Haplanthodes tentaculatus var. tentaculatus

Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar, Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 25:76. 1971 (Synonyms: Bremkempia tentaculatus (L.) Sreemadhavan in Almeida, Fl. Mah. 4: 22, 2001. Ruellia tentaculata L. Cent. Pl. 2: 22, 1756. Haplanthus tentaculatus (L.) Nees in DC., Prodr. 1: 513, 1847 (p.p.); Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 2: 453, 1958 (Repr.). H. tentaculatus (L.) var. nessiana Sant. in Bot. Mem. Univ. Bombay 2: 52, 1951.);

Haplanthodes tentaculatus (L.) R. B. Majumdar (syn: Bremekampia tentaculata (L.) Sreemadh.; Haplanthus tentaculatus (L.) Nees; Haplanthus tentaculatus var. neesianus Santapau; Ruellia aciculata Roth; Ruellia tentaculata L.) as per Catalogue of life;

Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar, Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 25:76. 1971(Syn: (≡) Haplanthus tentaculatus Nees (basionym)) as per GRIN.

As per efi thread:
H. verticillatus has cladodes 2.5cm or longer, stiff, very sharp pointed bifid or rarely trifid ...accidental prick is very painful, stinging. Plant about a meter tall or less, stout. Flowers light to deep shade of violet.
In H. tentaculatus cladodes are up to 1.5cm, soft, hairy, tip inconspicuously bifid, non-prickly.
Three varieties can be recognised by cladodes...

In var. plumosa cladodes are covered in dense soft white hairs, inflorescence which is actually terminal part of stem and branches, looking like plume.
In var. neilgherryensis  terminal spike of cladodes and flowers is densely packed, meaning by, internodes are very small. And ofcourse cladodes not plumose.
Var. tentaculatus  seen in suitable habitat in Surat, is having cladodes sparsely hairy, nodes widely spaced.

Cladodes are pointed upwards in Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar or its two other varieties, while these are pointed either straight or downwards in Haplanthodes verticillatus (Roxb.) R.B.Majumdar  

India (C- & peninsular India, Upper Gangetic Plains) as per Catalogue of life;

¿ hap-LANTH-oh-deez ? -- from Greek haplos (single) and anthos (flower)
¿ ten-tak-yoo-LAH-tus ? -- referring to the tentacle-like bristly spikes

commonly known as: Niligiri haplanthodes, tentacled haplanthodes • Konkani: व्हडलें काळें किरायतें vhadlem kalem kiraytem • Marathi: निळा जकारा nila jakara

Endemic to: Western Ghats (of India)   



Haplanthodes are seen a plenty at Aarey road Mumbai last several weeks (8.12.09). I am confused with this species is it H. verticillata or H. neilgherryensis? Request correct ID Please.
..., your posted plant is H. neilgherryensis most possibly synonym of Haplanthodes tentaculatus (syn.: Haplanthus tentaculatus, Bremekampia tentaculata) निळा जकारा nila jakara
FOS: pg 187
Attempting to resolve your confusion:
H. verticillatus are blue coloured flowers ... "blue" similar to that of Hemigraphis latebrosa,
FOS: pg 187
Thank you … for the ID clarification and links.   
The colour variations and mismatch in what is dark blue and dark to light purple is evident in the links.  For instance although in the write up of H. verticillatus in FOI it is mentioned dark blue the pic is dark purple. In FOS the pic of H. neilgherryensis is light blue and H. verticillata is light purple with dark violet streak inside.
Again a minor spelling variation in two books - it is H. verticillata in FOS and H. verticillatus in I. Kehimkar's book. Thanks once again for the detailed links.
Correct epithet under Haplanthodes is verticillatus 


i came across this plant all over in the forest at Conservation Education Centre, Goregaon E, Mumbai on 8th Nov 09.
Is it Haplanthodes neilgherryensis from Acanthaceae family?

I believe this to be Haplanthodes neilgherryensis ... however, this may not be the accepted name ... not much data found on internet except in one of the FOS books of Ingalhalikar ji.
Much better would be Haplanthodes tentaculatus ... FOI has doubts about the name ... doubt not yet resolved.
Thanx for the correction. Link to ur photos is not opening.
the pic at FOI looks little diff to me in the sense the leaves/ stem are more blackish green than those in my pics. hence the kokani name may be  'वाढलें कालें किरायतें ' . May be the plants that i photographed are yet to mature. 
 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/atSqPeh7vMypZ-GS51R1-afNUdhR3hbxs4iSchMdRqIFyOeL8KOwlMHIuUMtCnsUsuM5j7OS2G_h0VNPK_K3mYAEXQXWhkuoohvuRTbSZACT9Q=w5000-h5000
 
Acanthaceae week: Haplanthodes tentaculatus: Haplanthodes tentaculatus  
commonly known as: Niligiri haplanthodes, tentacled haplanthodes • Konkani: व्हडलें काळें किरायतें vhadlem kalem kiraytem • Marathi: निळा जकारा nila jakara 
botanical names: Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar • synonyms: Bremekampia tentaculata, Haplanthodes neilgherryensis, Haplanthus tentaculatus Nees (basionym)
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5d1bb038a8ea62b1/DSCN1768.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrELuqWIv2NkAuLz5ZpYTfCVJVqdAZCoMa4cePwt_Y5nC4-5Ba3wjeM7ckDGHkGHW9icrbbp7Hd2r6XXHmRqyi47WMLC6KvFV3V0EZbYAB-qe-l7Smw
 
