Mao Ashiho A.




1. MAO, A.A. ‘Morphogenetic responses of various tissue and organs of Coriandrum sativum L. in tissue culture’. M.Phil. Thesis, Delhi University. 1990.

2. SINGH, D.K., A.A. MAO, R.K. GUPTA & G.P. SINHA, 1992. Axenic seed germination of some rare, threatened and ornamental species of orchids of North eastern India – A preliminary study. In: S.P. Viz (ed.) National Seminar on Biology, Improvement, propagation and commercialization of Indian Orchids, Bangalore (Abstract) No. 21:33-35

3. MAO, A. A., A. WETTEN, M.F.FAY  & P.D.S. CALIGARI, 1995. In vitro propagation of Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp. (Verbenaceae) – a potential natural anti-hypertension medicinal plant. Plant cell report 14: 493-496.

4. MAO, A. A. Tissue culture of some plant species from North East India, Ph.D. Thesis, Reading University, Reading, U.K. 1996.
5. MAO, A.A., A. WETTEN, M.F.FAY & P.D.S. CALIGARI, 2000. In vitro multiplication of Litsea cubeba (Lours.) Pers. – a multipurpose tree. Plant Cell Report 19: 5-9.

6. MAO, A. A., A. WETTEN, M.F.FAY  &  P.D.S. CALIGARI, 2002.  In vitro seed germination and tissue culture of Lilium mackliniae Sealy, a rare endemic lily from Manipur, India, J. Plant Physiology, 7(3): 239-245.

7. RANYAPHI, R.A., A. A. MAO & IBAKADOR, 2006. Seed germination and micropropagation of Iris bakeri – a rare endemic plant from Manipur, India. In: P.J. Handique and M.C. Kalita (eds.) Proceedings of the National Seminar on Biodiversity Conservation and Future Concern, 69-75.

8. MAO, A. A, 2006. Micropropagation of rare, endangered plants of northeastern India. In: P.J. Handique and M.C. Kalita (eds.) Proceedings of the National Seminar on Biodiversity Conservation and Future Concern, 1-7. 

9. MAO, A. A., A. WETTEN, M.F. FAY & P.D.S. CALIGARI, 2007.. Effect of Nitrogen on growth and morphogenesis of three micropropagated Nepenthes spp.  India J. Plant Physiol. 12(4):317-321.

10. MAO, A. A. &  R.A. RANYAPHI, 2007. Seed viability studies in Nepenthes khasiana Hook.f. -  comparison of in vivo and in vitro seed germination. Bull. Bot. Surv. Of India 49(1-4): 89-94.

11. TANDON P., S. S.D. BHOWMIK, A. A. MAO & S. KUMARIA, 2007. Rapid in vitro Clonal Propagation of Mantisia spathulata Schult, A rare and endmic plant of North Eastern India for recovery. Biotechnology 6(1):68-71.

12. JAYASHANKAR DAS, A. A. MAO & P.J. HANDIQUE, 2011. Volatile constituents of Valeriana hardwickii Wall. Root oil from Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya, Rec. Nat. Products 5:(1): 70-73

13.JAYASHANKAR DAS, A. A. MAO & P.J. HANDIQUE, 2011. Terpenoid Composition and Antioxidant activities of two Indian Valerian oil from Khasi hills of north east India, Natural Product Communication 6(1), 129-132.

14. MAO, A. A., S. KALIAMOORTHY, R. A. RANYAPHI & JAYASHANKAR DAS, S. GUPTA, J. ATHILI, J. Y. YUMNAM & L. I. CHANU, 2011. In vitro micropropagation of three rare, endangered and endemic rhododendron species of North east India, In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol.-Plant 47: 674-681

15. RANYAPHI, R.A., A. A. MAO & S.K. BORTHAKUR, 2011. Direct organogenesis from leaf and internode explants of in vitro raised wintergreen plant (Gaultheria fragrantissima), ScienceAsia 37:186-194.

16. JAYASHANKAR DAS, A. A. MAO & P.J. HANDIQUE, 2012. Callus-mediated organogenesis and effect of growth regulators on production of different valepotriates in Indian valerian (Valeriana jatamasi Jones), Acta Physiol Plant 35:55-63

17. GUPTA, S., SONESWAR SARMA, A.A. MAO AND TAPAN SEAL, 2013. Antioxidant activity of different parts of Lysimachia laxa and Gymnocladus assamicus, a comparison using three different solvent extraction systems. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 5(4):33-40.2013.

