Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (Images by Prasad Kumar Dash (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))


Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees or Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (Images by Ashwini Bhatia (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))



Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (Images by Alka Khare & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Dicliptera cuneata Nees

(Images by A. Lalithamba (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))




Dicliptera foetida (Forssk.) Blatt. (Images by Satish Phadke, Validated by Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Dicliptera leonotis Dalzell ex C.B.Clarke (Images by Ushaprabha Page (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))



Hypoestes triflora (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. (Images by Prashant Awale, Identified by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Peristrophe montana Nees ? (Images by Anurag Sharma (Identified by V. C. Balakrishnan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Peristrophe paniculata (Forssk.) Brummitt (Images by Dinesh Valke & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Karthikeyan et al. (2009) have mentioned following species of Dicliptera in India:
  1. Dicliptera abuensis Blatt.
  2. D. babui Karthik. & Moorthy
  3. D. beddomei C.B.Clarke
  4. D. bupleuroides Nees
  5. D. cuneata Nees
  6. D. fera (C.B.Clarke) Karthik. & Moorthy (? Peristrophe fera C. B. Clarke in FOC)
  7. D. foetida (Forssk.) Blatt.
  8. D. ghatica Santapau [synonym of Dicliptera foetida var. ghatica (Santapau) M.R.Almeida]
  9. D. heterostegia Nees
  10. D. lanceolaria (Roxb.) Karthik. & Moorthy (? Peristrophe lanceolaria (Roxburgh) Nees in FOC)
  11. D. leonotis Dalzell ex C.B. Clarke
  12. D. longifolia (King & Prain) Karthik. & Moorthy [synonym of Peristrophe longifolia King & Prain]
  13. D. magnibracteata Collett & Hemsl.
  14. D. manilalii Karthik. & Moorthy
  15. D. nasikensis Lakshmin. & B.D.Sharma
  16. D. paniculata (Forssk.) I. Darbysh. apud I. Durbush. & Vollesen (? Peristrophe paniculata (Forsskål) Brummitt in FOC)
  17. D. parvibracteata Nees
  18. D. raui Karthik. & Moorthy
  19. D. riparia Nees
  20. D. roxburghiana Nees [synonym of Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss.]
  21. D. sebastinei Karthik. & Moorthy [synonym of Peristrophe acuminata Nees]
  22. D. sivarajanii Karhik. & Moorthy
  23. D. spinulosa Hochst. ex K. Balkwill
  24. D. undulata (Vahl) Karthik. & Moorthy [synonym of Peristrophe undulata Nees]
  25. D. verticillata (Forssk.) C. Chr.

Some of the names are mentioned as synonyms in The Plant List 2013, as indicated above.


Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceea- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 10-13.  

Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India (vol 4, page 389 - 390) writes:
Placentae rising elastically from the base of the capsule ----------- Dicliptera
Placentae not rising elastically from the base of the capsule ----- Peristrophe 
These two taxa can also be distinguished based on the following simple morphological key:
# Cymes capitate; bracts spathulate........... Dicliptera (for D. cuneata)
# Cymes divaricate; bracts linear................ Peristrophe (for P. paniculata)
Dicliptera cuneata NeesHerbDeciduous to Moist Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Erode , Madurai , Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Viluppuram
Dicliptera foetida (Forssk.) BlatterHerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Kanniyakumari, Theni, Tirunelveli
Dicliptera verticillata (Forssk.) ChristensenHerbWestern Ghats, Deciduous to Moist Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Nilgiri


Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Dicliptera bupleuroides Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides Acanthaceae Roxburgh's Foldwing
Dicliptera chinensis Dicliptera roxburghiana, Justicia chinensis Acanthaceae Chinese Foldwing
Dicliptera foetida Dicliptera zeylanica, Dicliptera bivalvis, Justicia foetida Acanthaceae Stinking Foldwing


1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
Dicliptera abuensis Blatt.- E- Rajasthan
Dicliptera beddomei C.B.Clarke- I- Andhra Pradesh
Dicliptera ghatica Santapauis a syn. of Dicliptera foetida var. ghatica (Santapau) M.R.Almeida- I- Maharastra
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1993)- Details-
Floristic Diversity of Assam By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details-
Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details-
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-
A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998)- Details with keys-
Dicliptera zeylanica Neesis a synonym of Dicliptera foetida (Forssk.) Blatt.
Dicliptera neesii (Trimen) L.H.Cramer (Endemic to Srilanka)

Flora of Eastern Karnataka, Volume 2 By N. P. Singh (1988)-
.... Dicliptera leonotis, Dalz. MS. in Ihrb. Kew., ex C. B. Clarke, in llook. f. Fl. B. I. v. 4 (1885) p. 553. (jìlabrous or nearly so; stem 6-angular, erect, 2-3 ft. high with elongate opposite branches. ....
Dicliptera : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Dicliptera

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome

List of Indian species in the genera Acanthus, Blepharis and Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) : 2 posts by 2 authors.
I have added lists of Indian species of Acanthus, Blepharis and Dicliptera in eFI.
Thanks a lot, ... Species at other links matches well with these.

Pl. go through Dicliptera page with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.