Ruellia


 

Ruellia elegans Poir. (Cultivated) (Images by P. Chitralekha (Identified by Surajit Koley), Devendra Bhardwaj & Aarti S. Khale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ddc0ef83bb7af983/Ruellia%20elegans.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHq_ItEGeAL3wykhGcXsWSIFjoJ-0D-SQcoNq7j-INA2mfUn9F4dHIPocruXQr-T4SIknu9PLisrUXalEdfDCcbhFch7a3TANHkZK3R22WCPRxyeJg


Ruellia inundata Kunth (Cultivated) ? (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d939f34512bf8d3/Ruellia%20tuberosa_5651.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGMn_2USXRdq2LVKTrAh6vxCVa9tKFmYAK5MYFWEPyBQl_G2jcfHXSS1eT8sN7wJ1G9oWGwzfyaiKkQb7Fx8Xfkrc9NOjqAP4LiBIBoyavbZv6Rw2o


(Images by Nidhan Singh & Aarti S Khale (Identified by Nidhan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/523ce9896faa0aeb/Ruellia%20peninsularis%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG5AKFisFq3KsTlTbEXo9z9_lp5uW5JuKKfFib-aL0JLN6kyogS-HBvaGH2Bi3tpbKndzzoaAiEMZVwPpzx_kA_1XKroOfIVkbbC1L3haal3OZW5yU

 

Ruellia makoyana Closon (Cultivated) (Images by Aarti S Khale (Identified by Vijayasankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9adf830a3bffbd30/Blue-flowered%20Teddy-Bear,Episcia%20lilacina,Kodai-DSCN6725.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGnXMQe5z1jplEe65Q35nc171sA_xF3Iz3Idqdi7fIdGYaERoIvqZ47dKCbFD2McTnhbtKu-koTaMlzjMx1Ht_Xjm4lzmOL9nkYZVZXZ1zeTWVDVh4
 

 

Ruellia nudiflora (Engelm. & A. Gray) Urb. (Cultivated) (Images by Ranjini Kamath & S. Kasim (Identified by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/59e17395f6ebfef8/Ca-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG5QHQOakHMLKp1fab8BJtYo8OwX32Zk4ellwdKZj_hh28fkNaPJhPoiIroxusnRnzlVozwKU9p9QLZ9VRa8cmjtBJlj_3rfZyFbzTClSsKl5PsgJ8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/59e17395f6ebfef8/Ca-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEVJ4VcPTrOfy3LbGT6wQn50PQI3P9lC5Z9GcSA4NKQeJvFxXKjH7ER6NocXd-RjU_VMwOv3ZGGbocVpT0TJ9wkym_Is5N2nzi7k08EuwzwiCuILwY

 


 

Ruellia patula Jacq. (Images by A. Lalithmba & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/638aef935469af47/Ruellia%20patula%20lilac%20.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGKQnc7ZWlRLNFmpmHX4E-V3C3c1tEoFPNEethgjzdvFDLRFBoZPvXsYNMwD07RYfYdBxOvU8IGe09BqMK0KDGyD4xEoBt4vzLvROPAAdmWZLR8yIg

 

Ruellia prostrata Poir. (Images by Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5aef0561f8c3bbc3/Dipteracanthus%20prostratus%20%20%20(4).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEAzoqfkeOGABEL8_ScjrIKexG6uNSfFEvgC4VL4WXQ0XnyVf-TIbkNsA5B_vA9vZHOHG-835n9wxnJbq-CYX6DzcDu9bf7S_NG9yuQ4fa2m-y_aEo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5aef0561f8c3bbc3/Dipteracanthus%20prostratus%20%20%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGj7zer6AQ-SEdYALJrziJfSEQZH-LDVQuOBkmig3nIpghHrPrukGDHQmn4qp3YBQmq2M9LtdWYsV7uZIZRM3PCb4tnbe6nWQhN2ZBLNA0Tt47jEr4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5aef0561f8c3bbc3/Dipteracanthus%20prostratus%20%20%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHKF4Ayj6c5xYQd16vxtl-BmmRgm742P9N24o9OhZiW7wJJSJ2cSfQkdg70F_cGqi5sOXgfBOQkfwlGCIqqHowmzNPR42SYF33tV2Fhq5dzpVdP4XA

 



Ruellia pseudopatula Ensermu (Images by Subhasis Panda (Identified by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/11e77901e906e7/130415SP2.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFVIPt9KK09Hu48DHupBPnSLhCNNLOBtun1rVjgpIOF49WOrrFMCIGbVqzxCSPX-rhg1Bf9Of0wOQtcxPU-GY3epplsXAozQbT4OK0e6MIPNAwTjPE