18. GUPTA, S., S. KALIAMOORTHY, A. A. MAO AND SONESWAR SARMA, 2013. In vitro regeneration of Gymnocladus assamicus Kanjilal ex P.C. Kanjilal, an ethnomedicinal critically endangered and endemic tree species from Northeast India, Int. J. Med. Arom. Plants 3(2): 204-213





19. SINGH, K.P. & A. A. MAO, 1998. Development of Floristic Botany in North east India during post Independent period. In: S.K. Gupta, S.N. Datta, R. Gopalakrishnan, K.P. Singh, N.K. Sarkar & A.K. Verma (eds.) Proc. Nat. Conf. on Development of Science and Technology in North east India During Post Indepdendent period, Shillong, pp. 153-165.
20. PHUKAN, S. &  A.A. MAO, 1999. A miniature orchid of North East India. Orch. Review 107(1230): 368-369.  
21. MAO, A.A.,  1999. Note on Orchids of Senapati and surrounding hills, Manipur, India. J. Orch. Soc. India 13(1-2): 55-58.
22. MAO, A.A. &  T.M. HYNNIEWTA, 2000. Paphiopedilum hirsutissimum hunting in Nagaland. Phytotaxonomy 1: 130-132.
23. PHUKAN, S.  &  A.A. MAO, 2000.  A beautiful and rare orchid of India. The J. Ochid Soc. India 14: 57-60.
24. MAO, A.A. &  T.M. HYNNIEWTA, 2000. Floristic Diversity of N.E. India. The J. Assam Sc. Soc. 41(4): 255-566.
25. HYNNIEWTA, T.M. & A.A. MAO, 2001. Botanical Exploration and Orchid studies in Nagaland. Second meeting of the Indian Subcontinent regional orchid Specialist group (ISROSG), Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun pp.16-17. 
26. PHUKAN, S. &  A.A. MAO, 2002. Additions to Indian Orchid Flora. Orch. Review 110: 157-161.
27. PHUKAN, S. &  A.A. MAO, 2002.  Armodorum senapatianum Phukan et Mao – a new orchid species from India, Orchid Review 110(1247): 298-300.
28. PHUKAN, S. &  A.A. MAO, 2002. Additions to the India Orchid Flora, Orchid Review vol. 112, 114-118.
29. PHUKAN, S. &  A.A. MAO, 2005. Flickingeria abhaycharanii Phukan et Mao – a new species from northeast India, Orchid Review 113(1261): 22-23.
30. PHUKAN, S. &  A. A. MAO, 2006. .Pleione saxicola in India, addition to the Indian Orchid Flora.  Orchid Review 114(1269):150-151.
31. BHAUMIK, M., A. A. MAO & H.B. NAITHANI, 2006.  A note on the sporadic flowering of Sinarundinaria rolloana (Gamble) Chao & Renv. (Poaceae-Bambusoideae) from Dzuko valley, Nagaland. The Indian Forester 132(7):906-907.
32. CHAYA DEORI, A. A. MAO & S. PHUKAN, 2006.  A new addition to the Indian Orchid Flora. The Orchid Review  114(1268): 91-93.
33. CHAYA DEORI, S.K. SARMA, S. PHUKAN  &  A. A. MAO, 2006.  Dendrobium arunachalense sp.nov. (Orchidaceae) – A new species from Arunachal Pradesh, India.  J. Orch. Soc. Ind. 20(1-2):81-85.
34. MAO, A. A. & M. BHAUMIK, 2007. Notes on Lilium davidii -(Liiaceae): a rare and beautiful lily from Manipur, India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 31(2):436-438. 
35. PANDEY A. K., M. A.  ALI & A. A. MAO, 2007. Genus Panax L. (Araliaceae) in India. Pleione 1(2): 46-54.
36. MAO, A. A. &  M. BHAUMIK, 2007. Roscoe ngainoii (Zingiberaceae) sp. nova from Manipur, India.  Nordic J. of Bototany 25: 299-302.
37. AMAD  UDDIN, R. GOGOI, A. A. MAO & S. PHUKAN, 2008. Collection of Begonia adscendens C.B. Clarke (Begoniaceae) after more than 100 years from Esii hills, Manipur, India, Rheedea 18(1): 53-55.
38. NAITHANI, H.B., A. A. MAO & R.C. SRIVASTAVA, 2008. Schizostachyum arunachalensis, the bamboo species with longest internode and biggest leaf, ENVIS Newsletter 13(2):3.
39. DEORI, C., R. GOGOI  & A. A. MAO, 2010. A new variety of Dendrobium: D. falconeri Hook. var. senapatianum C. Deori, R. Gogoi & A.A. Mao var. Nov. , Orch. Rev. 118(1289): 20-23.
40. MAO, A. A. 2010. Paphiopedilum of northeast India, Orch. Rev. 118(1289):88-95.
