd281c1622ed61/T13-IMG_4755.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEofcwSXvZGjJFtp-MzDQRQETnRHTIEZ3fpBCksntepkZI1DRxQ5NhNK9tjIvHRdFt_m1l2COARRvyvZx0CW4C3z8frZrMVK4JOSGIv4tnRLLvspnU

  

Heracleum pinnatum C.B.Clarke (Images by Prashant Awale (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2c05f0658abbfc35/IMG_2280.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHXRZzve0Fv3QXT7cMyP1yecnmk25QRwys8LLn7Mhs0RdCJETGnuajK7O6pJUt9hW0pqg4II8UONkbPf4SBLKZGMQuwuSHN2HNQEPYaPLgNkTPlCm4


Hymenidium amabile (Craib & W. W. Sm.) M. G. Pimenov & F. V. Kljuykov (SE-Tibet, China (Sichuan, W-Yunnan), Bhutan, Chumbi, India (E-Himalaya) as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f900445def13d/Pleurospermum%20amabile%20%20Yak%20La,%20%20Lingshi,%20National%20Institute%20of%20Traditional%20Medicine,%20Thimphu,%20Bhutan%20(Chris%20%20Chadwell).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGctQgfga73ulA4Ojc1dFrnAzeDgvb5G6uxfRJHAKLzTmpw_XkAIPhfv8ZU_nzEnJWqgzRY8dy9ajgU7GIlGLCngQCjE6SlKZ_3QhetHvRVihTs3TQ
 


Hymenidium brunonis (Wall. ex DC.) Lindl. (Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Pakistan (Hazara), India (C- to W-Himalaya), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8676_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFTeX2BLCHzpjkfX8p5prYlmdsjZZiDnqV1gqchmcz1T_I1xlLEk3zvaWwoIXYn3I0m0DfQ4Wq0HrKeEpGoPSxXo-OJYKtqhwQeN8etcG0IQcpxZzw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8680_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEX9-ne4LnPyZ48gRd7YpaRPu7XR83s9I3k12dUN8BkVTEjXJDrw6DYp0mBr-IHm0wQ5SzWL9QBw9TRyXzNu-R3Lg8lG-kWUFXt2hHqbO_6bGpGz6Qhttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8690_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrERtSuwqduqGB5nSB6kplcB7hvIdfuuH-kZUvIVCxRMubn4z3AYzgyCaCMJBLjbg4Rldslz1tYWYEA60gtKuHxY87jBVDRcf9LF11EtSjNVKsoVzao
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8671_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE7IyXqpGhP43HmQGX33tgLR_Yd7BXIYXtp9tGksLfknlR6v3yZD1EHVb_ejEic-g4v0GxvzznorSaB2fUZ4HlSPiKGGefP3ERD9NbbZBvp8fg91ks


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8659_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF1Ne5YGL8m2V5pfAtVcMzBlVwTlM3WWfMfhUlHsXJbIlNysgJEIxzw01l0P1OfZPqXftE3gxknT0kvrUxkwoBk0BLSuNbm5Cdz6SFD4LoztlRZy40https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8659_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH4TsyJi4AlWPPgixMxpDjIkPpMPICFwWDx-pdfsVV6122bdWlIstNb2mUrjh0mpsRS1j2p6O87qrhwKZoKHFyaFcW33gDslai4h6NYT4D5rh66bEQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8667_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEFC-NcxW-wiUSxnQGtjEPnSXj4kVeXSK5mN07okV1zNEH6zdBOSSk1e2C6rH-AZC9604mIFVeIEp6iTcAbi3vyjxV9KAKzOlQUOwAkqjp62u-7X78


Hymenidium dentatum (Wall. ex DC.) M. G. Pimenov & E. V. Kljuykov (Tibet, India (Himalayas, Kumaon, Darjeeling, etc.), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Chumbi as per Catalogue of Life)
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/126fb89f5615be/DSC_0949.JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/126fb89f5615be/DSC_0950.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1



