Jha Vidyanath


Name                                       :          Dr. VIDYANATH JHA

Date of Birth                           :          01-05-1956     

Present Position:                               Professor of Botany& Principal under L. N. Mithila University  service, presently posted as Principal of M.R.M. College, Darbhanga- 846004 (BIHAR, INDIA)




Publications Published over 50 research and review papers in different national and international journals/conference proceedings and as invited articles in books. This includes about 25 papers on Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisb.) and other aquatic plants.



List of Publications (2004 – 2014)

Bhardwaj, A., N.A. Shakil, V. Jha and R.K. Gupta. 2014 Screening of nutritional, phytochemical, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of underutilized seeds of Scirpus articulatus: the basis of Khubahi Ramdana industry. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 3(4):11-20.

Sahni, C., N.A. Shakil, V. Jha and R.K. Gupta. 2014 Screening of nutritional, phytochemical, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of the roots of Borassus flabellifer (Asian Palmyra Palm). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 3(4):58-68

Jha, V., A. B. Verma, R. Kumar and M. S. Jha 2014. Emergent aquaphytes as a basis for sustainable rural development in north Bihar. Ethnobotany in press.

Jha, V., A.B. Verma, R. Kumar and P. Jha 2014 Cucurbits in ethnic and economic life of Mithila (North Bihar), India. Abstract No-236 Proceedings of 101st Indian Science Congress, Jammu 2014 Abstract of Oral/Poster Presentation.  Section XIV Plant Sciences. Page 369 (full paper accepted for publication elsewhere).

Jha, V., A.B. Verma, R.Kumar and M.S. Jha. 2014 Vetiver based integrated farming-a case study of Madhubani district in Mithila region of Bihar. In :Asha Gupta and V. Saxena (eds.) Integrated Farm Management, Aavishkar Publ., Jaipur, 187-203. 

Jha, V., A.B. Verma, P.Jha, M.S. Jha and R.Kumar 2013 Wetlands in north Bihar provide a basis of its sustainable development. J.Aquatic. Biol. Fisheries 2:627-634.

Jha, V., J.K. Jha and A.K. Goel 2013  Calotropis procera based ‘Aartak Paat’ cottage industry related with ‘Chhath’ festival in North Bihar. Ethnobotany, 25: 166-168.

Jha V., A. B. Verma and A. Mishra 2013. Plants in relation to fisheries practices: a survey on biodiversity utilization in north Bihar, India. In: Asha Gupta (ed.) Biodiversity Conservation and Utilization. Pointer Publishers Jaipur, pp 155 – 160.

Jha, V., A. B. Verma and R. Kumar 2012. Some poaceous grasses in ethnic life of Mithila (north Bihar), India. Proc.            99th Indian Science Congress. Part II. Sub section IV Plant Sciences. (Ethnobotany and Human Welfare), pp128.

Jha, P., J. Jha, V. Jha, A. Kumar, I. Haque, S. Rani and A. Afshaeen 2012. Isolation and identification of antimicrobial activity of some secondary metabolites in Euryale ferox Salisb. In: C. N. Jha (ed.) Botanica Mithilantica, L. N. Mithilia University, Darbhanga, pp 19 – 21.

Kumari, A., V. K. Gupta, L. Kumar, I. S. Singh and V. Jha 2012. Morphological characteristics of Makhanagermplasm collected from the wetlands of Manipur, north-eastern India. In: C. N. Jha (ed.) Botanica Mithilantica, L. N. Mithilia University, Darbhanga, pp 122 – 124.

Jha, V., A. B. Verma and P. Jha 2012.Certain ethnic practices for control of diabetes – a reference to aquatic plants. In abstract volume published on the occasion of Indo -U.S. symposium on industry – academia interaction in diabetes and cardio-vascular diseases (CVD) drug discovery (December 04 – 05, 2012) (abstract no. PS-2) P – 29.

Jha, V., A. B. Verma and P. Jha 2012. Aquatic biodiversity plays a role in the development of north Bihar. In: A Biju Kumar, M. P. Nayar, R. V. Verma and C. K. Peethambaram (eds.)Biodiversity: Utilization, Threats and Cultural Linkages, Narendra Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 159 - 166.

Jha, V., T. T, Singh, A. B. Verma and R. Kumar 2012.Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms - a shelterbelt for capture fishery in floodplains of north Bihar, India. Life Science Bulletin, 9 (1): 135 – 138.

