Eranthemum

 

  

Eranthemum capense L. (Images by Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

http://c2.staticflickr.com/6/5221/5600089665_c980fdec92_n.jpg



Eranthemum pubescens Roth (Images by Alka Khare (Inserted by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/adc581e28921aac7/Eranthemum5.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHzgumP8xuMFyOQo5FqfaW1fWAVwP5MqTYR8DamrQdqBcZlrFUPjLRaqiZJFsmhL9VTnDoEI76cJnypSazI4jnHhT95V8OmwD1ZxDpd7nk8cKkm9P4


 

Eranthemum pulchellum Andrews Images by Gurcharan Singh  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c1c8aa25c2495f4d/Eranthemum-pulchellum-Khalsa-Delhi-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHNTRaEE6Y87VzhjZ4QyjBQ9ckPyOdBbn5FwzkNgux77TrAq8YmICo4X_zZOzZKKMbBcGbSMKqX-2eaB29J0DFOpz36xuNfeMz62dc4B55RIpHrSfs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c1c8aa25c2495f4d/Eranthemum-pulchellum-Khalsa-Delhi-4.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHOihzsSiJ8rRD1ZVjCe-Mu-3-1sPBf4MxpFZOIyttVmuXbTjIGmdlINt1i0ZhNhVzr_Cbt-z_QfjDZVbCOnHAOQ5Ve7dxIXSDBD4ieLU_z8gAWw84


 

Eranthemum purpurascens Wight ex Nees (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/22563b7f9907dd65/Eranthemum-purpuracens-Near%20Dakpathar-DSC09180-a.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHX_AxYKm2deCJ4k-Eo0Mm9JrGyLwjitagolcsEjy4MYxuPXoeIQwmVvIP3-ys2ltE4-cgv-P3kglX8dL15F5XfSaZLph6C3VmFFrVApKgIcaQMy_Y



Eranthemum roseum (Vahl) R.Br. (Images by Dinesh Valke & Alka Khare (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

http://farm1.staticflickr.com/137/318353211_6b0fb6e658_b.jpg


 

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/92d5b8f0310aada9/Pseuderanthemum-atropurpureum-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG64hFqKKBUUQi-7GZ2xgV9FLKuJDksRYG2r-ou-kbuQsWDrMVYItCEvcXM_88_67MROE8sdsoAXHxJ4wgVEgkARCL08Clhe-AWrsmasslzuuraVUo



Pseuderanthemum crenulatum (Wallich ex Lindley) Radl­kofer (Images by Aarti Khale (Identified by Nidhan Singh & Tanay Bose), Siva (Identified by Aarti Khale) & Alka Khare (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5f8800eaeaee5e70/P1100623.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF8otsNZhp9UXQBdiEHK6f5mkfaQmql-igi1b_NU6JunQhwc40jTQ4Xn9fbkXGKE7MykggALj1Bp9ahWa6l6h9vyA1OAPdiF3sa4KnwfbsCNxD1bX4


 

Pseuderanthemum latifolium (Vahl) B. Hansen (Images by Anurag N Sharma & Dinesh Valke  (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/cc28983c02e22630/DSC_0862.jpg?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHv_I0TTMoq1fPv49CRduZ0i8rAj5EGAMCLH5idWZ4NiO1Bjp4HntPF0FWMYwC8xB77As6J7AcM7U7h7nnLe60g8Zo5iaEz4ihbcVd_kA6CsSca2Vw


 

Pseuderanthemum laxiflorum (A. Gray) F.T. Hubb. ex L.H. Bailey (Images by Surajit Koley, Alka Khare, Dinesh Valke & Aarti Khale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

http://farm1.staticflickr.com/153/433747887_5bca17292c_b.jpg



x Ruttyruspolia  ‘Phyllis van Heerden' A.Meeuse & de Wet  ? (Images by Ranjit Singh Ahluwalia (Identified by Suarjit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Bracts white with green nerves
      Bracts elliptic, cuspidate, glabrous and spikes upto 7.5 cm.................. E. pulchellum Andr.
      Bracts obovate, mucronate, strigose and spikes longer than 7.5 cm.... E. roseum (Vahl.) R. Br.
Bracts green
      The bracts many nerved, white ciliate on margins................................ E. purpurascens Nees
      The bracts few nerved, viscous hairy.................................................... E. capens L. var. concanense (T. And. C. B. Cl.) Sant.


 
As per efi page :
Keys from Dr. Almeida's flora for Eranthemum L. Vol IV, A pg: 36:
1. Flowers reddish -pink--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E. cinnabarinum
1. Flowers blue--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
   2. Bracts densely pubescent-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E. pubescens
   2. Bracts glabrous or faintly hairy-------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
     3. Bracts white with green veins, obovate, obtuse, with a short reflexed mucro------------------4
       4. Plants with many erect branches springing from a common base-------------------------------E. wattii
       4. Plants with single stem, branched above, not in clumps--------------------------------------------5
          5. Flowers 3-4 cm across ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- E. roseum
          5. Flowers upto 2.5 cm across------------------------------------------------------------------------------E. roseum var. parviflorum
    3. Bracts greeen, elliptic, ovate,acuminate--------------------------------------------------------------------6
             6. Flowers in dense,usually solitary,uninterrupted spikes;bracts exceeding 2 cm long-----E. purpurascens
             6. Flowers in interrupted usually paniculate spikes; bracts less than 1 cm long--------------7
                 7. Leaves elliptic------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ E. fastigiatum (is a synonym of Eranthemum capense L.)
                 7. Leaves ovate--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E. pulchellum
  
 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Eranthemum capense var. concanense Acanthaceae Konkan Eranthemum
Eranthemum pulchellum Eranthemum nervosum, Justicia nervosa, Daedalacanthus nervosus Acanthaceae Blue Sage
Eranthemum purpurascens Daedalacanthus purpurascens Acanthaceae Purple Eranthemum
Eranthemum roseum Acanthaceae Rosy Eranthemum



Eranthemum pulchellum Andrews (Subtropical Himalaya (Punjab to Bhutan), Burma, Indo-China, W. China)
Eranthemum purpurascens Nees (Tropical Himalaya, India)
Eranthemum splendens (T. Anderson) Siebert & Voss (Subtropical Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim))

Eranthemum pulchelum Andrews (A native of Indo-Pakistan subcontinent; introduced in gardens elsewhere)

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Brief details- 
Eranthemum albomarginatum B.S.Williams,  
Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (W. Bull) L.H. Bailey is a synonym of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin,
Eranthemum bicolor Schrank is a synonym of Eranthemum pulchellum Andrews,
Eranthemum tricolor W.Bull is a synonym of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin

Eranthemum malaccense C.B.Clarke


A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998)- Details-

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-


Eranthemum (Acanthaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Eranthemum (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Eranthemum page with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.