Pastinaca sativa L. (Images by Nalini (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ee11a706bbff6653/Pastinake-100_9738.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEMo8RDWuqOikMNW5QRkknTf4RudZzpRsdN1c6khtaNppmCAiwEH58fRcmiVpNIVnsKWYZowLz1NxBJ9Ja8BEqDjmTseBFZxGmH5HeQbkKhfrKeg5s



https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/62dcc3bad2818/IMG_20190618_192631.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella acuminata (Edgew.) C.B. Clarke (Images by (Gurcharan Singh - validation by D.S. Rawat) & (Nidhan Singh - identification by Gurcharan Singh), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/284b8ca921a806fc/Dubia-umbellifer-Chakrata-P1120938.-Chakrata-1.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f9c1c136b1a605f0/tn_DSCF1385.JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f9c1c136b1a605f0/tn_DSCF1384.JPG?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f9c1c136b1a605f0/tn_DSCF1381.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella adscendens Dalzell (Images by (Satish Phadke - validation by Tanay Bose) & (Satish Pardeshi - identified by Avinash), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/49879ebfef4234cf/_MG_1409s.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/49879ebfef4234cf/_MG_1410s.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/49879ebfef4234cf/_MG_1411s.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/656793dac59841b3/25%20Aug%2009%20SNP%20a.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella anisum L. ? (Image by Aarti Khale - identified by Tanay Bose, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/148c6d5dc1851369/DSCN8932.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella candolleana Wight & Arn. (Images by N. Muthu Karthick & A. Shivaprakash, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ab23cdb934e648fa/K%20519.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f68bc197bb131c0a/Pimpinella%20candolleana%20(6).JPG?part=0.6&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ab23cdb934e648fa/K%20517.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella diversifolia DC. (Images by Gurcharan Singh - validation by Narain Singh Chauhan (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05370-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05382-Kashmir-4.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05388-Kashmir-5.jpg?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05378-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella heyneana Wall. (Image by Dalia Set - identified by Shrikant Ingalhalikar (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ed3dbc3b3c82d3a8/tn_IMG_1315_m.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1



 
Pimpinella tomentosa Dalzell ex C.B.Clarke (Images by (Dinesh Valke - identified by Bhatt Shweta), Bhatt Shweta & Alka Khare, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/499aed1f1c87b6f3/1655157092_f0218d46e1_b.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/499aed1f1c87b6f3/1654061879_aec5efcf61_b.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ae9249e3311f200e/Pimpinella%20tomentosa_SajjangadIMG_5718.JPG?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ae9249e3311f200e/Pimpinella%20tomentosa_SajjangadIMG_5764.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella wallichiana (Miq. ex Hofaen.) Gandhi in C.J. Saldanha & Nicolson (Images by Prashant Awale (Id by Neil Soares & Tanay Bose), Neil Soares (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) & Anurag N. Sharma (Id by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))



Pinda concanensis (Dalzell) P.K.Mukh. & Constance (Images by Dinesh Valke, Prashant Awale, Alka Khare (Validation by Sheetal Pachpande) & Narendra Joshi (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c3c57763efaf11d9/T3-IMG_5417.JPG?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH5NXzOzdQasfMBZDWBL_TsOBWVVbvRUcQrVkcopFAn18Sk5dUV2bznYcOALUoBi6iJBNHiKRh5wCkubX7w1fqE6MuUZV6qQ-0ENvGcw7w7_I5b1QY


Prangos pabularia Lindl. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/84ba5b182ad0d2bd/Prangos-pabularia-above%20Cheshmashahi-DSC03529-KASHMIR-1.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHxjUIhAUb9t5rJFVc-tzNL9q81fD4VJSC2iuKeXW1YM7c5moT2BGoue9ah7hVnOykMqdGt0offDIGtTHdKrvxDZWKwmiF9D2M27js-RkWlFEnNHjw