Jha V., A.B.Verma, R. Kumar andM. S. Jha.Vetiver – The "Kataraghas" could emerge as multifarious tool for rural development in flood prone area of north Bihar, India. (Submitted for publication in the proceedings of the International Conference on Vetiver (ICV-5), held at CIMAP Lucknow).

Jha, V. 2012. Aquatic biodiversity as a basis for development in the flood plains of north Bihar. In: R.B.P Singh et al (eds.) Identifying Resource Complex Regions and Regional Development Strategy for Bihar. Centre for Geosheelitic Studies, Department of Geography, Patna Univ., Patna. pp 69-84.

Jha, V., A. B. Verma and R. Kumar 2011. Livelihood options in north Bihar floodplains- a case study of Sesbania rostrata Bremek & Oberm. Ethnobotany 23: 143 – 146.

Jha, V., V. K. Shrivastava and M. S. Jha 2011.Environmental degradation and  human rights – a contemporary perspective. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Human Rights: Prospective Challenges. BMA College, Baheri (LNMU), p9 (Advance Abstracts).

Jha, V. and M. S. Jha 2010.Women as saviours of environment- a             contemporary perspective. In: N. Roy and R. Sinha (eds.). Women and Environment. Devyani Publishers, Delhi (ISBN 978-81-9107641-7) pp 188-199.

Jha, V. 2009.Dwindling biodiversity in Indian freshwater bodies–a case study of    north Bihar. Conservation Forum            Journal 2: 20-22 (ISSN 0974-6609). (published         by Conservation Forum, Silchar).

S. S. Ahmad, V. Jha, and S. M. A. Imam 2008. Biodiversity of Dih-Ilahi wetland of Darbhanga, north Bihar. In: S. Bijoy Nandan et al (eds.) - A Compendium on Wetland Biodiversity and Conservation. (Proceedings of National Seminar on Wetland Biodiversity, Kayamkulam, India (NSWB-2008), Liminological. Association of Kerala, pp 115-124.

Jha, V. 2008.Ethnobotanical connotations in Laukikanyaya sutras. (Laukikanyayake sutron men Lokvanaspatikiketatva) (In Hindi).Ethnobotany 20: 157-162.

विद्यानाथझा, टुनटुनसिंह, ध्रुवकुमार, सत्यजीतकुमारएवंअनुपमाकुमारी 2008.मखानाएवं मखाना-सह-मछलीपालन, प्रसारपुस्तिकासंख्या२४/०९-१०/१०००, आत्मा, दरभंगा (कृषि प्रौद्योगिकीप्रबंधअभिकरण), ६४i`’BA

विद्यानाथझा, टुनटुनसिंह, ध्रुवकुमारएवंसत्यजीतकुमार 2008.मखानाएवंमखाना-सह-मछली पालन; प्रश्नोत्तरी, जलचरी 15:13-23.

Jha, V. 2007.Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisbury)- an important aquatic crop of India in: A. P. Das and A. K. Pandey (eds.) Advances in Ethnobotany, Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, pp 239 – 246.

Jha, V. and J. K. Handoo 2007.Scirpusarticulatus - a subsidiary aquatic crop of Bihar flood plains. In: A. P. Das and A. K. Pandey (eds.) Advances in Ethnobotany, Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun pp 303 – 307.

Jha, V. and S. N. Choudhary 2007. Migratory beekeeping in north Bihar – a phytogeographical perspective Geographical Perspective 8: 90-93.

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Jha, V., Indigenous methods of livelihood in a flood prone region – a case study of Kusheshwarsthan area in Darbhanga. Proceedings of the International Conference on Disaster Management: Preparedness, Response and Rehabilitiation held at NGRI, Hyderabad (ICDM–2012). 08th – 20th October 2012, (In Press).

Jha, V., T. T. Singh, D. Prasad and S. B. Shashi 2006. Management strategies in Makhana – based integrated aquaculture. Fishing Chimes, 26 (3): 16 – 19.

Jha, V. 2005. Utilization of aquatic biodiversity for the development of north Bihar. In: B. Thakur et al (eds.) Urban and Rural Development in India, Vol. II, Concept Publishing Co., New Delhi, pp 514 – 541.

Jha, V. 2005. Sustainable management of biotic resources in the wetlands of north Bihar, India. In: T. V. Ramchandra, N. Ahalya and C. R. Murthy (eds.). Aquatic: Conservation, Restoration and Management, Capital Publ. Co., New Delhi, pp 270 – 277 (Proceedings of the  Lake 2002 symposium held at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore).