41. MAO, A.A., R. GOGOI & O. APANG, 2009. Studies on Rhododendron species of Mayuodia, Lower Dibang valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 25(1&2): 93-99.
42. MAO, A.A. 2010. The genus Rhododendron in north east India, Botanica Orientalis  7: 26-34
43. RAO, A.N., O. APANG, A.A. MAO & S.S. DASH, 2010. Two new records from Arunachal Pradesh, India. J. Orchid Soc. India, 24(1&2): 97-100
44. DASH, S.S., R. GOGOI & A.A. MAO, 2011. A new species of Crawfurdia Wall. (Gentianaceae) from Arunachal Pradesh, India, J. Jpn. Bot. 86: 127-132.
45. MAO, A.A., M. BHAUMIK & N. LOKHO, 2011. Kaempferia parviflora Wall. ex Baker (Zingiberaceae) A new record of medicinal plan for India. Ind. Forest. 1353-1354.
46. DASH, S.S. AND A. A. MAO, 2011. A new species of Codonopsis Wall. (Campanulaceae) from Arunachal Pradesh, India, Nelumbo 53:17-20.
47. DASH, S.S. AND A. A. MAO, 2011. Additions to the flowering plants of India from Arunachal Pradesh, Nelumbo 53: 228-235.
48. MAO, A.A. & M. BHAUMIK, 2011. New distributional records of Rhododendrons from India, Nelumbo 53:217-220.
49. MAO, A. A., LICHA JERI & REDDY BEI 2011. Studies on Rhododendron species of Talle Valley Wildlife Sanctuary and surrounding Hills of Lower Subansiri district, Arunachal Pradesh, Bull. Arunachal Pradesh Forest Research Vol. 27(1&2): 34-46
50. MAO, A.A., A.N. RAO, M. BHAUMIK & ONA APANG, 2011. Thrixspermum saruwaterii (Hayata) Schltr. (Orchidaceae) – a new record to India from Arunachal Pradesh, Bull. Arunachal Pradesh Forest Research Vol. 27(1&2): 68-70.
51. MAO, A.A. & R. GOGOI, 2012 Distribution and status of Lilium mackliniae Sealy – an endemic lily of north east India, Indian Forester 139(2): 170-174
52. R. GOGOI & A. A. MAO 2012. Rediscovery of Justicia anfractuasa C.B. Clarke an endemic species from its type locality after a century, NeBio 3(2): 13-15
53. MAO, A.A. 2012. Biodiversity profile: The genus Rhododendron in north-east India, The New Zealand Rhododendron Society, 100: 47-53
54. MAO, A.A. & R. GOGOI 2012. Rhododendrons of Manipur and Nagaland, NeBio 3:1-10.
55. Mao A. A. and M. Bhaumik 2012. A new Rhododendron species from India. Rhododendron Species Foundation Yearbook 2012, 7: 29-34.
56. Mao, A.A. 2012. Rhododendron hunting in Vadse hills, Kurung Kumey District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Rhododendron Species Foundation Yearbook 2012, 7: 47-56.
57. MAO, A.A., M. BHAUMIK, A. PAUL, S. BARALI & M.L. KHAN, 2013. Rhododendron mechukae (Ericaceae A new species from India, Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70(1): 57-60
58. BHAUMIK M. & A. A. MAO, 2013. Distributional notes on some Rhododendrons taxa from Arunachal Pradesh, India, Nelumbo 54:255-259
59. BHAUMIK M. & A. A. MAO, 2013.Flowering of Chimonocalamus longiusculus (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) in experimental garden of Botanical Survey of India, Itanagar, India, Nelumbo 54:260-262
60. GOGOI, R., B.B. T. THAM AND A. A. MAO 2014. Arisaema bannaense H.Li and Arisaema lingyunense H. Li (Araceae), Two additions to the Flora of India. J. Jpn. Bot. 89:44-48
61. COX, K.N.E. 2013. A new Rhododendron species from India, Plantsman 12(1): 26-27
62. Meitei, L.R., N.N. Rabha, Chaya Deori & A.A. Mao 2014. A new generic record and distribution notes on two orchid species from Manipur, India, Richardiana XIV, 274-279
63. Sharma S., S.K. Singh, R. Kumar & A. A. Mao 2013. A compendium of Monopodial Orchids of Meghalaya, Keanean Journal of Science 2:93-106
64. Verma D., S.K. Singh & A. A. Mao 2013. Notes on diversity and distribution of tribe Orchidaceae in Meghalaya, Keanean Journal of Science 2:83-92




