Adhikari Bhupendra Singh

Name:                                                             Dr. Bhupendra Singh Adhikari

Designation:                                                   Scientist-F & Head

                                                                        Habitat Ecology Department

Present address: Wildlife Institute of India, P.O. Box #18

Chandrabani, Dehra Dun 248 001, Uttarakhand, India

Phone  91 135 2640112-115, FAX  91 135 2640117



Papers published




1.        Singh S.P., B.S. Adhikari & D.B. Zobel (1994). Biomass, productivity, leaf longevity and forest structure along an altitudinal gradient in the Central Himalaya. Ecological Monographs 64 (4): 401-421.       

2.        Adhikari B.S., Y.S. Rawat & S.P. Singh (1995). Structure and function of high altitude forests in Central Himalaya. I. Dry Matter Dynamics. Annals of Botany 75: 237-248.

3.        Adhikari B.S., Y.S. Rawat & S.P. Singh (1995). Structure and function of high altitude forests in Central Himalaya. II. Nutrient Dynamics. Annals of Botany 75: 249-258.

4.        Rikhari H.C., B.S. Adhikari & Y.S. Rawat (1997). Woody species composition of temperate forests along an elevational gradient in Indian Central Himalaya. Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 10 (2): 197-211.

5.        Dhaila-Adhikari S., B.S. Adhikari & S.P. Singh (1997). Leaf growth pattern in co-existing evergreen and deciduous species of Himalayan forest. Oecologia Montana 6: 23-27.

6.        Rikhari H.C. & B.S. Adhikari (1998). Population structure and protective role of subalpine forests in Central Himalaya. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 7 (3/4): 5-21.

7.        Adhikari B.S., S. Dhaila-Adhikari & Y.S. Rawat (2000). Structure of Himalayan moist temperate cypress forest at and around Naini Tal, Kumaun Himalayas. Oecologia Montana 6: 7-17.

8.        Rawat G.S. & B.S. Adhikari (2005). Human and livestock pressure on plant diversity in the rangelands of Changthang plateau, Ladakh, India. In: II GMBA symposium "Linking mountain diversity with fire, grazing and erosion", in La Paz, Bolivia. 201-212.

9.        Rawat G.S. & B.S. Adhikari (2005). Floristics and Distribution of Plant Communities Across Moisture and Topographic Gradients in Tso Kar Basin, Changthang Plateau, Eastern Ladakh. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 37 (2): 539–544.

10.    Adhikari B.S., Babu M.M., Saklani P.L. & Rawat G.S. (2007). Distribution, use pattern and prospects for conservation of medicinal shrubs in Uttaranchal State, India.  Journal of Mountain Science  4 (2): 155-180.

11.    Dhaila-Adhikari S. & Adhikari B.S. (2007). Veneration of a Deity by Restoration of Sacred Grove in a Village Minar, Kumaun Region of Uttarakhand: A Case Study.  Journal of American Science  3 (2): 45-49.

12.    Adhikari B.S. (2008). Chusua nana: An orchid, new record for Nanda Devi National Park (Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve), Uttarakhand, India. Journal of American Science 4 (4): 27-31.

13.    Adhikari B.S. & Babu M.M. (2008). Floral diversity of Baanganga Wetland, Uttarakhand, India. Check List 4 (3): 279–290.

14.    Adhikari, B.S., Uniyal, S.K. & Rawat, G.S. (2009). Vegetation structure and community patterns of Tehri Dam Submergence Zone, Uttarakhand, India. EurAsia J BioSci 3, 6, 40-49.

15.    Adhikari, B.S. (2009). Status and distribution pattern of coarse woody debris along an altitudinal gradient in Askot Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttarakhand, West Himalaya. Journal of Forestry Research 20(3): 205–212.

16.    Dhaila-Adhikari, S. & B. S. Adhikari (2009). Conserving biodiversity through faith and beliefs in Kumaun Region, Uttarakhand. In: Mountain Forum’s on-line library.

17.    Bhattacharyya, S., B.S. Adhikari and G.S. Rawat (2009). Abundance of Royle’s pika (Ochotona roylei) along an altitudinal gradient in Uttarakhand, Western Himalaya. Hystrix It. J. Mamm. 20(2): 111-119.

18.    Adhikari, B.S., M.M. Babu, P.L. Saklani and G.S. Rawat (2010). Medicinal plants diversity and their conservation status in Wildlife Institute of India (WII) Campus, Dehradun. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14: 46-83.

