Dialects, folk and proverbs


The dialects of Bihar are Maithili, Magahi,Bhojpuri,Bajjika,Angika etc.In Bihar, proverbs are upon men's tongues, dance in their fancies and are carried about in their memories.The folklore of Bihar is rich and variegated.


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It is no less a true than a terse Arabic saying, " That a Proverb is to speech what salt is to food."
Sat beri satuwan, piya age datuwan.
 
Seven times has she breakfasted, and yet before her husband she is only brushing her teeth.
More classic proverbs of Bihar.......
The earliest reference to Maithili or Tirhutiya is in Amaduzzi's preface to Beligatti's Alphabetum Brammhanicum, published in 1771. This contains a list of Indian languages amongst which is ' Tourutiana.' Colebrooke in his essay on the Sanskrit and Prakrit languages written in the year 1801, is the first to describe Maithili as a distinct dialect. One of the few learned women of India whose name has come down to us was Lakhima Thakkurani. The earliest vernacular writer, of whom we have any record, was the celebrated Vidyapati, who raced in the court of Maharaja Shiva Simha of Sugaona ,flourished in the middle of the l5th century......

The folklore of Bihar is rich and variegated. Bihar had a class of professional story-tellers, particularly in Mithila and Bhojpur areas. They used to wander from village to village and narrate stories in verse and prose. The Mithila Raja and most of the large feudal lords in Bihar appointed Bhats or singers whose duty was to entertain the people with folk tales. That class has disappeared now.....

Historically, Magahi had no famous written literature. There are many popular songs throughout the area in which the language is spoken, and strolling bards recite various long epic poems which are known more or less over the whole of Northern India. In Magahi spoken area folk singers sing a good number of ballads.Some Magahi ballads are associated with dance. Among the large number of ballads sung throughout the lenghth and breadth is the Song of Gopi Chandra,which has been published in 1885..........






  • bhojpuri-The international language of Bihar (Click)
  • Bhojpuri gets its name from a place called Bhojpur in Bihar.Among the Bihari languages, Bhojpuri covers much the largest territory consisting of an area of approximately 73,100 square kilometres of western Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh and also the southwest part of Nepal.taking into account the long-time overseas settlers using Bhojpuri extensively as a lingua franca in their communities in Mauritius, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana and Surinam, we can add at least another 2 million to bring the total to 27 million





Bhikhari Thakur had introduced the Bidesiya style of folk-songs The performance of this has no doubt that dancing had a pre-eminent place in the social life of Bihar.Popular dance-theatre of Bihar has provedthat it can proudly boast of a rich cultural heritage in the form of folk dances .Bidesiya-folk song  was first time appeared in Bhojpuri film, Bidesiya, released in 1963, directed by S.N. Tripathi...




During the famous chhath parva of Bihar, there is much music and a lot of singing of folk songs, both at home and on the river bank,.The historical ballads dealing with the heroic deeds of the freedom fighter Kunwar Singh have also been immortalized through folk songs in the plain tracts of Bihar. The folk music of Bihar has survived all attacks of modernism. Some performers of Bihar's traditions have achieved commercial success. For example, Sharda Sinha (b. 1953) sings Bihari language folk songs in concerts...



    •  Dynamics of the Traditional folk-Arts(Coming soon)
     In good old days, work on Maithili was done in the maithili character, both in the affairs of common life and in its sacred books. The Kaithi character was a corruption of the Deva-nagari. It was the official character employed in Government offices