Myths of Weather and Cultivation in Bihar

Beautiful Rhymes on the Myths regarding weather and cultivation in rural Bihar .

The cultivation commences in Jeth, in the asterism of Rohni, when ploughing and sowing begin. The rain of Mirgsira is not good and hence no sowing is done in that asterism. In Aradra sowing transplanting is done for the winter crop. In Hathiya rain is very important for the winter crops . This goes on into Punarbas and Pukh if the rains are late.So valuable is the rain of Swati that any drop which falls during that asterism into a pearl-oyster becomes a pearl. The rain in Chitra, on the contrary, is very bad.


Maggha lagawe ghaggha, swati lawas tati,
Kahatari Hathi rani, ham hun aawat bati.



Maggha brings rain-storms, Swati brings a screen {i.e., rain stops), and Queen Hathiya tells (by her thunder) that she is coming.

Jaun barse Baisakkha rau,

Ek dhan men dobar chau.



If King Baisakh rain, every grain of paddy will produce two of rice.

Kriitika chue chhau le mue,
Jon Rohini nahin kado kare.



If it rains in Krittika, there will be no rain for the six following asterisms, provided rohini makes no mud.

Adra mans je boe sathi,
Dukh ke Mar nikalau lathi



If you sow sixty-day rice in Aradra, you strike distress with a club and drive it away. 

Adi na barse aradra, hast na barse nidan,
Kahahi Dak sunu Bhillari bhae kisan pisan.




 If Aradra does not rain at the commencement, and Hathiya at its end, saith Dak, hear, Bhillari, the cultivator is crushed.

Charhat barse aradra, utrat barse hast,
Katek raja danre, rahe anand girhast.



If it rain when Aradra commences and when Hathiya is ending, no matter how much rent may be demanded, the householder is
still happy.

Rhymes on Asterisms

Aradra and Punarhas are the two main asterisms of the month of Aasharh (June-July). This is the great month of the year for finishing the preparation of the fields. If the rains are late, paddy sowing goes on as late as Punarbas or even Pukh, but this is rarely successful. These last two asterisms are usually devoted to transplanting, and not to sowing.


Pukh punarbas boe dhan, 
 Maggha aslekha kado san.

 Sow paddy in Pukh and Punarbas, and in Maggha and Aslekha mix Thoroughly the mud {i.e. prepare the fields).


Aradra dhan, punarbas paiya. 
Gel, kisan, je boe chiraiya.

 Paddy sown in Aradra turns to plenty, in Punarbas it has empty ears, and sown in Pukh it turns to nothing.

After Aasharh (June-July) comes Sawan (July- August), to which the following rhymes apply :
 

Sdon sukla sdptami chhapi kai ugahin bhan.
Taun lagi megha bares jaun lagi deb uthan.



 If on the morning of the seventh day of the bright half of Sawan the sun rises obscured by clouds, it will rain up to the festival of the Deb Uthan (11th of the light half of Katik, i.e. early in November).



Saon sukla saptami, ug ke lukahin, sur,
Hanko piya har barad, barkha gel bari dur.


 If on the same day as that above mentioned the sun rises (clear) and afterwards hides itself behind clouds, drive away, my dear, your
plough and bullocks, for the rain is very far off.

Saon sukla saptami, udai jon dekhe bhan,
Turn jdo piya Malwa, ham jaibon Multan.


 A cloudless morning on the same day (is a sure sign of drought). My dear (let us leave the country,) I am going to Multan, and you
can go to Malwa.

Saon sukla saptami,jon garje adhi rat, 
Tum jao piya Malwa , ham jaibon Gujrat.


If on the same date it thunders at midnight (there will be a drought), you must go to Malwa and I to Gujrat.

Saon pachhwa, Bhadab purwa, Asin bahe isan,
Katik, kanta, sikio na dole katay ke rakhbah dhan ?


If the west wind blow in Sawan, the east in Bhadon, and the north-east in Asin, and if there is so little wind in Katik that
even the reeds do not shake, where, my dear, will you have room to keep your rice ? {i.e., you will have a bumper crop).

Saon mas bahai purwaiya, benchah barad kinah gaiya.

If the east wind blow in Sawan, sell your bullocks and buy cows -it will be no use trying to plough.

Saonak pachhwa din duii chari,  Chulhik pachiha upje sari.


 If the west wind blow in Sawan for only two or three days, rice will grow even behind your hearth.

Continued in the next page...


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