Apiaceae

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Images of species from genera other than Bupleurum, (pl. click on these links to see their images) 

Actinotus minor (Sm.) DC. (Australia) (Images by Ushaprabha Page (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/108960c08870028e/Flannel%20Flower,%20Actinotus%20helianthi2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGKQzh9KA4rb96ITI_c0029-GDtfna47wBYagcTQO9wGRE6DEKuzkLO9XGIBO6ifpBsXWjgxPot58uCU9rwPqWmFDH2Il6r5tbi-O-o6oroKZ6W0NE


 

Adenosciadium arabicum H.Wolff (Oman) (Images by Aarti S Khale (Identified by Jens Eriksen) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

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Aegopodium podagraria L. (Germany) (Images by Nalini (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Ammi majus L. (Images by Nidhan Singh, Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/85568e438965e73b/Ammi-majus-Nauni%20campus-IMG_0624-Nauni-3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFymvT2IvItM0nujl5Lcw4tjwdViAp_ITWtqHNnDUovY6bEoZ9eRBWnRXQ0dG7ziNUq7Rp0_kMl6nnByyhT0FggYd4fMehj_wVLytbCDLJ72OEGJJ0



Anethum sowa Roxb. ex Fleming (Images by Ankush Prakash (Id by Balkar Singh), Aarti S Khale (id by Gurchran Singh), Gurcharan Singh & Alka Khare (id by Gurchran Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links))

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(Images by Dinesh Valke (Validated by Umesh Tiwari, Gurcharan Singh & Tabish), Balkar Singh, Prashant Awale (Id by Dinesh Valke) & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links))  

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Angelica glauca Edgew. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/35fe88b88e3a0f25/Angelica-glauca-Herbal-garden-DSC06762-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGx8lVysFbOzGokqD7UBG4sbOcfyfbfHmwHtuk0xRvkF8lXHbS7lmbDsgkxI0JQvkyPRf8OZuSTWlI40fCpnSYg4zEhYs557oH0KV5FRrWk7jiz1sY


https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c7c2b3912f03/Anthriscus%20nemorosa-Dachhigam-IMG_3472-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 


Apium graveolens L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Balkar Singh & Nidhan Singh (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links))  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1b66620917f822ef/Apiaceae%20Panipat%20May%2011.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG21FgirQecHRPJcU0jfDTO1EFOhXGvz1Xgbs57809TUEAkRWfejCb1zbzubHD9aUfL5Iu6RHgw9TJsaoNQ13G5RPOLv708Zv1Tnvp4Xg3SzScsjqk




https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4c094930fcc64/Trachydium%20roylei-Dubia-umbellifer-slopes%20below%20Chopta-IMG_1736-Chopta-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGE_8ivzJQdGvlZNS2aJXfqtG_hYJRsTGvZ8QQ87KvMuRKxiM6bgi5Vj-AEpWcAs2yZR8QpuGFKVlRuO5dABcV_U2LCprtXfnIYHTrYcp_3osRTS0U
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Carum carvi L. (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Amit Kumar & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/504e8f47a5c6c589/080311_807.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQlMOrbBL_E13Ue-tDyU6GKajXgayL_pXyZeHlMmi9XnQoHOhpfQFwBbZYwd05kSaqywuJXep9GoXJ113nXsc-b9gzJ3h0C2mVlUyaENYcKGItH7Y



Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Nidhan Singh & Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dce61ebde974df92/Centella-asiatica-Mussoorie-Chakrata%20road%20near%20Baratkhai-DSC00514.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrECR_P7raIK6eSnY2OTBGfnSAXCw0iKgE5gWj2YnRFubMowbRlWcn8co3JN7qWBk0KW6VyoN7d1PXt_NjARpCFghEeKVjssF_fNTQwGKhBT6-Btu8k



Chaerophyllum reflexum Lindl. (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh (Id by G S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