Sanicula elata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Images by Subhasis Panda (Id by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary), Alok Mahendroo (Id by Krishan Lal) & Dinesh Valke (Id by Krishan Lal) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/fdesQ_FusRRnZ50kaBfYRUQ98uAYzU6YK1Md0SWG4AMcYQQKDe8eTV8tozJn_Z6Y7liyKy3X14G1IbqF19T3O9uHR0MqWoRSUT33VwVTuY1h=w5000-h5000


Scandix pecten-veneris L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1dc60b0fbeebbcc9/Scandix-pectenveneris-Hazuribagh-DSC04647-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGdOWj5_Q2GXWFIjiTTE0K_N97dTlbFcF4rDXZ1vpgn5Za-9TmKx92h7eN268J0OBGozHcPdO8EPl_XOX6HBJksxAdYlUo7vO4RoAq43516Otf5jeQ


https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/ejBVomryJESWEZb4B6jnocjKJHgc3zyngu8_Q98UW9Ceg7QBzhnFDwt8HMQ0K7Nbwp2UMZ0ZT7LpjDn2gvhWWzWvob0MXYv9ztYc4Gwo8XRt=w5000-h5000

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9a80ac784f7cae70/DSC_1535Sm.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHQUsOfzkheqVUyNKVXPD1ylMU9LX_LW60lKJF_eWYy3CG0r13Y2kxZdiZdsdOB7YbreKYa2r1jP6JMJIi5W385Wg4hjHUnT6Sc9oW1BKhSgURL3F4
 


 


Semenovia thomsonii (C. B. Cl.) I. P. Mandenova (Tibet, Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit, Baltistan, Astor), Jammu & Kashmir (Ladakh, Zanskar, Kashmir), Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Logar, Parwan), India (NW-Himalaya) as per Catalogue of Life)

Images by Sayed Nudrat Zawar (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6ef0a80951b3d963/16b.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHpOjzMfuwnqvXQbsoD4t7J7jawEC5eY7zHblXKz2zWMhNfEAL7KpYDG94pZeWGrCJrvm-69lTK9MGz0eAXInVbaNI5kZAx3sxKVJqcMkuPpOHObTM
 

 

Seseli diffusum (Roxb. ex Sm.) Santapau & Wagh (Images by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a22e31d60fede59/P1000656.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWcMtl3K2Zv5v3fUMgzRUzRy7B0bGyB2bAnQl4izwquhOw1lPrMS0G1GgSh2HeqWFLN-eVOuXLE1BZwsmW74K_LkAjDLsMWlSviqRrak6aFSpaB4k

  • Seseli libanotis (L.) W. Koch (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Validation by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/87555aea0f7b8a1d/Seseli-sibiricum-confirm-Jawahar%20tunnel%20Jammu%20side-DSC08207-Kashmir-5.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGhIi0X5TsSzdHA_pbLCeI7RFdP4tZLAX93ZaswCUuxXV8AgKAzqM2MgEbXTtCWz4UvC82uAM7uLa2IFd_1gggjc6T20HbRfleXLHPD9SxBCCttjmk

     

    Seseli mucronatum (Schrenk) Pimenov & Sdobnina ? (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Suresh Rana & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e07e2dc61f694c7/080311_833.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFFRPCRiiQHsiEitoQT8rs-4cXUuYAkZmvCMY_aJk4d993Q1vPp3_0NGisYrkMd-GEGL3aJfUFuhHX9jjdtGOnwthGvcFYk_V_-EA7eOa7Zf-ojNYo
     

      

    Sium latijugum C.B.Clarke (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e177d91aa9b91f87/Sium-latijugum-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEp-HOPY5Q0S3dw2rm9n9quUe7HsLfC3F3c_i2TNSZV0Hi4PwwpOD_vivEwHlOBOuWLUpcUlJUYN8grkY8TNDDdK1YkIS520VTK85kxStbvAJbrMH4



    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/42c671a25059e/Heracleum%20aquilegifolium%20C.B.Clarke,%20habit%20@%20Tung%20DSC00459.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHtT2nU5Nf1yLjrJd9Q1TpwdJQA8gcDNAm-X-_Y-bpr15R6-MYdjtgXxMAYbFyyL4LqBE5o_FKcE-1IZvMXiLMEuMzjSXPp8pByJLIAT90Z3KppmBY


