Allium ursinum (Europe)


Images by Nalini (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9a7d18b2f519b141/B%C3%A4rlauch-Blatt-100_0837-k.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQs7zxad7KgAWIx5B0iDdfzsFAQzQFHTw3sZPEegN6itzRpMhVlvBJFAIY2c5udqoQ2sAMX8Jb0YY8EBFmqBfa7Osu_VWW6jM_4NjAv_bYIKn9MeM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e902d88edfa02b12/B%25C3%25A4rlauch-100_0308.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHxegHGVB6hdDOssZEoLUyU5fLKdelXN3hnRws47Qll0We4bK-okmX5kmlsGCanK8WHfNMAkQN1SSidZ9rKkvnKEi2-vTEcO5l5F3nV-XB51NzXSRs
 
 

Allium ursinum
– known as ramsons, buckrams, wild garlic, broad-leaved garlic, wood garlic, bear leek or bear's garlic – is a wild relative of chives native to Europe and Asia.[1]  
The Latin name is due to the brown bear's taste for the bulbs and its habit of digging up the ground to get at them; they are also a favorite of wild boar 
Allium ursinum grows in deciduous woodlands with moist soils, preferring slightly acidic conditions.  
It flowers before deciduous trees leaf in the spring, filling the air with their characteristic garlic-like scent. The stem is triangular in shape and the leaves are similar to those of the Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis). Unlike the related Allium vineale (crow garlic) and Allium oleraceum (field garlic), the flower-head contains no bulbils, only flowers.[3]  
The leaves of A. ursinum are edible; they can be used as salad, spice,[5] boiled as a vegetable,[6] in soup, or as an ingredient for pesto in lieu of basil. The stems are preserved by salting and eaten as a salad in Russia. A variety of Cornish Yarg cheese has a rind coated in wild garlic leaves.[7] The bulbs and flowers are also edible, though less famed for their taste than the leaves.[citation needed]
The leaves are also used as fodder. Cows that have fed on ramsons give milk that tastes slightly of garlic, and butter made from this milk used to be very popular in 19th-century Switzerland.[citation needed]
(From Wikipedia on 22.9.13) 

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e902d88edfa02b12/B%C3%A4rlauch-100_0305.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEmqcz_HzX-kwSl1D6GlLH9YhfPk9WRGmBEWVNkJvtjRmvwikjJs3Ra0MSXrUEYLuTyu1ffJKvpeI3Pphlhio7VJXNi9WdX4gsbOtFR8G3cekfTfzM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e902d88edfa02b12/B%C3%A4rlauch-100_0307.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFN4ok8oP2bx58CuB5MiO1eN-wIzw4qZkPRFehFIHvzqSyuQJZ1nvygE22JiKrtqc-auCdUvTjnR5WpU7YwPFefDqcZ8Te1sNuuzEMKDD4zq7TWNBU
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e902d88edfa02b12/B%C3%A4rlauch-100_0306.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGRfW-NO-z7_nokAy4GYFNlg1gde2qsGJuFG5QTPaQ2SxwxOJgTsvPOI6FoadqenJCEXJJFM9-YOxZ3qXDqh3YQXYjzsnagv1bH7rqkY8_KQHIMCeI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e902d88edfa02b12/B%C3%A4rlauch-100_0220.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG__FPFKu-LDdQXNCs0WrLfQjJEonVxvWv-hXH3Z40QIO-jx59GXykzGLlOfDvJzes9kq4mNq0c6xb9pOXX_zqppz4KIaUl0W_upsHHpP-TtpiFUgc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e902d88edfa02b12/B%C3%A4rlauch-100_0219.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEhgcDVXHl7fjKxRns_5KndjhpIGKx5KM_jI43qp2wwPqNmIUSDnRj0VTXtIe69ps2WDlzpD8bk088eG4_6txkSRc6ObgrsvY6XskgB8mACTcerq9I
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e902d88edfa02b12/B%C3%A4rlauch-100_0215.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFop4wZFnhITz7qpQZbhub9ninr7RopXv8IW_3VhQV2AxRjqpe86JyUvnnlJ2UZWgCnSFC_UOQyPqgSxOtEJqvzQsQctHOa2LJx3sKU0SSo-vi8Zsc
Bärlauch (Allium ursinum) from Bremen: I thought of posting these fotos I took in April this year in Bremen on tha Banks of the river Lesum that flows thru Bremen. The few plants in my garden are miger.
Every year I go to this place to collect young leaves before flowering. A pesto of Bï¿œrlauch adds a special note to salads, baked potatos etc. etc. A few days after collecting the leaves I go there again to enjoy this beautiful site. 