Sah, N. K., S. N. P. Singh, S. Sahdev, S. Banerji, V. Jha, Z. Khan and S. E. Hasnain 2005. Indian herb ‘Sanjeevani’ (Selaginellabryopteris) can promote growth and protect against heat shock and apoptotic activities of UV and oxidative stress. Journal of Biosciences 30: 499 – 505.

Jha, V. 2004. Vetiver and “sikki art” in the folk life of rural India in Mithila region, Bihar. Vetiverim 30: 2.

Jha, V. et al 2004. Botanical rosaries and non-flower garlands in folklore life in Mithila region (north Bihar). Ethnobotany 16: 27 – 32.


List of Publications (1980-2003)


v    2003-   An edited English book entitled MAKHANA (Euryale ferox Salisb.) covering information on the Biology, Distribution and Uses of Makhana has been published by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 261. This first ever reference book on this plant has helped its recognition as a potential crop. The topics covered include the cultivation practices, soil chemistry in Makhana ponds, reproductive biology of the plant, pests and their control, post harvest technology, nutritional and medicinal characteristics, crop economics etc. About three dozen articles from different parts of India and also from Japan, USA, Bangladesh and China have been incorporated in this book. The book includes six articles of my own. ( as first author and also under joint authorship)

v    2003-   Nutritional and medicinal properties of Euryale ferox Salisb. In: R.K. Mishra, V.Jha & P.V. Dehadrai (eds.) MAKHANA, DIPA, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi pp. 230-240.

v    2003-   Floral and leaf hypertrophy disease of Euryale ferox Salisb. caused by Doassansiopsis sp. In: R.K. Mishra, V.Jha & P.V. Dehadrai (eds.) MAKHANA, DIPA, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 163-168.

v    2003-   Residual organochlorine pesticides in Makhana samples collected from north Bihar. In: R.K. Mishra, V.Jha & P.V. Dehadrai (eds.) MAKHANA, DIPA, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 181-182.

v    Indigenous contrivances utilized in Makhana cultivation in north and northeastern India. In: R.K. Mishra, V.Jha & P.V. Dehadrai (eds.) MAKHANA, DIPA, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 241-248.

v    2003-   Associations of insects and gastropods on E. ferox Salisb. (Makhana) with reference to pests and their control. In: R.K. Mishra, V. Jha & P.V. Dehadrai (eds.) MAKHANA, DIPA, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 124-144.

v    2003- Storage insects and fungi attacking raw and popped seeds of E. ferox Salisb. and their control. In: R.K. Mishra, V.Jha & P.V. Dehadrai (eds.) MAKHANA, DIPA, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 145-148.

v    2003-   Certain scientific observations as depicted in Indian philosophical principles. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (CSIR), 2(2): 170-180.

v    2002-   Bioaccumulation of toxic metals (Cr, Cd, Pb & Cu) by seeds of Euryale ferox Salisb. (Makhan). Chemosphare 46: 267-272.

v    2002-   Indigenous colours in Mithila (north Bihar)- a historical perspective. Indian Journal of History of Science. 37(1): 37-55.

v    2002-   Ethnic uses of Korhila (Aeschynomene spp.) in Mithila (north Bihar), India. In: R.R. Rao (ed.) Advances in Legume Research in India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, pp. 323-331.

v    2002-   Khobhi (Scirpus articulatus Linn.) in the flood plains of Bihar. Indian Farming 52:29-31.

v    2002-   Utilization of aquatic biota- a reference to the folk customs and rituals in Mithila region (north Bihar). In: P.C. Trivedi (ed.) Ethnobotany, Aavishkar Publications, Jaipur, pp.370-382.

v    2002-   Detoxification of environmental pollutants by biological organism. In: G. Thipathi (ed.) Bioresource Technology, CBS Publications, New Delhi. (Invited article).

v    2001-   Studies on drinking water quality in and around Janakpur town (Nepal). Journal of Environment and Pollution. 8(4): 379-381.

v    2001-   Key environmental issues in some Indian Industries. In: A.K. Roy, S.K. Varma (eds.) Wasteland Management and Environment. pp. 133-144. Scientific Publications, Jodhpur.

v    2000-   Natural resource management in the flood zones of Bihar. In: H.K. Patra (ed) Environment and Disaster Management. Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar, pp. 73-79.