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Chaerophyllum reflexum var. acuminatum (Lindl.) Hedge & Lamond (Images by Dinesh Valke (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Balkar Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/Xr0FaahRs_TQAw7idCMcGxK3FVrJSY2H7qqQdfN2-KTegP78XwzEhFX3vQ5JrzHGt1XAvW-frbp5JUBp0UpB05QofMtTsi-YLNBEME8mqRRK=w5000-h5000



Chaerophyllum villosum Wall. ex DC. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d9488a5e4256279a/Chaerophyllum-villosum-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHVhfwoQsqzgUV1T0Fam77bV8Ir43HwI8Pdb-h3wZsChN2rfUOcCpJ_Ej47V61a60s6ztXhMGlprqPrMwqvZwUG6FwufDo7ZOFoAj835wfl6Mw7rhg



Conium maculatum L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bd48a57212d2e1c3/Conium-maculatum-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEdagbQwnG59ar_jGdkXV3fTSDiVHqIIgZA4iv5dRC89p7qHLgt36M1UfPFknZyX0oJwUGerk0h2cqnOt9PJgVdo9MZ3-XUco_M8MyBjgRq313x4Ks



Images by Ritu Sharma (Id by Saroj Kumar Kasaju) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/54d2de8a444fc/_D32_13291%20copy.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWWoA3AmF8Sp-AMWWYhsTkhXrNxde4rvWPkXh5-iFlpbLntenhA_vGV1QlwiSzHjK6vNc9w16pQHwNyPni4EHZrGRDM-WR86C-a1rCfa-Tokdqngc




https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/521f2f1d9a410/1.%20Cortiella%20hookeri%20specimen%20from%20%20Eastern%20Nepal%20(photographed%20by%20P.Curzon).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHsnfnmdzEnwefsffqIqXiutpyszWeUsop_T3_jIWdNGpkU9uWiwIcBYw2dotKG9c4VwtgVhyYVwo3lnIzNRaKNfRmUjghvPV--SUZ7-DSOjn8TOks
 


Daucus carota L. subsp. carota (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

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Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. (Images by Surajit Koley, Gurcharan Singh, Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/897e191a99fc1d4/P1140855.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFaDbkntatotMROeLQXbaXb3UN62IE0XB5t7ygC3zCMOvProIlSMgUh8cZ0BZuGkZwD_b1sSdXspT8nKK3HF5Z0gNTASZnX-g4bHm4MSNfrzyR_wEA



Coriandrum sativum L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Dinesh Valke, Surajit Koley & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/HNdhqIJRB41mlrNi5gIEPPgsPBjwa4rRi4E0avVIZfqByan3Cqw5r2bHwLggbbvqmaIIivg-73umLj9z1tyON2DvFfPE8HEhx_bxBlVvsiw8pWixnLo



Eryngium billardieri Delile (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/69d7c86f1432c3fc/Eryngium-billardieri-Kashmir-b.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH4SLNjwp3ucJ1he_wsO3IkVwApuWWuOrQmzaCq2R3iC0JBX9RDqkn0nBCbYeCRD4ULVO2kqFN8Oh7ZYgsdSno_L_PGb6LMIisqJkWMgxQezAGn7io



Eryngium foetidum L. (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary, Surajit Koley, Anurag N Sharma (Id by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary & Surajit Koley) & Karuna Kanta Das (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7b2a4f03e2afde68/IMG_0102.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGsLv2gasGmu0_Wsjk8NbcxUnv4mTUFyW1oAnNyhzTHD1bF3jGPIk03wXeIKKE0jTkbLHHL8uE3FtNZHSa7vsRfiNiwsX1-GNzDy5p8J-VfQZVF4YU


 

Ferula jaeschkeana Vatke (Images by Satish Phadke (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Suresh Rana (Validated by Gurcharan Singh) & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d15b28774bda7a96/Ferula-jaeschkeana-Dachhigam-IMG_7294-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFSd7AMDcJthk2kaLYI8jYsuKP23rKOJssexzyVB_Ej6zYy1cfO7ccju_mb100UQNquTuxe4EcJvhfAnArDC3gAMNjgCRkVpyr9iQDPQ4VD46aFgjs



Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Surajit Koley, Ankush Prakash (Id by Tanay Bose & Radha Veach) & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/564e14ad76e41a06/Foeniculum-vulgare-fruit.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFBOfjoLow-maGhTKFm8ShLl-eaKLehTV3Ta9h5ohNn2VYroNGX-7FCbFMANT-Na4uijwSPc6YH3DDwlYXOfic2EZMIq-f7Vi4Dw9LYeAtWMAL7FbA


Heracleum candicans Wall. ex DC. (Images by Amit Chauhan (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg), Alok Mahendroo & Prashant Awale (Id by Nidhan Singh & Balkar Singh) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b2c8dd155942be92/IMG_3649.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG8Lc_g9grhq7VfIhnpUh7d0Nr_k_s64NpEZ88F1I0oDpLH_JPjP-x00G73LMK4SmBJM-xm8XeSM4z_BfamRQmNXMCI6uDjZIrKfhOY29ukJ33Qh9Y



Heracleum canescens Lindl. (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


 

Heracleum grande (Dalzell & A. Gibson) Mukhop. (Images by Radha Veach (Id by Dinesh Valke & Neil Soares) & Alka Khare (Id by Neil Soares) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a2fd281c1622ed61/T13-IMG_4755.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEofcwSXvZGjJFtp-MzDQRQETnRHTIEZ3fpBCksntepkZI1DRxQ5NhNK9tjIvHRdFt_m1l2COARRvyvZx0CW4C3z8frZrMVK4JOSGIv4tnRLLvspnU


Heracleum pinnatum C.B.Clarke (Images by Prashant Awale (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2c05f0658abbfc35/IMG_2280.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHXRZzve0Fv3QXT7cMyP1yecnmk25QRwys8LLn7Mhs0RdCJETGnuajK7O6pJUt9hW0pqg4II8UONkbPf4SBLKZGMQuwuSHN2HNQEPYaPLgNkTPlCm4



Heracleum rigens Wall. ex DC. (Images by Joby Joseph (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ae246ad5b75ea689/Heracleum%20rigens%20Wall%20%20efi%201%20).JPG.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF9uDi0WFCPdyOX88PSr47qB-yXxgIL6byod3vvsYPBxw2_zPrlaGLsaPtAFR1TFQptPLMwAJhru5YZn-wQYDW96Ez3aaaneIlJWGV7QVFDgKrWlgQ



Hymenidium amabile (Craib & W. W. Sm.) M. G. Pimenov & F. V. Kljuykov (SE-Tibet, China (Sichuan, W-Yunnan), Bhutan, Chumbi, India (E-Himalaya) as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f900445def13d/Pleurospermum%20amabile%20%20Yak%20La,%20%20Lingshi,%20National%20Institute%20of%20Traditional%20Medicine,%20Thimphu,%20Bhutan%20(Chris%20%20Chadwell).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGctQgfga73ulA4Ojc1dFrnAzeDgvb5G6uxfRJHAKLzTmpw_XkAIPhfv8ZU_nzEnJWqgzRY8dy9ajgU7GIlGLCngQCjE6SlKZ_3QhetHvRVihTs3TQ
 


Hymenidium brunonis (Wall. ex DC.) Lindl. (Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Pakistan (Hazara), India (C- to W-Himalaya), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ac036ddceba48/_MG_8676_03Sep2017.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFTeX2BLCHzpjkfX8p5prYlmdsjZZiDnqV1gqchmcz1T_I1xlLEk3zvaWwoIXYn3I0m0DfQ4Wq0HrKeEpGoPSxXo-OJYKtqhwQeN8etcG0IQcpxZzw
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Hymenidium dentatum (Wall. ex DC.) M. G. Pimenov & E. V. Kljuykov (Tibet, India (Himalayas, Kumaon, Darjeeling, etc.), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Chumbi as per Catalogue of Life)
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/126fb89f5615be/DSC_0949.JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/126fb89f5615be/DSC_0950.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1