19.    Rai, I. D., P. Kumar, R. R. Bharati, B. S. Adhikari and G. S. Rawat (2010). Corallorhiza trifida Chatel.: a little known partial myco-heterotrophic orchid from the Valley of Flowers national park, western Himalaya, India. Taiwania 55 (4): 391-395.

20.    Tiwari, U. L. and B. S. Adhikari (2011). Berberis rawatii sp. nov. (Berberidaceae) from India. Nordic Journal of Botany 29: 184-188.

21.    Kotia, A., K. Angmo, R.R. Bharti, B.S. Adhikari and G.S. Rawat (2011). A record of the little-known Stoat Mustela erminea ferghanae from Ladakh, India. Small Carnivore Conservation 44: 42-43.

22.    Rawat. G.S., B.S. Adhikari and S.K. Uniyal (2011). Rangelands of eastern Ladakh: Threatened plant communities and strategies for their conservation. In: Global change, biodiversity and livelihoods in cold desert region of Asia. K.G. Saxena, L. Liang and X. Xue (Eds.), 51-59p.

23.    Tiwari, U.L., B. S. Adhikari and G. S. Rawat (2011). On the Recollection and Rediscovery of Onosma pyramidale Hook. f., Boraginaceae from Chamoli, Uttarakhand. Asian Journal of Pharmacy and Life Science 1(4): 406-408.

24.    Bharti, R.R., B. S. Adhikari and G. S. Rawat (2011). Assessing vegetation changes in timberline ecotone of Nanda Devi National Park, Uttarakhand. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 18: (2012) 472–479. [ 2011.09.018]

25.    Rai, I.D., B. S. Adhikari, G. S. Rawat and K. Bargali (2012). Community Structure along Timberline Ecotone in Relation to Micro-topography and Disturbances in Western Himalaya. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 4(2): 41-52.

26.    Rai, I.D., B. S. Adhikari and G. S. Rawat (2012). Mass Foliar Damage at Subalpine-Timberline Ecotone in Western Himalaya Due to Extreme Climatic Events. American Journal of Climate Change 1: 104-107. []

27.        Tiwari UL, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2012). A checklist of Berberidaceae in Uttarakhand, Western Himalaya, India. Check List 8(4): 610–616. []

28.    Mohanta R.K., B. S. Adhikari, H.K. Sahu and K.K. Swain (2012). The biological values and conservation status of sacred groves in the Balasore Wildlife Division, Odisha: A case study. Int. J. Conserv. Sci. 3(3): 207-216.

29.  Rai, I.D. and B. S. Adhikari (2012). Rhododendron rawatii (Ericaceae), a new species from the Western Himalaya, India. Phytotaxa 71:10-16.

30.    Abhinaba M & BS Adhikari (2012). Plant Community Composition and Structure of Chenab Valley in a Part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 4(3):45-56.

31.    Angmo K, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2012). Changing aspects of Traditional Healthcare System in Western Ladakh, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 143(2): 621-630.

32.    Tiwari U.L., G.S. Rawat and B. S. Adhikari (2012). Rediscovery of two endemic species of Berberis from Uttarakhand, Western Himalaya, India. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 28: 19-24.

33.    Angmo K, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2012). Sighting of a snow leopard in Sumdoh Valley, Ladakh. CATnews 57: 28-29.

34.    Adhikari BS, A Kunzes, JS Jalal & G.S. Rawat (2013). Rediscovery of Dactylorhiza kafiriana, a lesser known orchid from Suru valley, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Richardiana 13: 220-225.

35.    Ninad B. Raut NB, UL Tiwari, BS Adhikari, GS Rawat & S Chandola (2013). Population Status of Commercially Important Medicinal Plants in Dehradun Forest Division, Uttarakhand (India). Notulae Scientia Biologicae 5(2): 175-182.

36.    Bhattacharyya, S, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2013). Forage selection by Royle’s pika (Ochotona roylei) in the western Himalaya, India. Zoology 116(5):300-306.

37.    Mitra M, A Kumar, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2013). A note on transhumant pastoralism in Niti valley, Western Himalaya, India. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 3(29):1-6.