v    2000-   Forestry products utilized in exploitation of aquatic resources in north Bihar. Proceedings of International Workshop on Agroforestry and Forest Products. North Eastern Hill University, Aizawl. pp. 337-344.

v    1999-   Coastal aquaculture- a veritable threat to environment. In: A Kumar (ed.) Modern Trends in Environmental Pollution and Ecoplanning. ABD Publishers, Jaipur, pp. 243-253 (Review Article).

v    1999-   New Doassansiopsis sp. associated with the freshwater plant Euryale ferox Salisb. (Makhana) in north Bihar (India). Journal of Freshwater Biology 11.(1-2): 7-10.

v    1999-   Nutritional evaluation of Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa Roxb. (Singhara) and scope of raising the crop potential under integrated aquaculture. Journal of Freshwater Biology 11 (1-2): 11-17.

v    1999-   Modern scientific interpretations of ethnobiological references in beliefs, customs and philosophical thoughts in Mithila (north Bihar), India. Ethnobotany, 11:138-144.

v    1998-   Rural technology for harvesting Makhana seeds (Euryale ferox Salisb.) in Bihar. ENVIS News letter (Botanical Survey of India). August 19, No. 5:7-8.

v    1998-   Maximizing productivity in the low lying-field of Darbhanga (north Bihar, India): A case study of crop rotation between Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisb.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum). Journal of Freshwater Biology 10(1-2): 25-31.

v    1997-   Environmental ethics in Indian ethos. Proceedings of the National Conference on Energy Crisis and Environment held at Loyola Institute of Frontier Energy (LIFE), Loyola College, Chennai, pp. 388-393.

v    1997-   Baits and bait-aids utilized in angling method of fishing in north Bihar. Ethnobotany, 9 (1-2):85-89.

v    1996-   Leaves and flowers as supplementary vegetables in Darbhanga (north Bihar) and their ethnobotanical significance. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany Addl. Series 12:395-402.

v    1996-   Plants in ethnoveterinary practices in Darbhanga (north Bihar). In: S.K. Jain (ed.) Ethnobiology in Human Welfare, Deep Publication, New Delhi. pp. 189-193.

v    Ritualistic significance of plants associated with Mithila traditions in north Bihar. In: D.P. Dubey (ed.) Rays & Ways of Indian Culture. MD Publications, New Delhi, pp. 193-207.

v    1996-   Makhana (Euryale ferox): an aquatic crop with high potential. The Botanica 46:47-57.

v    1996-   Human welfare in relation to diversity of edible aquaphytes in north Bihar (India). In: A.K.Roy et al (ed.): Phytodiversification and Human welfare. MD Publications, pp. 159-174.

v    1996-   Integrated culture of air-breathing carnivorous fishes with Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisb.) in a derelict swamp of north Bihar. Journal of Freshwater Biology 8 (2): 117-120.

v    1996-   Bioccology, cultivation and storage ecology of Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisbury) in north Bihar. In: P.K.Jha et al (eds.) Environment and Biodiversity in the Context of South Asia, published by Ecological Society, Kathmandu, pp. 120-127.

v    1995-   An electrophoretic study on esterase in Euryale ferox Salisb. Bulletin of Pure and Applied Science 14B(2): 59-62.

v    1994-   Conservation of Euryale ferox Salisbury (Makhana): In: Proceeding of the Seminar on Wetlands of Bihar held at Purnea in Jan. 1988, organized by the Dept. of Env. & Forests, Govt. of Bihar. pp. 73-74.

v    1994-   Management of shallow water bodies in the flood plains of north Bihar. In: A.K. Sinha et al (ed.) Proceedings of SAARC Countries Conference on Environment Management in Developing Countries. Vol.-II. Water and Its  Management. Gyanodaya Prakashan, Nainital. pp. 83-90.

v    1994-   Plants in cultural life of Mithila (North Bihar.) In: K.C. Sahni (ed.):Advances in Plant Sciences Research 2:92-119.

v    1994-   Ethnobotanical aspects of Mithila painting. Ethnobotany 6:9-19

v    1993-   Plants utilized as supplementary vegetables in Darbhanga district of north Bihar. Journal of Applied Biology, 3(1-2):13-15.

v    1993-   Nematode associations in ponds growing Euryale ferox Salisb. (Makhana) in Darbhanga (North Bihar), India. Journal of Freshwater Biology 5(4): 299-628.