65. MAO, A.A.  &  S.K. KATAKI, 1993. Dzuko valley: A plea for conservation. The Indian Forester 120: 515-518.
66. MAO, A. A., 2005. Notes on habitat and distribution of Bulbophyllum rothschildianum (O’Brien) J.J. Sm. – a rare and beautiful orchid of north east India –The J. Ochid Soc. India 18(1&2): 68-74.
67. MAO, A.A.  &  P. KHARBULI, 2002. Distribution and status of Nepenthes khasiana – a rare endemic pitcher plant of India, Phytotaxonomy 2: 77-83.
68. MAO, A.A., 2006. Dendrobium denudans - an endangered medicinal orchids of north east India.  J. Orch. Soc. Ind. 20(1-2):53-55.
69. MAO, A. A. &  R. GOGOI, 2007. Rediscovery of a critically endangered endemic Rhododendron. Ind. For. 133(12):1699-1702.
70. A. A. MAO, J. Y. YUMNAM, R. GOGOI & A. PINOKIYO, 2009. Status and Distribution of Rhododendron species in temperate and sub-alpine hill ranges of mount Esii and Surrounding hills in Manipur and Nagaland, Indian Forester 135(7): 880-890.
71. MAO, A.A. & R. GOGOI, 2009. Floristic study of Dzukou valley and surrounding hills, Manipur and Nagaland, India, Indian Forester, Indian Forester, 136(1): 57-68.
72. MAO, A.A. & R. GOGOI, 2010. Fire-induced invasion of an endemic plant species alters forest structure and diversity: a study from north-east India, Sci. Curr. 98(4): 483-485.
73. BERA, S. K., S. K. BASUMATARY, C. M. NAUTIYAL, S. DIXIT, A. A. MAO &  R. GOGOI, 2011.  Late Holocene Climate and Vegetation Change in the Dzukou Valley, North East India, Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India 56(2): 143-148.




74. MAO, A.A. 1992. A preliminary report on the Folklore Botany of Mao Nagas of Manipur (India), Ethnobotany 5: 143-147.
75. HYNNIEWTA, T. M. &  A. A. MAO,  1999. Pollution-cum-Depletion of Tribal’s Ethnobotanical Knowledge Systems. In: S.K. Gupta et al. (eds.) Proc. Nat. Conf. Pollution, Man & Environment, Shillong, pp.187-189.
76. MAO, A.A.  1999. Some symbolic and superstitious botanical folklore about Mao Naga tribe of Manipur (India). J. Econ. & Taxon Bot. 23(2): 625-628.
77. MAO, A.A.  1998(2001). Ethnobotanical observation of rice beer ‘Zhuchu’ by the Mao Naga tribe from Manipur (India). Bull. Bot. Surv. India 40(1-4): 53-57.
78. MAO, A.A.  2002. Oroxylum indicum Vent. – a potential anti-cancer medicinal plant. Ind. J. Tradtional Knowledge, 1(1): 17-21.
79. MAO A. A. &  N. ODYUO. Traditional fermented foods of the Naga tribes of northeastern India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 6(1): 42-45.2007.
80. CHAYA DEORI, S. S. BEGUM & A. A. MAO, 2007.  Ethnobotany of Sujen -a local rice beer of the Deori Tribe of Assam. India J. Traditional Knowledge 6(1): 126-132.
81. MAO, A.A., T.M. HYNNIEWTA & M. SANJAPPA, 2009. Plant wealth of north east with reference to ethnobotany, Indian J. Traditional Knowledge, 8(1): 96-103.
82. MAO, A.A. & T.M. HYNNIEWTA, 2011. Plants used as Agricultural season indicator by Mao Naga tribe, Manipur, India. Indian J. Traditional Knowledge, 10(3): 578-580.
83. LYNGDOH J.P., D. SYIEM & A. A. MAO 2014. Pattern of Traditional Medicine usage in East Khasi Hills of Meghalaya. Indian J. Traditional Knowledge 13(1): 164-170.
84. MAO, A. A. 2013. Ethnobotany of Rhododendrons in North-Eastern India. Ethnobotany 25:124-128.
85. PFOZE, N.L., M. KEHIE, H.KAYANG & A.A. MAO 2014. Estimation of Ethnobotanical Plants of the Naga of North East India. J. Medicinal Plant Studies 2(3): 92-104





