Justicia concinna


Justicia concinna J. R. I. Wood (Replaced name: Rungia elegans Dalzell in Dalzell & Gibson, Bombay Fl. 196. 1861, non Justicia elegans P. Beauv.) as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood- Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 23(3):385-395. 2014;
 
Rungia elegans Dalzell & A.Gibson, Bombay Fl. 196 1861. (Syn: Diapedium elegans (Dalzell & Gibbs) Kuntze) as per The Plant List Ver.1.1 ;   
 
India (N-, W- & peninsular India) as per Catalogue of Life;

Giving details of Flora of British India, from IBIS Flora links (Rungia elegans Dalzell & A.Gibson):
Dalz. & Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 196 ; stems patently white- hirsute, leaves subsessile ovate acuminate, bracts round ovate apiculate minutely hairy, corolla 1/2 in. fine blue. R. repens var. villosa, Nees in DC. Prodr. xi. 472. Justicia repens, Wall. Cat. 2459, letter B partly.
W. DECCAN PENINSULA ; Concan and Canara, Wight, Law, Stocks, &c.
Possibly a large form of R. repens. Leaves attaining 3 by 1.1/2 in., nerves beneath prominent, often patently white-hairy. Spikes 1/2-2/3 in. broad ; bracts large, scarious margin very prominent sometimes coloured purplish. Capsule 1/4 in., thin, very hairy ; seeds concentrically furrowed, the ridges very sharp sometimes crested.


Images by Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg) 

Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Rungia elegans :: Bhimashankar WLS :: DVMAR103/114 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
Rungia elegans Dalzell & A.Gibson
at Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary on November 5, 2011
indeed elegant and elegantly shown/photographed


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1033b126ff5b4a/Capture.PNG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG8yEJgXWrOufXw-wURC00yW72cJwF1s7ntxaPHAYz1MaLodhmz4TmNuQVdwr-RCXiaAbj6jx40DSgYzE7PUD1ZekgLTIq-Gykv5CtV2DjNELcMvOU
Rungia elegans : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
30 cm herb, leaves sessile ovate lanceolate- acuminate, puberulous on the upper surface pale beneath, flowers large for genus, in sessile terminal spike, 1 inch long, bracts broad with white margins
Flowering in august -september
Nashik Ramshej Hills, Mahrashtra 2015  


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/cc42de142997b534/DSC_0081.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2X6i_IBVecm6No7MVyDA72hbU9GTyArtlsOiX5oa54lFfwli-64A8XW4e_ZG8wdi10e7hsQCQz3KxdJAOTYtijqx4LoHL5TmhcehbY_yIZBu1jVQ
id: Could this be a species of Rungia??
This is definately Rungia species. the upper lip is two lobed. Check Fl of Maharashtra --Almeida Sir (in his flora the species are differentiated on the basis of the bracts margin and lobation of upper lip) (i dont have the flora for the reference).
I guess Rungia elegans
I think this is Justicia concinna as per images and details herein.
I too agree with your thinking. Leaf is remarkable !!!
Thanks, ..., Only issue is that leaves are a bit different from some of the posts at Justicia concinna  
But there are quite a lot of variation in the leaves of Rungia species. 
I think leaf is representative of species, also, plant is young and in an older plant leaf character will change, so with change in climate. 
I have the feeling that the following may also be Justicia repens, basing on this post and other tow posts (Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Rungia elegans :: Bhimashankar WLS :: DVMAR103/114 and Rungia elegans) :
Rungia pectinata syn. Rungia parviflora ? - indiantreepix | Google Groups 
May I request you to pl. have a look.
https://groups.google.com/forum/m/#!topic/indiantreepix/ooItU4e2OeY  this has a nice spike, tall wide, colorful… J. concinna.  
Plant 17 last of this lot from Sahyadri is definitely J. concinna, even leaf is sessile. 
Rungia sp. for id from Morena, M.P  is looking like J. concinna, leaves are sessile, linear lanceolate and not amplexicaul. Spike has color, but not have width.  
spikes have color, look wide too, but no leaf … close to J. concinna but not sure. 


