Panchlora nivea


This page is for Panchlora nivea and its cousin the Panchlora "giant" morph. Panchlora nivea is called the Green Banana or Green Cuban Cockroach. The banana cockroach is a small species of cockroach (0.5"-1"), but is slightly more wide than other similarly small cockroaches. The Panchlora giant morph pictured on the right above is much bulkier than P. nivea  (0.75"-1.25" and twice the weight or more) but is a far less spectacular green. Both the P. nivea and giant can be housed together without worry of hybridization, although very closely related they cannot breed. I've had both together for a very long time, several generations without a single hybridized offspring.  

Species Specific Care: P. nivea
P. nivea and its giant morph cousin are "live bearing" species; the female hatch the ootheca internally and expell the newborn nymphs. They need it to be warm wet (these are tropical cockroaches). These are climbing and flying species and are very, very prone to fly. Their nymphs are small and brown and cannot climb smooth surfaces. I suggest using Vaseline barriers only as an assistant to keeping them contained, they are so light and capable of flight they can fly to and stick to any lid, completely bypassing the barrier. The best defense from an escape is a gasket sealed bin, however, I've never had an escape and I simply use a locking plastic bin. (see video) This small species is not easily handled and will readily fly from your hand!

Checklist of items to have ready before your cockroaches arrive: GREEN BANANA COCKROACHES
1.) Plastic Rubbermaid style bin with a sealed gasket style lid.  If you want to show these wonderful animals off, a glass tank 10-20 gallons in size that has a built-in screen lid with a lock. These animals are escape artists, be prepared to seal any little gaps with hot-glue or tape. I personally use sterlite bins without a gasket because it's too cold and dry for escapees to survive.  
2.) You may use eggflats but they do mold in their very hot and humid enclosure. I recommend the use of corkbark because it doesn't get soggy or mold easily and makes for great decoration. These animals prefer it hot and humid, 80ºF-95ºF and 80%+ humidity. 
3.) Substrate. I always recommend substrate for moisture control and odor reduction. In a show tank a substrate is a must. What natural setting doesn't have dirt or leaves? The nymphs burrow and a substrate is great for them to hide in. You can use eggflats without a substrate but it will be harder to control the humidity like that. 
You can include fake plants as well but be aware that roaches will eat live plants and they could be toxic to them. 
4.) A food dish. Keeping food in a dish helps to reduce mold and you can avoid misting the food by simply pulling out the bowl when you do so. 
5.) A water dish, remember roaches need moisture in either their diet or as a straight water source. You can use water gel. I do not suggest using the shallow bowl filled with water and pebbles because of their 1i nymphs being so small, it will likely drown them all. 

Tank cleaners such as isopods or springtails are a great idea for this type of enclosure. The hot, damp environment will cause food to mold over very quickly and the cleaners help to control that. I use grey isopods found everywhere under rocks in the US, I do not put them right into the container but raise a new generation of adults to be sure they are disease free and then introduce them into the colony. Be careful using insects caught from outside, they can harbor nematodes and other colony killers! 

Nutrition: 
P. nivea will eat very little compared to other similarly sized cockroaches. However, you should always keep a protein supply (dog food works well) and a moisture supply (oranges, water gel, water) at hand in their enclosures. They are not very active during the day and unless you only feed once every week or so, you will likely see little feeding activity. Remove food immediately once it starts to mold or rot. 

Panchlora nivea Care


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