Pastinaca sativa L. (Images by Nalini (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ee11a706bbff6653/Pastinake-100_9738.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEMo8RDWuqOikMNW5QRkknTf4RudZzpRsdN1c6khtaNppmCAiwEH58fRcmiVpNIVnsKWYZowLz1NxBJ9Ja8BEqDjmTseBFZxGmH5HeQbkKhfrKeg5s




https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/62dcc3bad2818/IMG_20190618_192631.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella acuminata (Edgew.) C.B. Clarke (Images by (Gurcharan Singh - validation by D.S. Rawat) & (Nidhan Singh - identification by Gurcharan Singh), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/284b8ca921a806fc/Dubia-umbellifer-Chakrata-P1120938.-Chakrata-1.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f9c1c136b1a605f0/tn_DSCF1381.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella adscendens Dalzell (Images by (Satish Phadke - validation by Tanay Bose) & (Satish Pardeshi - identified by Avinash), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/49879ebfef4234cf/_MG_1409s.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/656793dac59841b3/25%20Aug%2009%20SNP%20a.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella anisum L. ? (Image by Aarti Khale - identified by Tanay Bose, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/148c6d5dc1851369/DSCN8932.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella candolleana Wight & Arn. (Images by N. Muthu Karthick & A. Shivaprakash, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ab23cdb934e648fa/K%20519.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f68bc197bb131c0a/Pimpinella%20candolleana%20(6).JPG?part=0.6&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ab23cdb934e648fa/K%20517.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1



Pimpinella diversifolia DC. (Images by Gurcharan Singh - validation by Narain Singh Chauhan (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05370-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05382-Kashmir-4.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05388-Kashmir-5.jpg?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4a82a8f83b1be893/Pimpinella-diversifolia-confirm-Tapiana-Sialkot-DSC05378-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella heyneana Wall. (Image by Dalia Set - identified by Shrikant Ingalhalikar (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ed3dbc3b3c82d3a8/tn_IMG_1315_m.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

 
Pimpinella tomentosa Dalzell ex C.B.Clarke (Images by (Dinesh Valke - identified by Bhatt Shweta), Bhatt Shweta & Alka Khare, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/499aed1f1c87b6f3/1655157092_f0218d46e1_b.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/499aed1f1c87b6f3/1654061879_aec5efcf61_b.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ae9249e3311f200e/Pimpinella%20tomentosa_SajjangadIMG_5718.JPG?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ae9249e3311f200e/Pimpinella%20tomentosa_SajjangadIMG_5764.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1


Pimpinella wallichiana (Miq. ex Hofaen.) Gandhi in C.J. Saldanha & Nicolson (Images by Prashant Awale (Id by Neil Soares & Tanay Bose), Neil Soares (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) & Anurag N. Sharma (Id by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))



Pinda concanensis (Dalzell) P.K.Mukh. & Constance (Images by Dinesh Valke, Prashant Awale, Alka Khare (Validation by Sheetal Pachpande) & Narendra Joshi (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c3c57763efaf11d9/T3-IMG_5417.JPG?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH5NXzOzdQasfMBZDWBL_TsOBWVVbvRUcQrVkcopFAn18Sk5dUV2bznYcOALUoBi6iJBNHiKRh5wCkubX7w1fqE6MuUZV6qQ-0ENvGcw7w7_I5b1QY


 

Platytaenia lasiocarpa ssp. thomsonii (Clarke) Rech. f. & Riedl (Images by Sayed Nudrat Zawar (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6ef0a80951b3d963/16b.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHpOjzMfuwnqvXQbsoD4t7J7jawEC5eY7zHblXKz2zWMhNfEAL7KpYDG94pZeWGrCJrvm-69lTK9MGz0eAXInVbaNI5kZAx3sxKVJqcMkuPpOHObTM



Prangos pabularia Lindl. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/84ba5b182ad0d2bd/Prangos-pabularia-above%20Cheshmashahi-DSC03529-KASHMIR-1.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHxjUIhAUb9t5rJFVc-tzNL9q81fD4VJSC2iuKeXW1YM7c5moT2BGoue9ah7hVnOykMqdGt0offDIGtTHdKrvxDZWKwmiF9D2M27js-RkWlFEnNHjw