Wow, .., what a spectacular show this onion puts put.... what do the leaves look like...
in these pictures there several NON-ONION LEAVES showing by the time flowers are out and open....
did you photograph the bare "leaves" are they tall stick like as in all onions? 

I have never seen this Allium but as per my information: This species produces flat leaves (not cylindrical like onion) like garlic, but much broader about 5 cm wide and even narrowed into a petiole. Two leaves are produced per bulb appearing with the flowers. Leaves are almost 1/4 the length of scape; The bulbs unlike onion have surface coating splitting into parallel fibers.
It has such interesting names as Bear's garlic. Hog's garlic, Gypsy onion, Ramsons and Buckrams.

i did not take fotos of just the leaves, will do next time. ... has answered the questions.
I cropped one of the fotos, in which there are many leaves, surrounding one Urtica plant.
Just had a look in my garden and made these fotos.
Attaching fotos of a leaf, and of the seedcapsule, which looks very decorative.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8883.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGyS84GtaQrozAbMZ_lCs2xlmDhtJhldmui-P3av43Cf9SbuZa_4QrRRKQDkHOya3o1dgiBRz2bu6pPw5aAyJ8hF5V9meXVbXisNZItwoOdvpiO1js
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8907.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHL-WAYamteao35IwjNpmGvS6lh9G1mDemRw3eGJfyn1gqKV64XRva206E4dpztHHt6i9BGAhD_Htni4GKiifq1RImHswAKx1ViTrBTAfamHjt9bA4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8906.JPG?part=0.10&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEdF34kCKgXYF6hC31YfWXPKs8u6-7InMyjhJl5N5xwCcv6WAvV4_LaZGv_xmAnuGfA57pA9f0-xds41JfVSqk66zLpAUbGvn9LL4CFV_hFqxZX5Sc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8904.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF25JGpQJSo26s5k46UA1Of4huLBUf7leSyn1kNj66avmbK0OsYaxuO98oIQaD9tzfi1Hmq2A30lQYMd3Njmqbzt8H0ORlqc0n8t_o8a7gMLdYA2IY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8905.JPG?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHfLogZfaPL-its9FM5BGeipQDmwfN4Rvg3PVrs07WrfSE5bDxii3Au2kuA2ZCg0kMui4leh21Zdw_1iMFQGVAVaspqNOi3aKCRKu9LiaA_Qqhy5Jo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8882.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF8lT8VDpFhzlC2_LEmQWVChC6OE_VCbFApzVb88KUtQk6TRUjh4fORu0fykCNXi5f8dukwDe3oMyRXv59blR9PlJDFmvQ8T_vIaHkUaqi9Zjuqv1c
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8876.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE7RZDGeZpCfYcQJjMmFMnj-o_zdQJ-FZPluT8ZZI7XSKPyjQkSdwsr-eI4mIU0Xn0cFXSLyh9dTCiU3vaBNUNiwdf-ai8WV4mzhYKH6Phx-0jHsAY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8873.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEkdlhn1JSa7nLpiQkghdUeUlkhaugnZQxjNXJmIHc9mDRdw0ZUSl7QEeQefl3BON_0YldYEs96m3o7Z-nVbTJ7V4v35BUzgtE3CiXXdmCf19I34AA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8872.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEFzCvajWn36rV-mqsUJwvrf_upTmkVasFDevPlTBj-ay3BYHmTgbuOasX7IiDQiTSbqLAWxZWfAs4NdSP85z5xWuu8Ker_dbazuDODZDrwgFwy52w
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10823d354a4db/Type06_Salzburg_IMG_8908.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEniN0s4Lxp2EX54s40IdaRy299RPi3445HCUSbT4mUonpQF8qdSOvL0lv0KgsFle4bzpIOGerYWcsjMExwpAoEqxcGxjXM81ul9-QQOimR0gaMdr4
Plant for ID :: Salzburg, AT :: EU-ARKOCT27 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (10)
Please ID this plant seen growing in one of the castle grounds. One part of the grounds was completely covered by these beautiful flowers. This was clicked in April 2016.
Is this some Liliaceae?

Looks like Allium ursinum (Ramsons, Wild garlic)

Bärlauch (Allium ursinum) i had sent fotos of this some years back.  
you may also compare your european fotos with ones I had sent.
 

References:

The Plant List  GRIN  Wikipedia  PFAF

Comments