Acanthus ilicifolius

 
a-KANTH-us -- Greek: ákantha (thorn); also spine or spike ... Dave's Botanary
il-liss-ee-FOH-lee-us -- having leaves like a holly ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: holly-leaved acanthus, holly-leaved bear's breech, holly mangrove, sea holly • Bengali: হাড়গোজা hargoza, কটকি kataki, নীল টেংরাকাঁটা nila tenrakanta • Gujarati: હરગોજા hargoja, કાંટાળીયો kantaliyo Hindi: हड़कत harkata • Kannada: ಹೊಳೆ ಚುಳ್ಳಿ hole chulli, ಕಂಡ್ಲಾ ಚುಳ್ಳಿ kaandla chulli • Konkani: मारांडो maramdo • Malayalam: ചുള്ളി chulli, ചുള്ളിക്കണ്ടൽ chullikkantal, പയിങ്ങാച്ചുള്ളി payingngaachchulli • Marathi: मारांडी marandi, निवगूर nivagur, वागाटी vagati • Odia: ହାକୁଚ କଣ୍ଟା hakucha kanta, ହାଡ଼କାଠ harda katha, ହାଡ଼କଞ୍ଚି hardakanchi • Sanskrit: हरीकुसा harikusa • Tamil: ஆற்றுமுள்ளி arru-mulli, கழுதைமுள்ளி kalutai-mulli, கோழிமுள்ளி koli-mulli, உப்புக்கரிநீர்முள்ளி uppu-k-kari-nir-mulli • Telugu: అలస్యకంప alasyakampa, అలిసి alisi, ఏటిచిల్ల etichilla, తూడిచిల్ల thude chulli • Tulu: ತುದೆಚುಳ್ಳಿ tudechulli • Urdu: هڙکت harkata

Names bibliography at https://dineshvalke.blogspot.com/2020/09/acanthus-ilicifolius-l.html

 
Native to India, Sri Lanka, Asia, Malesia, Australia and Pacific Islands.  
  
 
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Acanthus ilicifolius@Devbagh beach resort.: Acanthus ilicifolius @Devbagh beach resort.
A mangrove species.

 
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[Efloraofindia_ Acanthus ilicifolius_031211PD04_ Flora of Odisha]: Odisha is globally well known for the amphibians in plant kingdom, the mangroves. Located in the deltaic region formed by the rich alluvial deposits of Brahmani, Baitarani and the Mahanadi, Dhamra River, orissa in gereral and Bhitarkanika in perticular is the second largest mangrove ecosystem in the world after Papua New Guinea in terms of species diversity. There are 62 species of mangrove found in Bhitarkanika which includes 32 true mangroves and the rest are assocites. Heritiera kanikensis is Endemic to bhitarkanika.

With this background i wl post some of my earlier images of mangroves and their associates that i had taken during my association with Regional Research lboratory (RRL) now known as Institute of Minerals and Materials technology (IMMT), Bhubeneswar as a Senior Research Felow on mangrove physiology.

Dear members sending the photograph of Acanthus ilicifolius from Bhitarkanika
Name of the species: Acanthus ilicifolius
Family: Acanthaceae
Place of collection: Bhitarkanika, Kendrapada, Odisha
Habit: Perennial herb
Habitat: Wild, Wet evergreen forest

Yes truly ilicifolius
This species (The root) is having very useful medicinal properties and used to treat bone fracture among other uses.
The flowers are much liked by Black Beetles common in Bhitarkanika. It is polyphagus but prefers Acanthus ilicifolius flowers. I received specimen from the region many times and forwarded it to the Entomologists but failed to get correct identification.

It reminds me of Chrysolina madrasae beetles feeding on Blumea lacera as I reported it on Blumea as first record during my undergraduate studies.

Oudhia, P. and B.S. Thakur. 1996. New record of the leaf beetle on a weed. Current Research 25:218.
There is one more aspect of A. ilicifolius. The population of A. ilicifolius is a good indication of how healthy that particular mangrove forest is. If the population of this species is hight to very high, it is an indication of degraded land. That is to say, a healthy mangrove forest would have a limited population of A. ilicifolius!
Absolutely right ... this one of the ecological aspect of Mangroves and i can say as bioindication. Now a days the population of a. ilicifolius has come up to Rajnagar, around 60 km from estuary where once magrove was dominated. I found so many large patch of A. ilicifolius in Bhitarkanika.
 
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Wild plant ID request - RK54 - 12-Dec-2012:  Request id of this plant from Vasai region. It is around 3 feet tall. The plant has spines and the leaves too have sharp spines.
Reminds me of Ilex aquifolium, but I may be wrong.
This is Acanthus ilicifolius - commonly known as Sea Holy. A common Mangrove associate.
Yes Acanthus ilicifolius
 
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Flora of Kaiga - Kali river 18052013PJ2 :  Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Sharing Acanthus ilicifolius, a mangroves of River Kali. These areas are ideal for nature study, bird watching , boating, fishing etc..
Date/Time-: 2/05/13 - 08:30am
Location- Place, Altitude - Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 1-2m
 
 
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Acanthus ilicifolius L. (Acanthaceae)

commonly known as Holly-leaved Acanthus, Sea Holly, and Holy Mangrove is a species of shrubs or herbs, of the plant family Acanthaceae, native to India, Sri Lanka, Asia, Malesia, Australia and Pacific Islands.
 