    Tetrataenium nepalense (Don) I. P. Mandenova (China (Yunnan), Tibet, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma], Nepal, India (E-Himalaya, Kumaon, Assam, Darjeeling, etc.), Sikkim, Darjeeling, Chumbi as per Catalogue of Life)

    https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/121d0f7f0f9a11/DSC_0847.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

     
    Tetrataenium rigens (Wall. ex DC.) Manden. (India (SW-Ghats) as per Catalogue of Life)

    Images by Joby Joseph (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ae246ad5b75ea689/Heracleum%20rigens%20Wall%20%20efi%201%20).JPG.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF9uDi0WFCPdyOX88PSr47qB-yXxgIL6byod3vvsYPBxw2_zPrlaGLsaPtAFR1TFQptPLMwAJhru5YZn-wQYDW96Ez3aaaneIlJWGV7QVFDgKrWlgQ
     



    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4c23d08b57a65230/DSC_0081.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEFdVFsFeNZNVScApWE6ZyspfOPq3P3qjPYOG_IYYZYV79_fUY4kVWXXi7LXF17GkaXgNi9m36rICf_MT0nIfWpW8_0-GQ3-6j0T3wCVLWsGdJDCiA 
    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4c23d08b57a65230/DSC_0074.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFqgNIN75zhS-dHVGsDwwZXBnEP8FgHxQQb8Nt_qnTuIq0datqOs_OvrMKK1q7G8a7noOfF3s2cevYXojZ5nIikPjgwemEPOlVDBF6-9QCeFOyQOFw




    Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. (Images by Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) & Nidhan Singh (Id by G S Rawat) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dcc7a804ef835592/tn_DSCF0872.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHzVGv5lbEB0C_4bsuHTtiQWmNZ7uIm6ru4bIL3wDZBpcRQFHjbQEQs3rUqMc2Fp14UrtTkQ1cjOv8gc9xF4NVkfoTBQGzjcQEV-yeEP3Te170kEwY




    Torilis nodosa (L.) Gaertn. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6cfd8a2f6a4cb865/Torilis-nodosa-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE9uwRn7Km6Qu6eVhQRDbPA9E1TW2R4kbIRhqrNAT9TkcP9CPkPv0laCLeyc1S4yPitNVKot8FuqQTPqBYlmkyIRIP1Bd24gxVwVvdKeZG6UISGbH4


    Trachydium roylei Lindl. (China (W-Sichuan), Tibet, India (C- to NW-Himalaya), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Pakistan (Swat, Hazara) as per Catalogue of Life)

    Images by Rajat Nayak (Id by D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)  

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1f74fdd690de0cd0/MR%20(2).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEIVLn29ga5rBRWOBuiTczj79yGVA5bYovIF2j9TwapCZMlosUR7LpKA2Z3OZmsX8eMroN6BH5aFcb3ozkp2VeX8zma3b8AAWzplH6iNDNbE68taUE

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4c094930fcc64/Trachydium%20roylei-Dubia-umbellifer-slopes%20below%20Chopta-IMG_1736-Chopta-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGE_8ivzJQdGvlZNS2aJXfqtG_hYJRsTGvZ8QQ87KvMuRKxiM6bgi5Vj-AEpWcAs2yZR8QpuGFKVlRuO5dABcV_U2LCprtXfnIYHTrYcp_3osRTS0U

     

    Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague (Images by Nidhan Singh & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/711bba9c51d6d05c/Trachyspermum%20ammi%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHo3Kh2hUdVYa1_dAvbuQjMnbIgfT2_-WOgcTtgTOUY24kyedLKNW8NEzFOLSKZqz_w5iRLLIlyft-BTh62bfRmMBVCmiZzeoF7VcHbU18vtKOoiNs


