Viburnum cylindricum

Viburnum cylindricum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 142. 1825. (Syn: Viburnum coriaceum Blume; V. crassifolium Rehder; V. cylindricum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don var. crassifolium (Rehder) C. K. Schneider.;                                   Viburnum capitellatum Wt. & Arn.);

 Kannada: Elasaande.
Malayalam Mottumookkan

Evergreen trees, to 7 m high, bark grey. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 10-40 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 6.4-17.5 x 2.5-5.5 cm, elliptic, obovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, base acute or obtuse, apex acuminate, margin entire or slightly serrate, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent, domatia present. Flowers bisexual, white, 3 mm across, in terminal or subterminal umbellate corymbs; bracteoles deciduous; calyx tube 2 mm long, pubescent, lobes 5, persistent, obtuse; corolla tube 4 mm long, tubular, glabrous; lobes 5, short, ovate-obtuse, erect, ciliate; stamens 5, inserted on the corolla tube; filaments short; ovary inferior, oblong, 1-celled, ovules 1, pendulous; style short, stigma 3 lobed. Fruit a drupe 8 x 5 mm, elliptic, compressed, ribbed, beaked, reddish-brown; seed one, 6 x 4 mm, elliptic.
Flowering and fruiting: May-September
Margins of shola forests
India, Bhutan, Myanmar and Indonesia



Images by Nidhan Singh (Identified by D.S.Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) 

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Flora of Chakrata 2013:: Small tree for id : Attachments (7). 8 posts by 3 authors.
This small tree was shot during recent visit to Chakrata area,
flowers minute, creamish white, borne in compound umbellate cymes, corolla tubular, stamens protruding, fruits could not be seen..
Earlier recorded from Gori Valley area, attaching pics from that area too.. Id help requested..
MAY BE SWIDA OBLONGA.
Many thanks ... for this long pending id.. yes this is Caprifoliaceae... can be Viburnum coriaceum..
Keys in Osmaston (1927) also suggest it as Viburnum coriaceum.

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SK180NOV05-2016:ID : 16 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Sharing some pictures for ID shot at Tarakeshwor, Nepal on 27 August 2016 at 6000 ft.
Sp of Psychotria may be P truncata if recorded in local flora.

efi page on Psychotria truncata 
I am afraid it does not look like matching with any of the Psychotria recorded in Nepal. I found the leaves are very different and the altitude also not tallying.
I think it is a species of Viburnum
Is it Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (accepted name) ??
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=200022434
The immature fruits of this shrub make identification difficult unless one is familiar with the genus/species concerned.  I would therefore say better to WAIT until images of mature fruits and/ ideally, flowers are available.
However, may be worth mentioning that 3 species of Psychotria (of Rubiaceae family) are listed in Enumeration of Flowering Plants of Nepal: P.calocarpa, P.denticulata & P.erratica.  The first is based on a record by Hooker but no location nor specimen has been found at Kew!  P.denticulata is based upon a Wallich specimen from 1821!  Whereas P.erratica is only known from 300-700m in Nepal.  So these seem improbable.
As for Viburnum cylindricum (which I have recently posted about within my comments on supposed Sino-Japanese flora in Pakistan), I cannot judge the young fruits as matching a Viburnum.  Difficult to say.  This species is known from what was Kumaon to NEFA, India, Sri Lanka, Myanamar, W.China etc.  In Nepal it is recorded from 1200-2500m - so this fits altitudinally and distribution-wise.   Also, Flowers of the Himalaya says this shrub or small tree is common at village level in Nepal, so that fits. 
There is, helpfully, a shot of the underside of a leaf (I REGULARLY URGE PHOTOGRAPHERS TO TAKE SUCH SHOTS).   Unfortunately, the image does NOT fit with the description of the underside of the leaf of V.cylindricum in Bhutan & Sikkim i.e. gland-dotted with tufts of hair, so I conclude it is UNLIKELY to prove to be this but the answer is to get good images of the plant in flower (first choice) or mature fruits, so that a genus can be worked out.
Pl. check with images of Viburnum punctatum & other threads herein as per comparative images at Viburnum
I have taken a small amount of interest in Viburnums in Nepal in the past, finding it NOT any easy genus identification-wise - especially at the fruiting stage.
The photos show only IMMATURE fruits which make it even harder.
Yes, it MIGHT be V.punctatum (which is very much a lower-altitude species) recorded in Nepal to 1600m only.
It is included in 'Flora of Kathmandu Valley' but cannot express total confidence in this.
Their key says Cymes Corymbose, leaves glabrous, punctate, scaly on lower surface.
Personally, EVEN if a member of this group is sufficiently familiar with this genus to CONFIRM that it is this species, I do not think the images will help much in recognising it future.
I would leave it as Viburnum sp. perhaps V.punctatum. 
Keeping in mind the altitude, fruiting season and leaf texture (as compared in the google image) it guess it is more close to Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don.



Request for further opinion please.
Viburnum cylindricum is correct.
Thank you all. Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
Nepali Names : घोडे खरी Ghode Kharee/ बाकलपाती  Baakalapatee/ घैजुरे Ghaijure/ घारघुरे Ghaaraghure/ पिठोचोर Pithochor  


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SK907 25 DEC-2017:ID : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Location: Chautara, Nepal  
Date: 16 December 2017
Altitude: 5600 ft.

I think this is Viburnum [Caprifoliaceae]. I have no idea about species.
efi thread ????/
I also think close to images at Viburnum cylindricum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don 


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Viburnum cylindricum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)- around 500 kb each. 
Location:  Nagarkot
Date: 21 August 2018
Elevation:6800 ft.
Habit : Wild 

Fruits from the same plant.
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal  
Date: 27 October 2018
Elevation: 6800 ft.
Habit : Wild
Attachments (2)- around 600 kb each.


Viburnum cylindricum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don Inbox : 10 posts by 1 author. 8 images- 5 to 7 mb each.
Location: Matatirtha, Kathmandu
Date: 03 October 2020 
Elevation: 2040m.
Habit : Wild

 



References:

Flora of China  Flora of Pakistan  Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (also syn. Viburnum capitellatum Wight & Arn.

Biotik  GRIN  India Biodiversity Portal

The Plant List 1 (Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) 

The Plant List 2 (Viburnum coriaceum Blume- unresolved)  

Encyclopaedia of World Medicinal Plants, Volume 1  By T. Pullaiah (2006)

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