v    1992-   First record of a gall forming Synchytrium sp. on Euryale ferox Salisb. in India. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences. 62(4): 627-628.

v    1992-   Insect associations of Euryale ferox Salisb. in the ponds of Darbhanga, North Bihar. Jorunal of Freshwater Biology 4(3): 199-208.

v    1991-   Botanical aspects of an ethnoveterinary prescription in Mithila (north Bihar). Ethnobotany. 3:101-104.

v    1991-   Seed protein profile in Euryale ferox. Salisb. New Agriculturist 1(2): 113-116.

v    1991-   Nutritional evaluation of Euryale ferox Salisb. Journal of Food Science and Technology 28(5): 326-328.

v    1991-   Utilization and conservation of Euryale ferox Salisb. in Mithila (north Bihar), India. Aquatic Botany 39:295-314.

v    1991-   Gastropod-macrophyte (Euryale ferox Salisb.) association in ponds of Darbhanga, north Bihar, India. Journal of Ecobiology 3(1):23-30.

v    1991-   Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae infestation on the leaves of Euryale ferox. Journal of Aphidology 4(1&2): 89-92.

v    1991-   Insect fauna of Makhana fruits in north Bihar, Bioved 2(1):15-20.

v    1990-   Pests of Euryale ferox Salisb. in north Bihar. Environment and Ecology 8(1): 133-136.

v    Periphyton on E.ferox Salisb: a preliminary observation on the composition and ecology. Biojournal 2:369-370.

v    1990-   Storage pests of Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisb.) Geobios New Reports 8:184-185.

v    1989-   Donacia sp. –a root-borer and a possible cantharophilous insect associated with Euryale ferox Salisb. in north Bihar. Biojournal 1:161-163.

v    1989-   Seasonal variations in physico-chemical parameters of Makhana-fish pond at Darbhanga, north Bihar. J.Mendel 3(3): 171-174.

v    1986-   New record of Chaetophoralean alga – Leptosiropsis from India. Environ. Ecol. 4(1): 179-180.

v    1985-   Plant Tumors, Book published by the Today and Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi, Pp. 222(as co-author).

v    1984-   Vertical transmission of plant viruses through pollen and seed. In: Misra, A. and H. Polasa (eds.) Virus Ecology., South Asian Publishers, New Delhi, pp. 187-226.

v    1982-   Virus infection of marine algae. In: Hoppe, L.(ed.) Marine Algae in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Gryter, NY, pp. 289-297.

v    Seed borne bacterial tumors in tobacco. In : Lozano, J.C. (ed.) Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. C.I.A.T., California, Colombia, pp. 210-212.

v    Rickettsia- infecting forest trees. Proceedings of the XVII IUFRO World Congress, Japan. Div. 2,pp. 333-338.

1980-   Changed stomatal and epidermal patterns in plants due to teratoma formation and severe virus infection in tobacco, bean and Datura. In:  Russ, K (ed.) Integrated Control in Agriculture and Forestry. Bundesanstalt fiur Pflanzenschutz, Vienna. pp. 477-481. 


Research Guided

1.      2014 Dr. Anubha Kumari-Studies on Morphological and Cytological Characteristics of Makhana Germplasm and its Ethnobotanical Aspects. (Awarded May-2014)

2.      2012 Dr. Rajeev Kumar-         Ethnobotanical and Ethnomedicinal Studies in the Floodplain Wetlands of North Bihar (Awarded Jan-2014).

3.      2011 Dr. Kumari Anuradha-Studies on Diversity and Bioprospecting of Aquatic Macrophytes in and around Darbhanga. (Awarded Nov-2011).  

4.      2008 Dr. Vijay Kumar Mishra-           Ecology of Flower Visiting Insects on Euryale ferox Salisbury in Madhubani District of North Bihar.(Awarded Sept-2008) (as co-guide)

5.      2006 Dr. S.N.P. Singh-Investigation on Ecological and Medicinal Properties of Selaginella. (Awarded June-2006)

6.      2006 Dr. Anand Mohan Verma- Ecological Studies of Integrated Fish Culture with Makhana (Euryale ferox. Salish) in North Bihar.  (Awarded Jan-2006)

7.       1993 Dr. Asharfi Mahto- Comparative Limnological Studies on Eutrophicated and Non-eutrophicated ponds of Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisbury) in Darbhanga.      (Awarded July-1993) (as co-guide)