Acorus calamus


Acorus calamus L., Sp. Pl. 324 1753. (Syn: Calamus aromaticus Garsault [Invalid]);
 

Images by tspkumar

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/309528f80a035/5-TMK_20150203_103907%20(2).jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF3aNAlfLACCR6lr8hGBGEArY7EHF1SxBtt9iez2gjgKgA_vngh7Fkcv5_AtvVnOTBkGOjhs4AxF2IxoZFT4oZ_oZPhW_XtXqiDmUJ69ucFl4qdEl4

sweet flag, calamus; Sanskrit : Haimavati, हैमवती, Vacha, वचा;
   
 

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/280f815abbfb5d89/Acorus%20calamus%20%20%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE5DK2r0-55-qZ7vSbMCqL-e2T5wiTrOSZdVsxABhEwyYwvC8w88dygUDfizUfNT3C_jb25ycbAyplxYiAxr95oVtRezVSykpz7mAb_EaCKUV2TjTc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/280f815abbfb5d89/Acorus%20calamus%20%20%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHpRW5Kej3MqD7Ap-n7R9D3NcTiUl7xiU1LR0A-OuoI9iQk0ZiYMp7Yxi9-LzFomFwBzzds6H09KK5ETyCSW4-JoZnBNIuUcVwPeccBNFEUPWPwJSg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/93e1fdd91c36cea5/acorus%20calamus_1.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHz-BjHrG4tWwXPxp1jPkF3zWy2lyx-zHrcXHZVHATI3oeqV_pZZBG-YPsC03k6WigtLBNFXlgABqoMTVKBtTcRywT2djwSUcl1RytHEJZZ-wUCsKE

Flora of Manipur: Acorus calamus - efloraofindia | Google Groups : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Acorus calamus, from Manipur.
I hope this is the plant which has high amount of Beta-asarone which give its rhizome and leave scented.
Ya ..., both rhizomes as well as leaves are aromatic. As you know it has got high reputation as a medicinal plant too, used for various stomach ailments in children traditionally. Every household will have this precious plant (rhizome) for emergency use.

Here are mine from Herbal garden samalkha Panipat. Attachments (2)
Calamus derived herbal products were banned in USA as far back as 1968.... because of purported carcinogenicity... apparently there are genetic variations ...
I quote from Wikipedia: (do not know whao wrote this wiki article though)
Start Quote: "  Regulation: Products derived from Acorus calamus were banned in 1968 as food additives by the United States Food and
Drug Administration. [1] The questionable chemical derived from the plant was β-asarone. Confusion exists whether all strains of Acorus
Calamus contain this substance.
Four varieties of Acorus calamus strains exist in nature; diploid, triploid, tetraploid and hexaploid. [2] Diploids do not produce the carcinogenic β-asarone. Diploids are known to grow naturally in Eastern Asia (Mongolia and C Siberia) and North America. The triploid cytotype probably originated in the Himalayan region, as a hybrid between the diploid and tetraploid cytotypes. [3] The North American Calamus is known as Acorus Calamus var. americanus or more recently as simply Acorus americanus. Like the diploid strains of calamus in parts of the Himalayas, Mongolia, and C Siberia, the North American diploid strain does not contain the carcinogenic β-asarone.[4][5][6] Research has consistently demonstrated that "β-asarone was not detectable in the North American spontaneous diploid Acorus [Calamus var. americanus]".[
7]   " end quote
the quote is from URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acorus and that's where the references listed in the quotes are...
MY QUESTION: ARE THERE INDIAN ORIGIN PAPERS ABOUT the GENETICS of CALAMUS or VACHA used in Ayurvedic medicine ???
IF anyone knows, could you please share the CITATIONS WITH THE GROUP and ME? 
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/620b1370ac88a6c7/P1100154.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJsvaBvlzIM1hdom7UTcIPUqHCz7i_xV9dkfYlwTVdqlJCJugyBu8RIUwbfN913QheLXaq0rnXmf1Mli15LiiJ4zGyFKLTU05o7AMxbOogiLkgwuY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/620b1370ac88a6c7/P1100152.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEZ3DEWcwfnM9ze7d7G0RyeRNddPa9YRYp6QijpGVDxYodlrabo80GQPjJQRcg5THQ8f2Ypbt8JeGrzFEeIzepTD9w7JsKNKjojdOWvkKNk7RASZBM
Ex-situ Silviculture : Acorus calamus L. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5d69239a19276de2/Acor%20cala.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEDB1e_KDb4ttkqZizjkq3nhnuVUtTk7635h9-HSY6bDZKFMNE0rv1WOkAWHpKgRWBCHQgVHNJgMH3ptJOSLg2T92pRBjhL9WAt1FZvQX9c-11gGIk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5d69239a19276de2/Acorus.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGb4PdZDs2VeBzlFa02hiHs_4VqOkk3SAQ00xGfIQkyZZ8bnJjq8ZV8faQoxkSW4ntP0KD7FSzan8e4SNkLQjkkoDhD83sbkFuxtFH_9K5sM0sSZZc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5d69239a19276de2/Acorus%20calamus.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGia4StrhnKbDHep-p5H0GHyJHbjBKED6fzEzpG30cdrEURbzq7xLRDDb_UbXlpP4T6juceL2hfF4jAprtSxlhBt4NgPXaEj7kaFTHKj0MqwcJionI

Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: SN Aug 03 :  1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3).
Acorus calamus wild and cultivated medicinal herb, rhizome used in medicine.






