Golden Traditions and Heritage.

The traditions ,Ceremonies and rituals of Bihar in its daily life are facing the danger of
cultural infections due to machination and change in the economic and cultural trends.
Please click on the topics below to view the full article-

  • Rituals /Customs of traditional marriage of Bihar(Click).
  • The day before the expected arrival of the marriage procession, the family sets up a bamboo shed in the court-yard over the fireplace, called marhwa, or manro. An earthen pot, called kalsa, with a four- wicked lamp, called chaumukh, on its top is placed in the house called kohbar...

The ordinary country plough is generally known as har.  Khinauri is used for an old or worn plough. The various parts of the common plough are called as; the beam is haris, the handle or stilt is called parihath or laganna.Irrigation is called patwan or patauni. The flooding of a field preparatory to planting rice is called lewa....

  • Traditional means of rural transport(Click)
  • THE LARGE COMPLETE COUNTRY CART is called chhakra orchaghus gari; its wheel is called chak, felloe is calledmangar.LITTER- khatoli or doli is now a days rarely used in marriages, an ornamented litter specially used in marriages was called chandol or tartarwan.The larger kinds of boats are ulank ....

  • Terminology of traditional marriage(Click)
  • The proposal for a boy in marriage by the girl's relations or vice versa is called bartui, bardekhi, or barekhi.Tilak is the occasion of the formal proposal and acceptance of the proposal of marriage.The second visit, of the bride and bringing her home to her husband's house for the consummation of the marriage, is gawna, durdgaman or roksati/ roskaddi....





In Mithila, charming songs of Madhushravani is resounded among the mango groves and in the courtyards of the villages. The air is filled with the intoxicating fragrance of the finery of new brides — red, pink, and yellow saris drying and flapping in. Godhan is a woman's rite in which they make cow-dung figures of scorpions, snakes, etc., and beat them..
  • Traditional meal of Bihar(Click)
  • Chaurath is the term used for rice soaked in water and then dried and pounded.Akhri is the grain without being first cleaned.Khuddi, khanraura or merkhun is the broken pulse or rice.lapsi is cooked with the flour of any grain boiled in milk and
     eaten with sugar,when it is made with salt instead of sugar, it is called ghattha....

    Hanko piya har-barad, barkha gel bari dur.
If on the morning of the seventh day of the bright half of Sawan the sun rises (clear) and afterwards hides itself behind clouds, drive away, my dear, your plough and bullocks, for the rain is very far off.
In Bihar, side by side with signs of civilization, will be found ideas and beliefs. The beliefs and mainsprings of action yet remain the same in the mass of people as they were centuries ago. If any one is unsuccessful in an undertaking, he has failed to propitiate his presiding deity ; if successful, his deity has favoured him..



There is a unique institution in Mithila, the Saurath Sabha Gachchhi (Sabha means congregation and Gachchhi mean orchard in Maithili), a kind of fair whose sole purpose is to bring together Brahmins from all over Mithila to negotiate marriages for their sons and daughters...
  • Traditional cattle farming (Coming Soon)
A tethering-rope, by which cattle are tied to a peg  is called chhan or gurha /gorawan.The bag from which cattle are fed is called jholi. A horse's grain-bag is tobra. The milkpad is called jhabhi or dudahi kantiya.Kastara is a saucer for holding curds.....
  • Traditional houses in Bihar (Coming Soon)
When a house has three openings, it is tindara or with twelve openings, it is bardari o barahdari. . A house provided with lattices is jaliddr. A house with nine apartments is nauratan. Booms in a traditional house are generally nine cubits long by five cubits wide. Such rooms are called naupancham. Dera is a dwelling or lodging-house...





Mundan in Mithila, a Sanskar (consecration)of  the shaving of child's hair  for the first time , followed by a celebration..

The traditions and their unique terminology of  the various areas of Bihar`s rural life, are in fact , solid  foundations and are the very elements of Bihar`s traditional lifestyle.