    Trachyspermum roxburghianum (DC.) H. Wolff (Images by Alka Khare (Id by Adittya Dharap) & Padmanabhan Geetha (id by Neil Soares) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/33409f8e15c4b391/Type03_Rajgad4.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH314bF02afK9-FfaC_t1npv4ZxoHKGqs7Ae_8sh1Oia50NBPe8Dwya-l6jSXaa4yIMgquhgqXiRF-NVewTlb8x36jTXWnsWCcZdWLQdeSbwdqvTsc


    Vicatia coniifolia Wall. ex DC. (Images by Nidhan Singh (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Balkar Singh), Anurag N Sharma (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/62563503ea6a748c/Vicatia-coniifolia-below%20Tungnath-IMG_2295.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEIStRCawD9d2hLNdvZbCzZ0UePu66zLt9bdr7MX-FF0Be3GDpS2hTfy6f-4sHr7GlKjKQ0GfXBBf9NxIyzP-gSqULiTbnqIndxhPxwnB1oOjHHZDM


    Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) is represented by following genera in India:
    Acronema Falc. ex Edgew.*
    Aegopodium L.
    Ammi L
    Anethum L.
    Angelica L
    Anthriscus Pers.
    Apium L.
    Arcuatopterus M.L.Sheh & R.H.Shan*
    Aulacospermum Ledeb.*
    Berula Besser ex W.D.J.Koch*
    Bunium L.*
    Bupleurum L.
    Carum L.
    Centella L.
    Chaerophyllum L.
    Chamaesium H.Wolff
    Cicuta L.
    Cnidium Cusson ex Juss.*
    Conium L.
    Coriandrum L.
    Cortia DC.*
    Cortiella C.Norman*
    Cuminum L.*
    Cyclospermum Lag.*
    Daucus L.
    Elaeosticta Fenzl*
    Eriocycla Lindl.*
    Eryngium L.
    Ferula L.
    Foeniculum Mill.
    Haplosphaera Hand.-Mazz.*
    Heracleum L.
    Hydrocotyle L. (now shifted to Araliaceae in TPL 2013)
    Indoschulzia Pimenov & Kljuykov*
    Karnataka P.K.Mukh.*
    Kedarnatha P.K.Mukh.*
    Keraymonia Farille*
    Lalldhwojia Farille*
    Ligusticum L.
    Lisaea Boiss.*
    Meeboldia H.Wolff*
    Neoconopodium (Koso-Pol.) Pimenov Kljuykov (not recognized in TPL 2013)
    Oenanthe L.
    Osmorhiza Raf.*
    Pastinaca L.
    Peucedanum L.
    Physospermopsis H.Wolff*
    Pimpinella L.
    Pinda P.K.Mukh. & Constance
    Pleurospermopsis C.Norman*
    Pleurospermum Hoffm.
    Polyzygus Dalzell*
    Prangos Lindl.
    Psammogeton Edgew.*
    Pternopetalum Franch.*
    Pycnocycla Lindl.*
    Sanicula L.
    Scaligeria DC.*
    Scandix L.
    Schulzia Spreng.*
    Selinum L.
    Semenovia Regel Herder*
    Seseli L.
    Sinocarum H.Wolff*
    Sium L.
    Tongoloa H.Wolff*
    Tordyliopsis DC.*
    Torilis Adans.
    Trachydium Lindl.
    Trachyspermum Link.
    Tricholaser Gilli*
    Turgenia Hoffm.*
    Vanasushava P.K.Mukh. & Constance*
    Vicatia DC.
    Zosima Hoffm.*
    *genera not represented in eFI.
    References-
    1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 98-127.
    However, some genera like Adenosciadium, Astrantia, Helosciadium and Platytaenia are not found naturally in India but also represented in eFI.  