86. MAO, A. A. &  T. M. HYNNIEWTA,  1999. Conservation of threatened plants of North Eastern India. In: B. Kharbuli, D. Syiem & H. Kayang (eds.) Biodiversity – North East India Perspective, NEH University, Shillong, pp.37-39.
87. MAO, A.A. 1999. Biodiversity: Its economic potentiality in Mao area, impact of globalisation and state policies. Mao Students’ Delhi-Magazine-cum-journal, pp. 23-26.
88. MAO, A.A. 2000. Dried flower making- a potential cottage industry in N.E. India. The Ind. Forester 126(12): 1342-1346.
89. MAO, A.A.  &  T.M. HYNNIEWTA, 2000. Orchid Cultivation: Pests and Diseases. Flora-Van-Dron 1: 5-9.
90. MAO, A.A.  Principles of Orchid cultivation. Flora-Van-Dron  2:1-12. 2001.
91. MAO,  A . A.  AND  T.M. HYNNIEWTA, 2002. Wild plants of floriculture potential of N.E. India. Silver Jubilee Souvenir (1977-2002), Shillong-Agri-Horticultural Soc.  2002.
92. MAO, A.A. (1992-2002). Ecological balance and its importance in the Mao area context, Decadal Souvenir, Mao Officers’ Union, pp. 29-36. 2002.
93. RANYAPHI, R.A., A.G. WARJRI &  A. A. MAO, 2004(2002). Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. – an important wild medicinal plant. In: Philomena Kharrakor, C.R. Deingdoh, Nirupama James and R. Biswas (eds.) Proceedings on Regional Seminar on the Role of Biodiversity and Environmental strategies in North east India for Sustainable Development, 158-161.
94. MAO A. A. 2005. A small butterfly: The nasty pest of orchids. Orchid News 21: 14.
95. MAO, A.A. 2008. Standard of Refereeing in Science Journals, Curr. Sci. 95(11), 10.
96. MAO, A. A. 2013. Why is Biological Diversity Important? The Mao Students’ Union 80th Anniversary-cum-Conference Souvenir, 37-40


Chapter in edited Books


97. MAO, A.A., D.K. SINGH &  P. TANDON, 2002. Tissue Culture. In: K.P. Singh, N.P. Singh (eds.) – Floristic Diversity and Conservation Strategies in India, Vol. V. In Situ &  Situ Conservation, BSI, Kolkata., pp.3013-3050.
98. MAO, A. A., K.P. SINGH  &  P.K. HAJRA, 2001. Rhododendron. In: K.P. Singh, N.P. Singh (eds.) – Floristic Diversity and Conservation Strategies in India, Vol. IV, BSI, Kolkata.pp.2167-2202.
99. RANYAPHI, R.A., A.A. MAO & S.K. BORTHAKUR, 2010. Propagation package of Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall., a commercially important medicinal plant. In S.K. Borthakur, M. Ahmed, P. Gogoi, D.N. Dutta and G.U. Ahmed (eds.), Medicinal plants of northeast India, pp.50-70, NEDFI R & D Centre for MAP, Khetri 782403, North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd., Guwahati.
100. MAO, A.A. 2010. Orchid habitats. In: P. Pathak & L. K. Attri (eds.) National Conference on Orchids: Systematics and diversity analysis for conservation and sustainable utilisation, The Orchid Society of India (TOSI), Botany Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh. pp.14-16.
101. MAO, A.A. 2012. Orchids in Mao area and ecological status. In: A. Kaisii & H.F. Ariina (eds.) Tribal Philosophy and Culture – Mao Naga of North East India, Mittal Publication, N. Delhi, 161-167.


Dr. A. A. Mao
Scientist-E & H.O.O
Botanical Survey of India
Eastern Regional Centre
Shillong - 793003, India