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/30c91604e89b4226/Justicea%20PICT0008.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH22-zaxDu7IintdLTh9NiRiDwGZ58eJfMjKxqSsHLY26UUj8BcyqS8iKlTSMHErMje5g5bYJm1LbFqrkNzsYOlGGFyOHhZo8QI5KEgA-_oCQqNRmI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/30c91604e89b4226/Justicea%20PICT0005.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHWhtuN9Z9NhYPip8M8BPKKPoswGjcyhHMau6brnjB3W39mZK0-DSGC_uALlzvS-1oBymyK04q_sidv11OmhmMFqW76F0xMjhjQqQBb7a0OeTeRV_I
Plant 17 last of this lot from Sahyadri: Tantalizing Justicea Photographed at Tiwai Hill, near Chas-kaman dam.
-  Its Rungia sp. The bracts seen in picture are very typical of the genus 
I think this should not be Justicia repens with bracts appearing to be dimorphic and not appearing to be uniform.
Then what ? Justicia concinna
OK , following so far !
Thanks, .... Yes, similar to ... images at Justicia concinna

Hyaline part of bracts are so rainbow-colored !!
But today I found pure whites !!!! 


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e38c16f954b7bc17/Ghati-pittapada.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHvoqMtxQjvXh55X1meXdZ68k0RX31FyCDdEgu3RfzUsjfu4Rpnf6Th4_Hue8Y_PGcggFWnyBqhvWW275lzOUg36R88WxMW5QK-bRlaUXYA2QQplv8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e38c16f954b7bc17/Ghati-pittapada%20-%20Rungia%20repens.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE7QalMLTbt5YD6oSW0_8qVCzkEcM-GUgof0qeU7bQ95NzG19ShkeLktE3t4eGQQtk5fyX7qoJhAz6tMD8vRpjkRmfL5rz24XPy_J4WK0GjHmB2ams
Acanthaceae Fortnight::Rungia repens::NSJ-MAR-33 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Rungia repens from Satara

I think more close to Justicia pectinata rather than Justicia repens as per images and details herein. 
I think this is Justicia concinna as per images and details herein.
 
I think this is Justicia concinna as per images and details herein.
Bracts do show hint of color


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d0581bec90b78/FB_IMG_1575002411181.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHtDb8xZqj5LwVQlfy322yrV5G7l75ZespXquEI902qMdDeKLBrIdrFHABrXdySZBcbaihP6OSfyloRnJOSXU2nrW2QvtF2xVswCbds6i_0WjWlm1Q
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d0581bec90b78/FB_IMG_1575002404341.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE73M81wv1uStT1Tq2cEh_Gy_k3YlyjkmFwlVocTsQgYFTikReX7PotCGroz2-zpYEwCUHkUXWtglvzasfI0EjiRT8e7Px_sWUgFrgulkq-JYJlYKg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d0581bec90b78/FB_IMG_1575002407788.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFDk4G8nKR1-QpOm1FUZa8MrFYWnpneCKT1SSfaNotNI-7KS0jhOqXNN2Y-ETAtWhrTm3CxyPWAIM_NUXQPPv3gO6UIqGJ5Sye_vP8V_CA-e5Big10
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d0581bec90b78/FB_IMG_1575002454217.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFuwCtW2N5uLK7o1N6bPa4-JknsLS9TKUsXQCiA1MY8inNJFAkmbBbyADIDCx_IycS7H_e2OpXDXAwo5D2PEAzYtEaW0aW2uGdLUN-ow5aCY-IATS8
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Rungia sp. for id from Morena, M.P : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Looking for ID of Rungia sp. from Morena, M.P
12 November 19.

Rungia repens ??
Yes sir, Rungia repens for me too, but in FOI name has been given to a species not appearing to be Rungia
The species posted here is no longer seen in FOI. This species is very common in Surat. I sure wd. like the confusion to be cleared . 
Justicia repens L. is new name??
I think more close to Justicia pectinata rather than Justicia repens as per images and details herein.
I think this is Justicia concinna as per images and details herein.
Yes sir , ...!!!
I think I have to begin looking at all the specimen more closely. It seems there is erect vs prostrate plus size bigger vs smaller plus bracts margin white vs colored → concinna vs repens. 
Thanks, ... Also factor in colour of the flowers.