Sanicula elata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Images by Subhasis Panda (Id by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary), Alok Mahendroo (Id by Krishan Lal) & Dinesh Valke (Id by Krishan Lal) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/fdesQ_FusRRnZ50kaBfYRUQ98uAYzU6YK1Md0SWG4AMcYQQKDe8eTV8tozJn_Z6Y7liyKy3X14G1IbqF19T3O9uHR0MqWoRSUT33VwVTuY1h=w5000-h5000



Scandix pecten-veneris L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1dc60b0fbeebbcc9/Scandix-pectenveneris-Hazuribagh-DSC04647-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGdOWj5_Q2GXWFIjiTTE0K_N97dTlbFcF4rDXZ1vpgn5Za-9TmKx92h7eN268J0OBGozHcPdO8EPl_XOX6HBJksxAdYlUo7vO4RoAq43516Otf5jeQ


Seseli indicum Wight & Arn. (Images by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a22e31d60fede59/P1000656.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWcMtl3K2Zv5v3fUMgzRUzRy7B0bGyB2bAnQl4izwquhOw1lPrMS0G1GgSh2HeqWFLN-eVOuXLE1BZwsmW74K_LkAjDLsMWlSviqRrak6aFSpaB4k


  • Seseli libanotis (L.) W. Koch (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Validation by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/87555aea0f7b8a1d/Seseli-sibiricum-confirm-Jawahar%20tunnel%20Jammu%20side-DSC08207-Kashmir-5.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGhIi0X5TsSzdHA_pbLCeI7RFdP4tZLAX93ZaswCUuxXV8AgKAzqM2MgEbXTtCWz4UvC82uAM7uLa2IFd_1gggjc6T20HbRfleXLHPD9SxBCCttjmk


     

    Seseli mucronatum (Schrenk) Pimenov & Sdobnina ? (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Suresh Rana & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e07e2dc61f694c7/080311_833.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFFRPCRiiQHsiEitoQT8rs-4cXUuYAkZmvCMY_aJk4d993Q1vPp3_0NGisYrkMd-GEGL3aJfUFuhHX9jjdtGOnwthGvcFYk_V_-EA7eOa7Zf-ojNYo
     


      

    Sium latijugum C.B.Clarke (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e177d91aa9b91f87/Sium-latijugum-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEp-HOPY5Q0S3dw2rm9n9quUe7HsLfC3F3c_i2TNSZV0Hi4PwwpOD_vivEwHlOBOuWLUpcUlJUYN8grkY8TNDDdK1YkIS520VTK85kxStbvAJbrMH4




    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/42c671a25059e/Heracleum%20aquilegifolium%20C.B.Clarke,%20habit%20@%20Tung%20DSC00459.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHtT2nU5Nf1yLjrJd9Q1TpwdJQA8gcDNAm-X-_Y-bpr15R6-MYdjtgXxMAYbFyyL4LqBE5o_FKcE-1IZvMXiLMEuMzjSXPp8pByJLIAT90Z3KppmBY




    Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. (Images by Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) & Nidhan Singh (Id by G S Rawat) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dcc7a804ef835592/tn_DSCF0872.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHzVGv5lbEB0C_4bsuHTtiQWmNZ7uIm6ru4bIL3wDZBpcRQFHjbQEQs3rUqMc2Fp14UrtTkQ1cjOv8gc9xF4NVkfoTBQGzjcQEV-yeEP3Te170kEwY





    Torilis nodosa (L.) Gaertn. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6cfd8a2f6a4cb865/Torilis-nodosa-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE9uwRn7Km6Qu6eVhQRDbPA9E1TW2R4kbIRhqrNAT9TkcP9CPkPv0laCLeyc1S4yPitNVKot8FuqQTPqBYlmkyIRIP1Bd24gxVwVvdKeZG6UISGbH4


     

    Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague (Images by Nidhan Singh & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/711bba9c51d6d05c/Trachyspermum%20ammi%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHo3Kh2hUdVYa1_dAvbuQjMnbIgfT2_-WOgcTtgTOUY24kyedLKNW8NEzFOLSKZqz_w5iRLLIlyft-BTh62bfRmMBVCmiZzeoF7VcHbU18vtKOoiNs



    Trachyspermum roxburghianum (DC.) H. Wolff (Images by Alka Khare (Id by Adittya Dharap) & Padmanabhan Geetha (id by Neil Soares) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/33409f8e15c4b391/Type03_Rajgad4.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH314bF02afK9-FfaC_t1npv4ZxoHKGqs7Ae_8sh1Oia50NBPe8Dwya-l6jSXaa4yIMgquhgqXiRF-NVewTlb8x36jTXWnsWCcZdWLQdeSbwdqvTsc



    Vicatia coniifolia Wall. ex DC. (Images by Nidhan Singh (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Balkar Singh), Anurag N Sharma (Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

    https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/62563503ea6a748c/Vicatia-coniifolia-below%20Tungnath-IMG_2295.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEIStRCawD9d2hLNdvZbCzZ0UePu66zLt9bdr7MX-FF0Be3GDpS2hTfy6f-4sHr7GlKjKQ0GfXBBf9NxIyzP-gSqULiTbnqIndxhPxwnB1oOjHHZDM



    Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) is represented by following genera in India:
    Acronema Falc. ex Edgew.*
    Aegopodium L.
    Ammi L
    Anethum L.
    Angelica L
    Anthriscus Pers.
    Apium L.
    Arcuatopterus M.L.Sheh & R.H.Shan*
    Aulacospermum Ledeb.*
    Berula Besser ex W.D.J.Koch*
    Bunium L.*
    Bupleurum L.
    Carum L.
    Centella L.
    Chaerophyllum L.
    Chamaesium H.Wolff
    Cicuta L.
    Cnidium Cusson ex Juss.*
    Conium L.
    Coriandrum L.
    Cortia DC.*
    Cortiella C.Norman*
    Cuminum L.*
    Cyclospermum Lag.*
    Daucus L.
    Elaeosticta Fenzl*
    Eriocycla Lindl.*
    Eryngium L.
    Ferula L.
    Foeniculum Mill.
    Haplosphaera Hand.-Mazz.*
    Heracleum L.
    Hydrocotyle L. (now shifted to Araliaceae in TPL 2013)
    Indoschulzia Pimenov & Kljuykov*
    Karnataka P.K.Mukh.*
    Kedarnatha P.K.Mukh.*
    Keraymonia Farille*
    Lalldhwojia Farille*
    Ligusticum L.
    Lisaea Boiss.*
    Meeboldia H.Wolff*
    Neoconopodium (Koso-Pol.) Pimenov Kljuykov (not recognized in TPL 2013)
    Oenanthe L.
    Osmorhiza Raf.*
    Pastinaca L.
    Peucedanum L.
    Physospermopsis H.Wolff*
    Pimpinella L.
    Pinda P.K.Mukh. & Constance
    Pleurospermopsis C.Norman*
    Pleurospermum Hoffm.
    Polyzygus Dalzell*
    Prangos Lindl.
    Psammogeton Edgew.*
    Pternopetalum Franch.*
    Pycnocycla Lindl.*
    Sanicula L.
    Scaligeria DC.*
    Scandix L.
    Schulzia Spreng.*
    Selinum L.
    Semenovia Regel Herder*
    Seseli L.
    Sinocarum H.Wolff*
    Sium L.
    Tongoloa H.Wolff*
    Tordyliopsis DC.*
    Torilis Adans.
    Trachydium Lindl.
    Trachyspermum Link.
    Tricholaser Gilli*
    Turgenia Hoffm.*
    Vanasushava P.K.Mukh. & Constance*
    Vicatia DC.
    Zosima Hoffm.*
    *genera not represented in eFI.
    References-
    1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 98-127.
    However, some genera like Adenosciadium, Astrantia, Helosciadium and Platytaenia are not found naturally in India but also represented in eFI.  