 

Ruellia simplex C.Wright (Images by Nidhan Singh & Bhagyashri Ranade (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/54aeb6b791b4d49a/IMG_2910_2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHAtz-lEhQ5udwJGuRRqCMGXbfKrfmav9B8QBuetTRhP5panQSaUXb-0XeDszoO4hockCGszDKSO-5kOo9DbaHg5siUMxOURs-_aMuaBh1YhFvDUYU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bbca3afab0c0991d/IMG_4904.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG9MlvdYPFHsNBB4oFvruLNEm4x9ipnrQnn3JLg9kc_oaRq4fs4BhzFM1uxba6S6JT_b8gFeV1C4A1yf_evuOAzgDkYrZOCtLwWlSlFCkZESWwpWS4

 

Ruellia strepens L. (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eff8b80540a657d/Ruella-DSC00944.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE-u5rGbXXyb7ikfcd0xVB_zKoGaigaNEGJAq0mJjWSg80CMQW5DMM6vKsX8UgK8PJo7Vm8s_T69ZULISwgoib9II0NG9kc4i6H85WakD-yyVjMn1o

 

Ruellia tuberosa L. (Images by J.M.Garg (Identified by Neil Soares & Shrikant Ingalhalikar) & Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e7194670a7470925/Unided%20in%20Hyderabad,%20AP%20I%20IMG_6628.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH3T_3mU3yfbCxC6TPMaYFpwkdE12p6AmnZja_3sL_ot_USADOKTFTiD58xpxHXg-Ej9fyH978736x_3hiMk3tnmSsxtVDBp_ajnK7zHylavcUaDE0


FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Acanthaceae species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Ruellia occur in India:
  1. Ruellia beddomei C.B. Clarke
  2. R. cernua Roxb.
  3. R. ciliatiflora Hook.
  4. R. malabarica Kostel.
  5. R. patula Jacq. [var. patula, var. alba Saxton]
  6. R. prostrata Poir.
  7. R. pseudopetula Ensermu
  8. R. sivrajanii Sreedevi & Binojk.
  9. R. suffruticosa Roxb.
  10. R. tuberosa L. 
In addition to these wild species many ornamental Ruellia species (R. elegans, R. nudiflora, R. simplex, R. strepens etc.) are also cultivated in India. 

 
 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Ruellia colorata Blume (Syn. of Strobilanthes alternata (Burm. f.) E. Moylan ex J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood- Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 23(3):385-395. 2014) Herb Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Nilgiri
Ruellia tuberosa L. Herb Plains, Cultivated, Moist Localities Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 All districts

 


 
 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Ruellia brittoniana (synonym of Ruellia simplex)   Acanthaceae Desert Petunia
Ruellia elegans Acanthaceae Red Ruellia
Ruellia nudiflora Acanthaceae Violet Wild Petunia
Ruellia rivularis (?) Ruellia prostrata var. dejecta, Dipteracanthus dejectus, Ruellia prostrata Acanthaceae Bell Weed
Ruellia strepens Dipteracanthus micranthus, Dipteracanthus strepens Acanthaceae Limestone Ruellia
Ruellia tuberosa Acanthaceae Minnie Root

 
 
  • Ruellia blechum Linnaeus (No distribution in India)
  • Ruellia repens Linnaeus (No distribution in India)
  • Ruellia tuberosa Linnaeus
  • Ruellia venusta Hance (No distribution in India)
  •  
    Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999-
     
    Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998- Detail with Keys-
    Dipteracanthus patulus (Jacq.) Neesis a synonym of Ruellia patula,
    Ruellia prostrata Poir., (syn. (≡) Dipteracanthus prostratus (Poir.) Nees))
     
    An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details-
     
    Medicinal Plants Cultivation & Their Uses By H. Panda (2002- Details-
     
    A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998- Detail with Keys)-
    Dipteracanthus patulus (Jacq.) Neesis a synonym of Ruellia patula,
    Ruellia prostrata Poir., (syn. (≡) Dipteracanthus prostratus (Poir.) Nees
     
    Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details-
     
    Ruellia cuspidata Wall.is a synonym of Lepidagathis cuspidata Nees,
     
    Ruellia : 2 posts by 1 author.

    I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Ruellia

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

    If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

    Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


    I have added list of species wild in India.
    Thanks a lot, ..., Species at other links seem to match with it.
     

    Pl. go through Ruellia page with images of species in efloraofindia (done mainly by me).

    If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

    If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.