Rungia spp. for ID : 15 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
Please set this straight for me . 
I have got 3 species of erstwhile Rungia in Surat. 
All 3 images are captured within last one month, inside Surat city limits,

IMAGE 1 - Justicia concinna

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/588c1c79014eb/IMG_20191206_140246%20-%20Copy.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&authuser=0
 

This one has flowers larger than 1 cm, one sided flowering spike can be longer than 15 cms, erect to procumbent, much branched, usually single inflorescence spike at tip of branches.  

IMAGE 2- Justicia pectinata

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/588c1c79014eb/IMG_20191214_085357%20-%20Copy.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&authuser=0
 

This one is again erect to procumbent, spikes at nodes in bunches most of them about 3 to 5 cm long, flowers blue 2-3 mm, sterile bracts on behind are longer than fertile bracts.

IMAGE 3 - Rungia parviflora var. muralis (Nees) C.B.Clarke 

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/588c1c79014eb/WP_20191119_016%20-%20Copy.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&authuser=0
 

Mostly procumbent, much branched, multiple short spikes at nodes, only few of them enlarge to a max 3.5 cm, shorter than previous one, tiny blue flowers about 2-3 mm. 

Thanks … for lining up images of Justicia (Rungia) spp.
To me IMAGE 1 is one species, and the rest IMAGE 2 and IMAGE 3 could be one species - that is, the last two could have variations based on habitat - this is purely my thought.
Will wait for comments.
..., you are right in saying first one as distinct species ... it used to be Rungia repens
...................
2nd and 3rd ... well, I do not know ... 
There used to be Rungia pectinata and Rungia parviflora. I do not know how distinct those two are ... 
could not get clarity on facebook, efi or foi. 
Here in Surat I have this tiny flowered herbaceous plants ... I am seeing it since 2016. 
In my zeal, on facebook I declared the one with larger spike and larger sterile bracts as R. pectinata, smaller one (image 3) as R. parviflora, and everyone agreed !!!
Well, except myself. 
In 17, I had been to Matheran, and saw plants identical to 2nd with overall reddish tinge ... in plenty. 
This February, in Tungi near Lonawala, again I saw plants identical to 2nd with reddish complexion. 
But  I am yet to find anything like 3rd. Anywhere. 
Habitat... there are two spots in city limits where 2 and 3 are found, almost together. 
Thanks … I have always considered Rungia / Justicia pectinata to be an erect herb, about 2 feet high, and as wide, many branched, with distant nodes - at least relative to what I consider as parviflora. I may be wrong. From my observations, the height of inflorescence and size of flowers seem to vary in both species pectinata as well as parviflora - depending on habitat.
There is a need for some field expert familiar to this genus to sort out the confusion and mistakes.
Image 1 is Justicia concinna, image 2 is Justicia pectinata
Pl. post detailed images for image 3, in a separate mail.

..., in that case, we need to find out and standardise differences between R. repens and R. elegans, if any. 
Online, in Goggle books I found one reference ... unsatisfactory to me ... flora of eastern Karnataka ... it has a comment stating two taxa can be merged on further evaluation.
By the way, JCB Herbarium has Rungia elegans page without a reference from any flora, and photos a mix of Rungia repens and Rungia elegans ... page of Rungia repens has images of line diagram and herbariun sheet belonging to R. repens while photographs belong to R. parviflora/pectinata
Attachments (2)

Yes, I agree.
Image 3 will also be Justicia pectinata only, for the time being, as per discussions so far.