    Plant Taxonomy By O P. Sharma (1993)- Details
     
    Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) week: APIACEAE  (UMBELLIFERAE)
    The earlier name Umbelliferae derives from the inflorescence which is in the form of a compound "umbel".
    Most abundant in north temperate zone. In India mostly in temperate and alpine Himalayas but some are also cultivated in warmer parts.
    The common examples are Coriander (coriandrum sativum). Carrot (Daucus carota) Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and Brahmi (Centella asiatica)
    Vegetative characters:
    Mostly Herbs biennial or perennial or sometimes annual. Species of Centella are small prostrate herbs rooting at the nodes, but mostly they are with stout erect stems with hollow internodes. Species of Angelica attain a
    height of upto four meters.
    The stems are usually furrowed.
    The plants usually have aromatic smell due to presence of essential oil or resin in all organs.
    The leaves are alternate, rarely simple (Centella) but generally the are pinnately compound or decompound. Stipules are generally absent. The petiolesis often swollen and sheathing at the base.
    Flowers and Inflorescence:
    As the name of the family suggests, the umbel inflorescence is the characteristic of the family
    Most commonly it is a compound umbel.The primary umbel is surrounded at its base by an involucre of bracts. The flowers are small, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite or sometimes unisexual or polygamous, pentamerous and epigynous. The calyx is represented usually by five inconspicuous teeth or a narrow circular ridge at the top of the ovary.
    The corolla is of five distinct petals alternating with the sepals. The petals are inflexed and fall off soon.The androecium is of five distinct stamens alternating with the petals.They arise from epigynous disc. The
    filaments are inflexed and the anthers are basi or dorsifixed, dithecous, introrse and opening lengthwise.
    Thje gynoecium is bicarpellary and syncarpous with witha an inferior bilocular ovary. Epigynous disc is prolonged in to two styles.
    Fruits and seeds: Fruit is a schizocarp. The seed has a hard oily endosperm and a small embryo.
    Pollination and dispersal: Aggregation of small flowers into dense inflorescence amkes it conspicuous for insects and aids pollination. Open nectar situation: so accessible to even short tongued insects. Smell of ethereal oils and resins: marked influence on bees.
    Mericarps of the seeds : marked by ridges and bristles:- dispersal by birds and animals.
    Examples:
    Chiefly vegetables, condiments, volatile oils and ornamentals.
    Daucus carota L. (Carrot, गाजर) fleshy tap roots used as vegetable.
    Apium graveolens L. (Celery) again a vegetable
    Pastinaca sativa (Parsnip) Thickened tap root as vegetable
    The seeds of many species are used as spice and condiments for culinary
    purposes and in confectionary
    Coriandrum sativum (Coriander, कोथींबींर)
    Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel, saunf बडीशेप)
    Cuminum cyminum (Cumin, जीरा)
    Ferula asafoetida. The dried latex obtained after making incisions in living root stocks and roots is the source of Asafoetida (हींग) of commerce. It is used as condiment for flavoring curries etc.
    Centella asiatica Syn. Hydrocotyl asiatica (ब्राह्मी) Diuretic and medicinal properties, insecticidal also.
    Some species of Pimpinella, Heracleum and Angelica are grown as ornamentals. 

    Apiaceae Fortnight: June 1-14, 2015 : 5 posts by 3 authors.
    After very heavy uploads during Lamiaceae Fortnight, we will have Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) as our next Fortnight from June 1-14, 2015. Please keep your photographs ready for upload during the Fortnight. Would be useful if some expert volunteers to Coordinate.
    Thanks, ...
    The following 40 genera has already been discussed in efi so far (Pl. click on their link to see the species discussed under them): ....................


    Species & genera pages of Apiaceae in efloraofindia are now with images.
    It involves inserting images on around 77 species pages (say around 300 images) & 39 genera pages. It also involved a lot of cleansing work like deletion of duplicate / wrong pages, correctly identify some of the threads, putting them at their proper place, proper formatting of the species pages etc. 
    I request our members to pl. take up one family each & try to make efloraofindia more constructive. We will be rendering what ever assistance is required by the members, in this matter.



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