Neuracanthus tetragonostachyus subsp. trinervius


Images by Mohina Macker, Dinesh Valke & Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

 
 
commonly known as: spiked neuracanthus, three-veined neuracanthus • Marathi: निळगोंडा nilgonda ;  
 
 
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at SGNP, Mumbai and at Karnala in december'08; 22nd Dec., 2009- Tungareshwar WLS (Maharashtra); 14-03-2010 / 09:30 AM- Nagla Bundar,  Thane Dist.;  neuracanthus trinervius - indiantreepix | Google Groups Neuacanthus trinervius - efloraofindia | Google Groups Nilgonda-170310-PKA1 - efloraofindia | Google Groups

 
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/83467e3221857c92/Haplanthodes%20plumosa%201.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE8fsSasMwU0i5OU_liwZqH4Pu_hkBNHl5i2i1blL_wV1qDyliu5SisoeHplbecMRcPBA6hAWuvkDpSMy7yC1wMzElKo_wAT_KTnT1YacwuuNX1NYQ

Haplanthodes plumosa: Observed in Karnala forest 6 Feb 2011
I think this matches close to what has been shown in FOS. 

Neuracanthus trinervius http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Nilgonda.html

 
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9d8a648c0cdf4c6b/_MG_9877HN.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGyJGtVPFcATONacjL_UOSntoYTXPkIvAsme_Osvx70LtnF9Kkf9B9bQbLlO4Qp2f6ixvVLSWGO-jR6OkE_InytO0XX03TCSUQva3QYwjRQ3Dhpka0

NYUR-uh-KANTH-us -- spiny vein
try-NER-vee-us -- three-veined

commonly known as: three-veined
neuracanthus
<https://sites.google.com/site/indiannamesofplants/via-names/english/t...>•
Marathi: निळगोंडा
nilgonda
<https://sites.google.com/site/indiannamesofplants/via-names/marathi/n...>

botanical names: Neuracanthus tetragonostachyus subsp. trinervius (Wight) Bidgood
[unresolved] ... synonym: Neuracanthus trinervius Wight ---------------------------------------------------------------------------­-----------------------------------------------
Plant in photo at Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai on 16 DEC 2007


if N. trinervis is synonym, than what is the correct name..
It is Neuracanthus tetragonostachyus subsp. trinervius (Wight) Bidgood  [unresolved] ... synonym: Neuracanthus trinervius Wight ... as put at The Plants List.
Preferred to put Neuracanthus trinervius Wight because we are yet familiar with this name rather than the unresolved name.

Neuracanthus tetragonostachyus subsp. trinervius (Wight) Bidgood is an unresolved species name according to "the plant list" but has listed Neuracanthus trinervius as a synonym of this species.
The type of Neuracanthus is N. tetragonostachyus and in The Plant list it is put as the unresolved name or synonym with some Justicia species i guess which is mistaken for N. tetragonostachys instead of N. tetragonostachyus Nees.
now coming to the name N. trinervius Wight, i consider it is the correct name instead of putting under species tetragonostachyus

The combination was made in an important paper in 1998 by Sally Bidgood <http://pubget.com/search?q=authors%3A%22Sally%20Bidgood%22&from=pgtmp...>  and R K Brummitt <http://pubget.com/search?q=authors%3A%22R%20K%20Brummitt%22&from=pgtm...>  Kew Bulletin <http://pubget.com/search?q=latest%3AKew+Bulletin&from=pgtmp_jstor4110453>  53 (1): 1-76 <http://pubget.com/search?q=issn%3A0075-5974+vol%3A53+issue%3A1&from=p...>  (1998)
in which they revised the whole genus. Simply because The Plant List have not been able to resolve it (not rejected it) it is logical that we follow the combination
Neuracanthus tetragonostachyus
Nees<
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/idAuthorSearch.do?id=6888-1&back_page=>  subsp. trinervius (Wight <http://www.ipni.org/ipni/idAuthorSearch.do?id=11658-1&back_page=> ) Bidgood<http://www.ipni.org/ipni/idAuthorSearch.do?id=14316-1&back_page=>
 & Brummitt<
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/idAuthorSearch.do?id=1221-1&back_page=>
Here is small summary from the revision
The genus Neuracanthus is divided into 3 sections; 30 species are recognised, with a further 5 subspecies and 3 varieties. From tropical Asia (India to Vietnam) 4 species and one subspecies are recognised, all referred to sect. Neuracanthus which also has two species in north and northeast Africa. Fr...

 
 
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Herb for ID : 27112012 : DV 1: Found this small herb flowering in large number in wild in CEC, Goregaon East, Mumbai. About 12 to 18 inches tall. Please help to ID it.
Looks like Neuracanthus trinervius
 
 
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Herb ID request - RK61 - 17-Dec-2012:  Request identification of this herb seen in Tungareshwar. It is around 1 to 1.5 feet tall and is flowering now.
Neuracanthus trinervis- Spike elongated
Agreed. My photographs of this for comparison are available at this link


 
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Neuracanthus trinervius:  Photographed 3rd Feb.,12 at Matheran.


 
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neuracanthus tetragonostachyus : Attachments (3).  3 posts by 3 authors.
neuracanthus tetragonostachyus, karnala
yesterday (26.2.12)
flowering is coming to an end and many of the plants have dried up.
Nice photographs ... The new name is Neuracanthus trinervius. Sending a few of my photographs.
Very nice picture ...
Somehow I missed observing this when I had visited Karnala last year in Feb.
Karnala is a nice place with vast Biodiversity of flora and fauna.
 
Came across this herb at Nagla Bundar, Thane dist. 

Botanical name:

Neuracanthus  trinervius

Family:

Acanthaceae

Local name (Marathi):

Nilgonda

Date/Time- 

14-03-2010 / 09:30 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-  

Nagla Bundar,  Thane Dist.,  10 ft

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- 

Wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  

Herb,  (stem erect & slender)

Height/Length-  

~ 40cm  

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 

Opposite, almost sessile, elliptic, acute

Inflorescence Type/ Size- 

Flowers occur in a axillary spiny spike,  4 to 10cm

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-

 

~ 8 t0 10mm across, Blue coloured , corolla 2 lipped with yellow centre  

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 

Do not know..


 
 
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Neuracanthus trinervius Wight
at Sanjay Gandhi National Park on December 16, 2007  
Superb pics...thanks ...
 
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Neuracanthus tetragonostachyus subsp. trinervius -for sharing and validation : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- around 350 kb each. 
photos taken at Aambyvalley Rd.,Off Lonavala,Pune in jan.17

I guess it is matching.

 
 
 
References: 
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