It is a small shrub growing along lakes and marshes and sea shores. It is used as medicine in asthma and rheumatism. 
 
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Konkan, May 2014 :: Acanthus ilicifolius :: 27MAY2014 :: ARK-14 :  6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6).
Requesting to please validate the ID (Acanthus ilicifolius) of this mangrove captured in a small village near the Konkan coast, Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
So beautiful images.
Very beautiful flowers, seeing for the first time.. thanks for showing ...
Beautiful pictures. Have yet to see this plant.
..., one plant is in Sagar Upvan....
 
 
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at Vaghbil, Thane on April 27, 2008  
in Sindhudurg on May 13, 2012

nice. holly leaved violet / white flowers of acanthaceae
 
 
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Acanthus ilicifolius (Sea Holly - Mangrove flower) Near Mahul, Mumbai
 
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/9283f6f7676f158b/DSC_0074.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Acanthaceae fortnight SN 11 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Acanthus ilicifolius L., erect stiff mangrove herb from Calicut, Kerala

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Attached are pictures of Acanthus ilicifolius captured at Salim Ali WLS, Goa in May 2014.
 
 https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6c70a4873d5a5728/marandi.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrELvEeNHs_8emhURF3zcF5vP7CqYXNrkcpKtIkrM-lNZEBAvVlvZ1FopPw8lj9BWWsF4PpD_R5PjubYuK32vryOFcB0Cy9mYu_1q6cZ9Yj2a-6s0tE


"Acanthus ilicifolius" from Mumbai.
locally known as Marandi.  
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a323a248f563b088/IMG_0287.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrED-eOJHjqgPw9-z_5XmczV3B7IQh-0J4L9t4HABNE5VtQPow9s0yW_0j7asGvPJi5k8qKfI3pYjWk6uQOR_rQXjy6RXdAZEnJn37mlDL1rSmE-hvU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a323a248f563b088/IMG_0272.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEKpH62hxr7B7wEw-uoIoU-DCpkqZi7dN7i7YhZLg1zB5D-VWgICa8CK3atSHivUS8VF_SiGw_dIOE9fE-RB9C8-sLL5vnspqGhp76PBjRLHPyILu0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a323a248f563b088/IMG_0274.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFO-pZ_KujNr0ELy8-US6FcnIa6aae0uAkwCQkEMSffoLsfSq7m0Z-i7QjrjM7x2DV3kXMuapQWgpl-dDwKVF3XV_yzy8EGIGSa1gZbPyCVWUtwGbY

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a323a248f563b088/IMG_0278.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH4a_egBBN9w8YJ8cfjn66uU4omstvY57Cgeer5swPtr2o9JzzTTeCiUr1gmsyoxGjDWscf5rXg3az63FxMtwCbqFiNg8Ff3_82YM4OhC6wEIVvOQs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a323a248f563b088/IMG_0280.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEnrsnVhOoguKJdrWgNANeBdmfQjrKPKGsbR8D_D_J6_UJoFDwAzvNrGgVL3vA-gZA3ZAtZTaIf7uxUgcKt0wWNJ-DJbBx3nWYqAXVKGeO2OFQBv-Q
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a323a248f563b088/IMG_0327.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1



Acanthus ilicifolius from Navi Mumbai:

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/129168c06d1d8a/DSCN9882.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF3upykkmfvZDFejknEooGvIo9sI4VoqVak6A7lsvazbC4D9G4ac2Q-q5kLAT80vQm4Ucv9p1rKUpSw3aL43EDAVgeBS3gE47JuQJ4AUU-pG7b9r0s
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/129168c06d1d8a/DSCN9888.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHrcj46IKa2Q8mJks6pSpxJVVk4TgfgkhuZsQB4fiIwJlir1HoRqhWGGn_1fQ-yHkkrSYppr19kmMlataal5obV-FvuyWB71CSztDlF4Ml_DvF1dMQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/129168c06d1d8a/DSCN9890.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWRzaySO0wJ21Hol8BLNB-eO5xhPwMj-UngniCk9eGAJkQXMPBOF58d7Mo2n8_fLfOhfYYKFMYlOD6kus9qp6iCSUcqWLFJFPr8yaO9gnvXS9E7pQ


Plant for ID-PC-27-24.08.2015 : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Please identify the plant from Warsaw University green house. I will be grateful.
It seems Acanthus ilicifolius to me (aka Sea Holly)
Acanthus Species for sure.
Looks like Acanthus ilicifolius L: Check these websites :
http://www.indianaturewatch.net/displayimage.php?id=341516
http://indiabiodiversity.org/observation/show/272340
I agree with Acanthus ilicifolius as the most likely ID.

 



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