38.    Rai ID, RR Bharti, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2013). Structure and Functioning of Timberline Vegetation in the Western Himalaya: A Case Study. High Altitude Rangelands and their Interfaces in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. 91-107. In: W Ning, GS Rawat, S Joshi, M Ismail & E Sharma (eds), Special Publication. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu, Nepal.

39.    Bisht S & BS Adhikari (2014). Dendribium longicornu: an addition to the orchid flora of western Himalaya. Richrdiana XIV: 157-168.

40.    Kotia A, BS Adhikari, GS Rawat & MKS Pasha (2014). Status and Distribution of Coleus barbatus Benth. in Tehri Garhwal District, Uttarakhand. Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species 2(2): 127.

41.    Hanh NP, NQ Binh & BS Adhikari (2014). Distribution of Alpinia (Zingiberaceae) and their use pattern in Vietnam. Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species 2(2): 121.

42.    Bhattacharyya, S, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2014). Influence of Snow, Food, and Rock Cover on Royle's Pika Abundance in Western Himalaya. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 46(3):558-567.

43.    Bhattacharyya, S, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2014). Influence of microclimate on the activity of Royle's pika in the western Himalaya, India. Zoological Studies 53:73




1.        Adhikari B.S., H.C. Rikhari, Y.S. Rawat & S.P. Singh (1991). High altitude forest: composition, diversity and profile structure in a part of Kumaun Himalaya. Tropical Ecology 32 (1):86-97.

2.        Dhaila, S. & B.S. Adhikari (1992). Certain fungal diseases of fruits and vegetables in the markets of Kumaun. Journal of Plant and Environment 7 (1&2):99-106.

3.        Adhikari B.S., M. Joshi, H.C. Rikhari & Y.S. Rawat (1992). Cluster analysis (Dendrogram) of high altitude (2150 - 2500m) forest vegetation around Pindari glacier in Kumaun Himalaya. Journal of Environmental Biology 13 (2): 101-105.

4.        Rawat Y.S. & B.S. Adhikari (1993). Biomass, net primary production and nutrient dynamics of Quercus floribunda Lindl. forest in Central Himalaya. In: "High Altitudes of Himalaya", Y.P.S. Pangtey & R.S. Rawal (eds.) 1:400-418.

5.        Garkoti S.C., B.S. Adhikari, Y.S. Rawat & N. Pande (1993). An Ecological study of epiphytic vegetation on Quercus leucotrichophora trees. Advances in Forestry Research in India Vol. IX:122-127.

6.        Adhikari B.S., S.C. Garkoti & Y.S. Rawat (1993). Productivity of shrub layer in different high altitude forests in Central Himalaya. Advances in Forestry Research in India Vol. IX:134-143.

7.        Adhikari B.S. & S. Dhaila (1995). Litter decomposition of certain high altitude tree species. Advances in Forestry Research in India Vol. XI:1-6.

8.        Adhikari B.S., S. Dhaila & Y.S. Rawat (1996). Density-diameter distribution (d-d) curves in exposed and unexposed areas at and around Nainital, U.P. Indian Forester 122(6):520-522.

9.        Adhikari B.S., H.C. Rikhari, S. Dhaila & Y.S. Rawat (1996). Regeneration status of high altitude forests in a part of Kumaun Himalaya. Annals of Forestry 4 (1):41-46.

10.    Singh S.P., B.S. Adhikari, S.C. Garkoti & Y.S. Rawat (1996). Structural and functional characteristics of the forest ecosystems around Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. UNESCO Seminar, GBPIHED, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora. In: "Conservation and Management of Biological Resources in Himalaya", P. S. Ramakrishnan et al. (eds.). 413-432.

11.    Samant S.S., R.S. Rawal, B.S. Adhikari & U. Dhar (1998). Establishment and maintenance of a functional arboretum at Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, Kumaun Himalaya. In: Research for Mountain Development: Some initiatives and Accomplishments. Anonymous  (eds.)  289-317.

12.    Dhaila-Adhikari S., B.S. Adhikari & S.P. Singh (2001). Phenological behaviour of co-existing evergreen and deciduous species with particular reference to Water Stress. In: Plant Diversity of the Himalaya. Prof. Y.P.S. Pangtey, a Commemoration Volume. P.C. Pandey and S.S. Samant (eds.), 411-420p.

13.    Adhikari B.S., M.M. Babu, P.L. Saklani & G.S. Rawat (2003). Medicinal Trees of Uttaranchal State: Distribution, Use Pattern and Prospects for Conservation. Indian Forester 129 (2): 243-267.

