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BOTANICAL GARDEN - RUMTEK

 
 
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU BOTANICAL GARDEN - RUMTEK:

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU BOTANICAL GARDEN - RUMTEK, SIKKIM

by D. C. S. RAJU F.L.S & N. C. SHENGA I.F.S

This is a part of 750 acre reserve forest adjoining the Monastery at Rumtek. An area of 150 acres covering the Eastern slopes of the mountain has been demarcated by The Land-use & Environment Department, Government of Sikkim. A 4.4m long bridle path has been laid from the entrance gate near the road leading to a recreation hut and above upto hilltop behind the monastery.The terrain ranges from 1800 m to 2200 m enclosing arboreous vegetation and a gorge with hillstream.

The Sacred Grove is of temperate Oak forest with Quercus lamellosa, Daphniphyllum himalayense, Engelhardtia spicata, Michelia doltsopa, Beilschmiedia gammieana in association with over 40 tree species making the canopy. A shrubby undergrowth of Dichroa febrifuga, Evodia fraxinifolia, Edgeworthia gardneri, Daphne bholua and Arundia hookeriana followed by ground flora comprising Viola diffusa, Persicaria capitata, Arisaema concinnum, Davallia immersa, Selaginella bisulcata and others. Epiphytes like Vaccinium serratum, Agapetes serpens, Hoya linearis, Peperomia teraphylla, Polygonatum sp, Bulbophyllum gamblei, Pholidota imbricata and Dendrobium chrysanthum as well as Lycopodium phlegmaria and Pseudodrynaria coronans cover mossy trunks of trees.

As many as 300 species of flowering plants may be found in the reserve besides native and few exotic orchids introduced in the glasshouse for educational and conservation purpose..A preliminary survey of the native flora of the Botanic Garden is undertaken to label all trees and orchids. Only few trees with their botanical names and vernacular names are given in the following list...

Vernacular name

Botanical name

Angare

Phoebe hainesiana Brandis

Arkaula

Lithocarpus elegans (Blume) Hatus. ex Soepadmo

Bandre

Gynocardia odorata R.Br.

Buk

Quercus lamellosa Sm.

Bilaune

Maesa chisia Buch.-Ham ex D.Don

Chilaune

Schima wallichii Choisy

Sato Kawla

Persea gammieana (King ex Hook.f.) Kosterm.

Jhankrikath

Phoebe lanceolata (Nees) Nees

Lal Chandan

Daphniphyllum himalayense (Benth.) Müll.Arg.

Jhingni

Eurya japonica Thunb.

Kawla

Machilus edulis King ex Hook.f.

Kharane

Symplocos lucida (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc.

Mawa

Engelhardtia spicata Lechen ex Blume

Malata

Macaranga denticulata (Blume) Müll.Arg.

Malaigiri

Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall.) Meissn.

Thule pahenle

Litsea elongata (Nees) Hook.f.

Patle Champ

Quercus lancifolia Roxb.

Phusre Champ

Magnolia doltsopa (Buch.-Ham. ex DC.) Figlar

Pipli

Exbucklandia populnea (R.Br. ex Griff.) R.W.Br.

Rani Champ

Magnolia lanuginosa (Wall.) Figlar & Noot.

Tite Champ

Magnolia cathcartii (Hook.f. & Thomson) Noot.

Tarsing

Beilschmiedia gammieana King ex Hook.f

Tuni

Toona ciliata M .Roem.

Sindure

Mallotus philippensis (Lamk.)Muell._Arg.

(TEXT OF BROCHURE ISSUED BY BOTANICAL SURVEY OF INDIA,

GANGTOK, SIKKIM)

GARDEN OPENED BY

H. E. SRI RAJESWAR MUDALIAR, I.P.S. GOVERNOR OF SIKKIM

ON

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY - 5TH JUNE, 1987

D.C.S.RAJU, Botanical Survey, N.C.SHENGA,

Land-use & Environment Dept, Sikkim

Cover picture of Rani Champ (Michelia velutina DC)


 

 

 

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