 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/57ab095046a060e2/Acorus-calamus-Herbal-gdn-19-4DSC09361-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHgUTc4yJ7N4CtbKJqrPaHW5WDUCnIHQXRRYCoMXGczU_7u28cBKz3AZkFMAYdnbJu5p0ZVYK7AK4uCEg-vS2tBaQwk27DqrXuBX4lpqFcNaEZfKqc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/57ab095046a060e2/Acorus-calamus-Herbal-gdn-14-10-DSC05794-Delhi-2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEWNR5X53rh7LgmcI53WPjNVDkU4_YZwMooB2dm-dtzVsh9LCrTjdfxdq6MAvQ4IbunsECdRFuUtqAFgwSHk-qmJWsDH9FJnU7bF9jJCvKFU285LZk

Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae-Acorus calamus for Delhi-GSAUG21 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2). Acorus calamus, photographed from Herbal Garden, New Delhi.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/129ba5b292fae006/Acorus%20calamus.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHva-YRZ_RADyjwwFWWbHVpRDsjZbksCvIEzFVRfyZyLnUn_UPPwtY4BO7n6fwe9CYXLmp0S_6nL1dd77fZFA5GwNRWGcqLZzX0exWO8q7Lw5g50ck

5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Acorus calamus. Known as 'Bach', 'bare', 'barian' this once very common floristic element along water courses/ ditches/ lakes in Himachal upto about 2500 m asl, is getting scarcer due to degradation of its habitat. Its rhizomes are considered medicinally very important and form part of State's folklore for the purpose. One such folk belief is "Jithe bana, basuti, bare; uthe manus koi kian mare" (where you find threesome of Vitex negundo, Adhatoda vasica and Acorus calamus, how can a man die of disease).
This image clicked from typical habitat of the species in Kullu district. May also note a spadix in the image.
Thanks ... for this very interesting quote...your picture is from wild, I could not get this in wild till now...
Thanks very much ... 
Yes you are right... all my photographs are from the wild, clicked during my various field visits to forests...
You may see wild populations of Acorus calamus at Renuka ji lake (Sirmour dist.), Prashar lake (Mandi dist.), road side ditches from Kullu to Manali and various other locations. 
Never saw this plant in wild. Thanks for sharing ...
Interesting folklore too, 
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/309528f80a035/4-TMK_20150203_103907%20(8).jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEjiah4SYQI5Ou9Qh0s32yzytfFVQ9So4iZBinwJ24h7SD4CSzqjTPGH-VOjm3b19NUyWLrVYbf-VYlFuRwnKEw99EWrR-4NGf1d6swj0A5-7g7iHg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/309528f80a035/3-TMK_20150203_103907%20(9).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHBuL3mViHBOmhwNKbB1LyWv-zyME7csb7uBAYWyWuMQg2srEPj3ZTpKJZ6iGziUpDfHOLPJhl8l_W_o6q_mwcBr0KQnTN00ptwJOIpVtMhn7sMmRI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/309528f80a035/2-TMK_20150203_103907%20(1).jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGoVewknf09e6PXHWoJpjW1g7kmboMLImwy_jz1MjCIzyW0GZanPsGCAFVrXaQw8IO9nRRU8Q8sLEZjJ5zQk5hd5AWGUOUcx9cSKaVeDDP0VBlbibE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/309528f80a035/1-Tmk_20140716_105125%20(1).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGCOqTpDtoAu3JYvjalNHiYZDYLsOfmy0i4XjrFRey-qyV7a3DVnm7aQ1VRqhCLpgwi1RkaFOqGvhyMowIX2qduvn45HpTrYn6hOWoi2g3QIQovXo8
TSPNOV2015-95-138: Images of Acorus calamus (Acoraceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Acorus calamus (Acoraceae)

The Digital Flora of Karnataka and the Flowers of India sites list this under Araceae...!?

Ref-1: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=428&cat=1

Ref-2: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Sweet%20Flag.html 

Habit: An aromatic herb 

Habitat: cultivated 

Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 16-07-2014 and 03-02-2015 


 


 
References:
Comments