    Plant Taxonomy By O P. Sharma (1993)- Details
     
    Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) week: APIACEAE  (UMBELLIFERAE)
    The earlier name Umbelliferae derives from the inflorescence which is in the form of a compound "umbel".
    Most abundant in north temperate zone. In India mostly in temperate and alpine Himalayas but some are also cultivated in warmer parts.
    The common examples are Coriander (coriandrum sativum). Carrot (Daucus carota) Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and Brahmi (Centella asiatica)
    Vegetative characters:
    Mostly Herbs biennial or perennial or sometimes annual. Species of Centella are small prostrate herbs rooting at the nodes, but mostly they are with stout erect stems with hollow internodes. Species of Angelica attain a
    height of upto four meters.
    The stems are usually furrowed.
    The plants usually have aromatic smell due to presence of essential oil or resin in all organs.
    The leaves are alternate, rarely simple (Centella) but generally the are pinnately compound or decompound. Stipules are generally absent. The petiolesis often swollen and sheathing at the base.
    Flowers and Inflorescence:
    As the name of the family suggests, the umbel inflorescence is the characteristic of the family
    Most commonly it is a compound umbel.The primary umbel is surrounded at its base by an involucre of bracts. The flowers are small, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite or sometimes unisexual or polygamous, pentamerous and epigynous. The calyx is represented usually by five inconspicuous teeth or a narrow circular ridge at the top of the ovary.
    The corolla is of five distinct petals alternating with the sepals. The petals are inflexed and fall off soon.The androecium is of five distinct stamens alternating with the petals.They arise from epigynous disc. The
    filaments are inflexed and the anthers are basi or dorsifixed, dithecous, introrse and opening lengthwise.
    Thje gynoecium is bicarpellary and syncarpous with witha an inferior bilocular ovary. Epigynous disc is prolonged in to two styles.
    Fruits and seeds: Fruit is a schizocarp. The seed has a hard oily endosperm and a small embryo.
    Pollination and dispersal: Aggregation of small flowers into dense inflorescence amkes it conspicuous for insects and aids pollination. Open nectar situation: so accessible to even short tongued insects. Smell of ethereal oils and resins: marked influence on bees.
    Mericarps of the seeds : marked by ridges and bristles:- dispersal by birds and animals.
    Examples:
    Chiefly vegetables, condiments, volatile oils and ornamentals.
    Daucus carota L. (Carrot, गाजर) fleshy tap roots used as vegetable.
    Apium graveolens L. (Celery) again a vegetable
    Pastinaca sativa (Parsnip) Thickened tap root as vegetable
    The seeds of many species are used as spice and condiments for culinary
    purposes and in confectionary
    Coriandrum sativum (Coriander, कोथींबींर)
    Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel, saunf बडीशेप)
    Cuminum cyminum (Cumin, जीरा)
    Ferula asafoetida. The dried latex obtained after making incisions in living root stocks and roots is the source of Asafoetida (हींग) of commerce. It is used as condiment for flavoring curries etc.
    Centella asiatica Syn. Hydrocotyl asiatica (ब्राह्मी) Diuretic and medicinal properties, insecticidal also.
    Some species of Pimpinella, Heracleum and Angelica are grown as ornamentals. 

    Apiaceae Fortnight: June 1-14, 2015 : 5 posts by 3 authors.
    After very heavy uploads during Lamiaceae Fortnight, we will have Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) as our next Fortnight from June 1-14, 2015. Please keep your photographs ready for upload during the Fortnight. Would be useful if some expert volunteers to Coordinate.
    Thanks, ...
    The following 40 genera has already been discussed in efi so far (Pl. click on their link to see the species discussed under them): ....................


    Species & genera pages of Apiaceae in efloraofindia are now with images.
    It involves inserting images on around 77 species pages (say around 300 images) & 39 genera pages. It also involved a lot of cleansing work like deletion of duplicate / wrong pages, correctly identify some of the threads, putting them at their proper place, proper formatting of the species pages etc. 
    I request our members to pl. take up one family each & try to make efloraofindia more constructive. We will be rendering what ever assistance is required by the members, in this matter.

    Apiaceae- list of species : 2 posts by 2 authors.
    I have added a list of Indian species and species represented in eFI in the family Apiaceae.
    I have already indicated a few required changes in some pages of Apiaceae in eFI.



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