14.    Adhikari B.S. (2004). Ecological attributes of vegetation in Nanda Devi National Park. 2:15-38. In: Biodiversity Monitoring Expedition Nanda Devi 2003. A report to the MoEF, Govt. of India, Uttaranchal State Forest Department, Dehra Dun. 

15.    Adhikari B.S. & G.S. Rawat (2004). Assessment of Garhwal Himalayan forests with special reference to climate change. 115-125p. In: “Proceedings of the workshop on vulnerability assessment and adaptation due to climate change on Indian agriculture, forestry and natural ecosystems”. Eds. Ravindranath et al.., July 18-19, 2003. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India.

16.    Adhikari B.S., S.K. Uniyal, A. Awasthi & G.S. Rawat (2005). Bird observations from Tehri dam submergence zone, west Hiamlaaya, Uttaranchal. Indian Forester  Vol. 131 (2): 251-256.

17.    Adhikari B.S., M.M. Babu, P.L. Saklani & G.S. Rawat (2005). Distribution, Use Pattern and potential for Conservation of Medicinal Climbers in Uttaranchal State. Indian Forester 131 (7): 901-916.

18.    Mohanta, R.K., D. Kumar, B.S. Adhikari and A.K. Bhardwaj (2009). Presence of birds in and around wildlife and territorial Division Forest Office premises, New Tura, West Garo Hills, Meghalaya. Indian Forester (Special issue) 135(10): 1437-1441.

19.    Mohanta, R.K., A.K. Bhardwaj, B.S. Adhikari & P.K. Mathur (2009). Distribution and conservation status of Sacred Groves (SGs) in Garo Hills, Meghalaya. Indian Forester 135 (12): 1627-1649.

20.    Dhaila-Adhikari S. & B.S. Adhikari (2009). Sacred Groves: People’s Contribution to Conservation. In: Special Habitats and Threatened Plants of India. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, Envis Bulletin 223-227pp.

21.    Rai, I.D., B.S. Adhikari & G.S. Rawat (2010). A unique patch of timberline ecotone with three species of Lady’s slipper orchids in Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(3): 766-769.

22.    Tiwari, U.L., B.S. Adhikari & G.S. Rawat (2010). Notholirion macrophyllum (D. Don.) Boiss. New record for western Himalaya, India. Indian Journal of Forestry 33(2): 233-234.

23.    Rawat, G.S. and B.S. Adhikari (2011). Saussurea hookeri C.B. Clarke (Asteraceae): A new record for Jammu and Kashmir, India. Indian Journal of Forestry 34(2): 189-190.

24.    Bharti, R. R., I.D. Rai, B. S. Adhikari and G. S. Rawat (2011). Timberline change detection using topographic map and satellite imagery: a critique. Tropical Ecology 52(1): 133-137.

25.    Rai, I.D., S. Bhattacharyya and B.S. Adhikari (2011). Common Coot Fulica atra: first report for Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India. Indian Birds Vol. 7 No. 4: 110.

26.    Rai, I.D., B. S. Adhikari and G. S. Rawat (2012). Floral diversity along sub-alpine and alpine ecosystems in Tungnath area of Kedarnath wildlife sanctuary, Uttarakhand. Indian Forester 138(10): 927-940.

27.    Raut N.B., B. S. Adhikari and G. S. Rawat (2012). Depletion of traditional knowledge of medicinal plants. Current Science 103 (8): 873-874.

28.    Adhikari B.S. & G.S. Rawat (2012). Structural and Functional Attributes of Forests Along an Altitudinal Gradient in Garhwal Himalaya. 39-50. Glimpses of forestry research in the Himalayan region. Special Issue on International Year of Forests - 2011. G.C.S. Negi & P.P. Dhyani Eds. G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Almora, Uttarakhand, India.

29.    Kumar A, M Mitra, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2013). Archetype Conservation in Trans-Himalayan Region of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Western Himalaya. eJournal of Applied Forest Ecology (eJAFE) 1(1): 84-86.

30.    Kumar A, M Mitra, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2013). Additions to the plant wealth of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Western Himalaya. Indian Forester 139(10): 959-961.

