Blog‎ > ‎

The different types of visual processing disorders

posted Nov 20, 2017, 5:33 AM by Dr. Curtis Cripe   [ updated Nov 20, 2017, 5:37 AM ]
If a child passes the eye chart test and other vision examinations and yet cannot distinguish shapes, symbols, or distances, they might be suffering from a visual processing disorder. Though not considered a learning disability, visual processing disorder can still contribute to the deficit of learning skills in children. 

Image source:

Here are some of the types of visual processing issues: 

Visual closure: This is characterized by the inability or difficulty to visualize a complete image or picture if the information or parts of the whole is incomplete. 

Visual-spatial relationships: This refers to the ability to perceive the location of an object in relation to other objects. Those who have issues with this find it tough to read maps, avoid hurdles, and judging time. 

Form discrimination: Form discrimination allows one to differentiate shapes, letters, and other symbols. This is important in learning letters, syllables, and words. 

Visual discrimination: When one has a visual discrimination issue, they would have problems with discriminating similar objects and symbols. They can mix up letters and numbers and have difficulty reading.

Visual memory: Visual memory disorder is when someone is unable to recognize and remember visual information.

Visual integration: Perceiving or integrating the relationship between objects and symbols, either in part or whole, is called visual integration. Children with problems in visual integration can either see objects only in pieces or only the whole of it. 

Visual pursuit and tracking: Those with a disorder in visual pursuit and tracking would find it tough to watch moving objects, reading, or writing. 

Image source:

Dr. Curtis Cripe is a neuroengineer who founded Crossroads Institute, which specialized in telemedicine brain training delivery systems. He is currently the head of the research and development of NTLgroup, a consortium of professionals that aim to develop advanced technology for brain and cognitive repair. Visit this website for more information about Dr. Cripe.