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Wild weed for ID : 120611 : AK-2: Taken at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai on the 6th of April,2011.
Weed growing wild with very tiny flowers.
Am reasonably certain that this is: Haplanthodes tentaculatus Family: Acanthaceae (Ruellia family)
Synonyms: Haplanthus tentaculatus, Bremekampia tentaculata, Haplanthodes neilgherryensis(?) from FOI
Yes it is Haplanthodes tentaculatus (L.) Majumdar, the flowers color can be whitish to bluish. if the cladodes are densely hairy it is Haplanthodes plumosa (T. And.) Panigr. & Das.
Haplanthodes tentaculatus (L.) Majumdar in Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 25: 76, 1971; Singh et al, Fl. Mah. St. 2: 628, 2001.
Synonyms: Bremkempia tentaculatus (L.) Sreemadhavan in Almeida, Fl. Mah. 4: 22, 2001. Ruellia tentaculata L. Cent. Pl. 2: 22, 1756. Haplanthus tentaculatus (L.) Nees in DC., Prodr. 1: 513, 1847 (p.p.); Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 2: 453, 1958 (Repr.). H. tentaculatus (L.) var. nessiana Sant. in Bot. Mem. Univ. Bombay 2: 52, 1951.

here is the identification key
1. Cladodes more than 1.5 cm long, bristly hairy; Capsule glabrous.................H. verticillatus
1. Cladodes less than 1.5 cm, not bristly; Capsule pubescent..........................2
2. Calyx not as above......................................................................­.............H. tentaculata
2. Calyx sub plumose....................................................................­..............H. plumosa

 
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Haplanthodes tentaculatus:
Haplanthodes tentaculatus
yesterday, at my place in alibaug
 
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hello : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 1 author.  
Request for Id pl
This herb was clicked on 09.12.2012 at Malad Mumbai
Haplanthodes sp.
Thanks ...  It is Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Acanthaceae


Images by Dinesh Valke & (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

https://farm3.staticflickr.com/2107/2060428484_dad7133d81_b.jpg
 
Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Haplanthodes tentaculatus :: Tungareshwar WLS :: DVMAR47/58 : 1 post by 1 author.
Haplanthodes tentaculatus (L.) R.B.Majumdar 
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on November 24, 2007 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4801f22d6fcb45bc/Haplanthodes%20tentaculatus_Aarey3.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGonkDPuBIPdQglKSEvdKYNhWeqYvzz1rYE-aMtidc2slzm01teHHofkSm2jcWbTpVzY-WXFbszBuHjL_xNDglOSWVxxRB_ULkAhUFEPSECVwOPFIg
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Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Haplanthodes tentaculatus :: Aarey Milk Colony :: ARKMAR-03/15: 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)
Attached are pictures of Haplanthodes tentaculatus captured at Aarey Milk Colony in December 2014.

Images by Alka Khare (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ca5dd1408bfdcbef/Haplanthodes%20tentaculatus_Velas6.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHVWEoxnoCy9dREeV2aKAtnHckC_yD-u8tMvzQAIi6c14Xfd9t-Y9mfiLMIEbqCUGBFEVjLr26dSMco6miRvzCnN0QiBpd2f37V_fqPfbiyjm_yzkU
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ca5dd1408bfdcbef/Haplanthodes%20tentaculatus_Velas4.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEOGiHrhMyswV0ApR_hNbHJgwvhXiE7ZZ5MEo1Ch2kojR62Qu63YiFX3msEyIYi7hL2DmZEDuvCjbTAnSTxuSJQxOd81QRrwxCEhsnjRiQBGSBgYEc
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Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Haplanthodes tentaculatus :: Velas, Konkan :: ARKMAR-04/16 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7)
Attached are pictures of Haplanthodes tentaculatus captured at Velas, Konkan in March 2014


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c5704595a630cd1c/rk_for-id_060_1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrETv4SiXT6M3M2YL4--7ok61-E_pT47QRjU7MC4H1NwUXRRpUuO1GOvyj5AYHsIX4ONadUwofJw9i3tKEnPo9VEAxFgcwJSQVlahe1qNg3U01vlD0E
 
 Request identification of this short herb, about 1 foot tall ... in Tungareshwar. It is flowering right now (18.12.12).

Haplanthodes verticillatus
Yes. Haplanthodes verticillatus
Presently I have observed this in Mahabaleshwar; Mulshi. Also seen on many forts like Sinhagad,Purandar Karnala etc.
This is not the Spiny Bottlebrush [Haplanthodes verticillatus], some of my photographs of which are available at this link
This is H.neilgherryensis [now possibly called H.tentaculatus]. Will send my photographs of this later.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ec2ad12dd6ac9576/Haplanthodes%20neilgherryensis%201.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGu-kSWF5YkqZgOjjwHRYEHWu8iSudqPZ2sXyYWOj2N-6waUMrtvsUg0CS5hozhhdvDjmVQr9MCM-YZh07INwLGTzBUGNhedTu8dZ4n0RT3qqbJB1k
 
You are most welcome. My photographs.
I feel it should be Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar as per images herein.