31.    Adhikari BS, M Mitra, A Kumar & GS Rawat (2013). Cold arid region of Nanda Devi biosphere reserve, Uttarakhand: A case study. 61-73. In: Proceeding of National Conference on “Climate Change: Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues-Problems and Challenges”, organized by Department of Botany, Meerut College, Meerut, U.P.

32.    Rai ID, BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2014). A rare and endangered root parasite: Balanophora involucrata Hook. F. & Thompson. Indian Forester  140(4):435-436.




Rawat G.S., B.S. Adhikari & S. K. Chandola (2004). Manual for rapid inventory and mapping of the medicinal and aromatic plants in Utaranchal. For Uttaranchal medicinal and aromatic plants board.




Adhikari BS (1994).  Oaks of Himalaya. Special issue on High Altitude Flora and Fauna.  Wildlife Institute of India - News Letter.

Adhikari BS (1998). Bharat ki jantu sampada aur sankrakshit shetra. In: “Jaiv vividhata sankrakshan mai janta ki bhagidari”, U Dhar et al. (eds.) GBPIHED, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora.


Technical reports:


·      BS Adhikari & GS Rawat (2004). Developing predictive models for Impact of climate change on forest vegetation in the western Himalaya. Final Technical Report submitted to WINROCK International, 62p.

·      WII (2005). Vegetation, Bird and Mammal Surveys in Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhutan. Report submitted to WWF-Bhutan & Nature Conservation Division, Royal Government of Bhutan.

·      Rawat GS, JL Fox, S Sathyakumar, BS Adhikari, K Sankar, AJT Johnsingh, SK Uniyal, A Awasthi and A Upadhyay (2006). Rangeland production ecology and habitat use by Wildlife and Livestock in Tso Kar Basin, Eastern Ladakh. Wildlife Institute of India and the University of Tromso, Norway, Institutional Cooperative Program between the in natural Resource Ecology and Management. Final Project Report 50 p. WII-UiTø Institutional Cooperative Program in Natural Resource Ecology and Management in the Himalaya, submitted to NORAD.

·      WII (2006). Long Term Monitoring of Vegetation and Biodiversity in WII campus, Chandrabani. A report.

·      Adhikari BS and MM Babu (2006). Flora and vegetation. 27-45 pp. In: ‘An ecological assessment of Baan Ganga Wetlands, Uttaranchal’, In: Anon. (2006), submitted to Uttaranchal Forest Department.

·      Adhikari BS (2008). Inventory of Non-Timber Forest Products, their extraction/harvest and distribution, productivity and regeneration status in Garo Hills Conservation area. In: Mathur P.K. and Lehmkuhl J.F. (Technical Coordinators, 2008). Management of Forests in India for Biological Diversity and Forest Productivity – A New Perspective (Phase II), Final Technical Report, WII-USDA Forest Service Collaborative Project, Wildlife Institute of India,, Dehradun, India, 204 pp.

·      WII (2009). Monitoring the changes in biological diversity after relocation of gujjars in Rajaji-Corbett Conservation Area. Final Technical report, WII, Dehradun.

·      WII (2009). Assessment of vegetation and invasive plants at and around Keshopur - Chhumb Community Reserve for the “Management Plan of Keshopur - Chhumb Community Reserve (2009-10 to  2014-15)”, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

·      WII (2010). Market Chain Analysis, Usage and Market Linkages of Parmelia and Coleus Harvested from the Wild in Uttarakhand. Submitted to TRAFFIC India. 27p.

·      WII (2010). Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative - Feasibility Assessment Report: India submitted to G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment & Development, Almora for a collaborative project between GBPIHED-WII-ICIMOD, Nepal by Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. 77p.

·      WII (2011). Assessment of sand and boulder mining impacts on wildlife values in Gaula river, Uttarakhand. Interim Report submitted to Forest Department, Uttarakhand. 41p.

·      WII (2011). Macro-Level EIA study of Chitradurga and Tumkur Districts of Karnataka. 66p.

·      Rawat GS, BS Adhikari, S Chandola, UL Tiwari and NB Raut (2012). Rapid Survey and Mapping of  Medicinal Plants in Forest Divisions of Garhwal Region, Uttarakhand. Submitted to Uttarakhand Forest Department, 431p.

·      Adhikari BS, GS Rawat, ID Rai, S Bhattacharyya and RR Bharati (2013). Ecological Assessment of Timberline Ecotone in Western Himalaya with special Reference to Climate Change and Anthropogenic Pressures. Final Report submitted to WII.