Allium wallichii

 

Images by J.M.Garg (Identified by Shrikant Ingalhalikar & Tabish) & D S Rawat (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

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Himalaya Onion, Jimbur; 
 

Roots elongate, thick. Bulb solitary or clustered, cylindric; tunic yellowish brown, laciniate or fibrous to subreticulate. Leaves linear to broadly so, shorter than to subequaling scape, 5-20 mm wide, midvein distinct, base not narrowed into a petiole. Scape lateral, 20-50 cm, 3-angled, sometimes narrowly 3-winged, covered with leaf sheaths only at base. Spathe 1- or 2-valved, deciduous. Umbel hemispheric, laxly or densely flowered. Pedicels subequal, 2-4 times as long as perianth, ebracteolate. Perianth stellately spreading, recurved after anthesis, pale red, red, or purple to blackish purple, rarely white; segments oblong-elliptic to narrowly so, 5-9 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, apex retuse or obtuse. Filaments subulate, shorter than to subequaling perianth segments, connate at base and adnate to perianth segments. Ovary obovoid-globose, smooth; ovules 2 per locule. Style longer than ovary. 
Allium wallichii var. wallichii is close relative of Allium wallichii var. platyphyllum, but differs from the latter in its leaves linear to broadly so (vs. oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate), base not narrowed into a petiole (vs. narrowed into a petiole), scape covered with leaf sheaths only at base (vs. leaf sheaths for ca. 1/2 its length). 
Flowering and fruiting from July to October. 
Allium wallichii is occurring in Guangxi, Guizhou, S Hunan, SW Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW Yunnan of China, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim. 
Growing in forest margins, scrub, moist meadows, stream banks; 2300-4800 m. 
Author(s): Wen, Jun                   Rights holder(s): Wen, Jun
 
 

Young leaves - cooked as a vegetable[272]. The dried leaves are used as a condiment in curries and pickles[177, 183, 272]. Bulb - raw or cooked. Poorly developed and rather small[200]. The cloves are used as a substitute for garlic[272]. Flowers - raw. Used as a garnish on salads. 
The bulbs, boiled then fried in ghee, are eaten in the treatment of cholera and dysentery[272]. The raw bulb is chewed to treat coughs and colds[272]. It is said that eating the bulbs can ease the symptoms of altitude sickness[272]. Members of this genus are in general very healthy additions to the diet. They contain sulphur compounds (which give them their onion flavour) and when added to the diet on a regular basis they help reduce blood cholesterol levels, act as a tonic to the digestive system and also tonify the circulatory system[K].
The juice of the plant is used as a moth repellent. The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles[20]. 
(From PFAF)
 
10-11-2008: Mizoram; on 13/8/10 during the trek from Ghangaria (around 11,000 ft.) to Hemkunt Sahib (around 14000 ft.); Himalaya onion-040510-PKA1 - efloraofindia | Google Groups Flora of Uttarakhand- Herb55 for Id- JM - efloraofindia | Google Groups

  
search for allinum wallichi :  3 posts by 3 authors.
pls tell me from where i can get Allium wallichi (jangli lehsun, wild garlic) ?
Please refer to these posts
 
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I have seen in Tunghnath region of Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand
 
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Allium wallichii (Liliaceae) from Uttarakhand: Sep. 2014_DSR_23 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).  
Allium wallichii Kunth (Liliaceae) photographed in Vedni Bugyal (Chamoli) Uttarakhand. 3900m altitude.

Very beautiful ephemeral..
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Allium wallichii ABAUG2017/34 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
I found this too in Ilaqa as I started walking back. Oleg and Polunin say that this is 'the only species found in those areas of Nepal fully open to monsoon rains' which describes our terrain very well too. They further state that the bulb is absent in this species (but numerous fibrous roots present) while FOI mentions the use of the bulbs in local remedies. I'm not sure about this as I never pull out a plant to check the roots. Please advise.
Allium wallichii
Near Ilaqa, Dharamshala, HP
3300m approx.
27 August 2017 

 
 
 
 
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