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/177e9dd90be825b5/Nila%20Jakara%20-%20Haplanthodes%20neilgherryensis.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHxQNyWkPF4f3ZyqfTEW1-E4RFD65RC4g8nMHzcS960IL8Lz7UVw_i-upHX2N4dSPqs4p7ajXTlzQMevtolSCPpHI6TNY5OSnA6F1RZn-Fo14DQ5eQ
 
Acanthaceae Fortnight::Haplanthodes neilgherryensis::NSJ-22 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Haplanthodes neilgherryensis (Marathi - Nila Jakara) from, Medha, Satara
I feel it should be Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar as per images herein.

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/fe9ee3677e6f334a/DSC00168.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFJLM4LUvvLYH4MGCJX63TuIEpMwgqjFt1PaPmFFEfb44zOruvht1DvLkfIJsCFmX2NkDZkG3ADhm8oL1Z2gjiUq7Mki5vb64EV1CvRdxZl1bVzgDA
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Yeoor Hills  ... part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Date: December 29, 2019 ... Altitude range: about 100 ft (30 m) to 1575 ft (480 m) asl
Haplanthodes tentaculatus  (L.) R.B.Majumdar

Yes sir ! This should be H. t. var. tentaculatus.

Yes ..., I agree. Thank you very much for validation.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e7f0889150c0a/IMG_20200109_091557-900x1200.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEvlyXbhFDT-La8EW1wOGXFv39_kJ0UfuLE-2khmAdltBSXcAP_CMX2u0NcJpnnkpX-NvCbOkXo0NBhr3NRkAyUmgosbPlcyGbkFwQ7CQkCLQsEMqE
 
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Haplanthodes spp. : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
As per recent revision of Acanthaceae in India at KEW, we have now two species in Haplanthodes. . . H. verticillatus and H. tentaculatus with three inferior taxa -- H. t. var. tentaculatus , var. plumosa and var. neilgherryensis. (Haplanthus neilgherryensis is now recognised as Haplanthodes tentaculatus var. neilgherryensis ... this epithet is rampantly misspelled in literature, I found on internet.)
This Genus has Cladodes substituting leaves in flower bearing part.
H. verticillatus has cladodes 2•5cm or longer, stiff, very sharp pointed bifid or rarely trifid ...accidental prick is very painful, stinging. Plant about a meter tall or less, stout. Flowers light to deep shade of violet.
In H. tentaculatus cladodes are up to 1•5cm, soft, hairy, tip inconspicuously bifid, non-prickly.
Three varieties can be recognised by cladodes...

In var. plumosa cladodes are covered in dense soft white hairs, inflorescence which is actually terminal part of stem and branches, looking like plume.
In var. neilgherryensis  terminal spike of cladodes and flowers is densely packed, meaning by, internodes are very small. And ofcourse cladodes not plumose.
Var. tentaculatus  seen in suitable habitat in Surat, is having cladodes sparsely hairy, nodes widely spaced.
Flowers can be violet to whitish with dark brown striation deep in throat, more on upper side.
Presenting H. t. var. tentaculatus
This batch of photos are from Surat city outer part, 09 01 2020 morning.
Habit is about one meter tall, much branched, not strong, staying erect when crowded, flowering spike always erect. Basal leaves as big as hand, size getting smaller upwards, ultimately turning into cladodes. 
Leaf, stem usually dirty green, sometimes red too. 
Attachments (16)
Haplanthodes tentaculatus var. plumosa
At Matheran , Feb 2017
Attachments (4)

Haplanthodes verticillatus 
At Tungi near Lonavla , MH Feb 2019
Attachments (4)  

Thanks a lot, ..., for the wonderful presentation and clarity.
From where these keys have been taken ?

..., from EFI page, from paper by J R I Wood. And descriptions in JCB herbarium, IBIS pages helped too. 
Eye opener was pricks sustained by H. verticillatus in Tungi near Lonavala MH, then came the Paper on revision of Acanthaceae in India with good account of "Haplanthus neilgherryensis" which made things easier. I went through my collection and found out H. t. var. plumosa (or plumosus ?) recorded from matheran which is very distinct in having plumose cladodes. 
Based on your observations as above and earlier work, I reviewed all our posts in efi site.
I have recommended for corrections of a few by reposting, which you may pl. pursue.
One thing I observed after going through all the posts is that cladodes are pointed upwards in Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar or its two other varieties, while these are pointed either straight or downwards in Haplanthodes verticillatus (Roxb.) R.B.Majumdar  

Thanks ... for this post with comparative images of Haplanthodes spp.
It will certainly help when one is in doubts to distinguish the close spp. / varieties.


References:
IPNI  JSTOR (Specimen)  GRIN (Haplanthodes tentaculatus (Nees) Majumdar (≡) Haplanthus tentaculatus Nees (basionym))  

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