Rare Paitings and Sketches of Bihar

The famous Patna Style painting of Bihar of the eighteenth century was also called, Company Paintings, as it developed in response to the tastes of Britishers serving with East India Company. Rai Krishna Das, a famous painter of that time called it the Firangi Art.These paintings were created with watercolors on paper or mica
The main subjects of these paintings were local scenes, local rulers, local festival and ceremonies. Some famous painters of Patna or Company painting were Sita Ram Shiva Dayal,Thomas Daniel and Sir Charles D'Oyly. Pen and ink drawing were also created over that period,demonstrating the different social, geographical and political scenes.
Please click following links to view the Beautiful paintings and Sketches in a New window--
1-Part of the City of Patna, on the River Ganges; by Thomas Daniell, 1795
Plate 10 from the first set of Thomas Daniell's 'Oriental Scenery.' Patna.The artists explained about the aquatint, '...the larger building is the house of a Hindoo merchant, and is an example of the general style of buildings on the river side inhabited by men of that class.
The shrine of Pasto poet, Shah Arzani, Patna Style,  1814.(Artist- Sita Ram)
2-Chait festival, on the banks of the Ganges at Patna; a watercolor, c.1795-1800
Watercolour drawing showing the Chait (Chhath) festival being celebrated on the banks of the Ganges at Patna, by an anonymous artist working in the Patna style, c.1795-1800. Inscribed on the back of the drawing is: 'No'.'1. The Gift of E.E. Pote Esq. Elizath Collins Offerings of fruit to the Ganges: a religious Ceremony
3-Both sides of the main street of Patna, dominated by two facing chattris ,1814 Artist: Sita Ram (fl. c.1810-1822)
from 'Views by Seeta Ram from Patna to Benares Vol. II' produced for Lord Moira, Marquess of Hastings,  was accompanied by artist Sita Ram (flourished c.1810-22) to illustrate his journey from Calcutta to Delhi between 1814-15.                                          
 
4-Two women carrying water in pots, the Ganges beyo Artist: Bani Lal ,c.1880-
The artist Bani Lal was known for his watercolours that portray Indian people performing trades and occupations. This drawing is rendered in the Patna style of Company painting and depicts two women walking along the bank of the river Ganges with a bungalow in the background
5,Watercolour of a bird's eye view from an Opium Godown at Patna814 Artist: Sita Ram (fl. c.1810-1822)
a bird's eye view from above the Opium Godown at Patna(Present Gulzarbagh), showing the houses and their grounds to the west, with the Ganges on the right. Sitaram depicts himself sketching on the flat roof of the godown and shows the curve of the earth in the distant prospect. Inscribed below: 'Bird's Eye.- view from the Top of the Opium Godown across the River Ganges and Hazypore at a distance.

6.
View of Raja Shitab Rai's ghat in the W. suburbs of Patna City (Bihar) taken from the river. 19 November 1824
Pen and ink drawing by Sir Charles D'Oyly (1781-1845), of Raja Shitab Rai's ghat in the Western suburbs of Patna City in Bihar. This image is one of a group of miscellaneous sketches which were made either at Patna, D'Oyly's headquarters, or at near-by Hajipur in March and October 1824 and May 1825.
7.The granary ('gola') at Bankipur, seen from the river with European officials' houses near by, by Robert Smith dated 1814
the image is in
scribed on the original mount in pencil: 'Grain Golah at Bankipoore near Patana'. Throughout the 1770s and early 1780s there had been a number of years during which crops failed and led to disastrous periods of famine. This huge granary was built by Captain John Garstin in 1786 and was intended to store grain for those times, but unfortunately the building was found to be unsuitable for its purpose.
8.Watercolour of Christopher Webb Smith's house on the lake at Gaya in Bihar, by an anonymous artist1827
this creation is a
, part of the Archer Collection, c.1824-30.
9.Water-colour drawing of the Hill House at Bhagalpur by Sir Charles D'Oyly (1781-1845), September 1820

This is one of 28 water-colours by Charles D'Oyly of a trip along the Bhagirathi and Ganges Rivers, dated August to October 1820, inscribed as 'The Hill House at Bhaughulpore  built by Mr Clevland from the House of Dr Glas

Sir Charles D'Oyly (1781-1845)

Sir Charles D'Oyly (1781-1845);was the most famous,who created thousands of such Pen and Ink drawings.

D' Oyly arrived in India in 1797 and was in kolkata as Assistant to the Registrar of the Court of Appeal. He was Collector of Dhaka in 1808-18 and was appointed Opium Agent of Patna in 1821. He set up and ran a lithographic press, the 'Behar Lithography', and also formed an amateur art society the 'United Patna and Gaya Society' or 'Behar School of Athens'.An Album of 80 Pen and ink drawings of views in Bengal and Bihar was created between January 1823 and May 1825 by Charles D'Oyly . Some of these paintings and sketches are still available in Patna Museum and the British Library.襘;

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Bibliography-

  • Company paintings: Indian paintings of the British period,Victoria and Albert Museum in association with Mapin Publishing, 1992
  • The Culture of India ,Editor -Kathleen Kuiper  The Rosen Publishing Group, 2010  
  • Gandhi's Spinning Wheel and the Making of India, Rebecca M. Brown, Rebecca Brown, M.D, Taylor & Francis, 2010
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