..., Today I visited one spot where I had collected 2 and 3. Thick vegetation post monsoon has become dry scrub. These plants have become stunted too. 
Still I could find them and photographed. It was very windy making a good shoot impossible for dissected parts. 
Still ... I found . . .
2 is erect, 3 is prostrate. 
Spike in 2 is little longer than 3. 
Leaves more or less similar.
In both posterior, sterile bracts are longer, pointed tip, have hyaline margins but less wide than anterior bracts, and it is row of two front fertile two back sterile. 
Spikes axillary, multiple in both. 
Flowers have corollla limb upper lip acute, 3 lobed lower lip, blue to purplish, size less than 3mm (2mm), and hairy outer surface of lower lips ... in both. 
Images will be processed and presented tomorrow, hopefully, with few thoughts of mine. 
OK, …

Can that be difference between R. pectinata and P. parviflora
Garg sir, I can show and I can tell what I see, at macro morphology ... what we really need is what Nees or Clarke saw and wrote ! 
We need to find out original descriptions for 
Rungia pectinata  (L.) Nees
Rungia parviflora var. parviflora
Rungia parviflora var. pectinata (syn. of. Rungia pectinata
You see that POWO does not have a Rungia parviflora in its list 
I wonder what … has to say about it. 
Attachments (2)
Giving details of Flora of British India, from IBIS Flora links.
Dalz. & Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 196 ; stems patently white- hirsute, leaves subsessile ovate acuminate, bracts round ovate apiculate minutely hairy, corolla 1/2 in. fine blue. R. repens var. villosa, Nees in DC. Prodr. xi. 472. Justicia repens, Wall. Cat. 2459, letter B partly.
W. DECCAN PENINSULA ; Concan and Canara, Wight, Law, Stocks, &c.
Possibly a large form of R. repens. Leaves attaining 3 by 1.1/2 in., nerves beneath prominent, often patently white-hairy. Spikes 1/2-2/3 in. broad ; bracts large, scarious margin very prominent sometimes coloured purplish. Capsule 1/4 in., thin, very hairy ; seeds concentrically furrowed, the ridges very sharp sometimes crested.
Nees in Wall. Pl. As. Rar. iii. 110, and in DC. Prodr. xi. 472 ; leaves subsessile oblong-lanceolate scabrid-puberulous, bracts round apiculate nearly glabrous, corolla 1/4 in., seeds 1/16 in. diam, concentrically rugose. Wight Ic. t. 465 ; Dalz. & Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 196 ; T. Anders, in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 518. Justicia repens, Linn. ; Roxb. Corom. Pl. ii. 29, t. 152, and Fl. Ind. i. 132 ; Wall. Cat. 2459. Dicliptera repens, Roem. & Sch. Syst. i. 171.—Burm. Thes. Zeyl. t. 3, fig. 2.
Throughout INDIA, from the Punjab and Bengal to CEYLON ; common. (No specimens from the Malay Peninsula.).
A procumbent, rooting, ramous weed ; branches quadrangular, pubescent or nearly glabrous. Leaves 2 by 2/3 in., or often smaller narrower ; petiole rarely so much as 1/8 in. Spikes 2 by 1/3 in., appearing often peduncled, the 2 leaves close to their base usually much reduced ; bracts closely regularly imbricated 4-farious, spike less 1-sided than in most species ; bracts 1/4 by 1/6-1/4 in., white margin broad prominent; bracteoles 1/5 in., linear-lanceolate, minutely pubescent. Calyx 1/6 in. ; segments linear-lanceolate, pubescent. Corolla white, with rose or purple spots. Anther-cells superposed, lower white-tailed. Ovary glabrous, style thinly hairy at base. Capsule 1/4 in. and upwards, minutely thinly hairy. Seeds ovoid, moderately compressed, rugose almost furrowed.
I think Image 3 may be of Rungia parviflora var. muralis (Nees) C.B.Clarke with spikes very dense, barren bracts ovate acute hardly longer than the fertile, as per Flora of British India as per discussions in another thread at Sorting Rungia species



References:

New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceaeby John R. I. Wood- Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 23(3):385-395. 2014

Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1 (Unresolved) Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  India Biodiversity Portal  IBIS Flora  Flora of Eastern Karnataka, Volume 2 By N. P. Singh (1988- Details)  Flora of Peninsular India  Flowers of India  POWO
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