Barleria montana

 
commonly known as: mountain barleria • Marathi: डोंगरी कोरांटी dongari koranti, कोळिस्ता kolista • Malayalam: bana •Tamil: மேகவண்ணக்குறிஞ்சி mekavanna-k-kurinci • Telugu:
 
Here are the keys from Revision of the Genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India (2010):
1. Seeds hairy .............. B. montana
1. Seeds glabrous ……... 2 
2. Outer sepals 2.5 – 4 cm long; corolla 6 – 8 cm long, pink; capsules 2 – 3 cm long ..….. 3
2. Outer sepals 5 – 6 cm long; corolla more than 12 cm long, white; capsules 3 – 4.5 cm long .…… B. grandiflora
3. Stems slender; corolla bilipped; stamens eglandular at base ..….... B. prattensis
3. Stems stout; corolla not bilipped; stamens glandular-pubescent at base ........ B. gibsonii

As per efi thread:
Corolla tube is white in Barleria prattensis and not so in Barleria montana 

Both Barleria montana and B. prattensis resemble in their general morphology hence may be confusing. Calyx features seem to be variable so cannot be wholly relied on. But the seed character is distinct enough to distinguish the two species. According to Shendage & Yadav (2010, Revision of genus Barleria in India):
Seeds clothed with appressed-silky hairs -------------- Barleria montana
Seeds glabrous ------------------------------------ Barleria prattensis


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/28bef1f62818c359/DSC_0584.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJ0J6rUbGwu0wYrL6BMGUyUqHfBgKASGmfQsalWF4hgpo6-L_BIefI4gXZCL2FMHMyqROMBMMPgEVW406TIwPUNm2r8aIAhAq-kGTs-2jjjqTY1NU
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ANSEPT73 Please identify this plant : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7).  
Tharalu village Bangalore
26th September 2014
It may be Dyschoriste species
Barleria prattensis, I suppose.
Supporting ...
After pursuing all the threads at Barleria prattensis and Barleria montana and confusing with detailed description and keys as at Barleria montana? for some time, I finally got clarity.
Descriptions given for the two are overlapping. What stands is the corolla tube being white in Barleria prattensis and not so in Barleria montana 
In view, it is Barleria montana 
Barleria prattensis,
It is B. montana as corolla tube is not white. 
It is confusing. It looks like both. I think ..., the person who has posted need to verify the characters & arrive at the conclusion.


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/54e4668c7a092/Barleria%20montana_1.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFS-5Du9CCnnZO1Y14fsL_9puVkHsbgDwdyHklFil12W_Mztn4a4A9MxWSLVN_9DjS1DE1vSZMBn0vnF27QUZ0T5xQqyftVUZnu7rQpPG-qDwtnYDY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/54e4668c7a092/Barleria%20montan_%202.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEZ_1cf-ZXiR2FhJgZLhga0jnmSjo4GjLkBik3Sq6J3YRRQNTquGsuxRuISSpTYN0kDheUnOzG7Hn1EKR-FyIrSzUxpqTkyBzaflNOnfy1OGjUCVW0
Photos of Barleria montana : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Pl. find attached the photographs of Barleira montana, recorded at Yelagiri Hills, Vellore Dist. of Tamilnadu
Thanks, ..., for the beautiful photographs.
 
please help me find some reference and research articles on the plant "Barleria montana"
... you have not mentioned what type of research articles is required?
please specify the research area so that members can help u.  


 
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Wild flower for ID-061009-RK-3 : 10 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)
Pic taken in Bannarghatta Forest on 04-10-09. Please ID this for me. 
Is it a species of Barleria?
Mountain Barleria (Barleria montana)? 
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Mountain%20Barleria.html
Yes, it is Barleria montana.
Pl. confirm it as Barleria prattensis Santapau as per another thread or otherwise.
Yes ..., it is Barleria prattensis.
Both Barleria montana and B. prattensis resemble in their general morphology hence may be confusing. Calyx features seem to be variable so cannot be wholly relied on. But the seed character is distinct enough to distinguish the two species. According to Shendage & Yadav (2010, Revision of genus Barleria in India):
Seeds clothed with appressed-silky hairs -------------- Barleria montana
Seeds glabrous ------------------------------------ Barleria prattensis
Many many thanks ... for this clarity. Though both look similar, I am keen that someone shares with us their collection of B. montana. There is none in the group's database at present!
Thanks ... Yes we need to see authentic pictures (supported with characterization of seeds) for comparison.

After pursuing all the threads at Barleria prattensis and Barleria montana and confusing with detailed description and keys as at Barleria montana? for some time, I finally got clarity.
Descriptions given for the two are overlapping. What stands out is the corolla tube being white in Barleria prattensis and not so in Barleria montana 
In view, it is Barleria montana 
Looks very similiar with Barleria cristata
Barleria montana only, 
There is no serrate bracts.   
because of it's not cristata

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/625a3d6a5c01c/TC1~04.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH2VzRdIKtKVw_NW9ojI73VGTd6lURXW_BnDwhdoT2NKeXW4Uiq_6OGj8qhN5zm31YKz8oK5R7amNRAv-NpyFEOD6Fa8kmfuFly4ksXRuRWI7Ka4pg
 
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Barleria montana? : 11 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)- around 1 mb each.
Found in Parvuthamalai hills of Eastern ghats.
To me appears more close to Barleria prattensis Santapau than Barleria montana Nees as per images and details herein. 

Nice pictures ...! 
Both Barleria montana and B. prattensis are morphologically similar, hence often confusing. I remember collecting Barleria montana from Paruvathamalai hills. The seeds in this species are hairy. If you see glabrous seeds, then it could be B. prattensis.
Also refer to the paper in this link for additional differences and details: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265981818_Revision_of_the_Genus_Barleria_Acanthaceae_in_India 
Any further views in the matter ?
May be B montana.
B prattensis not recorded in Thiruvannamalai district as per TN flora.
Pl. find out the details from the link ... has sent you. 
It's matching with B montana.
Here are the keys from Revision of the Genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India (2010):
Key to the species
1. Seeds hairy .............. B. montana
1. Seeds glabrous ……... 2 
2. Outer sepals 2.5 – 4 cm long; corolla 6 – 8 cm long, pink; capsules 2 – 3 cm long ..…….…….. 3
2. Outer sepals 5 – 6 cm long; corolla more than 12 cm long, white; capsules 3 – 4.5 cm long .…… B. grandiflora
3. Stems slender; corolla bilipped; stamens eglandular at base ..…..................... B. prattensis
3. Stems stout; corolla not bilipped; stamens glandular-pubescent at base ........…. B. gibsonii 

I am giving here the detailed descriptions from the publication for checking:
Barleria montana Nees in Wallich
Herbs, perennial, up to 60 cm high. Stems terete, glabrous. Leaves ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, 7 – 13 * 2.5 – 5 cm, attenuate at base, ciliate at margins, acute at apex, glabrous, glaucous beneath; lateral veins 5 or 6 pairs; petioles 1.5 – 2.5 cm long. Flowers solitary, sessile or subseesile, axillary or in terminal spikes; bracts linear-oblong, 2 – 3 cm long, ciliate at margins, acute at apex, glabrous. Outer sepals ovate, subequal, 3 – 4 *  1.2 – 2 cm, rounded at base, ciliate at margins, acute at apex, glabrous, strongly nerved, brown; inner sepals linear-lanceolate, 1.2 – 1.8  * 0.2 – 0.3 cm, acute at apex, glabrous; midrib distinct. Corolla 7 – 9.5 cm long, glandular-pubescent outside, pink; tube 5 – 5.5 cm long; lobes oblong-obovate, subequal, 2.5 – 4   1 – 2 cm, emarginate at apex. Fertile stamens 2, exserted; filaments 3.5 – 4 cm long, glandular-hirsute at base; anthers 3 – 4 mm long; staminodes 3, 1 – 2 mm long, glandular-hirsute. Disc covering ½ of ovary. Ovary ovoid, 4 – 5 mm long, glabrous; style slender, up to 4 cm long, glabrous; stigma linear, c. 2 mm long, 2-lobed. Capsules oblong-lanceoloid, 2.5 – 3 *  0.5– 0.6 cm, glabrous. Seeds ovoid or subquadroid, 4.5 – 6 mm, clothed with appressed-silky hairs.
Flowering & Fruiting: October – February. Habitat: On exposed hill slopes above 1000 m.
Distribution: India: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Tamil Nadu. Endemic.
  
Barleria prattensis Santapau
Vernacular Names: Madurakurinji (Malayalam); Gulabi Koranti, Ikharu (Marathi).
Herbs or undershrubs, perennial, erect or suffruticose, up to 1 m high. Stems terete, deeply grooved, glabrous, puberulous at nodes. Leaves elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, 6 – 15 *  2 – 7 cm, attenuate at base, ciliate at margins, acuminate at apex, coriaceous, glabrous, glaucous beneath; lateral veins 5 or 6 pairs; petioles 0.5 – 3 cm long. Flowers solitary or in pairs, terminal; pedicels c. 5 mm long, occasionally up to 8 cm long; bracts linear-lanceolate, 0.5 – 1.5 *  0.1 – 1 cm, ciliate at margins, acuminate at apex, pubescent or subglabrous. Outer sepals much variable, ovate, 2.5 – 4 *  1.5 – 2 cm, rounded at base, ciliate at margins, acute at apex, glabrous outside, puberulous inside; midrib often reddish brown; inner sepals linear-lanceolate, 1 – 1.8 cm long, ciliate at margins, acuminate at apex, pubescent on veins outside. Corolla bilipped (4⁄1), 6 – 8 cm long, glandular-pubescent to glabrous outside, pink; tube 3 – 4.5 cm long, whitish; lobes obovate, subequal, 1.5 – 2.5   1 – 2 cm, obtuse at apex. Fertile stamens 2, exserted; filaments 2 – 3.5 cm long, glabrous, pinkish towards apex; anthers c. 4 mm long; staminodes 3, 1 – 1.5 cm long, glabrous. Disc covering 1⁄3 of ovary. Ovary oblongovoid, c. 4   2 mm, glabrous; style slender, 4 – 5 cm long, glabrous, pinkish towards apex; stigma linear, 2-lobed, brown. Capsules ovate-lanceoloid, 2 – 3   0.5 – 0.8 cm, turgid. Seeds broadly ovoid to subglobose, 4.5 – 6   4 – 5 mm, glabrous, brown.
Flowering & Fruiting: September – February.
Habitat: Undergrowth in deciduous forests.
Distribution: India: Andhra Pradesh, Dadra & Nagar Hevali, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Endemic.

In view, I will also go for Barleria montana Nees in Wallich
 


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